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Latest Publications

Here are the latest publications from NDSU Extension.

Potato Tuber Viruses: Mop-top Management

The Potato mop-top virus causes tuber quality problems. Infection on tubers may be expressed as arcs or rings on the tuber surface, deep cracking and distortions to the skin that compromising tuber quality. Care must be taken not to infest fields with PMTV from known powdery scab and PMTV infected fields. Additionally, avoiding PMTV or powdery scab-infected seed tubers and using cultivars that are insensitive to mop-top can help prevent this problem.

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Selecting a Sprinkler Irrigation System

The four basic methods of irrigation are: subsurface irrigation (“subirrigation,” which uses tile drain lines), surface or gravity irrigation, trickle irrigation (also called drip irrigation) and sprinkler irrigation. Of the acres currently irrigated in North Dakota, more than 80 percent use some type of sprinkler

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Essential Elements for Positive Youth Development

Positive youth development is intentional. It is the combination of positive experiences, positive relationships, and positive environments. When youth programs combine these three components, youth are more likely to stay involved and experience the essential elements that serve as the foundation of positive youth development programming. The eight essential elements can be categorized into one of four key concepts: belonging, mastery, independence, and generosity.

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Pollination in Vegetable Gardens and Backyard Fruits

This publication summarizes the process of pollination in different vegetables and fruits grown by the backyard gardeners of North Dakota. Successful pollination is needed for fruit or berry production. The role of pollinators in growing vegetables and fruits is summarized as well as best management practices to attract and protect pollinators.

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Adolescent Prescription and Over-the-counter Drug Abuse: The Truth About Abusing Over-the-counter and Prescription Medications

Prescription and over-the-counter drug abuse and overdose are growing concerns across the nation and in North Dakota communities. In North Dakota, there has been a 59.7% increase in the number of controlled substance prescriptions dispensed between 2008 and 2015. Staying up-to-date on prescription and over-the-counter drug abuse trends is critical for today's caring adults.

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Bright Beginnings 3: Steps Toward a Healthy Pregnancy for You and Your Baby

It is important to create a healthy environment for an unborn child during the time of pregnancy. Key topics in creating a healthy pregnancy for you and your baby include managing personal health concerns, practicing healthy behaviors, meeting nutrition needs, increasing your knowledge of child development and reducing stress and preparing for the child's birth.

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Building Soil Health

Science-based information and farmer use of soil health building strategies are presented in this short booklet. the goal is to provide both a starting point for farmer incorporation of practices on-farm and also tips to fine tune on-farm goals.

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Exploring Vegetarian Meals

Eating a balanced diet doesn’t have to be a challenge for those who choose to follow a vegetarian diet. Using a variety of protein sources can add zest to dishes while keeping them healthful and hearty. From Cooking 101 (Week 9) Quick and Easy Menus, Recipes and Tips for Singles and Couples

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Tobacco Rattle Virus in Potato

Tobacco rattle virus (TRV) causes the economically important corky ring spot (CRS) disease in potato. Tobacco rattle virus is transmitted in the filed by soil-inhabiting stuffy root nematodes of the genera Trichodorus and Paratrichodorus.

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The Armyworm and the Army Cutworm

This publication summarizes pest management of Armyworms and Army cutworms in field crops (alfalfa, canola, corn, small grains, sugarbeets) grown in North Dakota. topics covered include: identification, life cycle, crop damage, trapping, field scouting, and economic thresholds in different field crops.

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Incorporating Cover Crops

Science-based information and farmers use of cover crops in North Dakota are presented in this short booklet. The goal is to provide both a starting point for farmer use of cover crops and also tips to fine tune cover crops to achieve on-farm goals.

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Coffee Time! Exploring a Favorite Beverage

Coffee originated in the coffee forests of Ethiopia and has grown in popularity across the world, especially with today’s hustle-and-bustle culture. Unfortunately, numerous health controversies, concerns and warnings accompany this increasingly popular beverage. With so much confusion surrounding this energizing drink, determining fact from fiction sometimes is difficult.

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Pinkeye (Infectious Bovine Keratoconjuctivitis)

Pinkeye, or infectious bovine keratoconjunctivitis (IBK), is a painful eye disease that is common in cattle throughout the world. The economic impact of IBK in the cattle industry results from a loss in production due to increased medical treatment costs and injury from extra handling, reduced weight gain, decreased milk production and devaluation of sale animals due to eye disfigurement.

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Questions and Answers About Using a Pressure Canner

Pressure canning is recommended for low-acid foods. Low acid foods are not acidic enough to prevent the growth of bacteria and should be processed at temperatures of 240 degrees to 250 degrees, which is attainable with pressure canners. Low-acid foods include; red meats, seafood, poultry, milk, all fresh vegetables except for most tomatoes.

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Powdery Scab of Potatoes

Spongospora subterranea f. sp. subterranea (referred to as S. subterranea), the causal agent of powdery scab and root gall formation in potato, is a soil- and tuber-borne funguslike pathogen. S. subterranea first was reported in the U.S. in 1913. During this same year, the disease was found established in potato-growing states such as Maine, Florida, Minnesota and Oregon. To date, the pathogen can be found causing disease throughout the U.S., as well as several other potato-growing regions around the world.

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Oil and Fuel Spill Prevention, Control, and Countermeasure Program for Farms

The goal of the Spill Prevention, Control, and Countermeasure (SPCC) program is the prevention of oil spills into navigable waters and adjoining shorelines. Certain farms, based on quantity of stored petroleum, and other facilities must have an SPCC plan to prevent oil spills and for cleanup and mitigation following a spill. If a farm or facility meets the definition of this regulation, it must have a plan.

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Early Blight in Potato

Early blight of potato is caused by the fungal pathogen Alternaria solani. The disease affects leaves, stems and tubers and can reduce yield, tuber size, storability of tubers, quality of fresh-market and processing tubers and marketability of the crop.

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Quality Forage series: Forage Nutrition for Ruminants

Plants utilized in the feeding of livestock have long been a fundamental link in the food chain. Native grasses supported grazing animals well before man began to domesticate livestock. Forages have always been an extremely important source of nutrients in livestock rations. Additionally, they provide fiber in the ration which enhances proper digestion in forage-consuming animals. Through their conversion into milk and meat products, forages continue to be one of the primary sources of nourishment in the human diet.

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A Cow-calf Producer’s Guide to Custom Feeding

This publication focuses on items a cow-calf operator should consider before choosing a feedlot to custom feed cattle. Custom feeding refers to the practice of sending calves, stockers or yearlings to a commercial feed yard for feeding to slaughter weights. Custom feeding is not without risks. It should be viewed as a potential means to add value to your calf crop and/or evaluate the genetic merit of your cow herd.

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