This publication is a revision of the “Sunflower Production and Marketing Bulletin” published in 1994. The purpose is to update information and provide a production and pest management guide for sunflower growers. This revised publication is directed primarily to the commercial production of sunflower, not to marketing and processing. It will attempt to give specific guidelines and recommendations on production practices, pest identifi cation and pest management, based on current information.
Dry edible beans have become a significant crop in eastern and east-central North Dakota during the past decade. Acreage for the past 15 years is shown in Table 1, with production by classes in Table 2. The 610,000 dry bean acres planted in 2009 reflect a decrease of 50,000 acres compared with 2008.
Canola is a specific edible type of rapeseed, developed in the 1970s, which contains about 40 percent oil. The term “canola” is a registered name by the Western Canadian Oilseed Crushers Association. Canola varieties must have an erucic acid content of less than 2 percent and less than 30 micromoles of glucosinolates per gram of seed. This makes it acceptable as an edible oil and animal protein feed. Canola oil is considered one of the highest quality edible oils available. Canadian and U.S. farmers mostly grow low-erucic acid and low-glucosinolate varieties. High-erucic acid oil rapeseed is grown and used for industrial lubricants. This type of rapeseed mostly is grown in Europe, although some production occurs in Canada and the U.S.
Soybean variety selection should be based on maturity, yield, seed quality, lodging, iron-deficiency chlorosis tolerance and disease reaction. Later-maturing varieties tend to yield more than early maturing varieties when evaluated at the same location. After determining a suitable maturity for the farm, comparing yields of varieties that are of similar maturity is important. Although late maturity increases yield potential, later-maturing cultivars are more risky to grow than earlier-maturing varieties because an early fall frost may kill a late-maturing variety before the beans have completely filled in the pods, which will reduce yield greatly.
Internal physiological disorders reduce the quality and marketability of potatoes. This publication explains internal heat necrosis and blackheart of potato tubers and some management strategies for reducing this problem.
North Dakota Barley, Oat,Rye and Flax Variety Trial Results for 2014 and Selection Guide - A1049-2014
This publication contains the results from variety trials conducted in several locations in ND focused on barley, oat and rye. Data may be useful to growers in selecting varieties that will be the most productive in their particular farm.
Dry pea (Pisum sativum L.), native to southwest Asia, was among the first crops brought under cultivation by man. The largest acreages of dry pea in the United States are in North Dakota, Idaho, Oregon and Washington. As a cool-season legume crop, it fits well into small-grain rotations. The green- and yellow-seeded varieties are used for human consumption. Dry peas also are used as protein concentrates for livestock and pigeon feeds. In North Dakota, pea yields generally are similar to or exceed spring wheat yield. Peas also can be used as a forage crop for hay, pasture or silage.
Pythium damping off causes stand loss and yield reduction in North Dakota. The disease is particularly damaging in cool and wet soils. The pathogens involved, biology, identification and management are discussed.
this publication provides data on the performance of hard red spring wheat varieties from trials conducted throughout ND. It is intended to be a resource to be used by farmers in selecting varieties that can perform well in their own farms.
This publication provides data on the performance of durum wheat varieties from trials conducted throughout ND. It is intended to be a resource to be used by farmers in selecting varieties that can perform well in their own farms.
The North Dakota Canola Variety Trail Results provide producers with data on canola performance throughout the state and gives information about yield and other information needed for accurate selection of canola hybrids for agricultural production in North Dakota.
The Tame Mustard Production publication provides producers with data on mustard variety yield performance throughout the state and gives information about other characteristics needed for accurate selection of mustard varieties. It also provides production information for North Dakota growers
This publication provides information and performance data on the most recently released hard winter wheat varieties tested in North Dakota. Data from multiple locations in North Dakota are complied and summarized.
Active Optical Sensor Algorithms: How they work and how they can be used to calculate N requirements in the field - SF1176-5
Research from 2011 to 2013 has resulted in a data base that supports to use of active-optical sensors to direct side-dress N rates in corn. Previously, rates were determined using a grower best guess.
Soybean cyst nematode (SCN) is the most damaging soybean disease in the United States. Since its first detection in ND it has spread to a dozen counties. This publication includes information about the SCN symptoms, biology, sampling and management.
The series contains 20 colored cards of symptoms and important facts of sunflower diseases.
Soybean yield increased with 14-inch versus 28-inch rows, 200,000 versus 150,000 pls/acre planting rate and special foliar inputs. The narrow rows also had higher net revenue than 28-inch rows. However, the low planting rate and no foliar inputs provided higher net revenue after costs of research factors versus the alternative choice for each factor.
Air Temperature Inversions Causes, Characteristics and Potential Effects on Pesticide Spray Drift - AE1705
Temperature inversions are micro-climatic events that can significantly contribute to off target movement of pesticides. This publication explains in detail: what they are, why they develop, how they are impacted by land condition, how to identify them, how to measure them, and how to minimize their impact on pesticide applications. Professional applicators, private applicators using pesticides on their farm or ranch, state and federal regulators, pesticide safety educators, researchers, and industry should benefit from the comprehensive explanations found in AE1705.
2013 Dry Bean Grower Survey of Production, Pest Problems and Pesticide Use in MInnesota and North Dakota - E1710
The 2013 dry bean grower survey is the 24th annual survey of varieties grown, pest problems, pesticide use and grower practices of the Northharvest Bean Growers Association, an association of dry edible bean growers in Minnesota and North Dakota.
This is the ninth major account of pesticide usage inNorth Dakota and describes pesticide usage onagricultural land in 2012. The information is derived from a comprehensive survey of North Dakota farm operators.