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Feeds & Feeding

Stressed or Damaged Crops

Quality Forage: Stressed or Damaged Crops - AS1256

Stressed crops resulting from unfavorable weather conditions require special management considerations. Yield and quality of frost and drought-damaged crops usually are maximized when harvested as silage.

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Water Quality of Runoff From Beef Cattle Feedlots

Water Quality of Runoff From Beef Cattle Feedlots - WQ1667

Runoff from feedlot may cause surface and groundwater pollution. Knowledge of runoff quality from beef cattle feedlot pens would be useful to design effective management practices to protect water quality. The objective of this bulletin is to share runoff quality measurements from three beef cattle feedlot pen surfaces under North Dakota management and climatic conditions.

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Interpreting Composition and Determining Market Value

Quality Forage: Interpreting Composition and Determining Market Value - AS1251

New knowledge in forage quality and animal feeding, and significant advances in improving the genetic potential of animals used to produce milk, meat and wool, improve efficiency and lower costs. However, to do this, today’s producer must be aware of and utilize the latest information on feed quality and feeding management.

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Beef Feeding Operation Siting and Design Basics

Beef Feeding Operation Siting and Design Basics - NM1155

One of the most important decisions when planning any livestock facility is site selection. The site for the feedlot operation must not only be suitable for housing, handling and feeding cattle, but also must ensure that surface and ground waters are protected and the impact from odors is minimized. Whether you are planning a new facility or modifying an existing one, the following information may help avoid costly mistakes.

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Forage Nutrition for Ruminants

Forage Nutrition for Ruminants - AS1250

Plants utilized in the feeding of livestock have long been a fundamental link in the food chain. Native grasses supported grazing animals well before man began to domesticate livestock. Forages have always been an extremely important source of nutrients in livestock rations. Additionally, they provide fiber in the ration which enhances proper digestion in forage-consuming animals. Through their conversion into milk and meat products, forages continue to be one of the primary sources of nourishment in the human diet.

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Feeding Management for Backgrounders

Feeding Management for Backgrounders - AS1158

This publication addresses feeding management guidelines that can improve the success of backgrounding operations and practices that can lower the cost of gain in backgrounding operations.

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Guide to Feedlot Terminology

Cattleman's Guide to Feedlot Terminology - AS1161

This publication is intended to familiarize cow-calf producers with the terminology that feedlot managers may use when discussing custom feeding and feedlots.

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Cow-calf Producer's Guide to Custom Feeding

A Cow-calf Producer's Guide to Custom Feeding - AS1162

This publication will discuss items that a cow-calf operator should consider before choosing a feedlot to custom feed cattle. Custom feeding refers to the practice of sending calves, stockers or yearlings to a commercial feed yard for feeding to slaughter weights. Custom feeding is not without risks. It should be viewed as a potential means to add value to your calf crop and/or evaluate the genetic merit of your cow herd.

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Containment Pond Management

Containment Pond Management - NM1626

This publication offers advice on livestock containment pond maintenance and management.

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Feeding Corn to Beef Cattle

Feeding Corn to Beef Cattle - AS1238

Corn commonly is used as a feed grain in beef cattle diets throughout the U.S. However, until recently in many parts of North Dakota and other northern-tier states, feeding corn was less common. With the availability and improvement of shorter-season corn varieties, corn plantings in North Dakota increased nearly five-fold from 1995 to 2012. In 2011, 216 million bushels of corn were produced. This has resulted in more interest in using corn as a feedstuff for beef cattle.

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Preparing for a Successful Calving Season

Preparing for a Successful Calving Season Nutrition, Management and Health Programs - AS1207

This publication provides information on: • Cow Nutrition Prior to Calving • Colostrum Management • Calving Season – Vaccinations • Parasite Control • General Management

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Sunflower Meal in Beef Cattle Diets

Sunflower Meal in Beef Cattle Diets - AS1623

Sunflower meal is the fourth largest source of protein supplement used for livestock behind soybean, cottonseed and canola meals (Hesley, 1994). Sunflower meal is the residual product when the oil fraction is removed from the black oil seeds by “crushing,” or more specifically, prepress solvent extraction. The supply of sunflower meal in the U.S. varies by year according to acres and yield of sunflowers harvested, with some seasonal variation in output. Most sunflowers are processed from October through March. Oil sunflowers generally are grown in the Great Plains region of the U.S.

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Land Application of Solid Manure

Options for Land Application of Solid Manure - NM1613

Based on the type of livestock facility, manure can be handled and stored as a liquid (less than 5 percent dry matter), slurry (5 to 10 percent dry matter) and/or solid (greater than 15 percent dry matter). Figure 1 shows the relative consistency of the various types of manure that common animal species excrete. Depending on manure consistency, manure application equipment and application methods differ significantly.

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Drylot Beef Cow/Calf Production

Drylot Beef Cow/Calf Production - AS974

The drylot beef cow/calf enterprise is an alternative management system to traditional pasture or range beef production. Strictly defined, it is feeding confined cow/calf pairs in a feedlot environment during part or all of the traditional summer or fall- winter grazing season. In a practical sense, it means feeding confined cows and calves forages, crop residues and grains that may have more value marketed through cattle than as a cash crop. Many cattlemen manage their cows in drylot during the winter and after calving until pastures are ready.

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