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Strangles - V541
Strangles, which also is known as horse distemper, is a highly contagious disease. The disease causes swelling of the lymph nodes under the jaw and immediate isolation of affected horses. Medical treatment varies widely and mid cases will usually resolve without any antibiotic treatment.
Feeding Sugar Beet Byproducts to Cattle - AS1365
The sugar beet industry produces a wide variety of useful byproducts for livestock feeders. The decision to incorporate sugar beet byproducts into diets should be based on economics, local availability, and feasibility of storage, handling and feeding. For the wet byproducts, careful attention should be given to transportation costs and storage. In addition, rations containing sugar beet byproducts should be balanced properly to achieve targeted livestock performance.
Drylot Beef Cow-Calf Production AS974 (Revised)
The drylot beef cow-calf enterprise is an alternative management system to traditional pasture or range beef production. Strictly defined, it is feeding confined cow-calf pairs in a feedlot environment during part or all of the traditional summer or fall-winter grazing season.
Alternative Feeds for Ruminants - AS1182
This publication provides a brief overview of possible feedstuffs for cattle and sheep producers along with general feeding recommendations.
Feeding Coproducts of the Ethanol Industry to Beef Cattle - AS1242
Coproducts from the ethanol industry are useful feed ingredients for beef cattle producers. Corn distillers grains are high in energy and protein and can be fed wet or dry in many different types of rations.
Field Pea Grain and Forage for Beef Cattle - AS1301
This publication provides nutritional value and feeding recomendations for field pea grain and forage. It reviews research feeding pea to beef cattle in production stages of creep feed, backgrounding, finishing and supplementation to cows. It also provides background in field pea production.
Low-stress Cattle Working Facilities (AS1389)
The livestock industry is working hard to minimize stress to animals during all stages of production. The recent renovation of the livestock-working facility at North Dakota State University’s Carrington Research Extension Center (CREC) may provide ideas to producers developing their own working facilities. The objectives of the renovation were to reduce stress to animals during processing, increase the labor efficiency and safety of herdsmen, and to enhancing research capability. The renovation plan was developed by the CREC livestock research faculty and staff, with the help of Tim Olson, CATL Resources, and manufactured by Ray Barnhardt of RB Mfg. and Sales. The new design was created to work within the existing physical setting, namely building size and orientation, animal entry point and access points for people. This publication is a synopsis of the renovation and functionality of the CREC animal working facility.
Winter Management of Feedlot Cattle - AS1546
Good winter management practices contribute to healthy and productive cattle, reasonable feed costs and humane care of feedlot cattle. This publication describes recommended management practices for feedlot cattle in the winter.
Winter Management of the Beef Cow Herd - AS1564
Good winter management practices contribute to healthy and productive cattle, reasonable feed costs and humane care. This publication describes recommended management practices for beef cows during the winter.
Quality Forage series: Forage Nutrition for Ruminants
Plants utilized in the feeding of livestock have long been a fundamental link in the food chain. Native grasses supported grazing animals well before man began to domesticate livestock. Forages have always been an extremely important source of nutrients in livestock rations. Additionally, they provide fiber in the ration which enhances proper digestion in forage-consuming animals. Through their conversion into milk and meat products, forages continue to be one of the primary sources of nourishment in the human diet.
Sampling Feed for Analysis (AS1064 )
This publication is guide to help sample livestock forage and feed for laboratory analysis. Feed analysis is one of the most effective feed and forage management tools to effectively match forage and feed supplies to animal nutrient requirements, design feeding programs, and evaluate forage production. Laboratory analysis is the recommended way to determine nutrient content and value.
Harvesting, Storing and Feeding Corn as Earlage - AS1490
Earlage is growing in popularity in this region of the country because it allows the production of a relatively high-energy feed product, which can be harvested, stored and fed much like corn silage, using the same types of equipment that are used to produce corn silage.
Resource Guide for Livestock Manure Management - NM1320
Livestock manure management issues are becoming increasingly important and complex. Ample educational, technical and financial assistance is available to producers. Individuals are encouraged to take a proactive approach when dealing with livestock manure to take advantage of resources and avoid negative regulatory action.
North Dakota CAFO Operators Record Book - NM1306
By using this record book, North Dakota CAFO operators will meet the recordkeeping requirements of the North Dakota guidelines for AFOs and CAFOs that are not included in a nutrient management or mortality plan.
Feeding Corn to Beef Cattle - AS1238
Corn commonly is used as a feed grain in beef cattle diets throughout the U.S. However, until recently in many parts of North Dakota and other northern-tier states, feeding corn was less common. With the availability and improvement of shorter-season corn varieties, corn plantings in North Dakota increased nearly 40 percent from 2008 to 2017. In 2017, 427 million bushels of corn were produced in North Dakota. This has resulted in more interest in using corn as a feedstuff for beef cattle.
Handling Liquid Feed Commodities - AS1272
Liquid feeds are useful for conditioning rations, improving palatability, reducing dustiness and providing nutrients to livestock. Many liquid byproduct materials are available for use in beef cattle rations. In addition, a number of commercial liquid supplement products also are available.
A Cow-calf Producer's Guide to Custom Feeding - AS1162
This publication focuses on items a cow-calf operator should consider before choosing a feedlot to custom feed cattle. Custom feeding refers to the practice of sending calves, stockers or yearlings to a commercial feed yard for feeding to slaughter weights. Custom feeding is not without risks. It should be viewed as a potential means to add value to your calf crop and/or evaluate the genetic merit of your cow herd.
Cattle Producer’s Guide to Feedlot Terminology (AS1161 Revised May 2018)
This publication is intended to familiarize cow-calf producers with the terminology that feedlot managers may use when discussing custom feeding and feedlots.
Feeding Management for Backgrounders - AS1158
This publication addresses feeding management guidelines that can improve the success of backgrounding operations and practices that can lower the cost of gain in backgrounding operations.
Feeding Value of Sprouted Grains - AS647
In North Dakota, having wet weather conditions that delay the harvest is not unusual. These conditions can cause small grains to sprout in the swath or in the head, making them unsuitable for use in the milling, brewing and food industries. However, this grain can be fed to livestock.
Quality Forage Series: Interpreting Composition and Determining Market Value AS1251 (Revised May 2018)
New knowledge in forage quality and animal feeding, and significant advances in improving the genetic potential of animals used to produce milk, meat and wool, improve efficiency and lower costs. However, to do this, today’s producer must be aware of and utilize the latest information on feed quality and feeding management.
Improving Profitability Through Feed Efficiency by Reducing Feed Bunk Losses - AS1641
Feeding behavior of group-housed dairy cows is influenced by management practices at the feed bunk and factors associated with the physical and social environment. The feeding pattern of group-housed dairy cows is largely influenced by the timing of fresh feed delivery, and the delivery of fresh feed has a greater impact on stimulating cows to eat than does the return from milking. Delivering fresh feed more frequently improves access to fresh feed for all cows and reduces sorting of the TMR. This potentially will reduce variation in diet quality consumed by cows, with benefits for milk production.
North Dakota Swine Health Recommendations: Organizers of Exhibits or Sales - AS1709
Swine health considerations are an important factor to consider when organizing a sale or exhibition. This publication provides information on swine health considerations when organizing events.
North Dakota Swine Health Recommendations: Exhibitors of All Pigs Going to Exhibits or Sales - AS1708
Swine health considerations are an important factor to consider taking pigs to an exhibition or sale. This publication provides information on swine health considerations when attending sales and exhibitions.
Grass Tetany - V1703
This publication provides clientele with overview of Grass Tetany, symptoms of the disorder, and management guidelines to prevent the disorder.
Estrus Synchronization for Natural-service Breeding in Beef Cattle - AS1712
Breeding systems that utilize natural-service bulls to breed estrus-synchronized females may offer opportunities to get females pregnant earlier in the breeding season, have calves born earlier in the calving season and possibly increase weaning weight of calves born to synchronized females.
Alternative Winter Feeding Strategies for Beef Cattle Management - NM1726
The focus of this publication is to highlight alternative practices for consideration as an alternative to winter animal confinement in a feedlot.
2014 North Dakota Beef Report - AS1736
This report contains several small papers from researchers in ND on current research results related to beef cattle. The report is posted as a complete report as well as, individual reports.
Understanding the Veterinary Feed Directive - V1719
This publication explains the new FDA regulation regarding the use of medicated feeds and specifically related to the Veterinary Feed Directive (VFD).
Successful Reclamation of Lands Disturbed by Oil and Gas Development and Infrastructure Construction - R1728
This publication is designed to describe activities for the successful reclamation of North Dakota lands following disturbances associated with oil and gas production, and infrastructure construction. This includes topsoil/subsoil removal and replacement, well and pad development, pipeline and road construction, residential development and other activities related to the oil boom. This publication only will address reclamation of non-contaminated soils. Contaminated soils may include lands compromised by oil spills (hydrocarbons) and brine spills. We will introduce the critical components of a successful reclamation, provide recommended seed mixtures and seeding rates when reclaiming range and pasture land, and provide options to reduce soil erosion on disturbed rangelands, pastureland and hay lands. Although croplands are not specified directly in this publication, many of the topsoil salvage and replacement approaches, planning, preparation procedures and reclamation methods can be used as a guide to the successful reclamation of croplands.
Ranchers Guide to Grassland Management IV - R1707
This guide is intended to serve as a quick reference for ranchers looking for information on grazing management. As such, it does not attempt to cover any single topic in great depth. Instead, it provides general information on a variety of subjects related to range, pasture and hay land management. References for other sources of information are provided should the reader wish to research the topic in greater depth.
Comparing Value of Feedstuffs - AS1742
Determining the nutrient concentration and cost of each nutrient in feedstuff s allows producers to evaluate ration quality and cost. In addition, cost determination can be very helpful when deciding which feed to purchase in cases of diff ering asking prices and nutrient quality. This publication is meant to be a step-by-step guide to calculating feed values to allow appropriate comparison of feedstuffs.
Sheep Shearing Facts - AS1744
This fact sheet describes the process and benefits to sheep and man from shearing sheep in a safe and professional manner.
Nitrate Poisoning of Livestock (V839 Revised)
Nitrate poisoning can occur commonly in cattle raised in North Dakota and other areas of the western Great Plains. Poisoning is usually associated with animals ingesting forage or feed witha high nitrate content. Sheep and cattle are more susceptible to poisoning than nonruminant species because microbes in their digestive tract favor the conversion of nitrate to nitrite.
Maximizing Pregnancy Rates When Using Artificial Insemination - AS1749
Understanding and managing the factors that contribute to maximizing AI pregnancy rates can improve profitability in beef herds implementing AI. This publication will review how factors related to cows, bulls and those controlled by humans all contribute to the success of your AI breeding program.
Managing Common Bird Challenges on Dairy and Livestock Operations - AS1758
This publication is intended to summarize the most common methods that producers can use and is not intended to be your only source of reference. We have mentioned several products for discussion and example, but we do not endorse any one product or method.
Bull Breeding Soundess Examinations - AS1755
Breeding soundness exams can reveal many potential problems with young bulls, as well as with older bulls that already have sired calf crops. These exams are a sound investment for a cow-calf producer, yet less than 20 percent of U.S. producers perform breeding soundness exams on their bulls prior to spring turnout.
Understanding Equine-assisted Activities and Therapies- AS1745
Equine assisted activities and therapies (EAAT) is a broad term used to describe various activities and therapies that incorporate a horse and human in partnership. This publication will introduce the concepts and help define common terminology associated with the industry of EAAT.
Annual Cover Crop Options for Grazing and Haying in the Northern Plains - R1759
The purpose of this publication is to provide annual forage options that can be used in cover crop mixtures for livestock grazing and/or hay production. The use of cover crops in a cropping rotation has been resurrected in recent years due to greater awareness of their environmental and ecological impacts on our natural resources.
Livestock Water Requirements - AS1763
Water is an important, but often overlooked, nutrient. Livestock water requirements are affected by many factors including, size, productivity, diet and environmental conditions. Water quality and cleanliness can increase water intake and improve livestock production. Limited access or reduced water consumption can result in dehydration, which can be fatal to livestock.
Livestock Water Quality (AS1764)
Water is an important, but often overlooked, nutrient. Livestock water requirements are affected by many factors, including size, productivity, diet and environmental conditions. Good water quality and cleanliness can increase water intake and improve livestock production.
Processing Forages for Livestock Feed - R1769
This publication will address: • Equipment used for processing • Benefits that may be gained through processing forages • Other considerations for processing forages for livestock diets
2015 North Dakota Beef Report - AS1775
This report contains several small papers from researchers in ND on current research results related to beef cattle. The report is posted as a complete report as well as, individual reports.
Understanding Expected Progeny Differences for Genetic Improvement in Commercial Beef Herds (AS1770)
The beef seedstock business is large, and commercial beef producers have many opportunities to purchase bulls that meet the criteria established in their breeding plans. Breed selection and type vary considerably, and this diversity helps keep a strong genetic base in the beef business. Current bull buyer selection tools include visual traits evaluated by the buyer, as well as performance and genetic information.
Reclamation of Oil and Gas Industry-impacted Land: A Guide and Checklist - R1766
This publication provides a checklist for landowners and companies to promote trust and cooperation. The checklist provides a list of procedures that should be addressed to reassure the land will be returned, as close as possible, to it agronomic productively level.
Cyanobacteria Poisoning (Blue-green Algae) (V1136 Revised)
Drinking water from stagnant ponds and dugouts during hot, dry weather can cause sudden death in animals. This water can contain certain species of cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) that are toxic. Cyanobacteria produce neuro and liver toxins that are poisonous to nearly all livestock, wildlife and humans.
5 Easy Steps for Composting Dead Livestock - AS1781
Dead animals are an inevitable part of a livestock operation. Livestock owners can dispose of dead animals by composting. This guide offers step-by-step instructions for a livestock owner to follow.
The North Dakota Grazing Monitoring Stick: A Way to Measure Range and Pasture Utilization - R1780
This document is a guide to the North Dakota Grazing Monitoring Stick. A Grazing Monitoring Stick can be a fast, user-friendly tool for measuring and monitoring utilization of pasture and rangeland. Utilization measures the percent of the plant that has been removed by grazing animals. Monitoring utilization of grass can determine livestock removal date and prevent overgrazing.
Raising Pheasants - R1803
Raising ring-necked pheasants can be a rewarding experience when done correctly and things go as planned. This guide is intended to provide those interested in raising ring-necked pheasant with some general guidelines that when followed, should help improve the chances of being successful. This guide provides detail and guidance on raising pheasants.
2016 North Dakota Beef Report - AS1815
The report has several short research reports from researchers conducting research on beef cattle and associated topics.
Using Flax in Beef and Dairy Cattle Diets - AS1283
This publication provides information regarding the nutritive and feeding value of flax, examines the literature on the implications of using flax in livestock diets and offers recommendations on future research needs.
Biosecure Nutrient Management Practices (NM1551)
Animal manures contain many different pathogens that can pose health threats to animals and humans. Managing manures in a biosecure manner can prevent and reduce the possibility of spreading diseases that can be found in manures.
Determining Pasture Rental Rates (R1823 Revised)
Livestock producers and land owners have asked for a simple and fair method to determine pasture rental rates. This tends to be a difficult question to answer as prices can vary from region to region due to market demand and supply. However, several methods are available to computing a pasture rental rate. These methods will be described in this publication with examples.
Strategies for Managing Drought in the Northern Plains (R1819)
The purpose of this drought response plant is 1) to describe the drought indicators and response triggers that will be used to determine if drought response actions are needed and 2) to provide land owners and managers a range of management options that will allow for a flexible and rapid response to drought.
A Preventive Herd Health Program: Checklist for Beef Producers (AS1731)
Gerald Stokka, Extension Veterinarian and Livestock Stewardship Specialist Carl Dahlen, Extension Beef Cattle Specialist
Preparing for a Successful Calving Season: Nutrition, Management and Health Programs AS1207 (Revised)
This publication provides information on: • Cow nutrition prior to calving • Colostrum management • Calving season vaccinations • Parasite control • General management
2017 North Dakota Beef Report (AS1862)
This report has several short research reports from researchers conducting research on beef cattle and associated topics. The target audience is people associated with the beef industry in ND and elsewhere.
Sunflower Meal in Beef Cattle Diets AS1623 (Revised)
Sunflower meal is a biologically and economically useful protein source for all classes of beef cattle. Beef cows can be provided supplemental protein effectively with sunflower meal when degradable protein is required.
Johne’s Disease in Beef and Dairy Herds V1209 (Revised)
Johne’s is a slowly progressive disease that costs the producer through excessive culling, suboptimal milk production, decreased fertility and death loss.
Barley Grain and Forage for Beef Cattle AS1609 (Revised)
This bulletin reviews the available literature related to feeding barley to beef cattle. Nutrient composition of barley is compared to other feed grains and feeding recommendations are given.
Pinkeye (Infectious Bovine Keratoconjuctivitis) (V1885)
Pinkeye, or infectious bovine keratoconjunctivitis (IBK), is a painful eye disease that is common in cattle throughout the world. The economic impact of IBK in the cattle industry results from a loss in production due to increased medical treatment costs and injury from extra handling, reduced weight gain, decreased milk production and devaluation of sale animals due to eye disfigurement.
2018 North Dakota Beef and Sheep Report (AS1899)
This report has several short research reports from researchers conducting research on beef cattle and sheep and associated topics. the target audience is people associated with the beef and sheep industries in North Dakota and elsewhere.
Quality Forage Series: Interpreting Composition and Determining Market Value (AS1251 Revised May 2018)
New knowledge in forage quality and animal feeding, and significant advances in improving the genetic potential of animals used to produce milk, meat and wool, improve efficiency and lower costs. However, to do this, today’s producer must be aware of and utilize the latest information on feed quality and feeding management.
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