Newly published (KEEP - Roger)

Grass Varieties for North Dakota

Selection of the appropriate species and variety is one important step in making a grass seeding successful. Grass species and varieties differ in growth habit, productivity, forage quality, drought resistance, and tolerance to grazing, winter hardiness, seedling vigor, salinity tolerance and many other characteristics.

Measuring Soil Microbial Activity by Using Litterbags

We use litterbags filled with wheat straw to measure the organisms activity in the soil over time as it related to breaking down old crop residue. The mesh allows microbes and small arthropods to break down the litter. After a growing season, the litterbag is retrieved, cleaned, and measured for how much litter disappeared through the actions of decomposition. Litterbags offer an easy way to monitor activity of a soil’s decomposer community.

Common Arthropod Pests of Dry Beans in North Dakota

This publication describes the common arthropod pests of dry bean in North Dakota. The following pests are included: aphids, grasshoppers, potato leafhoppers, foliage-feeding caterpillars (green cloverworm, painted lady butterfly), armyworms, cutworms, seed corn maggot and spider mites. The goal of this publication is to help pest managers with proper identification. A brief description and photograph of the immature and adult life stages is provided for each pest.

Checklist of Potato Emergence Problems

At times, potato growers may experience poor emergence of potato plants. There are number of reasons why potato plants may not emerge properly. This article is intended to provide a list of common problems that can cause poor potato emergence and stand. Utilizing this list can help growers more rapidly identify the cause and improve management of the crop and subsequent crops.

Add Some Color (and Nutrition) to Your Meals

Eating enough fruits and vegetables may help prevent chronic diseases such as heart disease, type II diabetes and cancer. Aim to have a variety of fruits and vegetables in your daily diet, because different colors of fruits and vegetables provide different nutrients. This pocket guide provides nutrition tips and recipes to add color to your meals.

Menu for Transition Resources and Supports in Early Childhood

Supporting children and families during transitions in early childhood is vital to their health and development. This document provides a menu of resources and supports for assisting children and families with transitions in the early childhood years.

Transition Issues in Early Childhood Settings in North Dakota: Executive Summary

Supporting children and their families as they navigate transitions during the years from birth to 5 years of age is a key element of effectiveness in early childhood education systems. This report shares key findings from research in North Dakota on transition issues, challenges and resources discussed by parents and early childhood professionals.

Grandparenting in Unique Circumstances

Grandparents occurs in a variety of unique circumstances, including situations of divorce, immigration, blended families or other contexts. This bulletin explores grandparenting in unique circumstances and how grandparents can navigate family transitions, in-law relationships, and other family situations.

Bull Management After the Sale

This publication will offer management tips to producers purchasing young bulls to add to their herd as sires. Included practices are biosecurity, animal health, cattle management and nutrition.

MyPlate Plans for Adults

This chart was designed to provide an estimate of daily food needs based on the recommendations for an average-sized adult at On the following chart, find your gender, age to the nearest 10 years and activity level. Mark the row with your plan. Visit for more information.

Livestock Water Requirements

Water is an important, but often overlooked, nutrient. Livestock water requirements are affected by many factors including, size, productivity, diet and environmental conditions. Limited access or reduced water consumption can result in dehydration, which can be fatal to livestock.

Evaluating, Preparing and Amending Lawn and Garden Soil

One of the most important steps in establishing and growing lawns, vegetables, trees, and flowers is understanding soil health. This publication explains different soil textures and how to troubleshoot common problems. In addition, the process of taking a soil sample for testing is explained.

What is Soil Acidity?

Low pH or soil acidity affects nutrient availability, microbial activity as well as plant growth. This publication covers a definition of soil acidity, causes of soil acidity, effect on soil nutrients and crops, and how to identify this issue.

Common Natural Enemies of Insect Pests

This publication describes the most common natural enemies of insect pests that are found in field crops and gardens. Pictures of each natural enemy are provided for assistance with identification. Predators, parasitoids and entomopathogenic fungi and viral diseases are covered.

Growing Rye as a Cover Crop in North Dakota

This publication summarizes recommendations for growing rye as a cover crop. It includes guidelines for variety selection, planting date, seeding rate and termination timing the next spring.

Solid Manure Sampling for Nutrient Management Planning

Accurate sampling and laboratory testing provides actual manure nutrient information. This information allows crop producers to strategize for maximum crop yields and minimal manure nutrient impact to the environment.

Corn Trade Report: Trend and Risk Analysis

Trends and the descriptive statistics are useful to producers in identifying variations in demand for corn and its products. For decision makers, this information is helpful in the development of risk management tools for potential export losses due to risky events like politically driven tariffs and uncertain events.

North Dakota Fresh Market Potato Cultivar/Selection Trial Results for 2020

Potato cultivars or selections included in this report were selected from recently released cultivars, advancing selections with release potential (numbered lines progressing through the trial process), or cultivars that are new to the U.S. Standard potato cultivars used by growers served as checks. The agronomic data presented in Tables 1 and 2 were analyzed statistically. These analyses allow the reader to ascertain, at a predetermined level of confidence, if the differences observed among cultivars/selections are reliable, or if they might be due to error inherent in the experimental process.

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