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Range & Grazing

Determining Pasture Rental Rates (R1823)

Livestock producers and land owners have asked for a simple and fair method to determine pasture rental rates. This tends to be a difficult question to answer as prices can vary from region to region due to market demand and supply. However, several methods are available to computing a pasture rental rate. These methods will be described in this publication with examples.

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Range and Forage Production Sample Kits (R1838)

This publication is guide to help determine forage production of range, pasture and other grazing resources. Once forage production for a grazing resource has been determined, carrying capacity and stocking rate can be calculated.

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Field Crop Insect Management Guide

North Dakota Field Crop Insect Management Guide - E1143

This guide summarizes the insecticides/miticides registered in North Dakota for control of insect or mite pests of filed crops. Scouting and economic thresholds are listed for the major pest. Keeping in mind that chemical control is only part of an Integrated Pest Management approach. The most effective control may involve integrating culture, host plant resistance and other strategies.

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Determining Carrying Capacity and Stocking Rates

Determining Carrying Capacity and Stocking Rates for Range and Pasture in North Dakota - R1810

Establishing the correct stocking rate is critical in optimizing forage performance and maintaining animal performance while ensuring the sustained health and production of the grassland resources.

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Riparian Complex Ecological Sites

Riparian Complex Ecological Sites of North Dakota - R1791

This publication is a pictorial guide of the valley, streams and plant communities common in riparian complex ecological sites in North Dakota. This guide is intended to aid in the interpretation of riparian ecological site descriptions and assist in identification of riparian complex ecological sites when developing management plans for riparian ecosystems.

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ND Grazing Monitoring Stick

The North Dakota Grazing Monitoring Stick: A Way to Measure Range and Pasture Utilization - R1780

This document is a guide to the North Dakota Grazing Monitoring Stick. A Grazing Monitoring Stick can be a fast, user-friendly tool for measuring and monitoring utilization of pasture and rangeland. Utilization measures the percent of the plant that has been removed by grazing animals. Monitoring utilization of grass can determine livestock removal date and prevent overgrazing.

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Reclamation of Oil and Gas

Reclamation of Oil and Gas Industry-impacted Land: A Guide and Checklist - R1766

This publication provides a checklist for landowners and companies to promote trust and cooperation. The checklist provides a list of procedures that should be addressed to reassure the land will be returned, as close as possible, to it agronomic productively level.

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Processing Forages for Livestock Feed

Processing Forages for Livestock Feed - R1769

This publication will address: • Equipment used for processing • Benefits that may be gained through processing forages • Other considerations for processing forages for livestock diets

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Cover Crop Options

Annual Cover Crop Options for Grazing and Haying in the Northern Plains - R1759

The purpose of this publication is to provide annual forage options that can be used in cover crop mixtures for livestock grazing and/or hay production. The use of cover crops in a cropping rotation has been resurrected in recent years due to greater awareness of their environmental and ecological impacts on our natural resources.

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Grass Tetany

Grass Tetany - V1703

This publication provides clientele with overview of Grass Tetany, symptoms of the disorder, and management guidelines to prevent the disorder.

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Grassland Management

Ranchers Guide to Grassland Management IV - R1707

This guide is intended to serve as a quick reference for ranchers looking for information on grazing management. As such, it does not attempt to cover any single topic in great depth. Instead, it provides general information on a variety of subjects related to range, pasture and hay land management. References for other sources of information are provided should the reader wish to research the topic in greater depth.

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Successful Reclamation of Lands

Successful Reclamation of Lands Disturbed by Oil and Gas Development and Infrastructure Construction - R1728

This publication is designed to describe activities for the successful reclamation of North Dakota lands following disturbances associated with oil and gas production, and infrastructure construction. This includes topsoil/subsoil removal and replacement, well and pad development, pipeline and road construction, residential development and other activities related to the oil boom. This publication only will address reclamation of non-contaminated soils. Contaminated soils may include lands compromised by oil spills (hydrocarbons) and brine spills. We will introduce the critical components of a successful reclamation, provide recommended seed mixtures and seeding rates when reclaiming range and pasture land, and provide options to reduce soil erosion on disturbed rangelands, pastureland and hay lands. Although croplands are not specified directly in this publication, many of the topsoil salvage and replacement approaches, planning, preparation procedures and reclamation methods can be used as a guide to the successful reclamation of croplands.

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Winter Feeding for Beef

Alternative Winter Feeding Strategies for Beef Cattle Management - NM1726

The focus of this publication is to highlight alternative practices for consideration as an alternative to winter animal confinement in a feedlot.

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Perennial and Biennial Thistle Control

Perennial and Biennial Thistle Control - W799

Thistles are especially troublesome following cool, wet summers and falls, when seed production and seedling establishment are high. An integrated weed control program that combines chemical, cultural (such as crop rotation or grass competition), mechanical and biological methods is most likely to be successful.

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Integrated Management of Leafy Spurge

Integrated Management of Leafy Spurge - W866

Leafy spurge is the most difficult noxious weed to control in North Dakota and infests all 53 counties in a variety of environments. Leafy spurge is found in pasture, rangeland, cropland, roadsides, shelterbelts, and other non-cultivated areas. Cultivation will control leafy spurge in conventional cropland, but the weed can become the dominant species in reduced-till cropland, pas-ture, and rangeland if not controlled.

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Grazing Readiness

Determining Grazing Readiness for Native and Tame Pastures - R1061

Proper pasture and range management begins early in the spring. A major decision to be made is: When to start grazing?

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Leafy Spurge Identification and Chemical Control

Leafy Spurge Identification and Chemical Control - W765

Leafy spurge (Euphorbia esula L.) is a widely established perennial weed in North Dakota, infesting approximately 990,000 acres of land in 2005 (North Dakota Department of Agriculture survey). The leafy spurge infestation in North Dakota seems to have peaked at about 1.5 million acres in 2000 and 2001. The decline thereafter has been a result of an effective control program initiated in the early 1980s. Prior to this control program, leafy spurge acreage doubled every 10 years from 1950 to 1985. Despite the decline in acreage, the widespread infestation continues to cost the state more than $75 million annually in lost production.

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Absinth Wormwood Control

Absinth Wormwood Control - W838

Absinth wormwood (Artemisia absinthium L.) is a perennial forb which is easily recognized by its strong sage odor. The plant also is known as American or common wormwood, mugwort or madderwort, and wormwood sage. It is grown in herb gardens for the sage flavor of the leaves. The young flower heads are the source of aromatic oil used to prepare vermouth and absinth.

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Ecological Sites of North Dakota

Ecological Sites of North Dakota - R1556

This publication is a Pictorial Guide of Ecological Sites Common to North Dakota.

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