NDSU Extension Service - Williams County

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November 11, 2015

Fall Grazing Considerations

With fall grazing coming to an end for some ranchers in the Northwest part of North Dakota, we have to ask what is happening to our forages. During the fall, plants start to go dormant to make it through the cold winter months that are ahead. Fall is a very important time for annual grasses (annuals grasses are those grasses that return yearly) this is when they are storing nutrients for the following year. Plants will store carbohydrates, their energy, in their roots to help with regrowth and the recovery process. Monitoring your fall pastures is important, because heavy grazing practices will remove too much of the green plant material, which is what captures the sunlight for the plant to produce its energy. When heavy fall grazing occurs, the following spring will have a slow start because of the lack of energy for the plant to use. Without the native plants, which are desired to have in pastures, it leaves open ground for weeds or invasive plants to come in and take over. A great option is waiting for the grasses to go dormant to graze them, once they are dormant they are no longer going through the photosynthesis process to help them the following spring. But sometimes ranchers are not able to wait for grasses to go dormant because of other events that have happened in the summer. If you need to graze your fall pastures before they are dormant, monitoring your pasture will greatly help you for the following year. Leaving stubble in your pastures, or fields, is important for catching snow, which insulates the soil and which in turn helps with moisture in the spring.

Annual Income Tax Management for Ag Producers

Coming up on November 18th, from 9a.m. to noon there will be an interactive video program to assist farmers with year-end farm business decisions and retirement planning. The location of this training will be at Broadway Commons, 302 E Broadway in Williston. The program topics include; federal income tax update, Affordable Care Act (ACA) Reporting, ACA and the Small Employer, Identity theft, and Scams of Tax Information, Proper Handling of CCC Loans, Repair Regulation Update, Succession and Estate Planning, Proper Entities for USDA Payments, Farm Income Averaging, Tax planning for 2015 and beyond. The cost of the program and materials is $15 per person. If you are interested please call the NDSU Extension Service in Williams County, 701-577-4595.

 

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