State Board of Agricultural Research and Education

Accessibility


| Share

Dry Bean

 

March 27, 2014 Meeting Minutes

SBARE Dry Bean Granting Committee
Northern Crops Institute Auditorium

The meeting was called to order at 1 p.m. Voting members present were Joe Mauch, Tom Kennelly, Roger Carignan, Jason Mewes, and Grady Thorsgard.  Non-voting members present were Tim Courney and Dr. Jack Rasmussen. Also present was Lori Capouch.

Presentation of proposals

Enrichment of Bioactive Compounds in Black Bean for Human Health Benefits
Researcher:  Kalidas Shetty
Amount requested:  $21,270

Research Objectives:

    1. To use natural bioactives as foliar treatments to stimulate phonolic biosynthesis and thereby improving overall yield and quality of black bean with enhanced health benefits.
    2. To evaluate the potential roles of black bean bioactives for type 2 diabetes and hypertension management through in vitro assays.
    3. To understand the role of black bean bioactives for improving glucose metabolism by using in vitro studies.

Improving White Mold Management in Dry Beans with Soluble Chitosan Oligosaccharisde (COS)
Researcher:  Kalidas Shetty
Amount Requested:  $27,270

Research Objectives:

    1. To improve the Sclerotinia-induced white mold management in dry beans using COS as foliar treatments.
    2. To evaluate the efficiency and does response of COS against Sclerotinia sclerotiorum through in vitro assays.

Revision of recommendations for selected establishment factors in dry bean
Researchers:  Greg Endres, Blaine Schatz, Mike Ostlie, Hans Kandel
Amount Requested:  $7,000

Research Objectives:

  • Examine dry bean response:
    • Trial One (Pinto)
      • 3 planting dates
      • 3 planting rates (50,000; 80,000; and 110,000 pure live seeds (pls/acre)
    • Trial Two (Pinto)
      • ≥ 5 starter and post-emergence fertilizer application treatments
    • Trial Three (Navy and Black)
      • 3 rows (14, 18, and 28 inches)
      • 3 planting rates (100,000; 120,000; and 140,000 pls/acre)

The effects of seed applied iron fertilization on the symbiotic nitrogen fixation of dry beans
Researchers:  Svilvia Zilahi-Sebess, R. Jay Goos, and Jasper M. Teboh
Amount Requested: $11,810

The objective of this research is to inform growers about the potentials of iron fertilization in decreasing the need for nitrogen supplementation for dry beans.

Dry Edible Bean Disease Research
Researcher:  Julie Pasche
Amount Requested:  $70,431

Research Objectives:

  1. Biology and detection of the dry bean anthracnose pathogen Collectotrichum lindemuthianum (continuation from 2013)
  2. The management of root rot pathogens using seed treatment and in-furrow fungicide applications (new objective)
  3. Screening for resistance to common bacterial blight (continuation from 2013)
  4. Disease monitoring of the dry bean crop in the region (this objective was performed in 2012 and 2013, but funds were not requested; this is a new item for funding request)

Maintenance of Soil Fertility to Increase Yield Potential of Pinto Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) Under Nutrient-poor Light-textured Soils
Researcher:  Amitava Chatterjee
Amount Requested: $26,890

Research Objectives:  Under low-nutrient soils, we will determine the efficacy of

  1. Inoculation
  2. Starter-P fertilizer (10-34-0) and its placement (in furrow vs. 2x2 placement), and
  3. Zn and its form (ZnSO4 vx. Zn-EDTA) on (1) dry bean yield, (2) nutrient uptake, and (3) soil nutrient availability.

Dry Edible Bean Tolerance to Dicamba
Researcher:  Richard Zollinger
Amount Requested:  $15,000

Project Objectives:

Dry edible bean tolerance to dicamba:

To correlate:

  1. Dry bean yield loss with plant injury from dicamba and glyphosate each and both herbicides applied together
  2. Dry bean injury with known concentrations of both dicamba and glyphosate applied separate and applied together.

Value-added Fresh Bean Processing
Researchers:  Clifford Hall and Juan Osorno
Amount Requested:  $21,180

Project Objectives:

  1. Establishing the proper harvesting time for fresh beans
  2. Determine the antinutrient content of raw and heat processed fresh beans
  3. Evaluate the sensory quality of fresh beans

Funding decisions

Only North Dakota producers participated in this portion of the meeting.

It was moved and seconded to grant negotiated funding of up to $6,779 to the project titled “Dry Edible Bean Disease Research.”

The motion carried unanimously.

There being no further business, the committee meeting was adjourned.

 

March 17, 2011 Meeting Minutes

State Board of Agricultural Research and Education
Dry Bean Granting Committee
Holiday Inn, Fargo

The meeting was called to order by Jason Mewes.  Voting members present were Joe Mauch, Nick Kitsch, Dan Webster, Scott Mund and Jim Sletten.  Non-voting member present was Dr. Ken Grafton. Also present were Tim Courneya and Debra Baer, NDSU Research Specialist.

Presentation of proposal (submitted for SBARE funding)

Management of Root Rot in Dry Beans
Researchers:  Rubella Goswami, Juan Osorno & Michael Wunch
Amount requested:  $10,283

Root rot of dry bean is a yield-limiting disease problem for growers in the Northarvest area for several years (Bradley and Luecke, 2004).  Over the past few years SBARE and Northarvest Grower’s Association has supported research that has allowed identification of a few sources of partial resistance to root rot that can be included in the breeding program. Complete resistance to these pathogens has not been observed. This makes it necessary to develop an integrated disease management strategy that incorporates resistance, cultural and chemical control.  Seed treatments are one of the most common control measures used in crops including beans and the majority of the dry bean seeds planted in North Dakota is treated. However, most of the seed treatments currently used have not been evaluated for their efficacy against Fusarium species. Moreover, the fact the Fusarium root rot is becoming so prevalent demonstrates that these seed treatments are probably not working against the group of pathogens. Therefore, we strongly feel that it is essential to evaluate the currently available seed treatments for their efficacy against Fusarium species both under field and green-house conditions so that more informed decision regarding treatments suitable for this region can be taken.  These evaluations will be conducted through inoculated trials and trials conducted in growers fields with a previous history of root rot.  The inoculated trails will ensure adequate disease pressure and provide information regarding the efficacy of the seed treatments on Fusarium root rot under field conditions whereas trials in the grower’s field will give a real life picture under mixed pathogen pressure

Funding Decision

It was moved and seconded by to grant negotiated funding of up to $10,283 to the project titled “Management of Root Rot in Dry Beans." 

The motion carried unanimously.

There being no further business, the committee meeting was adjourned.

Creative Commons License
Feel free to use and share this content, but please do so under the conditions of our Creative Commons license and our Rules for Use. Thanks.