Dr. Dale E. Herman, Professor, Department of Plant Sciences, North
Dakota State University
Russell J. Haas, Plant Materials Specialist, USDA - NRCS
P. Blake Vander Vorst, Executive Secretary, North Dakota State, Soil
This publication is a result of a joint effort of the North Dakota State Soil Conservation Committee, the USDA - Natural Resources Conservation Service, the NDSU Extension Service and the Western Area Power Administration.
All rights reserved.
No publication of this magnitude is possible without the assistance of many people. The authors wish to give credit to these individuals for their contributions:
Agencies or individuals providing photographs:
Gene Alexander, Natural Resources Conservation Service - Washington D.C.
Quentin Carlson, Ward Soil Conservation District
The authors wish to especially thank the following people for their tireless assistance in the preparation and technical review of this handbook:
Larry Chaput, Research Specialist, Department of Plant Sciences, North Dakota State
The authors wish to thank the following individuals at North Dakota State University for taking our raw data and turning it into a user friendly handbook:
Gary Moran, Agricultural Editor, NDSU Agriculture Communication
Many other individuals, too numerous to mention, from within a variety of state and federal agencies have provided resources and/or technical assistance in the preparation of this publication.
To all participants the authors extend their deepest appreciation.
The following references were used to develop descriptive identifications for each species:
American Wildlife & Plants: A Guide To Wildlife Food Habits. Martin, A.C.; H.S. Zim and A.L. Nelson. Dover Publications, Inc. 1951.
A Modern Herbal. Grieve, M. Dorset Press. 1994.
Arboriculture: Integrated Management of Landscape Trees, Shrubs, and Vines. Harris, R.W. Prentice Hall. 1992.
Common Insect Pests of Trees In The Great Plains. Nebraska Cooperative Extension Service. Great Plains Agricultural Council Publication No. 119. 1986.
Diseases of Trees in the Great Plains. Riffle, J.W. and G.W. Peterson. United States Department of Agriculture. 1986.
Glossary of Soil Science Terms. Soil Science Society of America. 1979.
Growing Fruit in the Upper Midwest. Gordon, D. University of Minnesota Press. 1991.
Handbook of North Dakota Plants. Stevens, O.A.. North Dakota Institute for Regional Studies. 1963.
How Indians Use Wild Plants for Food, Medicine & Crafts. Densmore, F. Dover Publications, Inc. 1974.
Knowing Your Trees. Collingwood, G.H. and W.D. Brush. The American Forestry Association. 1978.
Landscape Management. Feucht, J.R. and J.D. Butler. Van Nostrand Reinhold. 1988.
Landscaping for Wildlife. Henderson, C.L. Minnesota Department of Natural Resources. 1987.
Manual of Woody Landscape Plants. Dirr, M.A. Stipes Publishing Company, 4th Ed. 1990.
Medical Botany. Lewis, W.H. and P.F. Elvin. Lewis John Wiley & Sons. 1977.
Montana - Native Plants and Early People. Hart, J. The Montana Historical Society and the Montana Bicentennial Administration. 1976.
Naturally Occurring Insecticides. Jacobson, M. and P.G. Crosby. Marcell Dekker, Inc. 1977.
North American Trees. Preston, R.J., Jr. Iowa State University Press. 1961.
Physiology of Woody Plants. Kramer, J. and T.T. Kozlowski. Academic Press, Inc.. 1979.
The Complete Dictionary of Wood. Corkhill, T. Dorset Press. 1979.
Trees and Shrubs for the Northern Plains. D.G. Hoag. North Dakota Institute For Regional Studies. 1965.
Trees and Shrubs for a More Beautiful North Dakota. Zaylskie, J.J. NDSU Extension Service. 1966.
Tree and Shrubs for Northern Gardens. Snyder, L.C. University of Minnesota. 1980.
Tree Maintenance. Pirone, P.P. Oxford University Press. 1988.
Tree Planting Handbook For The Dakotas. committee editors. 1974.
Uses of Plants by the Indians of the Missouri River Region. Gilmore, M.R. University of Nebraska Press. 1977.
Wild Fruits An Illustrated Field Guide & Cookbook. Fielder, M. Contemporary Books, Inc. 1983.
Woody Ornamentals For The Prairies. Knowles, H. University of Alberta Faculty of Extension. 1989.
The project coordinators and authors extend their sincere appreciation to the North Dakota State Soil Conservation Committee for their vision and leadership in securing the financial resources and identifying the need for the North Dakota Tree Handbook. The following members authorized the request for project funding:
Joseph C. Breker - Havana, N.D.