Environment & Natural Resources
A leaf-feeding weevil, Tanymecus confusus, first was observed feeding on sugar beets in the southern portion of the Red River Valley (Richland County, N.D., and Wilkin County, Minn.) in 1975. The weevil has since caused problems for growers in southern Minnesota (Big Stone, Chippewa, Lac Qui Parle and Swift counties) in 1992 and 1997, and again in Richland County of North Dakota in 2004. A related species, Tanymecus palliatus , is an occasional pest of sugar beets in Europe. Feeding injury by adult Tanymecus confusus typically occurs in small areas within sugar beet fields. Damage is occasionally severe enough to require replanting.
For many homeowners the first line of defense against water in the basement is a sump with a pump in it. The sump may be connected to drain tile that drains the footings of the house, under the entire basement, or just the area where the sump is located. Many houses have tiling installed only around a portion of the house. The water that drains into the sump must be removed, and this is accomplished with a sump pump.
Pesticides include natural and man-made substances such as insecticides, herbicides, fungicides, disinfectants and rodenticides. They are used to help control, destroy and repel destructive pests such as insects, weeds, plant disease organisms, germs and rodents.
Composting and utilizing compost are advantageous tools in nutrient management plans that, when managed properly, reduce the potential to pollute and benefit crops.
This publication is a pictorial guide of the valley, streams and plant communities common in riparian complex ecological sites in North Dakota. This guide is intended to aid in the interpretation of riparian ecological site descriptions and assist in identification of riparian complex ecological sites when developing management plans for riparian ecosystems.
The 2015 dry bean grower survey is the 26th annual survey of varieties grown, pest problems, pesticide use and grower practices of the Northarvest Bean Growers Association, an association of dry edible bean growers in Minnesota and North Dakota.
This document is a guide to the North Dakota Grazing Monitoring Stick. A Grazing Monitoring Stick can be a fast, user-friendly tool for measuring and monitoring utilization of pasture and rangeland. Utilization measures the percent of the plant that has been removed by grazing animals. Monitoring utilization of grass can determine livestock removal date and prevent overgrazing.
This publication discusses methods of handling pesticide contaminated work clothing in the home. It reviews proper washing techniques. Finally, it explains the limitations of applying recommendations developed in the 1980s and 1990s with contemporary wash equipment, detergents, generally lower toxicity pesticides and new fabrics and finishes.
This is your reference copy of the 2016 edition of the North Dakota Insect Management Guide. The recommendations conform to the current federal and state laws and regulations relating to pesticidal chemicals at the time of printing. However, because pesticide recommendations frequently are subject to change, and inasmuch as this publication is revised only once each year, keeping in contact with North Dakota State University for up-to-date information on possible changes in insecticide registrations and use patterns is extremely important.
Drinking water from stagnant ponds and dugouts during hot, dry weather can cause sudden death in animals. This water can contain certain species of cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) that are toxic. Cyanobacteria produce neuro and liver toxins that are poisonous to nearly all livestock, wildlife and humans.
Filtering your drinking water can be an inexpensive and simple method of removing many aesthetic problems such as odor and color.
This publication contains information on the design, installation and maintenance of individual home sewage treatment systems. It is meant to be a homeowner reference document. An individual sewage system both treats and disposes of household wastewater. If a homeowner understands how the various components of a home sewage system work, then a properly designed and installed system will function for many years with a minimum of maintenance and upkeep
This publication provides a checklist for landowners and companies to promote trust and cooperation. The checklist provides a list of procedures that should be addressed to reassure the land will be returned, as close as possible, to it agronomic productively level.
Livestock manures contain many beneficial and valuable plant nutrients. However, if the manure application equipment is not properly calibrated, these valuable nutrients may be wasted by overapplication or crop yield goals may not be met due to underapplication. This publication explains 2 simple manure spreader calibration techniques.
This publication will address: • Equipment used for processing • Benefits that may be gained through processing forages • Other considerations for processing forages for livestock diets
Water is an important, but often overlooked, nutrient. Good water quality and cleanliness can increase water intake and improve livestock production. Low-quality water has reduced palatability and may be toxic to livestock. Water quality may be compromised by many factors including pH, salts, sulfates, nitrates, pathogenic microorganisms, chemicals and industrial products.
Water availability and quality are important to animal health and productivity. Water is supplied by drinking, the feed consumed and metabolic water produced by the oxidation of organic nutrients.
The purpose of this publication is to provide annual forage options that can be used in cover crop mixtures for livestock grazing and/or hay production. The use of cover crops in a cropping rotation has been resurrected in recent years due to greater awareness of their environmental and ecological impacts on our natural resources.
Air Temperature Inversions Causes, Characteristics and Potential Effects on Pesticide Spray Drift - AE1705
Temperature inversions are micro-climatic events that can significantly contribute to off target movement of pesticides. This publication explains in detail: what they are, why they develop, how they are impacted by land condition, how to identify them, how to measure them, and how to minimize their impact on pesticide applications. Professional applicators, private applicators using pesticides on their farm or ranch, state and federal regulators, pesticide safety educators, researchers, and industry should benefit from the comprehensive explanations found in AE1705.
Many pesticides used to control weeds, insects, and disease in field crops, ornamentals, turf, fruits, vegetables, and rights-of-way are applied with hydraulic sprayers. Tractor- mounted, pull-type, pickup-mounted and self-propelled sprayers are available from numerous manufacturers to do all types of spraying.