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Environment & Natural Resources

Water Needs and Quality Guidelines for Dairy Cattle - AS1369
Water availability and quality are important to animal health and productivity. Water is supplied by drinking, the feed consumed and metabolic water produced by the oxidation of organic nutrients.
Manure Spreader Calibration For Nutrient Management Planning- NM1418
Livestock manures contain many beneficial and valuable plant nutrients. However, if the manure application equipment is not properly calibrated, these valuable nutrients may be wasted by overapplication or crop yield goals may not be met due to underapplication. This publication explains 2 simple manure spreader calibration techniques.
Composting Animal Manures - NM1478
Composting and utilizing compost are advantageous tools in nutrient management plans that, when managed properly, reduce the potential to pollute and benefit crops.
A Guide to Plugging Abandoned Wells - AE966
This publication provides a guide on how to properly abandon unused wells with example problems. Abandoned wells can provide a direct link for contaminants to enter the groundwater plus the larger wells can be a safety hazard. Used by both NRCS and ND Health Department.
Filtration: Sediment, Activated Carbon and Mixed Media - WQ1029
Filtering your drinking water can be an inexpensive and simple method of removing many aesthetic problems such as odor and color.
Drinking Water Quality: Testing and Interpreting Your Results - WQ1341
This publication will answer the following questions: • What should your water be tested for? • What samples do I need? • Where can I have my water tested? • How do I interpret my results? • How do I correct my problem?
What's Wrong With My Water? Choosing the Right Test - WQ1352
Households using municipal or rural water supplies can depend on the utility to follow Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) guidelines for maximum levels of contaminants. An annual report is distributed to the users. Private well owners are not monitored by government agencies. This means the owner must take responsibility for the condition of the system. Routine testing establishes a water-quality record. If a contaminant problem develops, correlating the cause is easier if you keep a water-quality record.
Oil and Fuel Spill Prevention, Control and Countermeasure Program - WQ1486
The goal of the SPCC program is the prevention of oil spills into navigable waters of the United States and adjoining shorelines. By May 10, 2013, certain farms and other facilities must have an SPCC plan to prevent oil spills and a plan for cleanup and mitigation following a spill. If a farm or facility meets the defi nition of this regulation, it must have a plan.
Baseline Water Quality in Areas of Oil Development - WQ1614
As oil development increases in North Dakota, private water well owners may be concerned about the quality and quantity of water they use or may use in the future.
Water Softening (Ion Exchange) - WQ1031
Standard water softeners found in home supply and hardware stores will remove nearly all the calcium and magnesium from the raw water during the softening process. Softeners also will remove up to 10 parts per million (ppm) of iron and manganese. Water supplies with high levels of iron and manganese (greater than 10 ppm) may need pretreatment to prolong the lifespan of a water softener.
North Dakota Manure Fertilizer Use Recommendations - NM1629
Multiple years of manure fertilizer use research in ND have shown that manure can be used as a fertilizer but there are management considerations. If the manure is used on short season crops such as wheat, some supplemental nitrogen fertilizer is needed. If used on a longer season crop such as corn, manure can be a complete substitution for commercial fertilizer.
Containment Pond Management - NM1626
This publication offers advice on livestock containment pond maintenance and management.
Determining Grazing Readiness for Native and Tame Pastures - R1061
Proper pasture and range management begins early in the spring. A major decision to be made is: When to start grazing?
Soil, Water and Plant Characteristics Important to Irrigation - AE1675
Irrigation is the application of water to ensure sufficient soil moisture is available for good plant growth throughout the growing season. Irrigation, as practiced in North Dakota, is called "supplemental irrigation" because it augments the rainfall that occurs prior to and during the growing season.
Water Quality of Runoff From Beef Cattle Feedlots - WQ1667
Runoff from feedlot may cause surface and groundwater pollution. Knowledge of runoff quality from beef cattle feedlot pens would be useful to design effective management practices to protect water quality. The objective of this bulletin is to share runoff quality measurements from three beef cattle feedlot pen surfaces under North Dakota management and climatic conditions.
It's All In Your Water Iron and Manganese Removal - WQ1030
Small amounts of iron or manganese can affect the taste or become an aesthetic problem in your home. This publication is intended to explain how these minerals may affect you and what the treatment options are.
Tile Drainage Pump Stations for Farm Fields - AE1747
Drainage pump stations are an expensive addition to a subsurface drainage project. This publication provides guidance on the design and location of drainage lift stations. This topic an be difficult to teach in typical Extension presentations, this publication provides more details.
Determining Carrying Capacity and Stocking Rates for Range and Pasture in North Dakota - R1810
Establishing the correct stocking rate is critical in optimizing forage performance and maintaining animal performance while ensuring the sustained health and production of the grassland resources.
Liquid Level or Depth Marker for Earthen Runoff Ponds (NM1514)
A properly functioning liquid level marker enables the producer to easily determine the storage capacity of pond, make management decisions and record storage conditions of the pond during regular inspections.
Riparian Complex Ecological Sites of North Dakota: A Pictorial Guide of Riparian Complex Ecological Sites Common in North Dakota (R1791)
This publication is a pictorial guide of the valley, streams and plant communities common in riparian complex ecological sites in North Dakota. This guide is intended to aid in the interpretation of riparian ecological site descriptions and assist in identification of riparian complex ecological sites when developing management plans for riparian ecosystems.
Riparian Complex Ecological Sites of North Dakota: A Pictorial Guide of Riparian Complex Ecological Sites Common in North Dakota
This publication is a pictorial guide of the valley, streams and plant communities common in riparian complex ecological sites in North Dakota. This guide is intended to aid in the interpretation of riparian ecological site descriptions and assist in identification of riparian complex ecological sites when developing management plans for riparian ecosystems.
Range and Forage Production Sample Kits (R1838)
This publication is guide to help determine forage production of range, pasture and other grazing resources. Once forage production for a grazing resource has been determined, carrying capacity and stocking rate can be calculated.
Working to Avoid Nitrogen Contamination (AE1218)
Activities of human beings have changed the balance of nitrogen (N) on the planet. Burning fossil fuels for energy, intensive use of land to grow food, and disposal of organic wastes have an effect on the N cycle. Studying the influence of our activities on the N cycle helps us understand the consequences of changing the balance of N in the environment.
Water Quality and Nitrogen (AE1216)
Monitoring studies conducted at national and state levels show that nitrogen (N) concentrations in groundwater exceed health standards more often than other common contaminants, such as pesticides.
How to for Assess Nitrogen Problems in Water Resources (AE1217)
Over the years, scientists have come to realize that accurately predicting nitrogen (N) problems in water resources depends on knowledge of the interaction among many factors. It is a complicated process that we have not yet mastered, but we do know that some factors consistently exert significant control over the processes that affect N mobility, availability, and accessibility. Determining the value of these factors and combining those values into a single value assigned to a specific geographic area is the basis for assessment.
Protecting Groundwater from Pesticide Contamination (AE1197)
The North Dakota State Management Plan for Pesticides and Groundwater outlines the strategy to prevent degradation of groundwater by pesticides while protecting the beneficial uses of pesticides. The plan follows guidelines outlined by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and is approved by the agencies with roles in the plan. EPA requires states to have this plan as well as approved management plans for each pesticide the EPA determines to be a contamination threat to groundwater.
Environmental Impacts of Brine (Produced Water) (R1850)
Brine, or produced water, is a byproduct of oil and gas production. It consists of water from the geologic formation, injection water, oil and salts. Brine has a high salt concentration, and the ions of the salts negatively affect the site's soil and vegetation, impairing its ability to produce crops and forage. The goal of brine spill remediation is to remove or minimize salts in the soil.
Prairie Reconstruction Guidebook for North Dakota (R1840)
This guidebook will focus on prairie reconstruction defined as the planing of a native seed mixture composed of multiple prairie species in an area where the land has been cultivated or anthropogenically disturbed. Reconstructing prairies on form cultivated ares provides opportunities to create sustainable and resilient grassland cover.
Baseline Water Quality in Areas of Oil Development (WQ1614 (Revised))
This publication describes private water supply protection in oil development areas and legal implications and what tests are needed for legal protection.
Drinking Water Quality: Testing and Interpreting Your Results (WQ1341 (Revised))
This publication will help people test private drinking water supplies and interpret results.
What’s Wrong With My Water? Choosing the Right Test (WQ1352 (Revised)
This is a quick guide to problems and solutions in drinking water.
Iron and Manganese Removal WQ1030
Small amounts of iron or manganese can affect the taste or become an aesthetic problem in your home. This publication is intended to explain how these minerals may afect you and what the treatment options are.
Animal Carcass Disposal Options Rendering • Incineration • Burial • Composting NM1422 (Revised)
This publication serves as a reference for producers regarding options of carcass disposal.
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