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Irrigation & Drainage

Irrigation Water Sample Analysis (AE1360 )

The NDSU Soil and Water Testing Laboratory has been making soil-water compatibility recommendations since the early 1960s. These recommendations are based on the electrical conductivity (EC) and sodium adsorption ratio (SAR) determined on the irrigation water and the soil series present on the land to be irrigated.

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Sprinkler Irrigation Systems

Selecting a Sprinkler Irrigation System - AE91

The four basic methods of irrigation are: subsurface irrigation (“subirrigation,” which uses tile drain lines), surface or gravity irrigation, trickle irrigation (also called drip irrigation) and sprinkler irrigation. Of the acres currently irrigated in North Dakota, more than 80 percent use some type of sprinkler system. Statewide, the center pivot is the most popular sprinkler system.

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Questions About Subsurface (Tile) Drainage

Frequently Asked Questions About Subsurface (Tile) Drainage - AE1690

Installation of subsurface (tile) drainage systems in the upper Great Plains, especially the Red River of the North valley, has increased since the late 1990s. A wet climate cycle, along with increased crop prices and land values, are the major reasons this technology is being put to use. As a relatively new practice in this region, many questions are being asked about tile drainage. This publication attempts to provide some answers.

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Projected Budgets for Irrigated Crops Central ND

Farm Management Planning Guide Projected Budgets for Irrigated Crops Central North Dakota - EC1661

These crop budgets provide an estimate of cost and returns for producing various crops under irrigation. The budgets are developed for a multicounty region. Soil type and productivity, as well as weather conditions, vary considerably across the region. These budgets are intended to be used as a guide. Producers should develop their own budgets.

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Projected Budgets for Irrigated Crops Western ND

Farm Management Planning Guide Projected Budgets for Irrigated Crops Western North Dakota - EC1663

These crop budgets provide an estimate of cost and returns for producing various crops under irrigation. The budgets are developed for a multicounty region. Soil type and productivity, as well as weather conditions, vary considerably across the region. These budgets are intended to be used as a guide. Producers should develop their own budgets.

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Projected Budgets for Irrigated Crops Eastern ND

Farm Management Planning Guide Projected Budgets for Irrigated Crops Eastern North Dakota - EC1662

These crop budgets provide an estimate of cost and returns for producing various crops under irrigation. The budgets are developed for a multicounty region. Soil type and productivity, as well as weather conditions, vary considerably across the region. These budgets are intended to be used as a guide. Producers should develop their own budgets.

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Managing Saline Soils in ND

Managing Saline Soils in North Dakota - SF1087

Saline soils have salt levels high enough that either crop yields begin to suffer or cropping is impractical. Excessive salts injure plants by disrupting the uptake of water into roots and interfering with the uptake of competitive nutrients. Several factors contribute to the development of saline soils in North Dakota, but a high water table is a prime requirement. Recognizing how and why salts accumulate is the first step in farming profitably on land interspersed with saline soils. Preventing further encroachment of salinity and addressing remediation strategies are other steps.

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Keep You Home Healthy

Keep Your Home Healthy - AE1204

Topics covered are related to maintaining indoor air quality with a primary focus on moisture related issues. topics include ventilation, mold, moisture control, drainage including drain tile, crawl spaces, pollutants and air filters.

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Characteristics Important to Irrigation

Soil, Water and Plant Characteristics Important to Irrigation - AE1675

Irrigation is the application of water to ensure sufficient soil moisture is available for good plant growth throughout the growing season. Irrigation, as practiced in North Dakota, is called "supplemental irrigation" because it augments the rainfall that occurs prior to and during the growing season.

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Dry Bean Production Guide

Dry Bean Production Guide - A1133

Dry bean is a food crop that requires the producers to provide special cultural management and attention. Proper management is essential from cultivar selection, field selection and planting through harvest, plus marketing for maximum profitability. This guide helps producers meet those production challenges.

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Funding for Irrigation Development

Funding Assistance Programs for Irrigation Development in North Dakota -AE1674

This publications provides information on financial incentives for irrigators and irrigation districts.

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Care and Maintenance of Irrigation Wells

Care and Maintenance of Irrigation Wells - AE97

Effective irrigation is not possible without a reliable water source. In North Dakota, the availability of relatively shallow aquifers with high-quality water has spurred the development of irrigation in many areas. Irrigation wells must produce a high volume of water during the driest months: July and August. To maintain consistent, high production from year to year, a well requires annual maintenance, just like any other piece of valuable equipment.

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Planning To Irrigate: A Checklist

Planning To Irrigate: A Checklist - AE92

Installing an irrigation system on a piece of land requires a great deal of planning and a significant financial investment.

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Tile Drainage Pump Stations

Tile Drainage Pump Stations for Farm Fields - AE1747

Drainage pump stations are an expensive addition to a subsurface drainage project. This publication provides guidance on the design and location of drainage lift stations. This topic an be difficult to teach in typical Extension presentations, this publication provides more details.

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Compatibility of ND Soils for Irrigation

Compatibility of North Dakota Soils for Irrigation - AE1637

This publication is intended as a first step to help current and prospective irrigators understand the principles behind the irrigability of soils in North Dakota. This publication should be used in combination with soil survey information of the land to be irrigated. Soil surveys of every county in North Dakota have been completed and documented.

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Evaluation of Soils for Suitability for Tile Drainage Performance

Evaluation of Soils for Suitability for Tile Drainage Performance - SF1617

The presence of salts and high water tables in North Dakota soils due to an extended climactic wet cycle recently has stimulated interest in the installation of tile drainage systems. The tile controls the water table and encourages the leaching and removal of salts from the soil above the tile lines. This improves soil productivity, culminating in improved crop yields.

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