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Celebrating 100 Years

Celebrating 100 NDSU Extension green goldIn 2014, we celebrate the 100th anniversary of the Smith-Lever Act. It created the Cooperative Extension Service, a state-by-state network of educators to extend university-based research and knowledge to the people. Although times and technologies have changed, NDSU Extension still is committed to extending knowledge and changing lives now and in the future.

More on the NDSU Extension Centennial

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Understanding the Veterinary Feed Directive

cattle feeding

The use of medications in feed has been an effective and convenient method to prevent and treat certain disease conditions in groups of livestock. The proper use of feed medications has changed and will need to be under the oversight and order of a veterinarian.

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Wrapping Trees for Winter

wrapping tree

On occasion, the winter months bring us snow, low temperatures and high winds. Another problem is sun scald, which is the splitting of the bark due to exposure to higher temperatures immediately followed by freezing temperatures. These are conditions that can seriously damage trees. One solution to the problem is wrapping the trunks for winter.

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Reduce the Risk of Developing Chronic Diseases

boomers

As we age, we may not be as active as we used to be. Maybe we have put on a few extra pounds, or we’ve developed health issues such as high blood pressure or diabetes. Nourishing Boomers and Beyond is a program to provide North Dakotans age 50 and older with information and strategies to eat more nutritiously and be more physically active so they can reduce their risk of developing chronic diseases.

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Alternative Grain Storage Methods

Grain in a bag

Grain can be stored in many types of facilities. However, all storage options should keep the grain dry and provide adequate aeration to control grain temperature. Grain must be dry and cool (near the average outdoor temperature) when placed in alternative storage facilities because providing adequate, uniform airflow to dry grain or cool grain coming from a dryer is not feasible.

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Know Your Prescription and Nonprescription Medications

medications

Many people take prescription or nonprescription medications on a regular basis. Do you know how to properly store and dispose of medications? Do your medications interact with any foods? Know the questions to discuss with your doctor.

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Revised Soil Fertility Recommendations for Corn

corn 1

Fertilizer recommendations for corn were published about 40 years ago and have changed little since then. However, during the past 40 years, yield expectations have at least doubled from about 80 to more than 200 bushels per acre in many fields. Tillage practices and the hybrids planted also have changed. The changes from previous corn fertility recommendations are primarily the result of recent assessments of corn yield responses to nitrogen through field experiments using modern hybrids and conditions.

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Scout for Banded Sunflower Moth

banded sunflower moth

Integrated Pest Management scouts are detecting increasing numbers of banded sunflower moths in pheromone traps. Sunflower should be scouted for banded sunflower moth eggs or adult moths when most of the plants in the field are at plant stage R3 (distinct bud elongated ¾ inch above the nearest leaf, yellow ray petals not visible).

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Soybean Root Rot

Damping off photo

The wet spring has caused soybean root rot problems in North Dakota. Damping off and root rots can be caused by many different pathogens; Pythium species, Phytophthora sojae, Fusarium species and Rhizoctonia solaniUnfortunately, it can be very difficult to determine which pathogen is causing the primary disease.  In many cases, it is likely that multiple pathogens are acting synergistically to cause the damping off. 

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Managing Saline Soils

white soil

Saline soils have salt levels high enough that crop yields begin to suffer or cropping is impractical. Several factors contribute to the development of saline soils. A high water table is a prime requirement. Recognizing how and why salts accumulate is the first step in farming profitably on land interspersed with saline soils. Preventing further encroachment of salinity and addressing remediation strategies are other steps.

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Weed Watch: Palmer Amaranth

Palmer AmaranthPalmer Ama

Palmer amaranth can produce millions of seeds per plant and grow baseball bat-sized stems that can stop combines. It has forced radical changes in weed control because of its relentless ability to reproduce and spread at astounding rates. The latest information shows that glyphosate–resistant Palmer amaranth is now present in every Midwest and Plains state except Minnesota and North Dakota. Palmer amaranth was chosen as North Dakota weed of the year as a proactive approach to increase awareness of its extreme noxious and pernicious capability, to aid in identification and to encourage land owners to keep a vigilant watch and kill all plants that may grow.

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