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Animal Health

2018 North Dakota Beef and Sheep Report (AS1899)

This report has several short research reports from researchers conducting research on beef cattle and sheep and associated topics. the target audience is people associated with the beef and sheep industries in North Dakota and elsewhere.

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Fusarium Head Blight (Scab) of Small Grains (PP804 Revised)

This publication provides information for the identification and management of Fusarium head blight and associated mycotoxins.

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Pinkeye (Infectious Bovine Keratoconjuctivitis) (V1885)

Pinkeye, or infectious bovine keratoconjunctivitis (IBK), is a painful eye disease that is common in cattle throughout the world. The economic impact of IBK in the cattle industry results from a loss in production due to increased medical treatment costs and injury from extra handling, reduced weight gain, decreased milk production and devaluation of sale animals due to eye disfigurement.

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Quality Forage series: Forage Nutrition for Ruminants

Plants utilized in the feeding of livestock have long been a fundamental link in the food chain. Native grasses supported grazing animals well before man began to domesticate livestock. Forages have always been an extremely important source of nutrients in livestock rations. Additionally, they provide fiber in the ration which enhances proper digestion in forage-consuming animals. Through their conversion into milk and meat products, forages continue to be one of the primary sources of nourishment in the human diet.

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Cattle Producer’s Guide to Feedlot Terminology (AS1161 Revised May 2018)

This publication is intended to familiarize cow-calf producers with the terminology that feedlot managers may use when discussing custom feeding and feedlots.

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Johne’s Disease in Beef and Dairy Herds V1209 (Revised)

Johne’s is a slowly progressive disease that costs the producer through excessive culling, suboptimal milk production, decreased fertility and death loss.

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Feeding Value of Sprouted Grains - AS647

In North Dakota, having wet weather conditions that delay the harvest is not unusual. These conditions can cause small grains to sprout in the swath or in the head, making them unsuitable for use in the milling, brewing and food industries. However, this grain can be fed to livestock.

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Preparing for a Successful Calving Season: Nutrition, Management and Health Programs AS1207 (Revised)

This publication provides information on: • Cow nutrition prior to calving • Colostrum management • Calving season vaccinations • Parasite control • General management

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Using Flax in Beef and Dairy Cattle Diets

Using Flax in Beef and Dairy Cattle Diets - AS1283

This publication provides information regarding the nutritive and feeding value of flax, examines the literature on the implications of using flax in livestock diets and offers recommendations on future research needs.

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Low-stress Cattle Working Facilities (AS1389)

The livestock industry is working hard to minimize stress to animals during all stages of production. The recent renovation of the livestock-working facility at North Dakota State University’s Carrington Research Extension Center (CREC) may provide ideas to producers developing their own working facilities. The objectives of the renovation were to reduce stress to animals during processing, increase the labor efficiency and safety of herdsmen, and to enhancing research capability. The renovation plan was developed by the CREC livestock research faculty and staff, with the help of Tim Olson, CATL Resources, and manufactured by Ray Barnhardt of RB Mfg. and Sales. The new design was created to work within the existing physical setting, namely building size and orientation, animal entry point and access points for people. This publication is a synopsis of the renovation and functionality of the CREC animal working facility.

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2016 ND Beef Report

2016 North Dakota Beef Report - AS1815

The report has several short research reports from researchers conducting research on beef cattle and associated topics.

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Sugar Beet Byproducts to Cattle

Feeding Sugar Beet Byproducts to Cattle - AS1365

The sugar beet industry produces a wide variety of useful byproducts for livestock feeders. The decision to incorporate sugar beet byproducts into diets should be based on economics, local availability, and feasibility of storage, handling and feeding. For the wet byproducts, careful attention should be given to transportation costs and storage. In addition, rations containing sugar beet byproducts should be balanced properly to achieve targeted livestock performance.

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Cyanobacteria Poisoning (Blue-green Algae) (V1136 Revised)

Drinking water from stagnant ponds and dugouts during hot, dry weather can cause sudden death in animals. This water can contain certain species of cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) that are toxic. Cyanobacteria produce neuro and liver toxins that are poisonous to nearly all livestock, wildlife and humans.

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Alternative Feedstuffs

Alternative Feeds for Ruminants - AS1182

This publication provides a brief overview of possible feedstuffs for cattle and sheep producers along with general feeding recommendations.

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2015 Beef Report

2015 North Dakota Beef Report - AS1775

This report contains several small papers from researchers in ND on current research results related to beef cattle. The report is posted as a complete report as well as, individual reports.

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Processing Forages for Livestock Feed

Processing Forages for Livestock Feed - R1769

This publication will address: • Equipment used for processing • Benefits that may be gained through processing forages • Other considerations for processing forages for livestock diets

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Livestock Water Quality (AS1764)

Water is an important, but often overlooked, nutrient. Livestock water requirements are affected by many factors, including size, productivity, diet and environmental conditions. Good water quality and cleanliness can increase water intake and improve livestock production.

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Livestock Water Requirements

Livestock Water Requirements - AS1763

Water is an important, but often overlooked, nutrient. Livestock water requirements are affected by many factors including, size, productivity, diet and environmental conditions. Water quality and cleanliness can increase water intake and improve livestock production. Limited access or reduced water consumption can result in dehydration, which can be fatal to livestock.

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Water Needs and Quality Guidelines for Dairy Cattle - AS1369

Water Needs and Quality Guidelines for Dairy Cattle - AS1369

Water availability and quality are important to animal health and productivity. Water is supplied by drinking, the feed consumed and metabolic water produced by the oxidation of organic nutrients.

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Cover Crop Options

Annual Cover Crop Options for Grazing and Haying in the Northern Plains - R1759

The purpose of this publication is to provide annual forage options that can be used in cover crop mixtures for livestock grazing and/or hay production. The use of cover crops in a cropping rotation has been resurrected in recent years due to greater awareness of their environmental and ecological impacts on our natural resources.

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