NDSU Extension Service - Ramsey County

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Laundering Pesticide Contamindated Clothing

Laundering Pesticide Contaminated Clothing

            Proper care of clothing and other protective items worn during the application of pesticides helps protect the user and prevents pesticide residues from spreading to areas where people live and work. The following guidelines apply to ag producers and commercial pesticide applicators, as well as to home gardeners who apply common, general-use products, such as Roundup and Sevin, to their lawns, flowers and vegetables.

            Although the pesticide label should be used as a guideline for laundering contaminated clothing, most labels do not contain specific instructions. Pesticide-contaminated clothing may pose a risk to family members in addition to the person wearing the clothing. Pesticide-contaminated clothing to be laundered should be kept separate from family laundry in a disposable plastic bag. The person doing the laundry must understand that the clothing is contaminated with pesticide and requires special handling.

            The majority of pesticide exposures occur through contact with the skin. Keep in mind the following precautions to protect yourself, your clothing and others in your household who may be exposed to pesticide residues:

            Wash clothing as soon as possible after use.  The longer pesticide remains on clothing, the more difficult it is to remove.  Pre-rinse garments in a pail of hot water, hose them off outdoors, or agitate them in an automatic washer. Dispose of the pre-rinse water where it won’t endanger people, animals, water sources or the environment.

            Pockets and cuffs on garments worn during application of granular pesticides should be emptied outdoors to remove trapped granules before the clothing is stored to be washed. Note that even small quantities of pesticides should be emptied only onto sites that are listed on the pesticide label as approved.

            Keep clothes worn for pesticide application separate from other laundry — before and during washing — to avoid transfer of residues. Store contaminated clothing in a disposable plastic bag, or hang it in a separate storage area until it can be laundered. Never put contaminated work clothes in a cloth bag or a laundry basket.

            Do not overload the washer. Wash only a few items at a time. Wash garments contaminated by the same pesticide(s) together. Use a hot-water wash — the hotter the better (140 to 160 degrees F). Fill to highest water level even with small loads.

            Use the right detergent. Follow the directions on the pesticide label or use either a heavy-duty liquid detergent for liquid pesticide or a powdered phosphate detergent for granular or powdery pesticides. Heavy-duty liquid detergents are more effective than other detergents in removing emulsifiable concentrate pesticide formulations. Use the amount recommended by the manufacturer for heavily soiled loads or increase the normal amount by 1-1/2 to 2 times.

            Bleach and ammonia do not contribute to removing pesticide residues. Either of these additives may be used for other reasons, if desired, but with caution. Do not mix ammonia and bleach. Bleach should never be added to or mixed with ammonia because together they react to form chlorine, a potentially lethal gas.

            Starch may help prevent pesticides from reaching the skin through cotton or cotton-blend fabrics. Starch must be reapplied after each wash. Fabric softeners neither help nor hinder residue removal from cotton fabrics. Salt helps remove paraquat but no other pesticides. Add one cup of table salt to the wash load with regular detergent. Salt also helps remove excess detergent from the washer.

            Use the longest wash time cycle on your machine, at least 10 to 12 minutes. Never use the suds-saver cycle or a cycle designed for knits when washing contaminated clothing. Rinse twice. Clothing contaminated with highly toxic pesticides needs multiple washings. Check the pesticide label for toxicity level. Remember to discard clothing contaminated by undiluted pesticides.

            Hang clothes to line dry in the sun, when possible. This prevents contaminating the dryer if the pesticide has not been completely removed in the wash.  Before doing other laundry, run the empty washer through a complete normal or regular cycle using hot water, full or normal water level, and detergent — but no clothes — to rinse pesticide residues out of the machine.
            Pesticides cannot be removed from some items. These items include leather boots, leather watchbands, the inner band on caps and some decorative items. Once leather has been contaminated, it cannot be decontaminated.

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