This document is a guide to the North Dakota Grazing Monitoring Stick. A Grazing Monitoring Stick can be a fast, user-friendly tool for measuring and monitoring utilization of pasture and rangeland. Utilization measures the percent of the plant that has been removed by grazing animals. Monitoring utilization of grass can determine livestock removal date and prevent overgrazing.
Planning for the future can be a very frustrating process but one that typically pays high dividends. For most farm and ranch managers, developing realistic commodity price expectations is one of the most diffi cult and complex tasks of the planning process. To ease the burden of forecasting planning prices, the NDSU Extension Service has prepared a summary of projected short- and long-term planning prices.
High-moisture corn (HMC) offers many advantages for producers who feed beef or dairy cattle. However, successfully using high-moisture corn requires attention to harvest timing, processing, storage conditions and feeding management.
Earlage is growing in popularity in this region of the country because it allows the production of a relatively high-energy feed product, which can be harvested, stored and fed much like corn silage, using the same types of equipment that are used to produce corn silage.
The sugar beet industry produces a wide variety of useful byproducts for livestock feeders. The decision to incorporate sugar beet byproducts into diets should be based on economics, local availability, and feasibility of storage, handling and feeding. For the wet byproducts, careful attention should be given to transportation costs and storage. In addition, rations containing sugar beet byproducts should be balanced properly to achieve targeted livestock performance.
Dead animals are an inevitable part of a livestock operation. Livestock owners can dispose of dead animals by composting. This guide offers step-by-step instructions for a livestock owner to follow.
Drinking water from stagnant ponds and dugouts during hot, dry weather can cause sudden death in animals. This water can contain certain species of cyanobacteria (glue-green algae) that are toxic. Cyanobacteria produce neuro and liver toxins that are poisonous to nearly all livestock, wildlife and humans.
This publication provides a brief overview of possible feedstuffs for cattle and sheep producers along with general feeding recommendations.
This report contains several small papers from researchers in ND on current research results related to beef cattle. The report is posted as a complete report as well as, individual reports.
Understanding Expected Progeny Differences fo rGenetic Improvement in Commercial Beef Herds - AS1770
The beef seedstock business is large, and commercial beef producers have many opportunities to purchase bulls that meet the criteria established in their breeding plans. Breed selection and type vary considerably, and this diversity helps keep a strong genetic base in the beef business. Current bull buyer selection tools include visual traits evaluated by the buyer, as well as performance and genetic information.
This publication will address: • Equipment used for processing • Benefits that may be gained through processing forages • Other considerations for processing forages for livestock diets
Anthrax occurs worldwide and is associated with sudden death of cattle and sheep. Anthrax can infect all warm-blooded animals, including humans.
Water is an important, but often overlooked, nutrient. Good water quality and cleanliness can increase water intake and improve livestock production. Low-quality water has reduced palatability and may be toxic to livestock. Water quality may be compromised by many factors including pH, salts, sulfates, nitrates, pathogenic microorganisms, chemicals and industrial products.
Water is an important, but often overlooked, nutrient. Livestock water requirements are affected by many factors including, size, productivity, diet and environmental conditions. Water quality and cleanliness can increase water intake and improve livestock production. Limited access or reduced water consumption can result in dehydration, which can be fatal to livestock.
Water availability and quality are important to animal health and productivity. Water is supplied by drinking, the feed consumed and metabolic water produced by the oxidation of organic nutrients.
The purpose of this publication is to provide annual forage options that can be used in cover crop mixtures for livestock grazing and/or hay production. The use of cover crops in a cropping rotation has been resurrected in recent years due to greater awareness of their environmental and ecological impacts on our natural resources.
Understanding and managing the factors that contribute to maximizing AI pregnancy rates can improve profitability in beef herds implementing AI. This publication will review how factors related to cows, bulls and those controlled by humans all contribute to the success of your AI breeding program.
Breeding soundness exams can reveal many potential problems with young bulls, as well as with older bulls that already have sired calf crops. These exams are a sound investment for a cow-calf producer, yet less than 20 percent of U.S. producers perform breeding soundness exams on their bulls prior to spring turnout.
This publication provides clientele with overview of Grass Tetany, symptoms of the disorder, and management guidelines to prevent the disorder.
This publication is intended to summarize the most common methods that producers can use and is not intended to be your only source of reference. We have mentioned several products for discussion and example, but we do not endorse any one product or method.