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Surface Water Protection

How to for Assess Nitrogen Problems in Water Resources (AE1217)

Over the years, scientists have come to realize that accurately predicting nitrogen (N) problems in water resources depends on knowledge of the interaction among many factors. It is a complicated process that we have not yet mastered, but we do know that some factors consistently exert significant control over the processes that affect N mobility, availability, and accessibility. Determining the value of these factors and combining those values into a single value assigned to a specific geographic area is the basis for assessment.

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Water Quality and Nitrogen (AE1216)

Monitoring studies conducted at national and state levels show that nitrogen (N) concentrations in groundwater exceed health standards more often than other common contaminants, such as pesticides.

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Sump Pump Questions

Sump Pump Questions - AE1573

For many homeowners the first line of defense against water in the basement is a sump with a pump in it. The sump may be connected to drain tile that drains the footings of the house, under the entire basement, or just the area where the sump is located. Many houses have tiling installed only around a portion of the house. The water that drains into the sump must be removed, and this is accomplished with a sump pump.

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Cyanbacteria Poisoning

Cyanobacteria Poisoning (Blue-green Algae) - V1136

Drinking water from stagnant ponds and dugouts during hot, dry weather can cause sudden death in animals. This water can contain certain species of cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) that are toxic. Cyanobacteria produce neuro and liver toxins that are poisonous to nearly all livestock, wildlife and humans.

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Filtration

Filtration: Sediment, Activated Carbon and Mixed Media - WQ1029

Filtering your drinking water can be an inexpensive and simple method of removing many aesthetic problems such as odor and color.

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Home Sewage Treatment

Individual Home Sewage Treatment Systems - AE892

This publication contains information on the design, installation and maintenance of individual home sewage treatment systems. It is meant to be a homeowner reference document. An individual sewage system both treats and disposes of household wastewater. If a homeowner understands how the various components of a home sewage system work, then a properly designed and installed system will function for many years with a minimum of maintenance and upkeep

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Livestock Water Quality

Livestock Water Quality - AS1764

Water is an important, but often overlooked, nutrient. Good water quality and cleanliness can increase water intake and improve livestock production. Low-quality water has reduced palatability and may be toxic to livestock. Water quality may be compromised by many factors including pH, salts, sulfates, nitrates, pathogenic microorganisms, chemicals and industrial products.

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Water Needs and Quality Guidelines for Dairy Cattle - AS1369

Water Needs and Quality Guidelines for Dairy Cattle - AS1369

Water availability and quality are important to animal health and productivity. Water is supplied by drinking, the feed consumed and metabolic water produced by the oxidation of organic nutrients.

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What's Wrong With My Water?

What's Wrong With My Water? Choosing the Right Test - WQ1352

Households using municipal or rural water supplies can depend on the utility to follow Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) guidelines for maximum levels of contaminants. An annual report is distributed to the users. Private well owners are not monitored by government agencies. This means the owner must take responsibility for the condition of the system. Routine testing establishes a water-quality record. If a contaminant problem develops, correlating the cause is easier if you keep a water-quality record.

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Drinking Water Quality

Drinking Water Quality: Testing and Interpreting Your Results - WQ1341

This publication will answer the following questions: • What should your water be tested for? • What samples do I need? • Where can I have my water tested? • How do I interpret my results? • How do I correct my problem?

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Iron and Manganese Removal

It's All In Your Water Iron and Manganese Removal - WQ1030

Small amounts of iron or manganese can affect the taste or become an aesthetic problem in your home. This publication is intended to explain how these minerals may affect you and what the treatment options are.

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Water Quality of Runoff From Beef Cattle Feedlots

Water Quality of Runoff From Beef Cattle Feedlots - WQ1667

Runoff from feedlot may cause surface and groundwater pollution. Knowledge of runoff quality from beef cattle feedlot pens would be useful to design effective management practices to protect water quality. The objective of this bulletin is to share runoff quality measurements from three beef cattle feedlot pen surfaces under North Dakota management and climatic conditions.

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Characteristics Important to Irrigation

Soil, Water and Plant Characteristics Important to Irrigation - AE1675

Irrigation is the application of water to ensure sufficient soil moisture is available for good plant growth throughout the growing season. Irrigation, as practiced in North Dakota, is called "supplemental irrigation" because it augments the rainfall that occurs prior to and during the growing season.

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Water Softening

Water Softening (Ion Exchange) - WQ1031

Standard water softeners found in home supply and hardware stores will remove nearly all the calcium and magnesium from the raw water during the softening process. Softeners also will remove up to 10 parts per million (ppm) of iron and manganese. Water supplies with high levels of iron and manganese (greater than 10 ppm) may need pretreatment to prolong the lifespan of a water softener.

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Baseline Water Quality in Areas of Oil Development

Baseline Water Quality in Areas of Oil Development - WQ1614

As oil development increases in North Dakota, private water well owners may be concerned about the quality and quantity of water they use or may use in the future.

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Evaluation of Soils for Suitability for Tile Drainage Performance

Evaluation of Soils for Suitability for Tile Drainage Performance - SF1617

The presence of salts and high water tables in North Dakota soils due to an extended climactic wet cycle recently has stimulated interest in the installation of tile drainage systems. The tile controls the water table and encourages the leaching and removal of salts from the soil above the tile lines. This improves soil productivity, culminating in improved crop yields.

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Oil and Fuel

Oil and Fuel Spill Prevention, Control and Countermeasure Program - WQ1486

The goal of the SPCC program is the prevention of oil spills into navigable waters of the United States and adjoining shorelines. By May 10, 2013, certain farms and other facilities must have an SPCC plan to prevent oil spills and a plan for cleanup and mitigation following a spill. If a farm or facility meets the defi nition of this regulation, it must have a plan.

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