Lawns, Gardens & Trees
North Dakota State University will make grants up to $1,000 available on a competitive basis to support youth gardening projects. Approximately $30,000 is available.
County Extension offices, 4-H clubs, schools, community organizations, church groups, and other youth organizations are encouraged to apply.
Any project related to youth and gardening is eligible. Examples include the establishment of school gardens and orchards, beautification projects in parks, construction of raised garden beds for the elderly, growing vegetables for local food pantries, and planting trees.
We have curriculum from the national Junior Master Gardener Program available, but projects are not required to use it. This curriculum includes hundreds of programming ideas and you can focus on gardening, nutrition, wildlife and literature.
The application is online and easy to complete. Review of applications will begin February 10, 2014 and continue on a regular basis through April or until available funds are exhausted.
For more information, go to www.ag.ndsu.edu/jrmastergardener
North Dakota State University and a team of over 500 gardeners have evaluated hundreds of varieties in backyard gardens over the past five years. The team rated the varieties for germination, plant health, earliness, yield and taste. The results of the 2013 trials and our recommendations for 2014 are available for downloading below.
Everyone is welcome to join our team! You will be introduced to new varieties, sharpen your skills in science, and grow healthy vegetables. It is a fun project for the entire family. Our seed catalog for 2014 will be posted in February. For more information, contact Extension Horticulturist Tom Kalb.
Recommended Vegetable Varieties for North Dakota Gardens - 2014 (PDF, 2 pages, 118 KB).
NDSU Yard & Garden Report for January 2014 (PDF, 8 pages, 672 KB).
The holidays are here—and these are the busiest shopping days of the year!
Selecting the right gift can be a challenge sometimes. It’s nice to know that many of our friends enjoy gardening. Here are a few gift ideas to consider:
Let’s start with a beautiful flowering houseplant. The delicate blooms of a cactus make it a special gift. Poinsettia and azalea also add dazzling color to the holidays.
Foliage houseplants make a nice gift that can provide for years of pleasure. Put the plant in a colorful ceramic pot to add a special touch. Give them a Norfolk Island pine (which looks like a tiny Christmas tree) and decorate it with ornaments.
A potted amaryllis is fun to grow. Your friend will be amazed on its rapid growth and fabulous flowers.
A dried flower arrangement is another colorful gift idea that provides long-lasting beauty.
A paper pot maker can turn old newspapers into seed starting pots. Soil block makers are another way to make your own plant pots. A heating mat can get the transplants off to a strong start this spring.
Good pruning tools are always appreciated. A new shovel, spading fork, or quality hoe may not seem like a showy gift, but it will touch the heart of a true gardener.
Consider giving some accessories such as a pocket knife, pair of gloves, or a kneeling pad. Maybe add a set of automatic watering globes—they even look like Christmas ornaments!
Other thoughtful gifts include a rack that dries herbs, a scissors that minces herbs, and crocks for pickling.
Give a subscription to a gardening magazine and they will remember you all year.
Thermometers, soil thermometers, and rain gauges provide valuable information to a gardener.
Hand scrubbing lotions are available that clean and moisturize the best tools of gardeners: their hands.
For the gardener who seems to have everything, wind chimes and spinners can add pleasing sounds and movements to a landscape. Gnomes and other gardening ornaments may be a risky gift, but such gifts can bring the biggest smiles!
Photo was made available under a Creative Commons license specified by the photographer: Portrait / Wedding …, http://www.flickr.com/photos/fensterbme/327411822/.
It is often confused with clover and black medic in leaf form. Oxalis has distinctly heart-shaped leaflets that are always lighter or yellowish green. This is a unique weed in that it has both an annual and perennial forms; the flower and capsule are what warrant special comment. The flower is yellow and tubular with 5 petals, and when the capsule matures, it expels seed, doing so with great momentum, scattering the seed like birdshot in multiple directions several feet away. The seed pod is erect, hairy, cylindrical, 1/3 to 1 inch long, and pointed at the tip. This weed is a curse to have in greenhouse environments and can go from being insignificant to a real headache is not controlled early in detection. Control this weed with Weedone DPC amine or Trimec.
Harvesting and Curing Gourds
Gourds are ready for harvest when the stems dry and turn brown. It is best to harvest gourds before frost. Mature gourds that have a hardened shell will survive a light frost, but less developed gourds will be damaged. The lagenaria will tolerate a light frost; but gourd color may be slightly affected. Gourds should be cut from the vine with a few inches of the stem attached. Take care not to bruise the gourds during harvest, as this increases the likelihood of decay during the curing process. Discard any fruit that is rotten, bruised or immature. After harvesting, gourds should be cleaned with soap and water, dried, and rubbing alcohol applied to the surface.
Curing cucurbita gourds is a two-step process which may take 1 to 6 months depending on the type and size of the gourd. Surface drying is the first step in the curing process, and takes approximately one week. During this time, the skin hardens and the exterior color of the gourd is set. Place clean, dry fruit in a dark, well-ventilated area. Arrange gourds in a single layer and make certain that the fruits do not touch each other. A slatted tray will allow air circulation around the gourds. Check gourds daily and discard fruit that show signs of decay or mold and any that develop soft spots.
Internal drying is the second step in curing and takes a minimum of four weeks. Keep the gourds in shallow containers in a dark, warm, well-ventilated area. If any mold appears on the outside skin, gourds can be wiped clean and allowed to continue drying. However, any gourds that become decayed, shriveled or misshapen should be discarded. Periodically turn the fruit to discourage shriveling and promote even curing. Providing warmth during the internal curing process will accelerate drying and discourage decay. Adequate curing is achieved when the gourd becomes light in weight and the seeds can be heard rattling inside. Cured gourds can be painted, waxed, or decorated.
Lagenaria gourds can be surface cured in the same manner as cucurbita gourds. However, the internal drying process takes much longer for the gourds to fully harden. After curing, the surface can be smoothed and polished with very fine steel wool or sandpaper. The hardened shell should be treated with rubbing alcohol, allowed to dry, and then waxed or shellacked for the final finish.
Luffa gourds have specific harvesting and processing techniques to produce high quality sponges. Harvest when the outer shell is dry, the gourd is light in weight and the seeds rattle inside. Remove the stem end of the gourd and shake out the seeds from the center cavity. Soak the luffa gourds in warm water until the outer skin softens to the point where it can be easily removed. Then soak the fibrous sponge in a solution of 1 part bleach to 9 parts water to obtain the desirable creamy-white appearance. Rinse in clear water and allow to dry before using.
Darkened areas and pitting occur in the outer skin of the apple. Corky, brown tissue forms inside toward the blossom portion of the fruit. Bitter pit is a disorder that is caused by a deficiency in calcium.
It is a beneficial insect that eats aphids and other insects. The larvae appearance has caused many homeowners unnecessary concerns.
Asparagus can be damaged by the beetle in different ways. Larvae and adult will give the spears/tips scarring. Droppings or frass can stain the spear and be unsightly.
Handpicking or brushing them to the ground with a towel or small broom is what is done in small garden situations for control.
Leaves normally change color in the fall – we all know this. If leaves begin to change color in the summer, that’s usually not a good sign. Insects, diseases, nutrient deficiencies, environmental stresses – or some combination of these – can all cause leaves to turn yellow, brown or other colors during the growing season.
However, some trees and shrubs are supposed to have two-toned leaves during the growing season. On other trees, you may see individual leaves of one color, and other (individual) leaves of a different color. In some cases, that’s okay! See the pics below.
‘Schubert’ chokecherry – ‘Schubert’ chokecherry (a.k.a. ‘Canada Red’ chokecherry) is valued for its purple foliage during the growing season and bright red fall color. The bright green leaves at the tip of this branch are a new flush of growth appearing in mid-season, and they will turn purple in one to two weeks. This variety of chokecherry is native to North Dakota and is extremely hardy. Suckering from the roots may cause problems.
Poplars –This hybrid poplar produces leaves that start off with a purple hue which then change to green – just the opposite of the Schubert chokecherry. There are many poplar trees that are either native to North Dakota or adapted to the environment here. Most poplars grow quickly but die young – especially the hybrids. This can be handy when establishing a windbreak, as the poplars can provide immediate protection while the more-permanent trees establish slowly.
Ivory Halo dogwood – This species has variegated leaves. That is, the leaves are naturally two-toned. There are many other trees and shrubs that are variegated, but finding ones that are tough enough to handle the North Dakota environment can be difficult. Ivory Halo is hardy to Zone 3, and it does best in protected areas with good soil moisture.
Is Master Gardener training on your bucket list? Do all your friends and neighbors come to you for gardening advice? Would you like to learn even more about horticultural topics from NDSU professionals? Registration is now open for the 2013 North Dakota Master Gardener Program! We are delighted to offer both classroom and online training. The classes will run from September 27 through November 15th. If you have questions, contact Esther McGinnis, Master Gardener Coordinator (701-231-7406) or your local Extension agent. See the following website for more details: http://www.ag.ndsu.edu/mastergardener/