NDSU Extension - Williams County

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Articles - 2012

Will The Beef Herd Rebuild?

Up until the break of the new century the U.S. beef industry could set its watch on a 10 year market cycle. In other words, producers could expect market lows to be 10 years following the previous market highs. Such things as the bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), major drought throughout large sections of the Midwest, competition from rising crop values and an aging group of ranchers have all contributed to a major reduction in the number of mama cows across our nation.

Will The Beef Herd Rebuild? - Read More…

New Durum Variety Available - Census of Agriculture

This past spring the North Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station released a new durum variety named Carpio. It was increased under contract by 11 growers who combined had 400 acres of field inspected by the North Dakota State Seed Department.

New Durum Variety Available - Census of Agriculture - Read More…

Wheat Quality Improves Over 2012 - Yield and Quality of Wheats Seem Incompatible

The North Dakota Wheat Commission recently released the 2012 Regional Quality Reports for both U.S. hard spring wheat and northern durum wheat. The hard red spring wheat samples were produced in North Dakota, Montana, Minnesota, South Dakota, Idaho and Oregon while the durum samples were taken from North Dakota and Montana. Use the link below to find the results mentioned in the column: http://www.ag.ndsu.edu/varietytrials

Wheat Quality Improves Over 2012 - Yield and Quality of Wheats Seem Incompatible - Read More…

Soil Health Topic Offered for Wheat Show

During last year’s Wheat Show, many crop producers came just to learn more about soil health and how it can impact productivity of the land and profits on the farm. Since then many of the attendees urged members of the Wheat Show planning committee to include more information on soil health during the February, 2013 event.

Soil Health Topic Offered for Wheat Show - Read More…

Wheat Show Speakers

The 60th National Hard Spring Wheat Show scheduled to be held in Williston, February 4, 5, 6 will feature several exciting topics and well known experts.

Wheat Show Speakers - Read More…

Ag Tax Management To Be Discussed ~ Cropping Decisions 2013

This tax program is scheduled for Friday, November 30th. The agenda of the meeting provides an excellent opportunity for agricultural producers and tax preparers to learn about tax management alternatives while there is still time to implement year-end tax management decisions. A series of “Cropping Decisions 2013” meetings have been scheduled for December 10-14 across northwest North Dakota. The outlook for next year’s cropping season may be coupled with many questions ranging from what crop prices are going to be to what the growing season may bring in terms of moisture, temperature, etc. The “Cropping Decisions 2013” meeting series is designed to cover a variety of agronomic, management, and market issues that could be of concern to producers in the 2013 growing season.

Ag Tax Management To Be Discussed ~ Cropping Decisions 2013 - Read More…

Farm/Ranch Transfer Workshop Scheduled For Williston

Almost all farms and ranches in North Dakota are owned and operated by individual family units. It is the dream of most to pass the business to the next generation but this can be a complex task. Some of the challenges include assessments of financial impacts and tax consequences.

Farm/Ranch Transfer Workshop Scheduled For Williston - Read More…

Local HRS Wheat Seed Will Be Limited - Winter Raspberry Management Tip

Longtime durum growers contemplating adding hard red spring wheat to their crop rotation could be surprised and a little over-whelmed by the long list of varieties to select from. In fact, yield trials of North Dakota State University have included close to 50 varieties.

Local HRS Wheat Seed Will Be Limited - Winter Raspberry Management Tip - Read More…

Fungi Are Beneficial to Soil Quality

Over the past year or two I have given considerable attention to the importance of soil quality as it relates to crop production. A quick definition of soil quality is the maintenance or improvement of soil organic matter (SOM). For our area, most cropland is in need of SOM improvement.

Fungi Are Beneficial to Soil Quality - Read More…

Variety ID Tests Available - Milestone for Canadian Thistle - Agricultural Land Values Based on Market Value

Variety identification testing is a certification requirement of the North Dakota Seed Department for spring wheat, field pea and barley. This test must be completed prior to the sale of seed. Field research has shown that a fall application of Milestone at the labeled rate of 5 to 7 fluid ounces per acre is extremely effective on Canada Thistle. Agricultural land values, for assessment and taxation purposes, are not based on market value.

Variety ID Tests Available - Milestone for Canadian Thistle - Agricultural Land Values Based on Market Value - Read More…

New Wheat Varieties - Windbreak Construction Guidelines

As area farmers complete harvest, their focus will likely turn to marketing the 2012 crop and plans for 2013. Selecting crops and varieties along with determining fertilizer and machinery needs will require major decisions sometime this winter.

New Wheat Varieties - Windbreak Construction Guidelines - Read More…

Early Fall Soil Testing Suggested - Hay Forage Crops Can Be Poisonous

It has been a practice to delay the collection of soil samples for nitrogen tests until mid to late September. The reason for waiting is the fear additional nitrogen will be made available through mineralization and not show in the test results. Dr. Dave Franzen, NDSU Soil Specialist, tells us soil nitrate levels change very little and sampling can take place immediately after harvest with no sampling date adjustment necessary.

Early Fall Soil Testing Suggested - Hay Forage Crops Can Be Poisonous - Read More…

Grasshoppers Pose Threat to Winter Wheat - Galls on Trees are Common

Since a recent news column of mine about grasshoppers, several people have described extremely high populations of grasshoppers. It appears we have numerous locations of very high grasshopper populations which have the potential of threatening winter wheat and also be the source of an expanded threat to crops seeded next spring...Each year I can count on receiving numerous questions about abnormal growths located on the leaves and sometimes twigs of trees. In the forest industry and academia these growths are referred to as galls.

Grasshoppers Pose Threat to Winter Wheat - Galls on Trees are Common - Read More…

Winter Wheat Growers Cautioned - Tree of the Week

Winter wheat has not been a popular crop in this area. Attempts to grow it during the early 80’s brought mixed results. Yields and market prices generally were not competitive with those of spring wheat and the growing popularity with durum. Most of the yield problems came from winter injury to the seedling. Tree of the week - Ponderosa Pine.

Winter Wheat Growers Cautioned - Tree of the Week - Read More…

Winter Wheat - Grasshoppers - Tree of the Week

Last year’s wet conditions and high number of “prevent plant” acres spiked interest among wheat producers resulting in more winter wheat planted acres..Reports of high grasshopper populations are beginning to come in. Tree of the Week - European Mountain Ash

Winter Wheat - Grasshoppers - Tree of the Week - Read More…

Beef Herd Expansion on Hold - Tree of the Week

With record high calf prices in 2011, a growing expert market and a strong domestic consumption of beef products, most reports indicated there would be an expansion of the U.S. cow herd. Even though moisture conditions in the southern states have improved, it has not been enough to encourage retention of heifers or purchase of breeding age cows. Tree of the Week - Crabapple

Beef Herd Expansion on Hold - Tree of the Week - Read More…

Alfalfa Weevils - Tree of the Week

Historically, alfalfa weevils are not a widespread problem in North Dakota. However, 2012 is different. Until recently most growers have been blaming weather for the slow growth of their alfalfa crop. While the dry, early spring season may have showed early development, the small weevil larvae certainly have had an impact in recent weeks as they feed in the terminal buds of the growing alfalfa. Tree of the week - European Mountain Ash

Alfalfa Weevils - Tree of the Week - Read More…

Alfalfa Weevils Damage Complete

Concern about future damage caused by alfalfa weevils continues to exist, especially when larvae are still found in great numbers on the cutter bar of the swather. Rest assured the weevil larvae are at the end of their feeding period in North Dakota. Tree of the Week - Common Hackberry as a Green Ash substitute

Alfalfa Weevils Damage Complete - Read More…

Brown Conifers - Tree of the Week

Throughout the region, many spruce, pine and junipers are showing brown and purplish needles. Most knowledgeable foresters agree the cause is weather related. Tree of the Week - Ash

Brown Conifers - Tree of the Week - Read More…

Calculating Crop Development- Tree of the Week

Growing degree days (GDD’s) are highly correlated with crop growth. Using GDDs is much better than calendar days or even average daily temperature. Tree of the week-Green Ash.

Calculating Crop Development- Tree of the Week - Read More…

4-H Animal Projects - Tree of the Week

North Dakota county fair season is about to get its jump start. For some reason several counties in the northwest are usually the first to have their fairs. Williams County is one of those. Tree of the Week - Russian Olive

4-H Animal Projects - Tree of the Week - Read More…

Browning of Conifers

A number of people have called regarding the brown coloration of conifer trees. In most cases there is no single cause other than to say weather is to blame. There certainly is an unusual number of spruce, pine, and juniper trees and shrubs showing either a brown or purplish coloration. Such symptoms are definitely those of stress. Tree of the Week - Common Hackberry

Browning of Conifers - Read More…

Watch for Tan Spot - Tree of the Week

Now that we have received significant rainfall and considerable acreage of wheat has been planted in to wheat stubble, there is concern about the crops susceptibility to leaf diseases. Certainly winter wheat fields planted last fall into wheat stubble should be watched carefully for such diseases, especially tan spot. Tree of the Week - Birch

Watch for Tan Spot - Tree of the Week - Read More…

Causes of White Wheat Heads - Tree of the Week

Nearly every year wheat growers of this area report white heads, sometimes in alarming numbers. For this area of the state, a majority of the problem is caused by the wheat stem maggot which invades the stem cutting off nutrients to that part of the plant above the location of the maggot. Tree of the week - Ohio Buckeye

Causes of White Wheat Heads - Tree of the Week - Read More…

Cereal Aphids Are Late - Tree of the Week

Aphids are beginning to appear across the state and also locally. Now there are many species of this very large family. Aphids in general are host specific meaning each species thrives on specific plants. Tree of the week - Hybrid Poplar

Cereal Aphids Are Late - Tree of the Week - Read More…

Land Rental Rates - Tree of the Week

The North Dakota Field Office of USDA’s National Agriculture Statistics Service conducts an annual survey of farmers and ranchers to obtain average rental rates and the value of rental land in their localities. Tree of the Week - Bur Oak.

Land Rental Rates - Tree of the Week - Read More…

Time to Make Hay - Underground Mystery

Over the years I often have heard people my senior say “When it is time to make hay one must make hay.” Such is the case with this spring’s crop seeding. Last week I concentrated my writing on the techniques of planting a tree. This week I want to share some thoughts on site selection because sometimes we choose planting areas which provides little hope for survival.

Time to Make Hay - Underground Mystery - Read More…

No! $10 For A $100 Tree

Keeping trees alive and healthy involves a lot of knowledge and effort – knowledge of what to do (or not to do) and the effort of following through with proper tree-care techniques. One of the most important things involved in tree health is ensuring that trees are planted properly.

No! $10 For A $100 Tree - Read More…

2012 Herbicide Update - Growth Regulators Reduce Fruit Production - Black Knot on Cherry Trees

The 2012 North Dakota Weed Control Guide lists several new herbicides for weed control in small grains. Fruit on trees adds color and interest to the home landscape. However, when mature the fruit can be messy and adds to the maintenance of the yard. Many trees of the Prunus species are susceptible to a fungal disease called black knot. This includes chokecherry and plum.

2012 Herbicide Update - Growth Regulators Reduce Fruit Production - Black Knot on Cherry Trees - Read More…

Know Rules for Herbicide Carryover

Herbicides have become a very important tool in almost every corner of raw food production. Without them, weeds would grow out of control, production would be severely impaired, precious top soil would be lost to wind and or water erosion and the cost to feed a family would be higher than it is today.

Know Rules for Herbicide Carryover - Read More…

MGEX Offers Marketing Information - Update to County Comprehensive Plan

Joe Victor, Business Development Specialist with the Minneapolis Grain Exchange (MGEX) and DTN will conduct two informative webinars that will address market outlook for spring wheat and durum along with weather forecasts for the spring wheat growing areas of the U.S. and Canada. The Williams County Commission and its staff are in the process of updating its Comprehensive Plan. The plan is about managing orderly growth needed for the present energy boom and protecting the values of its citizens who have lived a lifetime in Williams County and for those who want to make the community their home.

MGEX Offers Marketing Information - Update to County Comprehensive Plan - Read More…

Rotating Herbicides Urged - Mosquito Control Program

Our weed control researchers at NDSU keep reminding county extension agents of the growing threats of weed resistance to commonly used herbicides. Fran Bosch, Director the Williston Vector Control District 1, recently announced that the District is offering a voluntary control program to townships.

Rotating Herbicides Urged - Mosquito Control Program - Read More…

US Beef Industry Regains Net Export Status

In the last ten years, beef and cattle trade between the United States and foreign countries has become increasingly complex with respect to economic and political factors. The U.S. exports just not meat, but also many non-meat items as well as live animals.

US Beef Industry Regains Net Export Status - Read More…

Beef Cow Numbers Continue Decline and A.I. Synchronization Protocols

Record high prices for retail beef, feeder cattle, the feds, culls and breeding stock have one thing in common – tight supplies. The recent report on the beef inventory in the Unites States shows a two percent decrease from last year’s numbers and is the lowest January 1 inventory of all cattle and calves since 1952. North Dakota is not immune to the national trend. For many beef producers, the 2012 calving season will soon be here. It is an exciting time of the year but also a time which can be very stressful as everyone realizes that calf mortality is important to year-end profitability. For those who incorporate artificial insemination, I want to draw attention to some great information about protocols for synchronization of estrus and ovulation.

Beef Cow Numbers Continue Decline and A.I. Synchronization Protocols - Read More…

Wheat Show Proclaimed a Success and Healthy Soil

The 59th National Hard Spring Wheat Show is history. Being heavily involved, along with over 20 other farm producers, agri-businesses, and NDSU Co-workers, I may be a bit biased in proclaiming the event a total success starting with the Bread Fair which focused on teaching area 5th grade students how to make bread. All of the educational sessions during the Wheat Show were well attended but Jim Hoorman of Ohio State University served to captivate the audience with his presentations on soil health. He started by telling us healthy and sick soils each have things in common.

Wheat Show Proclaimed a Success and Healthy Soil - Read More…

Canola Representative Sought & Fewer Certified Seed Growers

Canola growers in Williams County are being urged to participate in the election of a county representative for the North Dakota Oilseed Council. All canola growers who have a definite interest in the membership of the Council are encouraged to participate in the election at 10:00 AM on Thursday, February 16 in the Conference Room of the Williams County Courthouse. Over time there are changes which occur that we really do not recognize until maybe it is too late. I think one such change for crop producers is a lack of certified seed growers. This may not be a problem on a statewide basis but for northwest North Dakota, I find myself frequently referring growers to seed sources far beyond our region.

Canola Representative Sought & Fewer Certified Seed Growers - Read More…

Youth Horse Group, Project Safe Send and Mountrail Durum

In one of my columns early last summer I mentioned there was an effort by some parents to organize a 4-H youth group which would focus its studies and activities around horses. I am happy to report such a group has been formally organized. Each summer I call attention to project Safe Send, a program whereby the North Dakota Department of Agriculture travels across the state to collect unusable pesticides. This past July one of the twelve stops was Williston. The 2011 Research Report contains performance data of all the crops and their varieties grown in this region. Because durum is the number one crop in acreage for this area, I am always interested in how the varieties compare in yields.

Youth Horse Group, Project Safe Send and Mountrail Durum - Read More…

North Dakota Wheat Has Huge Economic Power

In its 2010-2011 Annual Report to Producers, the North Dakota Wheat Commission states that wheat producers can take pride in knowing the wheat industry continues to be one of the largest economic contributors to the North Dakota economy, agricultural or otherwise, accounting for nearly one third of all farm and ranch marketings. The direct cash value of the North Dakota wheat and durum crop is nearly $2.4 billion, which generates an additional $4.8 billion in commercial activity for a total positive economic impact of nearly $7.2 billion in state economy.

North Dakota Wheat Has Huge Economic Power - Read More…

Bright Outlook for Beef Markets

With cattle prices at record levels, producers question the market’s longevity. Prior to the BSE, (Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy, commonly known as mad-cow disease), scare in 2003 or even the September 11, 2001 terrorist attack, cattlemen could establish their production and marketing decisions based on a 10 year cycle.

Bright Outlook for Beef Markets - Read More…

Bigger Cars Still Cost More to Operate

Except for housing, most families spend more on transportation than on any other expense category. Consumers prefer the latest technologies and multi-year warranties of new cars, but the vast majority does not buy new cars. The reason is simple. Used cars are considerably cheaper to own and operate than new cars.

Bigger Cars Still Cost More to Operate - Read More…

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