Water is an important, but often overlooked, nutrient. Good water quality and cleanliness can increase water intake and improve livestock production. Low-quality water has reduced palatability and may be toxic to livestock. Water quality may be compromised by many factors including pH, salts, sulfates, nitrates, pathogenic microorganisms, chemicals and industrial products.
Water is an important, but often overlooked, nutrient. Livestock water requirements are affected by many factors including, size, productivity, diet and environmental conditions. Water quality and cleanliness can increase water intake and improve livestock production. Limited access or reduced water consumption can result in dehydration, which can be fatal to livestock.
Water availability and quality are important to animal health and productivity. Water is supplied by drinking, the feed consumed and metabolic water produced by the oxidation of organic nutrients.
The purpose of this publication is to provide annual forage options that can be used in cover crop mixtures for livestock grazing and/or hay production. The use of cover crops in a cropping rotation has been resurrected in recent years due to greater awareness of their environmental and ecological impacts on our natural resources.
Understanding and managing the factors that contribute to maximizing AI pregnancy rates can improve profitability in beef herds implementing AI. This publication will review how factors related to cows, bulls and those controlled by humans all contribute to the success of your AI breeding program.
Breeding soundness exams can reveal many potential problems with young bulls, as well as with older bulls that already have sired calf crops. These exams are a sound investment for a cow-calf producer, yet less than 20 percent of U.S. producers perform breeding soundness exams on their bulls prior to spring turnout.
This publication provides clientele with overview of Grass Tetany, symptoms of the disorder, and management guidelines to prevent the disorder.
This publication is intended to summarize the most common methods that producers can use and is not intended to be your only source of reference. We have mentioned several products for discussion and example, but we do not endorse any one product or method.
Equine assisted activities and therapies (EAAT) is a broad term used to describe various activities and therapies that incorporate a horse and human in partnership. This publication will introduce the concepts and help define common terminology associated with the industry of EAAT.
This article is an overview of Nitrate poisoning, Plant factors favoring nitrate poisoning, other means of ingesting nitrate, clinical signs, diagnosis, treatment, prevention, and management guidelines.
North Dakota Swine Health Recommendations: Exhibitors of All Pigs Going to Exhibits or Sales - AS1708
Swine health considerations are an important factor to consider taking pigs to an exhibition or sale. This publication provides information on swine health considerations when attending sales and exhibitions.
Swine health considerations are an important factor to consider when organizing a sale or exhibition. This publication provides information on swine health considerations when organizing events.
Determining the nutrient concentration and cost of each nutrient in feedstuff s allows producers to evaluate ration quality and cost. In addition, cost determination can be very helpful when deciding which feed to purchase in cases of diff ering asking prices and nutrient quality. This publication is meant to be a step-by-step guide to calculating feed values to allow appropriate comparison of feedstuffs.
This fact sheet describes the process and benefits to sheep and man from shearing sheep in a safe and professional manner.
Planning for the future can be a very frustrating process but one that typically pays high dividends. For most farm and ranch managers, developing realistic commodity price expectations is one of the most diffi cult and complex tasks of the planning process. To ease the burden of forecasting planning prices, the NDSU Extension Service has prepared a summary of projected short- and long-term planning prices.
Livestock manure management issues are becoming increasingly important and complex. Ample educational, technical and financial assistance is available to producers. Individuals are encouraged to take a proactive approach when dealing with livestock manure to take advantage of resources and avoid negative regulatory action.
Plague is a flea-borne infection caused by the bacteria Yersinia pestis. It is a disease that affects humans and other mammals. While it is often associated with the death of millions of people in the middle ages, it is still found in some parts of the world today. In the United States it is most commonly found in the four corners region of the western United States.
Borreliosis (Lyme disease) is the most commonly reported vector-borne (insect-transmitted) disease in the U.S. In this country, it is found primarily in the Northeast, upper Midwest and northern California. Boreliosis is caused by a spiral bacterium, Borrelia burgdorferi, that is found in a variety of reservoir hosts (birds, small and medium-sized mammals). Humans are infected by a tick bite.
Tick-borne infections are found worldwide. In the upper Midwest, this group of diseases consists primarily of tularemia, borreliosis (Lyme disease), ehrlichiosis and anaplasmosis. Tularemia (Francisella tularensis) and borreliosis (Borrelia burgdorferi) have been covered in prior publications; therefore, this discussion will focus on ehrlichiosis and anaplasmosis. These diseases are passed from ticks to wild and domesticated animal reservoir hosts. Humans are infected when bitten by ticks carrying the pathogenic bacteria.
This publication provides nutritional value and feeding recomendations for field pea grain and forage. It reviews research feeding pea to beef cattle in production stages of creep feed, backgrounding, finishing and supplementation to cows. It also provides background in field pea production.