Publications

Accessibility


Livestock

Determining Carrying Capacity and Stocking Rates for Range and Pasture in North Dakota (R1810)

Establishing the correct stocking rate is critical in optimizing forage performance and maintaining animal performance while ensuring the sustained health and production of the grassland resources.

Read More…

Determining Pasture Rental Rates (R1823 Revised)

Livestock producers and land owners have asked for a simple and fair method to determine pasture rental rates. This tends to be a difficult question to answer as prices can vary from region to region due to market demand and supply. However, several methods are available to computing a pasture rental rate. These methods will be described in this publication with examples.

Read More…

2018 North Dakota Beef and Sheep Report (AS1899)

This report has several short research reports from researchers conducting research on beef cattle and sheep and associated topics. the target audience is people associated with the beef and sheep industries in North Dakota and elsewhere.

Read More…

Fusarium Head Blight (Scab) of Small Grains (PP804 Revised)

This publication provides information for the identification and management of Fusarium head blight and associated mycotoxins.

Read More…

Pinkeye (Infectious Bovine Keratoconjuctivitis) (V1885)

Pinkeye, or infectious bovine keratoconjunctivitis (IBK), is a painful eye disease that is common in cattle throughout the world. The economic impact of IBK in the cattle industry results from a loss in production due to increased medical treatment costs and injury from extra handling, reduced weight gain, decreased milk production and devaluation of sale animals due to eye disfigurement.

Read More…

Quality Forage series: Forage Nutrition for Ruminants

Plants utilized in the feeding of livestock have long been a fundamental link in the food chain. Native grasses supported grazing animals well before man began to domesticate livestock. Forages have always been an extremely important source of nutrients in livestock rations. Additionally, they provide fiber in the ration which enhances proper digestion in forage-consuming animals. Through their conversion into milk and meat products, forages continue to be one of the primary sources of nourishment in the human diet.

Read More…

Phosphorus Behavior In the Environment (NM1298)

Manure and commercial fertilizers contain nutrients essential for plant growth.

Read More…

A Cow-calf Producer's Guide to Custom Feeding - AS1162

This publication focuses on items a cow-calf operator should consider before choosing a feedlot to custom feed cattle. Custom feeding refers to the practice of sending calves, stockers or yearlings to a commercial feed yard for feeding to slaughter weights. Custom feeding is not without risks. It should be viewed as a potential means to add value to your calf crop and/or evaluate the genetic merit of your cow herd.

Read More…

Quality Forage Series: Interpreting Composition and Determining Market Value AS1251 (Revised May 2018)

New knowledge in forage quality and animal feeding, and significant advances in improving the genetic potential of animals used to produce milk, meat and wool, improve efficiency and lower costs. However, to do this, today’s producer must be aware of and utilize the latest information on feed quality and feeding management.

Read More…

Handling Liquid Feed Commodities - AS1272

Liquid feeds are useful for conditioning rations, improving palatability, reducing dustiness and providing nutrients to livestock. Many liquid byproduct materials are available for use in beef cattle rations. In addition, a number of commercial liquid supplement products also are available.

Read More…

Determining Grazing Readiness for Native and Tame Pastures (R1061)

One of the most important grazing management decisions land managers make is selecting a start date for grazing tam pasture and native range. Monitoring grazing readiness ensures that grazing starts at the proper time, when plants are tolerant of grazing. This publication provides guidelines for selecting the appropriate start date based on plant development and growing degree days.

Read More…

Feeding Corn to Beef Cattle - AS1238

Corn commonly is used as a feed grain in beef cattle diets throughout the U.S. However, until recently in many parts of North Dakota and other northern-tier states, feeding corn was less common. With the availability and improvement of shorter-season corn varieties, corn plantings in North Dakota increased nearly 40 percent from 2008 to 2017. In 2017, 427 million bushels of corn were produced in North Dakota. This has resulted in more interest in using corn as a feedstuff for beef cattle.

Read More…

Cattle Producer’s Guide to Feedlot Terminology (AS1161 Revised May 2018)

This publication is intended to familiarize cow-calf producers with the terminology that feedlot managers may use when discussing custom feeding and feedlots.

Read More…

Farmstead Energy Audit - AE1366

The purpose of this publication is to give tips on ways to reduce costs for your operation. By reducing the amount of energy you consume, you not only will be saving money, but also reducing possible pollution and reducing the consumption of nonrenewable resources.

Read More…

North Dakota Manure Fertilizer Use Recommendations (NM1629 Reviewed March 2018)

Multiple years of manure fertilizer use research in ND have shown that manure can be used as a fertilizer but there are management considerations. If the manure is used on short season crops such as wheat, some supplemental nitrogen fertilizer is needed. If used on a longer season crop such as corn, manure can be a complete substitution for commercial fertilizer.

Read More…

Drylot Beef Cow-Calf Production AS974 (Revised)

The drylot beef cow-calf enterprise is an alternative management system to traditional pasture or range beef production. Strictly defined, it is feeding confined cow-calf pairs in a feedlot environment during part or all of the traditional summer or fall-winter grazing season.

Read More…

Nitrogen Behavior In the Environment (NM1299 )

Manure and commercial fertilizers contain nutrients essential for plant growth. Nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium are the most critical of these nutrients. This publication outlines some basic information about nitrogen and its interaction in the environment.

Read More…

Johne’s Disease in Beef and Dairy Herds V1209 (Revised)

Johne’s is a slowly progressive disease that costs the producer through excessive culling, suboptimal milk production, decreased fertility and death loss.

Read More…

Feeding Value of Sprouted Grains - AS647

In North Dakota, having wet weather conditions that delay the harvest is not unusual. These conditions can cause small grains to sprout in the swath or in the head, making them unsuitable for use in the milling, brewing and food industries. However, this grain can be fed to livestock.

Read More…

Environmental Implications of Excess Fertilizer and Manure on Water Quality (NM1281 )

When nutrients and other pollutants associated with animal manures and commercial fertilizers are not managed properly, they can affect plant and animal life (including humans) negatively. Some of these impacts include algae blooms causing the depletion of oxygen in surface waters, pathogens and nitrates in drinking water, and the emission of odors and gases into the air.

Read More…

Document Actions

Creative Commons License
Feel free to use and share this content, but please do so under the conditions of our Creative Commons license and our Rules for Use. Thanks.