Environment & Natural Resources
This publication contains information on the design, installation and maintenance of individual home sewage treatment systems. It is meant to be a homeowner reference document. An individual sewage system both treats and disposes of household wastewater. If a homeowner understands how the various components of a home sewage system work, then a properly designed and installed system will function for many years with a minimum of maintenance and upkeep
Livestock manures contain many beneficial and valuable plant nutrients. However, if the manure application equipment is not properly calibrated, these valuable nutrients may be wasted by overapplication or crop yield goals may not be met due to underapplication. This publication explains 2 simple manure spreader calibration techniques.
Water is an important, but often overlooked, nutrient. Good water quality and cleanliness can increase water intake and improve livestock production. Low-quality water has reduced palatability and may be toxic to livestock. Water quality may be compromised by many factors including pH, salts, sulfates, nitrates, pathogenic microorganisms, chemicals and industrial products.
Water availability and quality are important to animal health and productivity. Water is supplied by drinking, the feed consumed and metabolic water produced by the oxidation of organic nutrients.
Air Temperature Inversions Causes, Characteristics and Potential Effects on Pesticide Spray Drift - AE1705
Temperature inversions are micro-climatic events that can significantly contribute to off target movement of pesticides. This publication explains in detail: what they are, why they develop, how they are impacted by land condition, how to identify them, how to measure them, and how to minimize their impact on pesticide applications. Professional applicators, private applicators using pesticides on their farm or ranch, state and federal regulators, pesticide safety educators, researchers, and industry should benefit from the comprehensive explanations found in AE1705.
Many pesticides used to control weeds, insects, and disease in field crops, ornamentals, turf, fruits, vegetables, and rights-of-way are applied with hydraulic sprayers. Tractor- mounted, pull-type, pickup-mounted and self-propelled sprayers are available from numerous manufacturers to do all types of spraying.
2013 Dry Bean Grower Survey of Production, Pest Problems and Pesticide Use in MInnesota and North Dakota - E1710
The 2013 dry bean grower survey is the 24th annual survey of varieties grown, pest problems, pesticide use and grower practices of the Northharvest Bean Growers Association, an association of dry edible bean growers in Minnesota and North Dakota.
2014 Dry Bean Grower Survey of Production, Pest Problems and Pesticide Use in MInnesota and North Dakota - E1750
The 2014 dry bean grower survey is the 25th annual review of varieties grown, pest problems, pesticide use and grower practices of the Northarvest Bean Growers Association, an association of dry edible bean growers in Minnesota and North Dakota.
This is the ninth major account of pesticide usage inNorth Dakota and describes pesticide usage onagricultural land in 2012. The information is derived from a comprehensive survey of North Dakota farm operators.
The intent of this publication is to assist the homeowner in identifying problems and providing advice on actions they can take to solve these problems.
Households using municipal or rural water supplies can depend on the utility to follow Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) guidelines for maximum levels of contaminants. An annual report is distributed to the users. Private well owners are not monitored by government agencies. This means the owner must take responsibility for the condition of the system. Routine testing establishes a water-quality record. If a contaminant problem develops, correlating the cause is easier if you keep a water-quality record.
This publication will answer the following questions: • What should your water be tested for? • What samples do I need? • Where can I have my water tested? • How do I interpret my results? • How do I correct my problem?
This is your reference copy of the 2015 edition of the North Dakota Insect Management Guide. The recommendations conform to the current federal and state laws and regulations relating to pesticidal chemicals at the time of printing. However, because pesticide recommendations frequently are subject to change, and inasmuch as this publication is revised only once each year, keeping in contact with North Dakota State University for up-to-date information on possible changes in insecticide registrations and use patterns is extremely important.
Sports drinks, such as Gatorade, Powerade and All Sport, contain carbohydrates and electrolytes, such as sodium, potassium and chloride. They are made for physical activity, to help rehydrate and to keep energy levels high. Are sports drinks really necessary? Not always. You can get these same benefits from other sources. A sports drink is not better for you unless you are active for 60 to 90 minutes or are exercising in very hot conditions. Anything less, and water should be the drink of choice.
People often substitute energy drinks for healthier beverage choices, so compare the Nutrition Facts labels. Energy drinks provide few if any of the needed vitamins and minerals provided by healthier beverage choices. Plain water is a better choice for most individuals.
Winter wheat fertilization recommendations in North Dakota previously were similar to spring wheat and durum. As a larger research base was developed for spring wheat and durum, separating the winter wheat from other wheats became necessary due to their unique nutrient requirements.
The historic floods of 2011 caused millions of dollars in damage and imposed great hardship on those affected. Low-lying areas along the Missouri and Souris rivers sustained unprecedented damage. The floods negatively impacted the trees and forests in these areas as well. Although the challenges posed by natural disasters can be quite variable, some common components must be accounted for in green infrastructure when such events occur. These include ensuring public safety; assessing damage; removing, disposing of and using wood waste; interagency coordination; and replanting efforts.
Leafy spurge is the most difficult noxious weed to control in North Dakota and infests all 53 counties in a variety of environments. Leafy spurge is found in pasture, rangeland, cropland, roadsides, shelterbelts, and other non-cultivated areas. Cultivation will control leafy spurge in conventional cropland, but the weed can become the dominant species in reduced-till cropland, pas-ture, and rangeland if not controlled.
Small amounts of iron or manganese can affect the taste or become an aesthetic problem in your home. This publication is intended to explain how these minerals may affect you and what the treatment options are.
The NDSU Extension Service has a long history of providing research-based information to help people make informed decisions concerning their energy use. This guide, originally developed by the Division of Energy Resources in the Minnesota Department of Commerce, is designed to help you figure out what steps you can take to reduce energy use in your home. Although you might not be able to do all of the improvements yourself or may not need to, this guide will provide an introduction to home energy use.