Environment & Natural Resources
Air Temperature Inversions Causes, Characteristics and Potential Effects on Pesticide Spray Drift - AE1705
Temperature inversions are micro-climatic events that can significantly contribute to off target movement of pesticides. This publication explains in detail: what they are, why they develop, how they are impacted by land condition, how to identify them, how to measure them, and how to minimize their impact on pesticide applications. Professional applicators, private applicators using pesticides on their farm or ranch, state and federal regulators, pesticide safety educators, researchers, and industry should benefit from the comprehensive explanations found in AE1705.
Many pesticides used to control weeds, insects, and disease in field crops, ornamentals, turf, fruits, vegetables, and rights-of-way are applied with hydraulic sprayers. Tractor- mounted, pull-type, pickup-mounted and self-propelled sprayers are available from numerous manufacturers to do all types of spraying.
2013 Dry Bean Grower Survey of Production, Pest Problems and Pesticide Use in MInnesota and North Dakota - E1710
The 2013 dry bean grower survey is the 24th annual survey of varieties grown, pest problems, pesticide use and grower practices of the Northharvest Bean Growers Association, an association of dry edible bean growers in Minnesota and North Dakota.
This is the ninth major account of pesticide usage inNorth Dakota and describes pesticide usage onagricultural land in 2012. The information is derived from a comprehensive survey of North Dakota farm operators.
People often substitute energy drinks for healthier beverage choices, so compare the Nutrition Facts labels. Energy drinks provide few if any of the needed vitamins and minerals provided by healthier beverage choices. Plain water is a better choice for most individuals.
Winter wheat fertilization recommendations in North Dakota previously were similar to spring wheat and durum. As a larger research base was developed for spring wheat and durum, separating the winter wheat from other wheats became necessary due to their unique nutrient requirements.
This is your reference copy of the 2014 edition of the North Dakota Insect Management Guide. The recommendations conform to the current federal and state laws and regulations relating to pesticidal chemicals at the time of printing. However, because pesticide recommendations frequently are subject to change, and inasmuch as this publication is revised only once each year, keeping in contact with North Dakota State University for up-to-date information on possible changes in insecticide registrations and use patterns is extremely important.
The historic floods of 2011 caused millions of dollars in damage and imposed great hardship on those affected. Low-lying areas along the Missouri and Souris rivers sustained unprecedented damage. The floods negatively impacted the trees and forests in these areas as well. Although the challenges posed by natural disasters can be quite variable, some common components must be accounted for in green infrastructure when such events occur. These include ensuring public safety; assessing damage; removing, disposing of and using wood waste; interagency coordination; and replanting efforts.
Leafy spurge is the most difficult noxious weed to control in North Dakota and infests all 53 counties in a variety of environments. Leafy spurge is found in pasture, rangeland, cropland, roadsides, shelterbelts, and other non-cultivated areas. Cultivation will control leafy spurge in conventional cropland, but the weed can become the dominant species in reduced-till cropland, pas-ture, and rangeland if not controlled.
Small amounts of iron or manganese can affect the taste or become an aesthetic problem in your home. This publication is intended to explain how these minerals may affect you and what the treatment options are.
The NDSU Extension Service has a long history of providing research-based information to help people make informed decisions concerning their energy use. This guide, originally developed by the Division of Energy Resources in the Minnesota Department of Commerce, is designed to help you figure out what steps you can take to reduce energy use in your home. Although you might not be able to do all of the improvements yourself or may not need to, this guide will provide an introduction to home energy use.
Runoff from feedlot may cause surface and groundwater pollution. Knowledge of runoff quality from beef cattle feedlot pens would be useful to design effective management practices to protect water quality. The objective of this bulletin is to share runoff quality measurements from three beef cattle feedlot pen surfaces under North Dakota management and climatic conditions.
Irrigation is the application of water to ensure sufficient soil moisture is available for good plant growth throughout the growing season. Irrigation, as practiced in North Dakota, is called "supplemental irrigation" because it augments the rainfall that occurs prior to and during the growing season.
This publications provides information on financial incentives for irrigators and irrigation districts.
One of the most important decisions when planning any livestock facility is site selection. The site for the feedlot operation must not only be suitable for housing, handling and feeding cattle, but also must ensure that surface and ground waters are protected and the impact from odors is minimized. Whether you are planning a new facility or modifying an existing one, the following information may help avoid costly mistakes.
Effective irrigation is not possible without a reliable water source. In North Dakota, the availability of relatively shallow aquifers with high-quality water has spurred the development of irrigation in many areas. Irrigation wells must produce a high volume of water during the driest months: July and August. To maintain consistent, high production from year to year, a well requires annual maintenance, just like any other piece of valuable equipment.
Installing an irrigation system on a piece of land requires a great deal of planning and a significant financial investment.
Proper pasture and range management begins early in the spring. A major decision to be made is: When to start grazing?
The drylot beef cow/calf enterprise is an alternative management system to traditional pasture or range beef production. Strictly defined, it is feeding confined cow/calf pairs in a feedlot environment during part or all of the traditional summer or fall- winter grazing season. In a practical sense, it means feeding confined cows and calves forages, crop residues and grains that may have more value marketed through cattle than as a cash crop. Many cattlemen manage their cows in drylot during the winter and after calving until pastures are ready.
Each soil series has been classified as irrigable, conditional or not irrigable. Compatibility classifications are based on slope, sodicity, salinity, permeability, restrictive subsoil layering or depth to bedrock.