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Latest NDSU Extension Publications
Dry edible beans have become a significant crop in eastern and east-central North Dakota during the past decade. Acreage for the past 15 years is shown in Table 1, with production by classes in Table 2. The 610,000 dry bean acres planted in 2009 reflect a decrease of 50,000 acres compared with 2008.
Canola is a specific edible type of rapeseed, developed in the 1970s, which contains about 40 percent oil. The term “canola” is a registered name by the Western Canadian Oilseed Crushers Association. Canola varieties must have an erucic acid content of less than 2 percent and less than 30 micromoles of glucosinolates per gram of seed. This makes it acceptable as an edible oil and animal protein feed. Canola oil is considered one of the highest quality edible oils available. Canadian and U.S. farmers mostly grow low-erucic acid and low-glucosinolate varieties. High-erucic acid oil rapeseed is grown and used for industrial lubricants. This type of rapeseed mostly is grown in Europe, although some production occurs in Canada and the U.S.
Soybean variety selection should be based on maturity, yield, seed quality, lodging, iron-deficiency chlorosis tolerance and disease reaction. Later-maturing varieties tend to yield more than early maturing varieties when evaluated at the same location. After determining a suitable maturity for the farm, comparing yields of varieties that are of similar maturity is important. Although late maturity increases yield potential, later-maturing cultivars are more risky to grow than earlier-maturing varieties because an early fall frost may kill a late-maturing variety before the beans have completely filled in the pods, which will reduce yield greatly.
Flood water may carry silt, raw sewage, oil or chemical waste. If foods have been in contact with flood waters, use this information to determine their safety.
Internal physiological disorders reduce the quality and marketability of potatoes. This publication explains internal heat necrosis and blackheart of potato tubers and some management strategies for reducing this problem.