NDSU Extension - Traill County


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Traill County Extension

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Soil field Day

Fall Harvest FAQs Apple tree

A change is in the air! Cool mornings have now become our norm. Below are a couple common questions I receive in the office this time of year:

When to Harvest Pumpkins?
Harvest before a killing frost (28°F). Leave a few inches of stem attached. Do not bruise. Cure in a warm (80°F) spot for 10 days for long-term storage.

When to Harvest Squash?
Harvest before a killing frost (28°F). Leave at least one inch of stem. Wipe but don’t wash fruit. Except for acorns, cure in a warm (80°F) spot for 10 days to toughen skin for long-term storage.

When to Harvest Apples?
The background color (seen at the top and side of fruit) begins to turn from green to yellow. Fruits come off easily when harvested. Use an upward, twisting motion when harvesting.

RaspberriesPruning Raspberries is easy

Raspberries must be pruned every year to produce good yields of high quality fruit.

Almost all raspberries grown in North Dakota are summer-bearing red raspberries grown in a narrow hedgerow. These are easy to prune. Here’s how:

An individual raspberry cane lives for only two years. The first year it develops into a green cane called a primocane. In its second year the cane will bloom, bear fruit in summer, and then die. A second year cane is called a floricane.

After your last harvest, prune out the canes that bore fruit. Such canes have served their purpose and will die this fall. These floricanes are reddish brown and woody. They are easy to distinguish from the green primocanes. Use a lopping shears and remove the floricanes at ground level. Removing these dying canes will prevent diseases and give the primocanes space to grow.

In late March to April, thin the remaining canes to allow 4–5 sturdy canes per foot of row. This will maximize yield and fruit quality.

You may notice winter injury on cane tips. Remove this damage. This is also a good time to trim canes to about 5 feet in height.

The width of the bed should be no more than 18 inches across. If wider, the inner canes will not get the sunlight they need for quality fruit production. Canes that emerge outside the bed should be trimmed out.

Soybean Cyst Nematode Sampling Program

The NDSU Extension and the North Dakota Soybean Council are working together again to coordinate a SCN soil testing program. A limited number of SCN soil test bags in Traill County will be available on a first come first serve basis.

As in the past, pre-labeled SCN soil test bags have been sent to the Traill County Extension office. The bags (and instruction sheets) have arrived to the Extension office. Growers can pick up to three SCN soil test bags each. Each bag is pre-marked with billing information that will be covered by the North Dakota Soybean Council. To submit a sample, fill the bag with soil, provide site information and send the bag to the partner lab (Agvise). Results will be mailed directly to the growers and the laboratory fees are covered by checkoff dollars to the North Dakota Soybean Council.

For more information, contact the Traill County Extension office at (701)636-5665 or email alyssa.scheve@ndsu.edu.


Traill County Courthouse


NDSU Extension/Traill County
114 Caledonia Ave. W.
Box 730 (mailing address)
Hillsboro, ND 58045
Phone:  701-636-5665   
Fax: 701-636-5666

Office Hours:
8 a.m. - 4:30 p.m., Monday-Friday
Summer Office Hours:
(Memorial Day - Labor Day)
7 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.,  Monday-Thursday
8 a.m. - Noon, Friday

Related Links:
NDSU Extension
North Dakota Department of Agriculture

Traill County
City of Hillsboro
Cities of Mayville-Portland
City of Hatton

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