NDSU Extension - Sargent County


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Prediabetes Can Lead to Diabetes, but It Doesn’t HAVE To

Prediabetes Can Lead to Diabetes, but It Doesn’t HAVE To 5/11/18Prediabetes is a condition in which blood sugar levels are higher than normal but not yet high enough to be classified as diabetes.  Unfortunately, nine out of ten people who have it don’t know they have it.

Ask your medical provider to screen you for prediabetes if you are over 45 years of age and overweight, or if you are overweight and under age 45 with one or more of these risk factors:

  -  African American, Hispanic/Latino, American Indian, Asian American, or Pacific Islander
  -  have a parent, brother, or sister with diabetes
  -  are physically inactive
  -  have high blood pressure or are taking medication for high blood pressure
  -  are a female who had diabetes during pregnancy

Without lifestyle changes and other treatment, people with prediabetes are at an increased risk for developing Type 2 diabetes and other complications related to it.  Those problems can include heart disease, kidney disease, vision loss, and problems with blood circulation to the feet and legs that can result in ulcers, nerve problems, and even amputation. 

However, the good news is that with healthy lifestyle changes, including weight loss and increased physical activity, many people who have prediabetes can restore their blood glucose to a normal level.  Doing so can help prevent or delay Type 2 diabetes and heart disease.

The “weight loss” that can help prevent or delay Type 2 diabetes is very do-able!  The recommendation is to lose 5-7 percent of your weight.  Focus on these benefits of doing so to get and stay motivated:

  -  healthier heart
  -  more energy
  -  feeling in control and self-confident

To experience success in reaching your weight loss goal:

  -  control portion size
  -  cut back on fats by choosing lean and low-fat versions of foods
  -  broil or grill foods instead of frying them
  -  eat plenty of nutrient-rich veggies, fruits, and whole grains
  -  increase your physical activity to get at least 30-60 minutes of exercise at least five days a week

Photo Source: https://pixabay.com/en/diabetes-diabetic-awareness-blood-1326964/ (downloaded 5/15/18)


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