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Here is a list of all current publications in alphabetical order.

(Week 9) Cooking 101 Quick and Easy Menus, Recipes and Tips for Singles and Couples:Exploring Vegetarian Meals (FN1897)

Eating a balanced diet doesn’t have to be a challenge for those who choose to follow a vegetarian diet. Using a variety of protein sources can add zest to dishes while keeping them healthful and hearty.

(Week 9) Cooking 101 Quick and Easy Menus, Recipes and Tips for Singles and Couples:Exploring Vegetarian Meals (FN1897) - Read More…

3 Tips to a Healthier Celebration (FN1833)

Celebrations such as birthdays or holidays are exciting and memorable times filled with family, friends and food. Nourish your body every time you eat, even when you are celebrating a special day.

3 Tips to a Healthier Celebration (FN1833) - Read More…

5 Easy Steps for Composting Dead Livestock - AS1781

Dead animals are an inevitable part of a livestock operation. Livestock owners can dispose of dead animals by composting. This guide offers step-by-step instructions for a livestock owner to follow.

5 Easy Steps for Composting Dead Livestock - AS1781 - Read More…

5 Keys to Understanding Your Health Insurance Costs - FS1814

Health insurance plans can be complex and intimidating. Understanding the basics of how a health insurance plan works and learning the terms used can be beneficial. We then ask better questions, make better insurance decisions and get the most from our health insurance plan. This publication will take you through five keys to gain a better understanding of your health insurance costs.

5 Keys to Understanding Your Health Insurance Costs - FS1814 - Read More…

12 Tools for Your Wellness Toolbox in Times of Farm Stress (FS1866)

Individuals in farming can experience stress from multiple sources. Stresses can be managed as individuals use practical wellness strategies to reduce stress and improve wellness.

12 Tools for Your Wellness Toolbox in Times of Farm Stress (FS1866) - Read More…

2012 Dry Bean Grower Survey of Production, Pest Problems and Pesticde Use in Minnesota and North Dakota - E1640

The 2012 dry bean grower survey is the 23rd annual assessment of varieties grown, pest problems, pesticide use and grower practices of the Northarvest Bean Growers Association, an association of dry edible bean growers in Minnesota and North Dakota.

2012 Dry Bean Grower Survey of Production, Pest Problems and Pesticde Use in Minnesota and North Dakota - E1640 - Read More…

2013 Dry Bean Grower Survey of Production, Pest Problems and Pesticide Use in MInnesota and North Dakota - E1710

The 2013 dry bean grower survey is the 24th annual survey of varieties grown, pest problems, pesticide use and grower practices of the Northharvest Bean Growers Association, an association of dry edible bean growers in Minnesota and North Dakota.

2013 Dry Bean Grower Survey of Production, Pest Problems and Pesticide Use in MInnesota and North Dakota - E1710 - Read More…

2014 Dry Bean Grower Survey of Production, Pest Problems and Pesticide Use in MInnesota and North Dakota - E1750

The 2014 dry bean grower survey is the 25th annual review of varieties grown, pest problems, pesticide use and grower practices of the Northarvest Bean Growers Association, an association of dry edible bean growers in Minnesota and North Dakota.

2014 Dry Bean Grower Survey of Production, Pest Problems and Pesticide Use in MInnesota and North Dakota - E1750 - Read More…

2014 North Dakota Beef Report - AS1736

This report contains several small papers from researchers in ND on current research results related to beef cattle. The report is posted as a complete report as well as, individual reports.

2014 North Dakota Beef Report - AS1736 - Read More…

2015 Canola Variety Trials - A1124-15

The North Dakota Canola Variety Trial Results provide producers with data on canola performance throughout the state and gives information about yield and other information needed for accurate selection on canola hybrids for agricultural projection in North Dakota

2015 Canola Variety Trials - A1124-15 - Read More…

2015 Dry Bean Grower Survey of Production, Pest Problems and Pesticide Use in MN and ND - E1802

The 2015 dry bean grower survey is the 26th annual survey of varieties grown, pest problems, pesticide use and grower practices of the Northarvest Bean Growers Association, an association of dry edible bean growers in Minnesota and North Dakota.

2015 Dry Bean Grower Survey of Production, Pest Problems and Pesticide Use in MN and ND - E1802 - Read More…

2015 North Dakota Beef Report - AS1775

This report contains several small papers from researchers in ND on current research results related to beef cattle. The report is posted as a complete report as well as, individual reports.

2015 North Dakota Beef Report - AS1775 - Read More…

2016 DRY BEAN Grower Survey of Production, Pest Problems and Pesticide Use in Minnesota and North Dakota (E1841)

The 2016 dry bean grower survey is the 27th annual survey of varieties grown, pest problems, pesticide use and grower practices of the Northarvest Bean Grower Association, an association of dry edible bean growers in Minnesota and North Dakota.

2016 DRY BEAN Grower Survey of Production, Pest Problems and Pesticide Use in Minnesota and North Dakota (E1841) - Read More…

2016 North Dakota Beef Report - AS1815

The report has several short research reports from researchers conducting research on beef cattle and associated topics.

2016 North Dakota Beef Report - AS1815 - Read More…

2017 Dry Bean Grower Survey of Production, Pest Problems and Pesticide Use in MN and ND (E1884)

The 2017 dry bean grower survey is the 28th annual survey of varieties grown, pest problems, pesticide use and grower practice of the Northarvest Bean Growers Association, an association of dry edible bean growers in Minnesota and North Dakota.

2017 Dry Bean Grower Survey of Production, Pest Problems and Pesticide Use in MN and ND (E1884) - Read More…

2017 North Dakota Beef Report (AS1862)

This report has several short research reports from researchers conducting research on beef cattle and associated topics. The target audience is people associated with the beef industry in ND and elsewhere.

2017 North Dakota Beef Report (AS1862) - Read More…

2018 North Dakota Beef and Sheep Report (AS1899)

This report has several short research reports from researchers conducting research on beef cattle and sheep and associated topics. the target audience is people associated with the beef and sheep industries in North Dakota and elsewhere.

2018 North Dakota Beef and Sheep Report (AS1899) - Read More…

2019 North Dakota Field Crop Plant Disease Management Guide (PP622)

This fungicide guide is based on the latest information available from the North Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station. U.S. Department of Agriculture, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the agricultural chemical industry.

2019 North Dakota Field Crop Plant Disease Management Guide (PP622) - Read More…

2019 North Dakota Weed Control Guide (W253)

The information in this guide provides a summary of herbicide uses in crops grown in North Dakota and is based on federal and state herbicide labels, research at ND Ag. Experiment Stations, and information from the North Dakota Department of Agriculture.

2019 North Dakota Weed Control Guide (W253) - Read More…

2019 Sugarbeet Production Guide (A1698)

The production guide will provide useful information to assist you in making timely management decisions.

2019 Sugarbeet Production Guide (A1698) - Read More…

A Basic Primer on Biotechnology - A1219

This publication provides basic information about biotechnology and how it can be used to enhance agricultural crops.

A Basic Primer on Biotechnology - A1219 - Read More…

A Cow-calf Producer's Guide to Custom Feeding - AS1162

This publication focuses on items a cow-calf operator should consider before choosing a feedlot to custom feed cattle. Custom feeding refers to the practice of sending calves, stockers or yearlings to a commercial feed yard for feeding to slaughter weights. Custom feeding is not without risks. It should be viewed as a potential means to add value to your calf crop and/or evaluate the genetic merit of your cow herd.

A Cow-calf Producer's Guide to Custom Feeding - AS1162 - Read More…

A Guide to North Dakota Noxious and Troublesome Weeds (W1691 Revised )

This publication includes photos of all North Dakota state and county listed noxious weeds as well as "troublesome" plants such as poison ivy. Methods to identify and control each weed are discussed and why the plant is a concern in the state is explained. This is a pocket sized version of the publications W1411, Identification and Control of Invasive and Troublesome Weeds in North Dakota.

A Guide to North Dakota Noxious and Troublesome Weeds (W1691 Revised ) - Read More…

A Guide to Plugging Abandoned Wells - AE966

This publication provides a guide on how to properly abandon unused wells with example problems. Abandoned wells can provide a direct link for contaminants to enter the groundwater plus the larger wells can be a safety hazard. Used by both NRCS and ND Health Department.

A Guide to Plugging Abandoned Wells - AE966 - Read More…

A Parent’s Guide to Juice: Fresh-squeezed Facts - FN1644

Children who consume too much juice may not be hungry at mealtime and may miss out on other nutrients their bodies need to grow.

A Parent’s Guide to Juice: Fresh-squeezed Facts - FN1644 - Read More…

A Pocket Guide to Care and Handling of Fish from Stream to Table - FN535

Proper handling of fish from the time you catch them until you get them to the table will help maintain optimum eating quality. Keep the following fish handling tips in mind.

A Pocket Guide to Care and Handling of Fish from Stream to Table - FN535 - Read More…

A Pocket Guide to Care and Handling of Game Birds from Field to Table - FN537

Game birds offer a challenge to hunters and the reward of a delicious meal at the table if they are handled properly at each step. Game birds have various distinctive flavors and are excellent sources of protein, similar in these respects to domestic birds. The fat and calorie contents vary according to the age and species of the birds.

A Pocket Guide to Care and Handling of Game Birds from Field to Table - FN537 - Read More…

A Preventive Herd Health Program: Checklist for Beef Producers (AS1731)

Gerald Stokka, Extension Veterinarian and Livestock Stewardship Specialist Carl Dahlen, Extension Beef Cattle Specialist

A Preventive Herd Health Program: Checklist for Beef Producers (AS1731) - Read More…

Active Optical Sensor Algorithms: How they work and how they can be used to calculate N requirements in the field - SF1176-5

Research from 2011 to 2013 has resulted in a data base that supports to use of active-optical sensors to direct side-dress N rates in corn. Previously, rates were determined using a grower best guess.

Active Optical Sensor Algorithms: How they work and how they can be used to calculate N requirements in the field - SF1176-5 - Read More…

Activities to Promote Healthy Nutrition and Physical Activity Habits Among Children - FN692

These activities provide a way for teachers and volunteer educators to reinforce nutrition and fitness concepts for children in classrooms, after-school programs or club settings –and have fun, too! Most of the activities in this publication require little time, preparation or equipment. Most can be modifi ed to fi t the knowledge and skills of a variety of age groups.

Activities to Promote Healthy Nutrition and Physical Activity Habits Among Children - FN692 - Read More…

Add Fiber to Your Diet - FN1459

Having more fiber in your diet helps lower blood cholesterol and prevents constipation, and ma help prevent cancer. Many people shortchange themselves on the 20 to 35 grams per day fiber recommendation. The average American consumes 10 to 15 grams of fiber per day.

Add Fiber to Your Diet - FN1459 - Read More…

Addressing Gossip, Whining, Conflict and Negative Attitudes - FS1816

People need to feel valued. A workplace that values diversity and manages change with respectful conversations will have less negativity to address.

Addressing Gossip, Whining, Conflict and Negative Attitudes - FS1816 - Read More…

Adolescent Prescription and Over-the-counter Drug Abuse: The Truth About Abusing Over-the-counter and Prescription Medications (YF1857 Revised)

Prescription and over-the-counter drug abuse and overdose are growing concerns across the nation and in North Dakota communities. In North Dakota, there has been a 59.7% increase in the number of controlled substance prescriptions dispensed between 2008 and 2015. Staying up-to-date on prescription and over-the-counter drug abuse trends is critical for today's caring adults.

Adolescent Prescription and Over-the-counter Drug Abuse: The Truth About Abusing Over-the-counter and Prescription Medications (YF1857 Revised) - Read More…

Agricultural Remote Sensing Basics (AE1262)

When farmers or ranchers observe their fields or pastures to assess their condition without physically touching them, it is a form of remote sensing. Observing the colors of leaves or the overall appearances of plants can determine the plant’s condition. Remotely sensed images taken from satellites and aircraft provide a means to assess field conditions without physically touching them from a point of view high above the field.

Agricultural Remote Sensing Basics (AE1262) - Read More…

Air Temperature Inversions Causes, Characteristics and Potential Effects on Pesticide Spray Drift - AE1705

Temperature inversions are micro-climatic events that can significantly contribute to off target movement of pesticides. This publication explains in detail: what they are, why they develop, how they are impacted by land condition, how to identify them, how to measure them, and how to minimize their impact on pesticide applications. Professional applicators, private applicators using pesticides on their farm or ranch, state and federal regulators, pesticide safety educators, researchers, and industry should benefit from the comprehensive explanations found in AE1705.

Air Temperature Inversions Causes, Characteristics and Potential Effects on Pesticide Spray Drift - AE1705 - Read More…

Air-to-Air Heat Exchangers For Healthier Energy-efficient Homes - AE1393

To reduce heating and cooling cost, builders have used better construction techniques and materials to greatly reduce air leaks into and out of a home. This publication describes reasons to use air-to-air-heat exchangers, technology of exchangers, the cost advantages of installing them and some tips on choosing a heat exchanger that is right for your home.

Air-to-Air Heat Exchangers For Healthier Energy-efficient Homes - AE1393 - Read More…

Alfalfa Soil Fertility Requirements in North Dakota Soils (SF1863)

Alfalfa is the most important forage grown in North Dakota. This manuscript details its soil fertility requirements more extensively than any publication has previously. The previous circular related to alfalfa soil fertility also included clovers, however the soil fertility requirements of clover and alfalfa are very different and alfalfa frankly deserves better information.

Alfalfa Soil Fertility Requirements in North Dakota Soils (SF1863) - Read More…

All About Food Allergens: Eggs (FN1827)

This publication deals with food allergies and is intended for the use in parent education programs and by high school teachers.

All About Food Allergens: Eggs (FN1827) - Read More…

All About Food Allergens: Milk (FN1831)

This publication deals with food allergies and is intended for the use in parent education programs and by high school teachers.

All About Food Allergens: Milk (FN1831) - Read More…

All About Food Allergens: Peanuts (FN1828)

This publication about food allergies is intended to be used in parent education programs and by high school teachers.

All About Food Allergens: Peanuts (FN1828) - Read More…

All About Food Allergens: Shellfish (FN1832)

This publication deals with food allergies and is intended for the use in parent education programs and by high school teachers.

All About Food Allergens: Shellfish (FN1832) - Read More…

All About Food Allergens: Soy (FN1830)

This publication deals with food allergies and is intended for the use in parent education programs and by high school teachers.

All About Food Allergens: Soy (FN1830) - Read More…

All About Food Allergens: Wheat (FN1829)

This publication deals with food allergies and is intended for the use in parent education programs and by high school teachers.

All About Food Allergens: Wheat (FN1829) - Read More…

Alternative Feeds for Ruminants - AS1182

This publication provides a brief overview of possible feedstuffs for cattle and sheep producers along with general feeding recommendations.

Alternative Feeds for Ruminants - AS1182 - Read More…

Alternative Winter Feeding Strategies for Beef Cattle Management - NM1726

The focus of this publication is to highlight alternative practices for consideration as an alternative to winter animal confinement in a feedlot.

Alternative Winter Feeding Strategies for Beef Cattle Management - NM1726 - Read More…

Anhydrous Ammonia: Managing The Risks (AE-1149 (Revised))

Anhydrous ammonia has the potential to be one of the most dangerous chemicals used in agriculture today. It is used and stored under high pressures, which requires specially designed and well-maintained equipment. Those who work with anhydrous ammonia must be trained to follow exact procedures in handling it.

Anhydrous Ammonia: Managing The Risks (AE-1149 (Revised)) - Read More…

Annual and Perennial Flower Selections For North Dakota - H322

The organization of this publication is to provide annual suggestions for specific locations in and around the landscape: Low growing plants, tall, shade, full sun/dry locations, for massing, naturalizing, and fragrance.

Annual and Perennial Flower Selections For North Dakota - H322 - Read More…

Annual Cover Crop Options for Grazing and Haying in the Northern Plains - R1759

The purpose of this publication is to provide annual forage options that can be used in cover crop mixtures for livestock grazing and/or hay production. The use of cover crops in a cropping rotation has been resurrected in recent years due to greater awareness of their environmental and ecological impacts on our natural resources.

Annual Cover Crop Options for Grazing and Haying in the Northern Plains - R1759 - Read More…

Asparagus and Rhubarb - H61

Asparagus is the earliest vegetable you can harvest from your garden in the spring. The young, tender shoots of asparagus usually reach cutting size about mid-May in North Dakota. New shoots may be cut as often as every other day if temperatures and moisture conditions are favorable.

Asparagus and Rhubarb - H61 - Read More…

BAC Down! Keep Cold Foods Cold - FN612

Give bacteria the cold shoulder. Find the Chill challenge, the chill solution and the cool rules in this brochure.

BAC Down! Keep Cold Foods Cold - FN612 - Read More…

Barley Grain and Forage for Beef Cattle AS1609 (Revised)

This bulletin reviews the available literature related to feeding barley to beef cattle. Nutrient composition of barley is compared to other feed grains and feeding recommendations are given.

Barley Grain and Forage for Beef Cattle AS1609 (Revised) - Read More…

Baseline Water Quality in Areas of Oil Development (WQ1614 (Revised))

This publication describes private water supply protection in oil development areas and legal implications and what tests are needed for legal protection.

Baseline Water Quality in Areas of Oil Development (WQ1614 (Revised)) - Read More…

Bee-utiful Landscapes: Building a Pollinator Garden - H1811

Both native bees and European honey bees are in trouble in the United States. Homeowners can have a major impact on pollinators by planting a pollinator garden and providing suitable habitat. This publication will help you identify major pollinators, choose plants that will provide a continuous source of nectar and pollen, and safely use pesticides.

Bee-utiful Landscapes: Building a Pollinator Garden - H1811 - Read More…

Bertha Armyworm in Canola - E1347

This publication summarizes Integrated Pest Management of bertha armyworm including identification, life cycle, crop damage, pheromone trapping, field scouting, economic threshold, cultural methods, biological control and chemical control.

Bertha Armyworm in Canola - E1347 - Read More…

Beverage Mixes in a Jar (FN1625)

Enjoy these beverages at home or give as gifts to friends and family for birthdays, holidays or other special occasions. Consider these beverage mixes a fun and easy way to make delicious drinks without breaking your budget.

Beverage Mixes in a Jar (FN1625) - Read More…

Biosecure Nutrient Management Practices (NM1551)

Animal manures contain many different pathogens that can pose health threats to animals and humans. Managing manures in a biosecure manner can prevent and reduce the possibility of spreading diseases that can be found in manures.

Biosecure Nutrient Management Practices (NM1551) - Read More…

Bones are Bad in Potato Production - A1772

The goal of potato growers is to produce a high-yielding, high-quality crop that is safe for consumption. Animal bones, a foreign material, are a food safety risk, and fields that have bones in the soil are not suitable for potato production.

Bones are Bad in Potato Production - A1772 - Read More…

Bright Beginnings #1 Preparing for Parenthood - FS601

Becoming a parent brings about a series of changes in the life of a person. Preparing for the transition to parenthood includes changes in life roles and taking steps to manage such changes. New or expectant parents and others can prepare for parenthood by considering skills, tasks, experiences and resources that can assist in becoming a parent.

Bright Beginnings #1 Preparing for Parenthood - FS601 - Read More…

Bright Beginnings #2 The Transition from Partners to Parents - FS604

This publication is meant to help couples think about the transition issues they will experience or already may have experienced in becoming parents.

Bright Beginnings #2 The Transition from Partners to Parents - FS604 - Read More…

Bright Beginnings 1: Preparing for Parenthood (FS601 (Revised))

Becoming a parent brings about a series of changes in the life of a person. Preparing for the transition to parenthood includes changes in life roles and taking steps to manage such changes. New or expectant parents and others can prepare for parenthood by considering skills, tasks, experiences and resources that can assist in becoming a parent.

Bright Beginnings 1: Preparing for Parenthood (FS601 (Revised)) - Read More…

Bright Beginnings 2b Key Couple Transition Issues in Becoming Parents - FS605

Couples need to deal effectively with stresses that occur in the process of becoming parents. Couples can use resources and coping strategies to effectively deal with sharing chores, money worries, relationship difficulties, work issues and social activates as they transition to parenthood.

Bright Beginnings 2b Key Couple Transition Issues in Becoming Parents - FS605 - Read More…

Bright Beginnings 3: Steps Toward a Healthy Pregnancy for You and Your Baby (FS610 Revised)

It is important to create a healthy environment for an unborn child during the time of pregnancy. Key topics in creating a healthy pregnancy for you and your baby include managing personal health concerns, practicing healthy behaviors, meeting nutrition needs, increasing your knowledge of child development and reducing stress and preparing for the child's birth.

Bright Beginnings 3: Steps Toward a Healthy Pregnancy for You and Your Baby (FS610 Revised) - Read More…

Building Soil Health (SF1900)

Science-based information and farmer use of soil health building strategies are presented in this short booklet. the goal is to provide both a starting point for farmer incorporation of practices on-farm and also tips to fine tune on-farm goals.

Building Soil Health (SF1900) - Read More…

Bull Breeding Soundess Examinations - AS1755

Breeding soundness exams can reveal many potential problems with young bulls, as well as with older bulls that already have sired calf crops. These exams are a sound investment for a cow-calf producer, yet less than 20 percent of U.S. producers perform breeding soundness exams on their bulls prior to spring turnout.

Bull Breeding Soundess Examinations - AS1755 - Read More…

Business Retention and Expansion Visitation Fundamentals CD1605 (Revised)

Because of the wide variety of communities and business sectors in today’s economy, this guide is written for the economic development professional and community leaders who may have little or no experience in the community economic development arena.

Business Retention and Expansion Visitation Fundamentals CD1605 (Revised) - Read More…

Butterfly Gardening in North Dakota - E1266

This publication summarizes butterfly gardening including identification of butterflies, life cycle, how to plan a butterfly garden, planting a butterfly garden, flowers and host plants of caterpillars.

Butterfly Gardening in North Dakota - E1266 - Read More…

Can We Talk About Folic Acid - FN704

What is It? OK, so you’ll think about taking folic acid, but what is it exactly? Folic acid is a human-made form of the B vitamin folate, and is necessary for making new, healthy cells in the body. Everyone Needs It Recent studies have shown that folic acid may reduce the risk of cardiac disease and certain types of cancers. Some studies suggest it also might help lower the risk of getting Alzheimer’s disease.

Can We Talk About Folic Acid - FN704 - Read More…

Canning and Freezing Tomatoes and Making Salsa - FN175

Many people grow tomatoes in their traditional or container gardens. With a good year, you may want to preserve some tomatoes to enjoy during the winter. The recommendations in this publication take into account numerous tomato varieties, including those described as meaty, solid, firm and with few seeds, and the recommendations also allow for various growing conditions. If you do not want to follow these instructions, freezing is a safe alternative

Canning and Freezing Tomatoes and Making Salsa - FN175 - Read More…

Canola Production - A686

Canola has become a popular oilseed crop for North Dakota. The state leads the U.S. in canola production, with approximately 92 percent of domestic production. Canola is a specific edible type of rapeseed, developed in the 1970s, which contains about 40 percent oil. The term “canola” is a name registered by the Western Canadian Oilseed Crushers Association.

Canola Production - A686 - Read More…

Canola Production Field Guide (A1280)

The North Dakota Canola production field guide provide producers with data on canola production information throughout the state. it addresses issues from hybrid selection, growth and fertilizing, disease, insect and weekd control, harvesting and storing.

Canola Production Field Guide (A1280) - Read More…

Care and Maintenance of Irrigation Wells - AE97

Effective irrigation is not possible without a reliable water source. In North Dakota, the availability of relatively shallow aquifers with high-quality water has spurred the development of irrigation in many areas. Irrigation wells must produce a high volume of water during the driest months: July and August. To maintain consistent, high production from year to year, a well requires annual maintenance, just like any other piece of valuable equipment.

Care and Maintenance of Irrigation Wells - AE97 - Read More…

Cattle Producer’s Guide to Feedlot Terminology (AS1161 Revised May 2018)

This publication is intended to familiarize cow-calf producers with the terminology that feedlot managers may use when discussing custom feeding and feedlots.

Cattle Producer’s Guide to Feedlot Terminology (AS1161 Revised May 2018) - Read More…

Caught in the Grain! (AE1102 Revised)

People can become caught or trapped in grain in three different ways: the collapse of bridged grain, the collapse of a vertical wall of grain, and entrapment in flowing grain. Moving or flowing grain is involved in all three. People who work with grain – loading it, unloading it, and moving it from bin to bin – need to know about the hazards of flowing grain and how to prevent a grain entrapment situation.

Caught in the Grain! (AE1102 Revised) - Read More…

Chain Saw Safety: No Tricks (AE1025 Revised)

Become familiar with the recommended safe operational procedures before attempting to work with a chain saw. A safe way to prepare is to read the operator’s manual and obtain training from someone who is experienced with chain saws.

Chain Saw Safety: No Tricks (AE1025 Revised) - Read More…

Coffee Time! Exploring a Favorite Beverage (FN1894)

Coffee originated in the coffee forests of Ethiopia and has grown in popularity across the world, especially with today’s hustle-and-bustle culture. Unfortunately, numerous health controversies, concerns and warnings accompany this increasingly popular beverage. With so much confusion surrounding this energizing drink, determining fact from fiction sometimes is difficult.

Coffee Time! Exploring a Favorite Beverage (FN1894) - Read More…

Comparing Value of Feedstuffs - AS1742

Determining the nutrient concentration and cost of each nutrient in feedstuff s allows producers to evaluate ration quality and cost. In addition, cost determination can be very helpful when deciding which feed to purchase in cases of diff ering asking prices and nutrient quality. This publication is meant to be a step-by-step guide to calculating feed values to allow appropriate comparison of feedstuffs.

Comparing Value of Feedstuffs - AS1742 - Read More…

Compatibility of North Dakota Soils for Irrigation (AE1637)

This publication is intended as a first step to help current and prospective irrigators understand the principles behind the irrigability of soils in North Dakota. This publication lists all the soils in the state with relevant properties and categorizes them as irrigable, conditional or nonirrigable.

Compatibility of North Dakota Soils for Irrigation (AE1637) - Read More…

Composting Animal Manures - NM1478

Composting and utilizing compost are advantageous tools in nutrient management plans that, when managed properly, reduce the potential to pollute and benefit crops.

Composting Animal Manures - NM1478 - Read More…

Composting Practices - H885

The family vegetable garden, flower garden, trees, shrubs and lawn receive benefits from application of composted or organic matter. This publication explains the two systems of composting.

Composting Practices - H885 - Read More…

Cooking 101: Cooking in Small Spaces Using a Microwave Oven - FN1618

When deciding what to make for dinner, people usually consider taste, cost and convenience. Even if you have little time for meal preparation or live in a location with minimal cooking space, you still should consider nutrition.

Cooking 101: Cooking in Small Spaces Using a Microwave Oven - FN1618 - Read More…

Cooking 101: Equipping Your Kitchen - FN1472

You don’t need to have a gourmet kitchen to be a good cook, but having some kitchen equipment essentials can make cooking a breeze.

Cooking 101: Equipping Your Kitchen - FN1472 - Read More…

Cooking 101: Explore the World of Snacks! - FN1699

Healthful snacks can fill nutrition gaps. Try these snack ideas from around the world.

Cooking 101: Explore the World of Snacks! - FN1699 - Read More…

Cooking 101: Grocery Shopping Made Easy - FN1559

Shopping for healthful foods doesn’t have to put a dent in your budget, and it doesn’t have to be hard. Learn what product labels mean and some tips to make your grocery shopping easier.

Cooking 101: Grocery Shopping Made Easy - FN1559 - Read More…

Cooking 101: Healthy Meals in Less Than 30 Minutes - FN1560

Many people are pressed for time, but making a meal does not have to be a time-consuming task. With a few helpful tips, cooking a quick and healthful meal will be a breeze.

Cooking 101: Healthy Meals in Less Than 30 Minutes - FN1560 - Read More…

Cooking 101: Hot Tips About Food Storage - FN1473

Never thaw food at room temperature or in warm water. If food is warmer than 40 degrees Fahrenheit, but colder than 140 degrees Fahrenheit, bacteria will multiply quickly.

Cooking 101: Hot Tips About Food Storage - FN1473 - Read More…

Cooking 101: Putting a Healthy Spin on Prepackaged Favorites- FN1561

Many people do not have a lot of time to devote to meal preparation. While many convenience foods are available, some are high in sodium or fat. You can make these foods more nutritious without doing a lot of work

Cooking 101: Putting a Healthy Spin on Prepackaged Favorites- FN1561 - Read More…

Cooking 101: Quick and Easy Menus, Recipes and Tips for Singles and Couples Cooking in Small Spaces Using a Microwave Oven- FN1618

When deciding what to make for dinner, people usually consider taste, cost and convenience. Even if you have little time for meal preparation or live in a location with minimal cooking space, you still should consider nutrition.

Cooking 101: Quick and Easy Menus, Recipes and Tips for Singles and Couples Cooking in Small Spaces Using a Microwave Oven- FN1618 - Read More…

Cooking and Eating With Low Vision - FN1671

Imagine shopping for foods without the ability to compare prices, visually check produce for freshness, or even safely travel to and from the grocery store. Envision coming home with groceries but not being able to see inside the refrigerator or pantry clearly enough to store the foods. Then think about the challenge of preparing a meal with low vision, from finding a food in the pantry to setting the oven timer. Suddenly cooking seems like quite a daunting task!

Cooking and Eating With Low Vision - FN1671 - Read More…

Cooking for Groups: A Volunteer's Guide to Food Safety - FN585

The goal of this publication is to help volunteers prepare and serve food safely for large groups such as family reunions, church dinners, and community gatherings — whether the food is prepared at the volunteer's home and brought to the event, or prepared and served at the gathering.

Cooking for Groups: A Volunteer's Guide to Food Safety - FN585 - Read More…

Cooking for One or Two - FN521

One- and two-person households are a growing sector in North Dakota and the United States. According to the 2000 census, North Dakota has almost 164,000 households with one or two members. The U.S. has more than 61 million one- and two-person households. They all have something in common: They need to eat! Sometimes, cooking for one or two may seem like it’s not worth the trouble; however, everyone needs a variety of foods to stay healthy. Homemade meals usually are more nutritious, better tasting and more economical, compared with restaurant meals. Use MyPlate to Help Guide Your Food Choices Nutrition and physical activity play a vital role in maintaining good health. The latest U.S. Department of Agriculture food icon, MyPlate, provides individualized plans to help guide your food choices. Visit the website at www.ChooseMyPlate.gov and enter your gender, age and physical activity level to print out a personalized plan. Use this guide to help plan your menus to meet your nutritional needs.

Cooking for One or Two - FN521 - Read More…

Corn Ear Molds: Basic Questions and Answers - PP1451

Corn ear molds are of concern because of their potential to produce mycotoxins, which may affect livestock feeding value. The following provides some answers to frequent questions about corn ear molds.

Corn Ear Molds: Basic Questions and Answers - PP1451 - Read More…

Corn Growth and Management Quick Guide - A1173

Knowing the growth stages of corn allows growers to time field operations properly to meet windows of opportunity. Proper timing of fertilizer, irrigation, cultivation, harvest, and insect, weed and disease control can improve yields significantly.

Corn Growth and Management Quick Guide - A1173 - Read More…

Custom Farm Work Rates on North Dakota Farms, 2016 EC499

The rates in this publication are used as a guide in establishing rates for custom work, comparing ownership or leasing costs with custom work, settling accounts when two or more people exchange work

Custom Farm Work Rates on North Dakota Farms, 2016 EC499 - Read More…

Cyanobacteria Poisoning (Blue-green Algae) (V1136 Revised)

Drinking water from stagnant ponds and dugouts during hot, dry weather can cause sudden death in animals. This water can contain certain species of cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) that are toxic. Cyanobacteria produce neuro and liver toxins that are poisonous to nearly all livestock, wildlife and humans.

Cyanobacteria Poisoning (Blue-green Algae) (V1136 Revised) - Read More…

Determining Carrying Capacity and Stocking Rates for Range and Pasture in North Dakota (R1810)

Establishing the correct stocking rate is critical in optimizing forage performance and maintaining animal performance while ensuring the sustained health and production of the grassland resources.

Determining Carrying Capacity and Stocking Rates for Range and Pasture in North Dakota (R1810) - Read More…

Determining Grazing Readiness for Native and Tame Pastures (R1061)

One of the most important grazing management decisions land managers make is selecting a start date for grazing tam pasture and native range. Monitoring grazing readiness ensures that grazing starts at the proper time, when plants are tolerant of grazing. This publication provides guidelines for selecting the appropriate start date based on plant development and growing degree days.

Determining Grazing Readiness for Native and Tame Pastures (R1061) - Read More…

Determining Pasture Rental Rates (R1823 Revised)

Livestock producers and land owners have asked for a simple and fair method to determine pasture rental rates. This tends to be a difficult question to answer as prices can vary from region to region due to market demand and supply. However, several methods are available to computing a pasture rental rate. These methods will be described in this publication with examples.

Determining Pasture Rental Rates (R1823 Revised) - Read More…

Diagnosing Spruce Disorders in North Dakota - F1818

Over a dozen disorders of spruce trees are presented. Disorders include insects, diseases, human-caused problems, environmental disorders and others. Color photos are included.

Diagnosing Spruce Disorders in North Dakota - F1818 - Read More…

Diamondback Moth in Canola - E1346

This publication summarizes Integrated Pest Management of diamondback moth including identification, life cycle, crop damage, pheromone trapping, field scouting, economic threshold, cultural methods, biological control and chemical control.

Diamondback Moth in Canola - E1346 - Read More…

Do It Yourself Spice Mixes (FN1826)

Making your own spice blends is a win-win idea that gives your food a pop of flavor while reducing sodium.

Do It Yourself Spice Mixes (FN1826) - Read More…

Do You Need a Dietary Supplement? - FN1607

More than half of all Americans take a daily supplement, and Americans spend billions of dollars on these vitamins, minerals, fiber, herbal products and other items. Including one in your daily schedule may be commonplace.

Do You Need a Dietary Supplement? - FN1607 - Read More…

Documentation for Suspected Herbicide Drift Damage (WC751 (Revised)

Herbicide drift to nontarget plants can cause damage sufficient to result in a significant monetary loss.

Documentation for Suspected Herbicide Drift Damage (WC751 (Revised) - Read More…

Dry Out Before Rebuilding - DE1583

Wood submerged in water will absorb a large amount of water. Rebuilding too quickly after a flood can cause continuing problems such as mold growth, insect infestations and deterioration of the wood and wall coverings.

Dry Out Before Rebuilding - DE1583 - Read More…

Drying Fruits - FN1587

Making dried fruit can be a fun family activity with a tasty end product. Dried fruit is a portable snack and it also can be used in recipes. Proper and successful drying produces safe food with good flavor, texture and color. Whenever you preserve foods, choose the best-quality fruits and vegetables. As with other food preservation methods, drying does not improve food quality.

Drying Fruits - FN1587 - Read More…

Drying Vegetables - FN1588

Drying is a long-standing, fairly easy method of food preservation. Whenever you preserve foods, choose the best-quality fruits and vegetables. As with other food preservation methods, drying does not improve food quality. Proper and successful drying produces safe food with good flavor, texture, color and nutritional properties.

Drying Vegetables - FN1588 - Read More…

Drying Vegetables FN580

Drying is a long-standing, fairly easy method of food preservation. Whenever you preserve foods, choose the best-quality fruits and vegetables. As with other food preservation methods, drying does not improve food quality. Proper and successful drying produces safe food with good flavor, texture, color and nutritional properties.

Drying Vegetables FN580 - Read More…

Drylot Beef Cow-Calf Production AS974 (Revised)

The drylot beef cow-calf enterprise is an alternative management system to traditional pasture or range beef production. Strictly defined, it is feeding confined cow-calf pairs in a feedlot environment during part or all of the traditional summer or fall-winter grazing season.

Drylot Beef Cow-Calf Production AS974 (Revised) - Read More…

Early Blight in Potato (PP1892)

Early blight of potato is caused by the fungal pathogen Alternaria solani. The disease affects leaves, stems and tubers and can reduce yield, tuber size, storability of tubers, quality of fresh-market and processing tubers and marketability of the crop.

Early Blight in Potato (PP1892) - Read More…

Eat Smart. Choose Healthy Pre-and Post-game Meals - FN1438

Have a light meal so it can be digested easily. The pregame meal should include a variety of foods but focus on carbohydraterich food such as bread or pasta. Make sure to include grains, fruits and vegetables in the meal. Drink plenty of fluids.

Eat Smart. Choose Healthy Pre-and Post-game Meals - FN1438 - Read More…

Eat Smart. Choose Healthy Snacks - FN1439

Think of snacks as minimeals that help provide nutrients and energy you need to grow, play and learn. Most kids do best when they eat four to six smaller meals a day.

Eat Smart. Choose Healthy Snacks - FN1439 - Read More…

Eat Smart. Play Hard. Do You Need an Energy Drink? - FN1435

People often substitute energy drinks for healthier beverage choices, so compare the Nutrition Facts labels. Energy drinks provide few if any of the needed vitamins and minerals provided by healthier beverage choices. Plain water is a better choice for most individuals.

Eat Smart. Play Hard. Do You Need an Energy Drink? - FN1435 - Read More…

Eat Smart. Play Hard. Do You Need a Sports Drink? - FN1440

Sports drinks are recommended only to increase your physical performance if you are physically active for more than 60 to 90 minutes. Anything less, water should be the drink of choice because it’s better for hydration. Make sure to drink enough fluids before, during and after physical activity.

Eat Smart. Play Hard. Do You Need a Sports Drink? - FN1440 - Read More…

Eat Smart. Play Hard. Get Your Iron! - FN1436

Your body needs iron to move oxygen from your lungs to the rest of your body. Iron is an important part of hemoglobin, which is the part of your red blood cells that carries oxygen throughout the rest of the body.

Eat Smart. Play Hard. Get Your Iron! - FN1436 - Read More…

Eat Smart: Bone Up on Calcium - FN1434

Children ages 9 to 13 need 1,300 milligrams of calcium a day to keep their bones and teeth strong. Children ages 4 to 8 need 800 milligrams of calcium per day. They also need vitamin D, which helps the body use the calcium. Milk is fortifi ed with vitamin D. Many foods contain calcium. The best sources are milk, yogurt and cheese. Fish, soy products and nuts also are good sources of calcium. Some fruit juices, cereals, breads, snacks and other foods have added calcium.

Eat Smart: Bone Up on Calcium - FN1434 - Read More…

Eat Smart: Cook Food Safely in a Microwave Oven (FN1622)

Did you know? The microwave oven was invented when a scientist walked by a magnetron (experimental microwave tube) and the chocolate bar in his pocket melted. Do microwaves make food radioactive? No. Using a microwave is a quick and easy way to cook or reheat food. You should reheat food to “steaming hot” (165 degrees or higher) to kill harmful bacteria that could make you sick.

Eat Smart: Cook Food Safely in a Microwave Oven (FN1622) - Read More…

Eat Smart: Enjoy Breakfast Every Day - FN1433

Eating breakfast fuels the body with needed nutrients, provides energy for an active day, gets you ready to learn and helps you keep a healthy body.

Eat Smart: Enjoy Breakfast Every Day - FN1433 - Read More…

Eat Smart: Enjoy Healthier Snacks at Work - FN1398

Are you tempted by bowls of candy and trays of cookies at work? Say no to secondhand sweets, and think twice about the food you offer at meetings and around the office. Are you eating enough fruits, vegetables and whole grains? Eating small, frequent, healthy meals or snacks will keep your energy up and make you less likely to overeat at your next meal.

Eat Smart: Enjoy Healthier Snacks at Work - FN1398 - Read More…

Eating For Your Eye Health - FN709

We cannot change our genetic inheritance, but we can exercise and eat a diet rich in fruits and vegetables.

Eating For Your Eye Health - FN709 - Read More…

Eating for Your Eyes II Diabetic Retinopathy: Prevention, Treatment and Diet - FN1493

Diabetic retinopathy is a complication of diabetes that can lead to blindness. Caused by changes in the blood vessels of the retina, diabetic retinopathy is the most common diabetic eye disease. Usually no symptoms are present in the early stages of the disease. As the disease progresses, a person may experience spots in vision or blurred vision.

Eating for Your Eyes II Diabetic Retinopathy: Prevention, Treatment and Diet - FN1493 - Read More…

Electric Backup Sump Pumps for Houses - AE1771

Interest in electric backup sump pumps is increasing. They reduce the worry of coming home to a wet basement after a flooding and large rain event. This publication is meant to help people make informed choices when installing or renovating a backup sump pump.

Electric Backup Sump Pumps for Houses - AE1771 - Read More…

Elms for North Dakota (F1893)

This document lists fully recommended, partially recommended and not recommended elm (Ulmus) species and cultivars. Recommendations are based on testing, experience and expert opinion. American elm, Japanese elm, Siberian elm, and hybrid elms are all discussed.

Elms for North Dakota (F1893) - Read More…

Emerald Ash Borer Biology and Integrated Pest Management in North Dakota - E1634

This publication summarizes the threat of invasive metallic wood-boring beetle, emerald ash borer, to ND's ash trees. It's identification, biology, damage and pest management strategies including cultural, plant resistance, biological control and chemical control are discussed. If you suspect that your ash tree is infested with emerald ash borer, it also tells you what to do.

Emerald Ash Borer Biology and Integrated Pest Management in North Dakota - E1634 - Read More…

Environmental Impacts of Brine (Produced Water) (R1850)

Brine, or produced water, is a byproduct of oil and gas production. It consists of water from the geologic formation, injection water, oil and salts. Brine has a high salt concentration, and the ions of the salts negatively affect the site's soil and vegetation, impairing its ability to produce crops and forage. The goal of brine spill remediation is to remove or minimize salts in the soil.

Environmental Impacts of Brine (Produced Water) (R1850) - Read More…

Environmental Implications of Excess Fertilizer and Manure on Water Quality (NM1281 )

When nutrients and other pollutants associated with animal manures and commercial fertilizers are not managed properly, they can affect plant and animal life (including humans) negatively. Some of these impacts include algae blooms causing the depletion of oxygen in surface waters, pathogens and nitrates in drinking water, and the emission of odors and gases into the air.

Environmental Implications of Excess Fertilizer and Manure on Water Quality (NM1281 ) - Read More…

Ergot in Small Grains (PP1904)

This publication provides information on frequently asked questions pertaining to ergot and its impact on small grains and if it fed to livestock.

Ergot in Small Grains (PP1904) - Read More…

Essential Elements for Positive Youth Development (YD1482 Revised)

Positive youth development is intentional. It is the combination of positive experiences, positive relationships, and positive environments. When youth programs combine these three components, youth are more likely to stay involved and experience the essential elements that serve as the foundation of positive youth development programming. The eight essential elements can be categorized into one of four key concepts: belonging, mastery, independence, and generosity.

Essential Elements for Positive Youth Development (YD1482 Revised) - Read More…

Estrus Synchronization for Natural-service Breeding in Beef Cattle - AS1712

Breeding systems that utilize natural-service bulls to breed estrus-synchronized females may offer opportunities to get females pregnant earlier in the breeding season, have calves born earlier in the calving season and possibly increase weaning weight of calves born to synchronized females.

Estrus Synchronization for Natural-service Breeding in Beef Cattle - AS1712 - Read More…

Evaluating, Preparing and Amending Lawn and Garden Soil - H1325

One of the biggest steps to establishing and growing turf, vegetables, ornamentals or flowers successfully is understanding the soil that provides their physical support and supplies them with water and nutrients.

Evaluating, Preparing and Amending Lawn and Garden Soil - H1325 - Read More…

Exercise Your Brain - FN1431

Physical activity helps maintain good blood flow to the brain. The Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommend that most adults get 30 minutes of moderate activity most days, preferably every day. Short segments of physical activity (such as three 10-minute walks) count toward the goal. Stimulate your brain by adding variety to your activities. Try a new activity, alternate activities throughout the week or take a new route when you walk or jog. Routine activities don’t challenge your brain, so mix it up a little.

Exercise Your Brain - FN1431 - Read More…

Exploring MyPlate: Budgeting Total Calories - FN720

Each person has a daily calorie budget. Calories are units of energy. You spend calories to maintain body functions and provide energy for physical activity. If you take in more calories than you burn, you may “bank” the extra as body fat.

Exploring MyPlate: Budgeting Total Calories - FN720 - Read More…

Exploring MyPlate: Find Your Balance Between Food and Physical Activity - FN721

Do you consider yourself to be physically active? You probably are more active than you think. According to the MyPlate recommendations at www.ChooseMyPlate.gov, being physically active is “movement of the body that uses energy.” Calories are units of energy. You use up calories when you are active. The more time and intensity you put into an activity, the more calories you burn.

Exploring MyPlate: Find Your Balance Between Food and Physical Activity - FN721 - Read More…

Exploring MyPlate: Focus on Fruits - FN722

Fruits are a great source of vitamins, minerals, fiber and phytochemicals (“phyto” means plant). The usual sweetness of fruits makes them an enjoyable food.

Exploring MyPlate: Focus on Fruits - FN722 - Read More…

Exploring MyPlate: Get Your Calcium-rich Foods - FN723

The dairy group is an important part of the new food icon at www.ChooseMyPlate.gov . MyPlate provides individual recommendations based on age, sex and activity level for each group. The online tool can help you with an eating plan personalized for you.

Exploring MyPlate: Get Your Calcium-rich Foods - FN723 - Read More…

Exploring MyPlate: Go Lean with Protein - FN724

Protein is important to have in your diet because it plays a part in the health and maintenance of the body. Choosing protein foods that are lean and low in cholesterol will give you the needed nutrients without the extra fat.

Exploring MyPlate: Go Lean with Protein - FN724 - Read More…

Exploring MyPlate: Know Your Fats - FN725

Not all fats are the same. To help us sort out information about nutrition, the food icon at www.ChooseMyPlate.gov can help us choose a healthy eating plan that’s personalized for our age, sex and activity level.

Exploring MyPlate: Know Your Fats - FN725 - Read More…

Exploring MyPlate: Make at Least Half Your Grains Whole Grains - FN726

The food icon at www.ChooseMyPlate.gov recommends that at least half of the grain foods in your diet bewhole grains.

Exploring MyPlate: Make at Least Half Your Grains Whole Grains - FN726 - Read More…

Exploring MyPlate: Vary Your Veggies - FN727

Vegetables are a nutritional bargain. Most vegetables are naturally low in calories and fat and naturally have no cholesterol. Eating vegetables rich in potassium, such as sweet potatoes, white beans and tomato products, might help decrease bone loss.

Exploring MyPlate: Vary Your Veggies - FN727 - Read More…

Face the Facts About Sports Nutrition - FN1401

Increased physical activity increases some of your food needs. Your body requires more energy and water. Food that is eaten before and between events can affect your ability to perform at your best level.

Face the Facts About Sports Nutrition - FN1401 - Read More…

Facilitating Strategic Planning in Groups Using an Asset-based Approach (CD1882)

The information in this publication will help facilitators prepare to work with a group in a planning or decision-making process.

Facilitating Strategic Planning in Groups Using an Asset-based Approach (CD1882) - Read More…

Families and Flood Evacuation: Items to Take for Children Evacuating DE1568 (Revised)

Natural disasters such as floods are stressful events for families. Evacuating their home is obviously stressful for children. Plan ahead by packing a disaster supplies kit for each of your children to grab if your family has to evacuate due to flood conditions or other reasons.

Families and Flood Evacuation: Items to Take for Children Evacuating DE1568 (Revised) - Read More…

Family Meal Times: Family Fun at the Dinner Table Issue 4 - FN1529

Playing games or doing activities at a family meal can create specific memories for family members.

Family Meal Times: Family Fun at the Dinner Table Issue 4 - FN1529 - Read More…

Family Meal Times: Feeding a Family on a Thrifty Budget - FN1533

You can provide your family with nutritious, tasty and simple meals, even when times are tough. The tips here may help you stretch your budget.

Family Meal Times: Feeding a Family on a Thrifty Budget - FN1533 - Read More…

Family Meal Times: Promote Healthy Habits for a Healthy Lifestyle - FN1536

Whether your child is overweight or not, healthful eating and exercise are keys to personal well-being. As a parent, you can take an active role and guide your child in the right direction to grow and pursue good health for a lifetime.

Family Meal Times: Promote Healthy Habits for a Healthy Lifestyle - FN1536 - Read More…

Family Meal Times: Savor Family Moments - FN1537

Whether your child is overweight or not, healthful eating and exercise are keys to personal well-being. As a parent, you can take an active role and guide your child in the right direction to grow and pursue good health for a lifetime.

Family Meal Times: Savor Family Moments - FN1537 - Read More…

Family Meals Times: Eat Better - Eat Together - FN1528

Research has shown that when children eat with families, their overall nutrition and diets improve.

Family Meals Times: Eat Better - Eat Together - FN1528 - Read More…

Family Meals Times: Family Meals Matter - FN1526

Making regular family meals a priority is important. Not every meal has to be a sit-down dinner extravaganza. This publication gives you ideas on how you can take back your time.

Family Meals Times: Family Meals Matter - FN1526 - Read More…

Family Meals Times: Make Family Meals a Tradition - FN1527

A family tradition has been defined as an activity that is significant and meaningful for family members and is coordinated and repeated through time. Building family traditions that last and have personal meaning for family members helps build strong family relations.

Family Meals Times: Make Family Meals a Tradition - FN1527 - Read More…

Family Records: What to Keep Where and For How Long - FE445

Families are like small business with important records about each family member and the business the family does over time. Keeping family records in an organized manner saves time, trouble, money and frustration.

Family Records: What to Keep Where and For How Long - FE445 - Read More…

Farm Management Planning Guide: Projected 2018 Crop Budgets South West North Dakota (EC1652)

The 2018 crop budgets provide an estimate of revenues and costs for selected crops. Each set of budgets are developed for a multi-county region. There is considerable variation in soil type and productivity, weather conditions, as well as management and production practices within each region.

Farm Management Planning Guide: Projected 2018 Crop Budgets South West North Dakota (EC1652) - Read More…

Farm Management Planning Guide Projected 2018 Crop Budgets South Central North Dakota - EC1653

The 2018 crop budgets provide an estimate of revenues and costs for selected crops. Each set of budgets are developed for a multi-county region. There is considerable variation in soil type and productivity, weather conditions, as well as management and production practices within each region.

Farm Management Planning Guide Projected 2018 Crop Budgets South Central North Dakota - EC1653 - Read More…

Farm Management Planning Guide Projected 2018 Crop Budgets North Central North Dakota - EC1654

The 2018 crop budgets provide an estimate of revenues and costs for selected crops. Each set of budgets are developed for a multi-county region. There is considerable variation in soil type and productivity, weather conditions, as well as management and production practices within each region.

Farm Management Planning Guide Projected 2018 Crop Budgets North Central North Dakota - EC1654 - Read More…

Farm Management Planning Guide Projected 2018 Crop Budgets North East North Dakota - EC1655

The 2018 crop budgets provide an estimate of revenues and costs for selected crops. Each set of budgets are developed for a multi-county region. There is considerable variation in soil type and productivity, weather conditions, as well as management and production practices within each region.

Farm Management Planning Guide Projected 2018 Crop Budgets North East North Dakota - EC1655 - Read More…

Farm Management Planning Guide Projected 2018 Crop Budgets North Valley North Dakota - EC1656

The 2018 crop budgets provide an estimate of revenues and costs for selected crops. Each set of budgets are developed for a multi-county region. There is considerable variation in soil type and productivity, weather conditions, as well as management and production practices within each region.

Farm Management Planning Guide Projected 2018 Crop Budgets North Valley North Dakota - EC1656 - Read More…

Farm Management Planning Guide Projected 2018 Crop Budgets North West North Dakota - EC1657

The 2018 crop budgets provide an estimate of revenues and costs for selected crops. Each set of budgets are developed for a multi-county region. There is considerable variation in soil type and productivity, weather conditions, as well as management and production practices within each region.

Farm Management Planning Guide Projected 2018 Crop Budgets North West North Dakota - EC1657 - Read More…

Farm Management Planning Guide Projected 2018 Crop Budgets East Central North Dakota - EC1658

The 2018 crop budgets provide an estimate of revenues and costs for selected crops. Each set of budgets are developed for a multi-county region. There is considerable variation in soil type and productivity, weather conditions, as well as management and production practices within each region.

Farm Management Planning Guide Projected 2018 Crop Budgets East Central North Dakota - EC1658 - Read More…

Farm Management Planning Guide Projected 2018 Crop Budgets South East North Dakota - EC1659

The 2018 crop budgets provide an estimate of revenues and costs for selected crops. Each set of budgets are developed for a multi-county region. There is considerable variation in soil type and productivity, weather conditions, as well as management and production practices within each region.

Farm Management Planning Guide Projected 2018 Crop Budgets South East North Dakota - EC1659 - Read More…

Farm Management Planning Guide Projected 2018 Crop Budgets South Valley North Dakota - EC1660

The 2018 crop budgets provide an estimate of revenues and costs for selected crops. Each set of budgets are developed for a multi-county region. There is considerable variation in soil type and productivity, weather conditions, as well as management and production practices within each region.

Farm Management Planning Guide Projected 2018 Crop Budgets South Valley North Dakota - EC1660 - Read More…

Farm Management Planning Guide Projected Budgets for Irrigated Crops Central North Dakota - EC1661

These crop budgets provide an estimate of cost and returns for producing various crops under irrigation. The budgets are developed for a multicounty region. Soil type and productivity, as well as weather conditions, vary considerably across the region. These budgets are intended to be used as a guide. Producers should develop their own budgets.

Farm Management Planning Guide Projected Budgets for Irrigated Crops Central North Dakota - EC1661 - Read More…

Farm Management Planning Guide Projected Budgets for Irrigated Crops Eastern North Dakota - EC1662

These crop budgets provide an estimate of cost and returns for producing various crops under irrigation. The budgets are developed for a multicounty region. Soil type and productivity, as well as weather conditions, vary considerably across the region. These budgets are intended to be used as a guide. Producers should develop their own budgets.

Farm Management Planning Guide Projected Budgets for Irrigated Crops Eastern North Dakota - EC1662 - Read More…

Farm Management Planning Guide Projected Budgets for Irrigated Crops Western North Dakota - EC1663

These crop budgets provide an estimate of cost and returns for producing various crops under irrigation. The budgets are developed for a multicounty region. Soil type and productivity, as well as weather conditions, vary considerably across the region. These budgets are intended to be used as a guide. Producers should develop their own budgets.

Farm Management Planning Guide Projected Budgets for Irrigated Crops Western North Dakota - EC1663 - Read More…

Farm Stress Fact Sheets: Farming/Ranching: Stressful Occupations - FS282

Farmers and ranchers experience pressure from many directions. While all of us must contend with economic ups and downs or family concerns, families have added uncertainties like weather and commodity prices that directly influence their livelihoods. Farming and ranching can be challenging occupations due to some of the dangers and stress difficulties that occur.

Farm Stress Fact Sheets: Farming/Ranching: Stressful Occupations - FS282 - Read More…

Farm Stress Fact Sheets: Stress Symptoms - FS283

It is helpful to recognize the early symptoms of stress. These symptoms can include rising blood pressure, rapidly beating heart, clenched teeth, aching neck and shoulders, churning stomach, or excessive fatigue. You and your family can take steps to reduce stress and regain health and self-esteem by noting and managing stress symptoms.

Farm Stress Fact Sheets: Stress Symptoms - FS283 - Read More…

Farm Stress Fact Sheets: Stress Management for Farmers/Ranchers - FS284

Working in agriculture is accompanied by managing a variety of stresses on a regular basis. Learning to control events, attitudes, and responses day-in and day-out will help farmers and ranchers to management those hectic stressful times.

Farm Stress Fact Sheets: Stress Management for Farmers/Ranchers - FS284 - Read More…

Farm Stress Fact Sheets: Stress Management for Farm/Ranch Couples - FS285

Working together under pressure, changing roles, and holding down more than one job can add up to one thing-high stress levels for farm/ranch couples. But by being sensitivities, communication, and relaxing together, a husband and wife can ease pressures and cope with stresses.

Farm Stress Fact Sheets: Stress Management for Farm/Ranch Couples - FS285 - Read More…

Farm Stress Fact Sheets: When Generations Farm/Ranch Together - FS286

Many benefits can exist when generations in a family farm or ranch together. However, conflicts or challenges may arise that develop into stressful situations. Sharing decisions, asking for what you want, listening well, and resolving conflicts quickly can help to reduce or eliminate stress among generations farming or ranching together.

Farm Stress Fact Sheets: When Generations Farm/Ranch Together - FS286 - Read More…

Farm/Ranch Stress Management Plan - FS287

Farm and ranch families experience a variety of additional life stresses, such as uncertain weather conditions or machinery breakdowns. By meeting together and planning ahead, family members can take steps to reduce or eliminate stress. Use this planning guide to create a stress management plan that works for you.

Farm/Ranch Stress Management Plan - FS287 - Read More…

Farming and Ranching in Tough Times - FS1804

Farmers and ranchers experience pressures from many directions. Stresses can pile up and result physical or mental health concerns. Individuals can take steps to reduce stress and improve health by noting and managing stress symptoms. Also, learning to control events, attitudes, and responses will help farmers and ranchers to manage the stresses of tough times.

Farming and Ranching in Tough Times - FS1804 - Read More…

Farmstead Energy Audit - AE1366

The purpose of this publication is to give tips on ways to reduce costs for your operation. By reducing the amount of energy you consume, you not only will be saving money, but also reducing possible pollution and reducing the consumption of nonrenewable resources.

Farmstead Energy Audit - AE1366 - Read More…

Feeding Coproducts of the Ethanol Industry to Beef Cattle - AS1242

Coproducts from the ethanol industry are useful feed ingredients for beef cattle producers. Corn distillers grains are high in energy and protein and can be fed wet or dry in many different types of rations.

Feeding Coproducts of the Ethanol Industry to Beef Cattle - AS1242 - Read More…

Feeding Corn to Beef Cattle - AS1238

Corn commonly is used as a feed grain in beef cattle diets throughout the U.S. However, until recently in many parts of North Dakota and other northern-tier states, feeding corn was less common. With the availability and improvement of shorter-season corn varieties, corn plantings in North Dakota increased nearly 40 percent from 2008 to 2017. In 2017, 427 million bushels of corn were produced in North Dakota. This has resulted in more interest in using corn as a feedstuff for beef cattle.

Feeding Corn to Beef Cattle - AS1238 - Read More…

Feeding Management for Backgrounders - AS1158

This publication addresses feeding management guidelines that can improve the success of backgrounding operations and practices that can lower the cost of gain in backgrounding operations.

Feeding Management for Backgrounders - AS1158 - Read More…

Feeding Sugar Beet Byproducts to Cattle - AS1365

The sugar beet industry produces a wide variety of useful byproducts for livestock feeders. The decision to incorporate sugar beet byproducts into diets should be based on economics, local availability, and feasibility of storage, handling and feeding. For the wet byproducts, careful attention should be given to transportation costs and storage. In addition, rations containing sugar beet byproducts should be balanced properly to achieve targeted livestock performance.

Feeding Sugar Beet Byproducts to Cattle - AS1365 - Read More…

Feeding Value of Sprouted Grains - AS647

In North Dakota, having wet weather conditions that delay the harvest is not unusual. These conditions can cause small grains to sprout in the swath or in the head, making them unsuitable for use in the milling, brewing and food industries. However, this grain can be fed to livestock.

Feeding Value of Sprouted Grains - AS647 - Read More…

Fellowship Food: Nourishing the Body and the Soul - FN1449

Help people stay healthy by providing nourishing options. Many people shortchange themselves on fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Eating a diet rich in these foods can promote good health by helping reduce our risk of heart disease, cancer and other diseases. If you are bringing a dish to a potluck, consider providing the veggies, fruits or whole grains. Bring a large nutrient-rich salad with a variety of greens and sprinkle with dried fruit and nuts or seeds. Bring whole-grain bread or crackers.

Fellowship Food: Nourishing the Body and the Soul - FN1449 - Read More…

Fertilizer Application With Small-grain Seed at Planting - SF1751

Applying fertilizer with the seed at planting is one successful soil management practice that has long been recognized as a means to improve small grain yields. Grain seeders have been adapted with fertilizer attachments, enabling farmers to apply a small amount of fertilizer with the seed and plant in one operation.

Fertilizer Application With Small-grain Seed at Planting - SF1751 - Read More…

Fertilizing Canola and Mustard SF1122 (Revised)

This is an updated circular for a crop that is important to the livelihood of North Dakota framers north of highway 2, generally. All references to yield-based nutrient formulas are taken out of this revision.

Fertilizing Canola and Mustard SF1122 (Revised) - Read More…

Fertilizing Canola and Mustard - SF1122

Canola is an important crop in North Dakota. It is grown for its oil content for both food and fuel purposes. Nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) requirements of canola and mustard are similar to those of small grains. Sulfur (S) requirements for canola are higher than most crops. Soil test results direct fertilizer rates for N, P, K and S. Soil cores should be taken from 0 to 24 inches deep and divided into 0- to 6-inch and 6- to 24-inch samples. P and K should be analyzed on the 0- to 6-inch sample, while N and S should be tested on each depth.

Fertilizing Canola and Mustard - SF1122 - Read More…

Fertilizing Flax SF717 (Revised)

Flax is an ancient crop. Evidence indicates it was cultivated in the Middle East as early as 7000 B.C. Ancient Egyptians cultivated flax extensively as a fiber crop for linen production, while other peoples utilized the seed for food as well as the fiber. Today, growers in Canada and the U.S. grow seed flax varieties.

Fertilizing Flax SF717 (Revised) - Read More…

Fertilizing Hard Red Spring Wheat and Durum (SF712 Revised)

Nitrogen management is a key to successful wheat production. Recommendations include consideration of wheat yield and protein response to added N within three major state agri-climatology zones, and the use of wheat price and N cost in determining N rate. These recommendations are based on the concept that identifies an optimal N rate for greatest net income, not greatest yield.

Fertilizing Hard Red Spring Wheat and Durum (SF712 Revised) - Read More…

Fertilizing Malting and Feed Barley (SF723 (Revised)

The yield-based N rate formula has been terminated. These recommendations have been updated to reflect that yield and N rate are not related between environments. Also, N recommendations for western ND have been modified to incorporate the special requirements for achieving malting grade in that environment.

Fertilizing Malting and Feed Barley (SF723 (Revised) - Read More…

Fertilizing Pinto, Navy and Other Dry Edible Bean SF720 (Revised)

Dry beans are unique in crop fertilizer needs. This circular directs growers to an appropriate strategy for fertilizer efficiency and high yielding, high quality dry bean harvests.

Fertilizing Pinto, Navy and Other Dry Edible Bean SF720 (Revised) - Read More…

Fertilizing Potato in North Dakota SF715 (Revised)

The previous edition provided a nutrient rate to potato regardless of varietal efficiency nad harvest date. This edition provides this updated information and also recommendation potassium based in part on soil clay chemistry.

Fertilizing Potato in North Dakota SF715 (Revised) - Read More…

Fertilizing Sugar Beet in North Dakota (SF714 Revised)

Sugar beet growers in this region are paid based on the tons of recoverable sucrose that is extracted from their crop. Therefore, sugar beet profitability depends on producing a high-tonnage crop that is high in sucrose percentage.

Fertilizing Sugar Beet in North Dakota (SF714 Revised) - Read More…

Fertilizing Sunflower - SF713

This revision is the results of 48 field trials from 2012-2015 studying the yield and oil response of sunflower to nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizer. The new recommendations include no phosphorus needed for sunflower and nitrogen rate based on region, tillage, soil test nitrate with a cap due to excessive lodging potential at high nitrogen rates.

Fertilizing Sunflower - SF713 - Read More…

Fertilizing Winter Rye - SF1462

Rye previously was grouped with wheat in fertility recommendations, but rye has unique nutrient requirements that separate it from other grains. Nitrogen requirements are not as high, even though yield may be comparable to wheat. Because economic return for rye is not as high as for wheat, other nutrient recommendations are more modest. A significant amount of rye is grown organically, so suggestions for fertilizing in an organic system also are included.

Fertilizing Winter Rye - SF1462 - Read More…

Fertilizing Winter Wheat (SF1448 Revised)

Winter wheat fertilization recommendations in North Dakota previously were similar to spring wheat and durum. As a larger research base was developed for spring wheat and durum, separating the winter wheat from other wheats became necessary due to their unique nutrient requirements.

Fertilizing Winter Wheat (SF1448 Revised) - Read More…

Field Guide to Sustainable Production of High-quality Durum Wheat in North Dakota (A1825)

This publication provide guidelines as to the best practices for the production of durum wheat with a focus on its production in North Dakota. It addresses the major production practices of planting date, variety selection, fertility management, and pest control.

Field Guide to Sustainable Production of High-quality Durum Wheat in North Dakota (A1825) - Read More…

Field Pea Grain and Forage for Beef Cattle - AS1301

This publication provides nutritional value and feeding recomendations for field pea grain and forage. It reviews research feeding pea to beef cattle in production stages of creep feed, backgrounding, finishing and supplementation to cows. It also provides background in field pea production.

Field Pea Grain and Forage for Beef Cattle - AS1301 - Read More…

Field Pea Production - A1166

The North Dakota Field Pea Production guide is intended to provide growers field pea production information including variety selection principles, field selection, seeding rate, seed treatments, inoculation, fertilization, weed control, diseases, insect pests, harvest and storage and markets.

Field Pea Production - A1166 - Read More…

Field to Fork Onions! - FN1794

Many types of onions are available to grow and use. Onions are ranked sixth among the world’s leading vegetable crops. On average, people eat about 20 pounds of onions a year.

Field to Fork Onions! - FN1794 - Read More…

Field to Fork Pumpkins! - FN1796

Pumpkins are one of the colorful symbols of autumn. Most people think of using them solely for the purpose of carving and displaying, but pumpkin can be used in many ways on your menu, including soups and desserts. Try roasting the seeds for a crunchy snack.

Field to Fork Pumpkins! - FN1796 - Read More…

Field to Fork: Apples! - FN1792

Apples are members of the rose family, and more than 7,500 varieties are grown throughout the world. Apples can be eaten fresh, frozen, canned or dried.

Field to Fork: Apples! - FN1792 - Read More…

Field to Fork: Edamame! (FN1836)

Field to Fork is a program to provide information about growing, transporting, processing and preserving specialty-crop fruits and vegetables safely.

Field to Fork: Edamame! (FN1836) - Read More…

Field to Fork: Leafy Greens! - FN1793

Leafy greens include lettuce, spinach, Swiss chard, kale and arugula. They are easy to grow and prepare, and provide a wide variety of nutrients.

Field to Fork: Leafy Greens! - FN1793 - Read More…

Field to Fork: Potatoes! - FN1795

More than 5,000 varieties of potatoes are grown throughout the world. The average person in the U.S. eats 124 pounds of potatoes every year. Potatoes can be used in a wide variety of recipes.

Field to Fork: Potatoes! - FN1795 - Read More…

Field to Fork: Raspberries! - FN1797

Raspberries are part of the rose family, and numerous varieties are available. The low-calorie fruits add flavor, color and nutrition to your menu.

Field to Fork: Raspberries! - FN1797 - Read More…

Field to Fork: Snap Beans! - FN1798

Snap beans are delicious vegetables that are easy for people of all ages to grow. They are easy to preserve, so we can enjoy them year-round.

Field to Fork: Snap Beans! - FN1798 - Read More…

Field to Fork: Summer Squash! (FN1837)

Field to Fork is a program to provide information about growing, transporting, processing and preserving specialty-crop fruits and vegetables safely.

Field to Fork: Summer Squash! (FN1837) - Read More…

Field to Fork: Sweet Corn! - FN1799

Sweet corn on the cob (or off the cob) is a tasty addition to meals. Corn, also called “maize,” is sold by color, not variety (white, yellow or bicolor). Corn can be preserved in different ways to be enjoyed year-round.

Field to Fork: Sweet Corn! - FN1799 - Read More…

Field to Fork: Tomatoes! - FN1800

Botanically, a tomato is classified as a fruit because it has seeds and is derived from flower tissue. Nutritionists consider tomatoes to be “vegetables” on the menu. Tomatoes can be frozen, canned or dried, so we can enjoy them year-round.

Field to Fork: Tomatoes! - FN1800 - Read More…

Field to Fork: Winter Squash! - FN1801

Squash has been used as a nutritious food for thousands of years in North America. You might find buttercup, butternut, acorn and/or spaghetti squash in your local grocery store. Botanists consider squash to be a fruit, but it is used as a vegetable on menus.

Field to Fork: Winter Squash! - FN1801 - Read More…

Fight BAC! Keep Food Safe This Holiday Season: Let’s Talk Turkey (FN1443 Revised)

Turkey anyone? Who can resist the smell of turkey roasting in the oven, growing ever more golden brown almost by the minute, its gravy-making juices crackling and sizzling in the bottom of the roaster pan.

Fight BAC! Keep Food Safe This Holiday Season: Let’s Talk Turkey (FN1443 Revised) - Read More…

Fight BAC! Safe Handling of Fresh Fruits and Vegetables - FN608

Handling fruits and vegetables safely is easy. Although an invisible enemy may be in your kitchen, by practicing the recommendations here you can Fight BAC!

Fight BAC! Safe Handling of Fresh Fruits and Vegetables - FN608 - Read More…

Filling Sandbags - DE1524

The proper way to fill sandbags is shown in this publication.

Filling Sandbags - DE1524 - Read More…

Filtration: Sediment, Activated Carbon and Mixed Media - WQ1029

Filtering your drinking water can be an inexpensive and simple method of removing many aesthetic problems such as odor and color.

Filtration: Sediment, Activated Carbon and Mixed Media - WQ1029 - Read More…

Finding the Truth II: Are Popular Nutrition and Health Information Sources Reliable? - FN600

We’re all bombarded with information about nutrition and health. This publication will explore a few popular nutrition information sources and ways to determine if information is reliable.

Finding the Truth II: Are Popular Nutrition and Health Information Sources Reliable? - FN600 - Read More…

Flax Production in North Dakota - A1038

Flax production goes back to ancient history. Producers grow two types of flax: seed flax for the oil in its seed and fiber flax for the fiber in its stem. North Dakota is the leading producer of flax for oil and food use in the United States. Flax is an annual plant that has one main stem. Flax is a self-pollinated crop; usually is sown on the same type of land that grows wheat and barley.

Flax Production in North Dakota - A1038 - Read More…

Flood Recovery Guide for Green Infrastructure in Communities - F1696

The historic floods of 2011 caused millions of dollars in damage and imposed great hardship on those affected. Low-lying areas along the Missouri and Souris rivers sustained unprecedented damage. The floods negatively impacted the trees and forests in these areas as well. Although the challenges posed by natural disasters can be quite variable, some common components must be accounted for in green infrastructure when such events occur. These include ensuring public safety; assessing damage; removing, disposing of and using wood waste; interagency coordination; and replanting efforts.

Flood Recovery Guide for Green Infrastructure in Communities - F1696 - Read More…

Flood Recovery: Dealing with Continuing Basement Seepage - DE1570

A water table above the basement floor causes water to continually seek ways to enter the basement. This publication touches on what happens when that occurs and what can be done to prevent it from happening.

Flood Recovery: Dealing with Continuing Basement Seepage - DE1570 - Read More…

Focus on Fruits & Vegetables: Try Adding Some Fruits and Vegetables to Your Grilling Menu (FN1856)

Grilled fruits and vegetables add color, texture, flavor and nutrition without addingmany calories. Grilling adds a smoky flavor and caramelizes natural sugars to enhance sweetness

Focus on Fruits & Vegetables: Try Adding Some Fruits and Vegetables to Your Grilling Menu (FN1856) - Read More…

Focus on Whole Fruits: Add Some Fruit to Your Diet (FN1844)

Many people do not meet the current daily recommendations for fruits (or vegetables). On average, adults need at least 1½ cups of fruit per day.

Focus on Whole Fruits: Add Some Fruit to Your Diet (FN1844) - Read More…

Focus on Whole Fruits: Serve More Fruit (FN1846)

Fruit is naturally sweet and provides a source of natural sugar to your diet.

Focus on Whole Fruits: Serve More Fruit (FN1846) - Read More…

Focus on Whole Fruits: Why Eat Fruit? (FN1843)

Fruit is nutritious, colorful and flavorful. Most fruits are naturally low in fat, sodium and calories. Fruit provides many essential nutrients that often are underconsumed, including vitamins C and A and folate, as well as potassium and dietary fiber. Eating more fiber-rich, low-calorie fresh fruit in place of higher-calorie foods can help decrease your overall calorie intake.

Focus on Whole Fruits: Why Eat Fruit? (FN1843) - Read More…

Folic Acid: A Vitamin Important at Any Age - FN680

The body uses folic acid to produce cells, including red blood cells, so it is important for men and women at all ages. Folic acid has been shown to help prevent up to 70 percent of birth defects of the brain and spinal cord, also known as neural tube defects. All women of childbearing age need folic acid before and during pregnancy. Adequate folic acid during pregnancy also may help prevent cleft lip/palate and other birth defects.

Folic Acid: A Vitamin Important at Any Age - FN680 - Read More…

Food Freezing Basics: Freezing Poultry and Fish - FN615

This publication guides you through proper techniques for freezing, thawing and preparing poultry and fish.

Food Freezing Basics: Freezing Poultry and Fish - FN615 - Read More…

Food Freezing Basics: Freezing Dairy Products, Eggs and Other Foods - FN616

This publication provides basic instructions for freezing dairy products, eggs along with, extra hints for additional foods.

Food Freezing Basics: Freezing Dairy Products, Eggs and Other Foods - FN616 - Read More…

Food Freezing Basics: Methods of Wrapping (FN613)

Proper packaging helps keep food from drying out preserves nutritive value, flavor, texture and color.

Food Freezing Basics: Methods of Wrapping (FN613) - Read More…

Food Freezing Basics: Packaging, Loading the Freezer and Refreezing - FN614

Freezing is one of the easiest, quickest, most versatile and most convenient methods of preserving foods. Properly frozen foods maintain more of their original color, flavor and texture and generally more of their nutrients than foods preserved by other methods.

Food Freezing Basics: Packaging, Loading the Freezer and Refreezing - FN614 - Read More…

Food Pantry Wish List - FN1651

Use these ideas to help you choose healthful foods to donate to food pantries.

Food Pantry Wish List - FN1651 - Read More…

Food Preservation Facts or Myths? - FN1427

Food preservation guidelines have changed through time. Test your knowledge of current food preservation recommendations by deciding if these statements are facts or myths. See the answers and explanations on the back.

Food Preservation Facts or Myths? - FN1427 - Read More…

FOOD PRESERVATION: Let’s Preserve Fruit Pie Fillings FN-434 (Revised)

The fruit fillings in this publication are excellent and safe products. Each canned quart makes one 8-inch to 9-inch pie. Fillings may be used as toppings on dessert or pastries. Clear Jel is a starch modified to produce excellent sauce consistency even after fillings are canned and baked. Other available household starches break down, causing a runny sauce consistency when used in pie fillings.

FOOD PRESERVATION: Let’s Preserve Fruit Pie Fillings FN-434 (Revised) - Read More…

Food Preservation: Reduced-sugar or No-sugar Fruit Spreads (FN1895)

Do you like apple or grape jelly on toast, muffins or other foods? Some people are trying to consume less sugar and calories in their diet. This handout provides research-tested recipes for reduced-sugar refrigerated fruit spreads that are easy to make.

Food Preservation: Reduced-sugar or No-sugar Fruit Spreads (FN1895) - Read More…

Food Safety Basics: A Reference Guide for Foodservice Operators - FN572

This manual for foodservice operators reviews basic aspects of food sanitation throughout a foodservice operation and provides reference materials on food storage and other aspects of food safety.

Food Safety Basics: A Reference Guide for Foodservice Operators - FN572 - Read More…

Food Storage Guide Answers the Question . . . (FN579 Revised)

This publication provides handling tips and recommendations for storing food in your cupboards, refrigerator or freezer.

Food Storage Guide Answers the Question . . . (FN579 Revised) - Read More…

Freezing Fruits - FN182

Freezing is one of the easiest methods of preserving foods. Following the guidelines in this circular will help ensure that your frozen fruits remain nutritious and high in quality.

Freezing Fruits - FN182 - Read More…

Freezing Vegetables - FN187

Following the guidelines in this publication will help ensure that your frozen vegetables remain nutritious and high in quality.

Freezing Vegetables - FN187 - Read More…

Frequently Asked Questions About Subsurface (Tile) Drainage - AE1690

Installation of subsurface (tile) drainage systems in the upper Great Plains, especially the Red River of the North valley, has increased since the late 1990s. A wet climate cycle, along with increased crop prices and land values, are the major reasons this technology is being put to use. As a relatively new practice in this region, many questions are being asked about tile drainage. This publication attempts to provide some answers.

Frequently Asked Questions About Subsurface (Tile) Drainage - AE1690 - Read More…

From field to table a pocket guide for the care and handling of Deer and Elk - FN536

Concern has grown in recent years about a disease affecting deer and elk called Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD), which belongs to a family of diseases known as Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies (TSEs). Therefore, hunters should take a few simple precautions when handling and transporting deer or elk carcasses.

From field to table a pocket guide for the care and handling of Deer and Elk - FN536 - Read More…

From Garden to Table: Garlic - H1409

While garlic can be purchased in most grocery stores in different forms, growing garlic in your own garden is both fun and easy. This publication talks about the different kinds, the growing practices, preservation and recipes.

From Garden to Table: Garlic - H1409 - Read More…

From Garden to Table: Harvesting Herbs for Healthy Eating - H1267

Herbs have been used for cooking, medicine, aromatherapy, religious ceremonies, pest control, and simply for decoration, since pre-Biblical times. The purpose of this publication is to serve as a guide in growing and using herbs for culinary purposes.

From Garden to Table: Harvesting Herbs for Healthy Eating - H1267 - Read More…

From Garden to Table: Leafy Greens! - H1754

Learn how to successfully grow leafy greens such as lettuce, spinach, kale, Swiss chard, and more. After harvesting your bountiful greens, prepare them using one of these delicious recipes.

From Garden to Table: Leafy Greens! - H1754 - Read More…

From Garden to Table: My Potatoes Turned Green Now What? - A1768

Potato tubers turn green when they are exposed to sunlight during growth or storage. The green comes from the pigment chlorophyll. Potato tubers exposed to light will become green naturally as the plant seeks to harvest the light.

From Garden to Table: My Potatoes Turned Green Now What? - A1768 - Read More…

From Orchard to Table: Apples! (FN1847)

Research continues to show that the fiber and natural antioxidants and other phytochemicals ("plant chemicals") in apples may help prevent chronic diseases. Learn about growing apple trees, apples and health, and how to preserve and prepare apples.

From Orchard to Table: Apples! (FN1847) - Read More…

From the Garden or Orchard to the Table: Getting Started With Home Winemaking - FN1638

This publication provides information to help you get started with making wine at home from locally grown fruit. It includes directions to make wine from apples, black currants, cherries, strawberries and rhubarb.

From the Garden or Orchard to the Table: Getting Started With Home Winemaking - FN1638 - Read More…

From The Garden or Orchard to the Table: Jams and Jellies from North Dakota Fruits - FN590

What kinds of fruit can be successfully grown in North Dakota? What are some tested and tasty recipes for making the preserves? That’s what this circular is all about — growing and preserving the fruits of summer!

From The Garden or Orchard to the Table: Jams and Jellies from North Dakota Fruits - FN590 - Read More…

From the Garden to the Table: Salsa! - FN584

While many excellent types of salsa are available in supermarkets, you can tailor homemade fresh salsa to suit your own taste buds. By following guidelines in this publication, you can safely process salsa in a water bath canner for later enjoyment.

From the Garden to the Table: Salsa! - FN584 - Read More…

Fusarium Head Blight (Scab) of Small Grains (PP804 Revised)

This publication provides information for the identification and management of Fusarium head blight and associated mycotoxins.

Fusarium Head Blight (Scab) of Small Grains (PP804 Revised) - Read More…

Fusarium Yellows of Sugar Beet - PP1247

Fusarium yellows of sugarbeet was identified in the Red River Valley in a few fields between Moorhead, Minn., and Drayton, N.D., in 2002. Fusarium yellows is caused by the fungus Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. betae, although other Fusarium species can be involved as secondary invaders. The disease causes significant reduction in root yield and recoverable sucrose. In storage, the quality of infected roots may deteriorate more rapidly than in noninfected roots.

Fusarium Yellows of Sugar Beet - PP1247 - Read More…

Gardening With Children - FN1372

This publication summarizes the benefits of gardening with children and provide information about basic garden preparation, tools and resources for parents/adults.

Gardening With Children - FN1372 - Read More…

Germ Defense Pyramid - FN1349

This publication provides timetables and solution recommendations for cleaning and disinfecting your home.

Germ Defense Pyramid - FN1349 - Read More…

Get the Facts! Steps to Reading and Understanding Nutrition Facts Labels - FN1404

You can make quick, informed decisions about foods by following these steps to reading Nutrition Facts labels on food packages.

Get the Facts! Steps to Reading and Understanding Nutrition Facts Labels - FN1404 - Read More…

Get the Most Out of Your Windbreak: Protecting Your Investment (F1808)

This is an informational handout on maintaining your windbreak as an investment for your property. Information on water and nutrients needs, weed control and protection from damage are briefly discussed.

Get the Most Out of Your Windbreak: Protecting Your Investment (F1808) - Read More…

Give the Gift of Joy With a Quick Bread Mix (FN1888)

The act of gift giving originated centuries ago and continues today. Gift giving has become a common part of peoples’ everyday lives — from commemorating special occasions to expressing gratitude. Several cultures practice the thoughtful gesture, and it brings people from different backgrounds together.

Give the Gift of Joy With a Quick Bread Mix (FN1888) - Read More…

Good Nutrition for Busy Families (FN1432 Revised)

With work, meetings and school activities, families have many distractions that keep them away from the family table. Eating together, however, has many benefits. Family meals promote communication skills, cooperation, cooking skills and table manners. Families who eat together also tend to eat more nutritiously. Further, children who help prepare a meal tend to eat the food prepared.

Good Nutrition for Busy Families (FN1432 Revised) - Read More…

Got Calcium? - FN587

This publication highlights the importance of calcium in your diet. It includes daily calcium recommendations, the amount of calcium in common foods, and suggestions for increasing calcium in your diet.

Got Calcium? - FN587 - Read More…

Grass Tetany - V1703

This publication provides clientele with overview of Grass Tetany, symptoms of the disorder, and management guidelines to prevent the disorder.

Grass Tetany - V1703 - Read More…

Ground-source Heat Pumps - AE1483

A heat pump can be an efficient alternative to a standard home heating system. Moreover, during the cooling season, its function can be reversed, and it becomes an air conditioner. Heating and cooling buildings using ground-source heat pump systems (also known as geothermal heat pumps) are becoming more and more popular.

Ground-source Heat Pumps - AE1483 - Read More…

Growing Chickpea in North Dakota (A1236 Revised)

The Growing Chickpeas in North Dakota production information provides growers with crop management, diseases, and insects and tips to select varieties for the designated market.

Growing Chickpea in North Dakota (A1236 Revised) - Read More…

Growing Grapes in North Dakota: A Guide for Home Gardeners and Hobby Growers - H1761

This publication guides home gardeners through the process of choosing an optimal site for planting, selecting hardy cultivars, and training and pruning the vines. In addition, his guide provides information on managing disease and insects that are common to North Dakota.

Growing Grapes in North Dakota: A Guide for Home Gardeners and Hobby Growers - H1761 - Read More…

Handling Food Through Floods - FN1549

Flood water may carry silt, raw sewage, oil or chemical waste. If foods have been in contact with flood waters, use this information to determine their safety.

Handling Food Through Floods - FN1549 - Read More…

Handling Liquid Feed Commodities - AS1272

Liquid feeds are useful for conditioning rations, improving palatability, reducing dustiness and providing nutrients to livestock. Many liquid byproduct materials are available for use in beef cattle rations. In addition, a number of commercial liquid supplement products also are available.

Handling Liquid Feed Commodities - AS1272 - Read More…

Hard White Wheat: Producing North Dakota’s Next Market Opportunity (A1310 Revised)

This publication provides background information about growing hard white wheat, the challenges of its production and the current recommendations for growing it in North Dakota.

Hard White Wheat: Producing North Dakota’s Next Market Opportunity (A1310 Revised) - Read More…

Harvest Health at Home: Fast Fiber Facts - FN1460

The National Institutes of Health recommends 20 to 35 grams of fiber daily for older children, adolescents and adults. Increase your fiber intake slowly, and drink plenty of water to avoid digestive upset.

Harvest Health at Home: Fast Fiber Facts - FN1460 - Read More…

Harvest Health at Home: Rate Your Fiber Fitness - FN1458

Fiber isn’t a “miracle food,”but adding fiber-rich foods to your diet can have health benefits. The National Cancer Institute suggests that foods high in fiber may be protective against some cancers, particularly colon cancer. Although the National Cancer Institute recommends getting 20 to 35 grams of fiber per day. Soluble fiber (found in oats, dry edible beans, barley and fruits) helps lower blood cholesterol and may reduce the risk of heart disease. Insoluble fiber (found in wheat bran, whole-wheat products and vegetables) helps prevent ulcers, constipation, hemorrhoids and diverticulosis. High fiber foods usually are low in calories and many are inexpensive, too.

Harvest Health at Home: Rate Your Fiber Fitness - FN1458 - Read More…

Harvesting, Storing and Feeding Corn as Earlage - AS1490

Earlage is growing in popularity in this region of the country because it allows the production of a relatively high-energy feed product, which can be harvested, stored and fed much like corn silage, using the same types of equipment that are used to produce corn silage.

Harvesting, Storing and Feeding Corn as Earlage - AS1490 - Read More…

Harvesting, Storing and Feeding High-moisture Corn - AS1484

High-moisture corn (HMC) offers many advantages for producers who feed beef or dairy cattle. However, successfully using high-moisture corn requires attention to harvest timing, processing, storage conditions and feeding management.

Harvesting, Storing and Feeding High-moisture Corn - AS1484 - Read More…

Have a Healthy Heart - FN589 - Condensed Version

Have you thought about your heart lately? On average, your heart beats about 100,000 times per day, pumping nutrients and oxygen throughout the body. Taking this hard-working group of muscles for granted can be easy. Heart disease is the leading cause of death for both men and women in the United States. This is the condensed version of the 8 page FN589, "Have a Healthy Heart".

Have a Healthy Heart - FN589 - Condensed Version - Read More…

Have a Healthy Heart - FN589

On average, your heart beats about 100,000 times per day, pumping nutrients and oxygen throughout the body. Taking this hard-working group of muscles for granted can be easy. Heart disease is the leading cause of death for both men and women in the United States. The purpose of this publication is to increase awareness of heart disease risk factors for women and ways for everyone to improve heart health through lifestyle choices. Having regular checkups and discussing any health-related issues with your physician or health-care provider is important.

Have a Healthy Heart - FN589 - Read More…

Healthwise for Guys: Skin Cancer (FN1869 Revised)

Skin cancer is the uncontrolled growth of skin cells due to DNA damage. Basal cell and squamous cell carcinoma are the most common and highly curable types of skin cancer. A third type, melanoma, causes the most deaths.

Healthwise for Guys: Skin Cancer (FN1869 Revised) - Read More…

Healthwise For Women: Colon Cancer (FN1905)

According to the American Cancer Society, colon cancer is the third most common cause of cancer deaths for men and women in the U.S. One in 24 women and one in 22 men will develop colorectal cancer in their lifetime.

Healthwise For Women: Colon Cancer (FN1905) - Read More…

Healthwise For Women: Skin Cancer (FN1906)

According to one study, self-checks of skin may decrease mortality from melanoma by 63 percent because doctors do not routinely check for skin abnormalities.

Healthwise For Women: Skin Cancer (FN1906) - Read More…

Healthy Eating on the Run - FN1474

Imagine you are planning your grocery list. You know you have limited time to prepare meals and snacks each day. Many people struggle to make healthful food choices with today´s busy schedules.

Healthy Eating on the Run - FN1474 - Read More…

Healthy Skin: The Movie - FN1619

Using a story board format, "Healthy Skin:The Movie" takes teens and preteens through some lessons about skin care, including good nutrition and sun protection.

Healthy Skin: The Movie - FN1619 - Read More…

Heating Farm Shops (AE 1620 Revised)

A number of choices are available when selecting a heating system for the farm shop. This publication will help you make a more informed choice.

Heating Farm Shops (AE 1620 Revised) - Read More…

Helping Flooded Trees and Shrubs - H1592

In North Dakota, some trees and shrubs have died and others are declining because of flood-related problems. However, you can help trees and shrubs recover. This publication gives you information to help trees and shrubs.

Helping Flooded Trees and Shrubs - H1592 - Read More…

Herbicide Mode of Action and Sugar Beet Injury Symptoms (A1085)

This technical bulletin has been updated and includes herbicide families that were not discovered when the original bulletin was written. The bulletin contains improved image quality.

Herbicide Mode of Action and Sugar Beet Injury Symptoms (A1085) - Read More…

Home Canning Fruit and Fruit Products - FN174

Processing is essential to ensure safety when canning fruits. Fruits, being acidic foods, can be processed safely in a boiling-water bath. However, some people prefer to pressure-process fruits.

Home Canning Fruit and Fruit Products - FN174 - Read More…

Home Canning Low-Acid Vegetables - FN173

The method used for canning a product is determined primarily by the acidity of the food or mixture of foods being canned. Low-acid foods must be processed in a pressure canner to be free of botulism risks.

Home Canning Low-Acid Vegetables - FN173 - Read More…

Home Canning Meat Poultry, Red Meats, Game and Seafood (FN188 (Revised))

Poultry, red meats, game and seafoods are low-acid foods and must be processed in a pressure canner to assure their safety. This publications provides general tips for high-quality products, general procedures and recipes.

Home Canning Meat Poultry, Red Meats, Game and Seafood (FN188 (Revised)) - Read More…

Home Canning Meat Poultry, Red Meats, Game and Seafood - FN188

Poultry, red meats, game and seafoods are low-acid foods and must be processed in a pressure canner to assure their safety. This publications provides general tips for high-quality products, general procedures and recipes.

Home Canning Meat Poultry, Red Meats, Game and Seafood - FN188 - Read More…

Home Lawn Establishment - H1311

With the short growing season in the upper Midwest, homeowners’ desire to have a decent-looking lawn is high. Whether you are establishing a lawn, or you’re a frustrated homeowner wanting to improve what exists for turfgrass, the information in this publication will provide steps to a more attractive lawn.

Home Lawn Establishment - H1311 - Read More…

Home Lawn Problems and Solutions for North Dakota (H1553)

This publication will assist the homeowner in identifying problems involving common weeds, diseases and insects that affect turfgrass. Practical advise is offered to help homeowners remedy the problems.

Home Lawn Problems and Solutions for North Dakota (H1553) - Read More…

Houndstongue (Cynoglossum officinale L.) Identification and Control - Stop the Spread - W1307

Houndstongue is a biennial, poisonous herb that is native to Eurasia. The plant is a member of the Borage family, which includes more commonly known plants such as Virginia bluebells, forget-me-nots and the fiddlenecks. Houndstongue commonly is found in disturbed areas, including roadsides and trails, and in pasture and woodlands following soil disturbance or overgrazing.

Houndstongue (Cynoglossum officinale L.) Identification and Control - Stop the Spread - W1307 - Read More…

Houseplants Proper Care and Management of Pest Problems - PP744

This publication summarizes how to properly grow houseplants and control the insect and mite pests and diseases that infest houseplants. Pest identification, damage symptoms and pest management strategies are described for insect and mite pests and diseases.

Houseplants Proper Care and Management of Pest Problems - PP744 - Read More…

How Can I Prevent Diabetes? - FN1766

Receiving any diagnosis can be overwhelming and scary. This handout will help give you a better understanding of prediabetes and answer some of your basic questions about prediabetes.

How Can I Prevent Diabetes? - FN1766 - Read More…

How to Compost (FN1903)

Food waste occurs at home. In fact, wasted food in homes accounts for up to 40 percent of the total food waste, according to the Natural Resources Defense Council. We can’t save all the food, but most of us can take steps to reduce food waste at home.

How to Compost (FN1903) - Read More…

How to for Assess Nitrogen Problems in Water Resources (AE1217)

Over the years, scientists have come to realize that accurately predicting nitrogen (N) problems in water resources depends on knowledge of the interaction among many factors. It is a complicated process that we have not yet mastered, but we do know that some factors consistently exert significant control over the processes that affect N mobility, availability, and accessibility. Determining the value of these factors and combining those values into a single value assigned to a specific geographic area is the basis for assessment.

How to for Assess Nitrogen Problems in Water Resources (AE1217) - Read More…

How to Teach People With Low Vision - FN1672

The goal of this publication is to help adapt the teaching environment for those with low vision.

How to Teach People With Low Vision - FN1672 - Read More…

Identification and Control of INVASIVE AND TROUBLESOME WEEDS in North Dakota (W1411 Revised )

This publication includes photos of all North Dakota state and county listed noxious weeds as well as "troublesome" plants such as poison ivy. Methods to identify and control each weed are discussed and why the plant is a concern in the state is explained. This is a major revision since the first publication in 2010.

Identification and Control of INVASIVE AND TROUBLESOME WEEDS in North Dakota (W1411 Revised ) - Read More…

Identification and Control of Purple Loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria L.) - W1132

Purple loosestrife, a beautiful garden plant with an aggressive nature, was first introduced into North America in the early 1800s. The plant was sold in North Dakota by its genus name Lythrum for at least 50 years. Lythrum plants were brought to North Dakota for flower gardens because of their striking color, ease of growth, winter hardiness, and lack of insect or disease problems. The garden varieties of purple loosestrife were sold by many cultivar names including Morden Pink, Drop-more Purple, and Morden Gleam. These garden cultivars were thought to be sterile but have now been shown to cross-pollinate with the wild Lythrum type and sometimes with other Lythrum cultivars.

Identification and Control of Purple Loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria L.) - W1132 - Read More…

Impact of Planting Dates on Dry Edible Bean - A1806

This publication is a production reference to highlight new planting date research.

Impact of Planting Dates on Dry Edible Bean - A1806 - Read More…

Impatiens Downy Mildew: A Threat to a Favorite Shade Plant - PP1702

Impatiens downy mildew was first detected in ND in 2013. Homeowners must be vigilant when purchasing and planting standard impatiens to prevent the spread of this disease across ND. This publication describes the signs and symptoms of the disease and offers alternatives to planting standard impatiens in the ornamental landscape.

Impatiens Downy Mildew: A Threat to a Favorite Shade Plant - PP1702 - Read More…

Improving Profitability Through Feed Efficiency by Reducing Feed Bunk Losses - AS1641

Feeding behavior of group-housed dairy cows is influenced by management practices at the feed bunk and factors associated with the physical and social environment. The feeding pattern of group-housed dairy cows is largely influenced by the timing of fresh feed delivery, and the delivery of fresh feed has a greater impact on stimulating cows to eat than does the return from milking. Delivering fresh feed more frequently improves access to fresh feed for all cows and reduces sorting of the TMR. This potentially will reduce variation in diet quality consumed by cows, with benefits for milk production.

Improving Profitability Through Feed Efficiency by Reducing Feed Bunk Losses - AS1641 - Read More…

Incorporating Cover Crops (SF1901)

Science-based information and farmers use of cover crops in North Dakota are presented in this short booklet. The goal is to provide both a starting point for farmer use of cover crops and also tips to fine tune cover crops to achieve on-farm goals.

Incorporating Cover Crops (SF1901) - Read More…

Individual Home Sewage Treatment Systems - AE892

This publication contains information on the design, installation and maintenance of individual home sewage treatment systems. It is meant to be a homeowner reference document. An individual sewage system both treats and disposes of household wastewater. If a homeowner understands how the various components of a home sewage system work, then a properly designed and installed system will function for many years with a minimum of maintenance and upkeep

Individual Home Sewage Treatment Systems - AE892 - Read More…

Infrared Thermometer Home Energy Assessment Questionnaire - AE1373-A

A detailed procedure for determining insulation levels and R-values is described in NDSU Extension Service publication AE1373, "Determining Insulation and Air Infiltration Levels Using an Infrared Thermometer." Use this questionnaire along with an infrared thermometer to identify areas that might need attention.

Infrared Thermometer Home Energy Assessment Questionnaire - AE1373-A - Read More…

Ingredient Substitutions (FN198 Revised)

Have you ever been all set to prepare a food and suddenly discovered you were missing a certain ingredient? Sometimes it is inconvenient to go to the store to purchase the necessary ingredient. It may be more convenient to try a substitute from supplies available in your kitchen.

Ingredient Substitutions (FN198 Revised) - Read More…

Insects Frequently Confused with Emerald Ash Borer in North Dakota - E1604

The Emerald ash borer is a beetle (Order Coleoptera). Beetles are recognized by having shell-like front wings called elytra. When the wings are folded, they meet forming a median line down the back. Currently, Emerald ash borer has not been found in North Dakota.

Insects Frequently Confused with Emerald Ash Borer in North Dakota - E1604 - Read More…

Insulating to Reduce Heating Costs (AE1368)

In North Dakota, about 50 percent of energy used in homes is for heating and air conditioning. Properly insulating your home not only saves money, but also makes the home more comfortable.

Insulating to Reduce Heating Costs (AE1368) - Read More…

Integrated Pest Management of Japanese Beetle in North Dakota (E1631 (Revised))

This publication describes the identification, biology, damage and pest management strategies for control of the Japanese beetle. In 2012, Japanese beetle was detect at several locations across North Dakota. This revised publication summarizes where it has be intercepted and is likely established in North Dakota

Integrated Pest Management of Japanese Beetle in North Dakota (E1631 (Revised)) - Read More…

Integrated Pest Management of Wheat Stem Sawfly - E1479

This publication summarizes Integrated Pest Management of wheat stem sawfly including identification, life cycle. crop damage, pest monitoring, cultural control, host plant resistance, biological control and chemical control.

Integrated Pest Management of Wheat Stem Sawfly - E1479 - Read More…

Integrated Pest Management of Flea Beetles in Canola E1234 (Revised October 2017)

This publication summarizes Integrated Pest Management of flea beetles in canola including identification, life cycle, crop damage, trapping, field scouting, economic threshold, cultural control, host plant resistance, biological control, and chemical control.

Integrated Pest Management of Flea Beetles in Canola E1234 (Revised October 2017) - Read More…

Integrated Pest Management of Corn Rootworms in North Dakota (E1852)

This publication summarizes Integrated Pest Management of corn rootworms in field corn including identification, life cycle, crop damage, field scouting, thresholds, root injury ratings, cultural control, Bt corn hybrids, biological and chemical control.

Integrated Pest Management of Corn Rootworms in North Dakota (E1852) - Read More…

Integrated Pest Management of Pea Leaf Weevil in North Dakota (E1879)

This publication summarizes Integrated Pest Management of pea leaf weevil including host plants (field peas and faba beans), geographic range, identification, life cycle, crop damage, monitoring, economic threshold, cultural control, and chemical control.

Integrated Pest Management of Pea Leaf Weevil in North Dakota (E1879) - Read More…

Integrated Pest Management of the Wheat Midge in North Dakota - E1330

This publication summarizes Integrated Pest Management of wheat midge including identification, life cycle, crop damage, pheromone trapping, degree day modeling, field scouting, economic threshold, cultural methods biological control and chemical control.

Integrated Pest Management of the Wheat Midge in North Dakota - E1330 - Read More…

Integrated Pest Management of Alfalfa Weevil in North Dakota - E1676

Identification and biology of the alfalfa weevil is discussed. When and how to scout, and use of economic thresholds for making management decisions. Integrated Pest Management (IPM) strategies are discussed including biological control, cultural control and insecticidal control.

Integrated Pest Management of Alfalfa Weevil in North Dakota - E1676 - Read More…

Integrated Pest Management of Spotted Wing Drosophila in North Dakota - E1715

Spotted wing drosophila (SWD) is a vinegar fly that was first confirmed in ND in 2013 as an invasive pest of soft-skinned fruit crops. The SWD lays its eggs in healthy, ripening fruits. Then larvae hatch from eggs and feed on the fruit causing spoilage. Identification, life cycle and pest management strategies are discussed.

Integrated Pest Management of Spotted Wing Drosophila in North Dakota - E1715 - Read More…

Integrated Pest Management of Sunflower Insect Pests - E1457

Sunflowers can be a high-risk crop because of potential losses from diseases, insects, birds and weeds. These potential risks require that growers follow integrated pest management (IPM) practices.

Integrated Pest Management of Sunflower Insect Pests - E1457 - Read More…

Internal Physiological Disorders: Internal Heat Necrosis and Blackheart - A1738

Internal physiological disorders reduce the quality and marketability of potatoes. This publication explains internal heat necrosis and blackheart of potato tubers and some management strategies for reducing this problem.

Internal Physiological Disorders: Internal Heat Necrosis and Blackheart - A1738 - Read More…

Interpreting the NDSU Soil Test Analysis for Managing Turfgrass (H1824)

This publication teaches homeowners and golf course personnel how to take a soil sample and interpret the soil test results to grow and maintain a health lawn. Subject include soil pH, soluble salts, and nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium recommendations. Micronutrients are also covered.

Interpreting the NDSU Soil Test Analysis for Managing Turfgrass (H1824) - Read More…

Inventory of Important Papers - FE446

Keeping family records in a businesslike manner saves time, trouble, money and frustration. This inventory will help families gather important records for safe keeping and quick access when those records are needed.

Inventory of Important Papers - FE446 - Read More…

IPM Basics Integrated Pest Management in North Dakota Agriculture - PP863

This publication reviews what Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is for agriculture. Examples of different pest management strategies, such as cultural, host plant resistance, mechanical, biological and chemical are described. The steps of implementing IPM and its benefits are summarized.

IPM Basics Integrated Pest Management in North Dakota Agriculture - PP863 - Read More…

Iron and Manganese Removal WQ1030

Small amounts of iron or manganese can affect the taste or become an aesthetic problem in your home. This publication is intended to explain how these minerals may afect you and what the treatment options are.

Iron and Manganese Removal WQ1030 - Read More…

Iron Chlorosis in Trees (F1868)

Iron chlorosis is a major tree-health issue found throughout the state. This document summarizes the biology and ecology of the issue, including susceptible species and soils most likely to create this problem. Soil treatments and stem injections are discussed.

Iron Chlorosis in Trees (F1868) - Read More…

Irrigation Water Pumps (AE1057 (Revised)

A pump is the heart of most irrigation systems and if not maintained can use much more power than required leading to excess pumping costs and wasting electricity.

Irrigation Water Pumps (AE1057 (Revised) - Read More…

Irrigation Water Sample Analysis (AE1360 )

The NDSU Soil and Water Testing Laboratory has been making soil-water compatibility recommendations since the early 1960s. These recommendations are based on the electrical conductivity (EC) and sodium adsorption ratio (SAR) determined on the irrigation water and the soil series present on the land to be irrigated.

Irrigation Water Sample Analysis (AE1360 ) - Read More…

Is Your Playground Safe for Kids? (FN1374 Revised)

We want our kids to “play hard,” but we want them to play safely, too. Parents and caregivers need to be aware of potential safety issues and what a properly maintained playground looks like. This publication provides information about surfacing materials and safety standards.

Is Your Playground Safe for Kids? (FN1374 Revised) - Read More…

It's All In Your Water Iron and Manganese Removal - WQ1030

Small amounts of iron or manganese can affect the taste or become an aesthetic problem in your home. This publication is intended to explain how these minerals may affect you and what the treatment options are.

It's All In Your Water Iron and Manganese Removal - WQ1030 - Read More…

Jams and Jellies from Native (Wild) Fruits - FN1423

Many types of fruit and juices can be used to make jams and jellies. This guide provides recipes for several wild fruits, including buffalo berries, chokecherries, elderberries, gooseberries, ground cherries, pin cherries, rose hips and sand cherries. You may need to experiment a bit to get an acceptable product because of variations in the growing conditions and varieties of wild fruits.

Jams and Jellies from Native (Wild) Fruits - FN1423 - Read More…

Jellies, Jams and Spreads (FN172 Revised)

Sweet spreads are foods with many textures, flavors and colors. They are thickened or jellied to varying degrees. The traditional jellies and jams are preserved primarily by sugar.

Jellies, Jams and Spreads (FN172 Revised) - Read More…

Jerky Making: Producing a Traditional Food With Modern Processes FN580 (Revised)

Jerky is a nutrient-dense, convenient and shelf-stable meat product that has grown in popularity world wide. Derived from the Spanish word “charqui,” which describes dried meat strips, jerky may be produced using a combination of curing, smoking and drying procedures. Traditionally jerky was made by the use of sun, wind, and smoke from fires as a way to Jerky is a nutrient-dense, convenient, shelf-stable meat product that can be made from just about any type of raw meat ingredients. Its name is derived from the Spanish word “charqui,” which describes dried meat strips. Jerky is produced using combinations of curing, smoking and drying procedures.

Jerky Making: Producing a Traditional Food With Modern Processes FN580 (Revised) - Read More…

Johne’s Disease in Beef and Dairy Herds V1209 (Revised)

Johne’s is a slowly progressive disease that costs the producer through excessive culling, suboptimal milk production, decreased fertility and death loss.

Johne’s Disease in Beef and Dairy Herds V1209 (Revised) - Read More…

Keep Food Safe at Community Dinners and Potlucks - FN619

Safe food handling is important, especially when groups of people are fed at community events. Temperature control is a critical issue for volunteer food handlers. keep food safe when preparing and serving food to large groups.

Keep Food Safe at Community Dinners and Potlucks - FN619 - Read More…

Keep Food Safe During Grilling Season - FN658

Keep your grill season safe with the guidelines outlined in this publication.

Keep Food Safe During Grilling Season - FN658 - Read More…

Keep Food Safe During Summer Picnics - FN661

Although mosquitoes and flies can be annoying pests at picnics, the "bugs" you can't see, such as harmful bacteria, are a bigger problem. Use these tips to beat bacteria at your summer picnic.

Keep Food Safe During Summer Picnics - FN661 - Read More…

Keep Food Safe from Store to Storage; Shopping Food Safety Facts - FN717

Prevent foodborne illness every step of the way from store to storage by following the suggestions in this publication.

Keep Food Safe from Store to Storage; Shopping Food Safety Facts - FN717 - Read More…

Keep Food Safe in Temporary Food Stands - FN618

Safe food handling is important, especially when serving food to the public at temporary food stands. This publication includes information to help keep food prepared and offered for sale safe for the consumer.

Keep Food Safe in Temporary Food Stands - FN618 - Read More…

Keep Food Safe When Camping and Hiking - FN659

Summer is a great time to enjoy the outdoors. Follow these tips to keep food safe while you're enjoying the great outdoors.

Keep Food Safe When Camping and Hiking - FN659 - Read More…

Keep Hot Foods Hot and Cold Foods Cold: A Foodservice Guide to Thermometers and Safe Temperatures - FN712

Chef's should not depend on their instincts, cooking time, oven temperature or product appearance to determine when a product is done: thermometers are important tools for protecting foods.

Keep Hot Foods Hot and Cold Foods Cold: A Foodservice Guide to Thermometers and Safe Temperatures - FN712 - Read More…

Keep Hot Foods Hot and Cold Foods Cold: A Consumer Guide to Thermometers and Safe Temperatures - FN1348

Cooks should not depend on their instincts, cooking time, oven temperature or product appearance to determine when a product is done. Use this guide for thermometers and safe temperatures.

Keep Hot Foods Hot and Cold Foods Cold: A Consumer Guide to Thermometers and Safe Temperatures - FN1348 - Read More…

Kitchen Equipment and Recipes - FN1812

A good cook needs good tools. He or she needs to know where to find them in the kitchen.

Kitchen Equipment and Recipes - FN1812 - Read More…

Know Your Knapweeds - W1146

North Dakota is being threatened by three noxious weeds that could infest more acreage in the state and at a faster rate than leafy spurge. Members of this trio include spotted, diffuse, and Russian knapweed. These three knapweeds already infest more acreage than leafy spurge in Montana and Minnesota, and have been found in over 20 counties in North Dakota

Know Your Knapweeds - W1146 - Read More…

Know Your Prescription and Nonprescription Medications - FN1720

Many people take prescription or nonprescription medications on a regular basis. Do you know how to properly store and dispose of medications? Do our medications interact with any foods? Know the questions to discuss with hour healthcare provider.

Know Your Prescription and Nonprescription Medications - FN1720 - Read More…

Late Blight in Potato (PP1849)

Late blight is caused by the funguslike oomycete pathogen Phytophthora infestans. This potentially devastating disease can infect potato foliage and tubers at any stage of crop development.

Late Blight in Potato (PP1849) - Read More…

Laundering Pesticide-contaminated Work Clothes - PS1778

This publication discusses methods of handling pesticide contaminated work clothing in the home. It reviews proper washing techniques. Finally, it explains the limitations of applying recommendations developed in the 1980s and 1990s with contemporary wash equipment, detergents, generally lower toxicity pesticides and new fabrics and finishes.

Laundering Pesticide-contaminated Work Clothes - PS1778 - Read More…

Leaf-feeding Weevil in Sugar Beets - E1273

A leaf-feeding weevil, Tanymecus confusus, first was observed feeding on sugar beets in the southern portion of the Red River Valley (Richland County, N.D., and Wilkin County, Minn.) in 1975. The weevil has since caused problems for growers in southern Minnesota (Big Stone, Chippewa, Lac Qui Parle and Swift counties) in 1992 and 1997, and again in Richland County of North Dakota in 2004. A related species, Tanymecus palliatus , is an occasional pest of sugar beets in Europe. Feeding injury by adult Tanymecus confusus typically occurs in small areas within sugar beet fields. Damage is occasionally severe enough to require replanting.

Leaf-feeding Weevil in Sugar Beets - E1273 - Read More…

Lentil Disease Diagnostic Series (PP1913)

A continuation of the Disease diagnostic series cards, these are funded externally and will be distributed to growers and other stakeholders.

Lentil Disease Diagnostic Series (PP1913) - Read More…

Let's Preserve Peaches! - FN1762

Peaches are a delicious fruit that are “in season,” at their best quality and, often, best price in late summer. This publication provides step-by-step instructions for preserving them.

Let's Preserve Peaches! - FN1762 - Read More…

Let's Preserve Salsa - FN1492

How about some chips and salsa? While many excellent types of salsa are available in supermarkets, you can tailor homemade fresh salsa with fresh vegetables or fruits to suit your own taste buds. By following research-tested recipes, you can process salsa safely in a water-bath canner for later enjoyment. If your recipe has not been tested to determine its acidity and safety for canning, you can freeze the salsa

Let's Preserve Salsa - FN1492 - Read More…

Let's Preserve Salsa II - FN1584

Salsa continues to grow in popularity. While most people think of salsa as a spicy tomato-based sauce, it also can be made from various fruits.

Let's Preserve Salsa II - FN1584 - Read More…

Limitations of the Sulfate-sulfur Soil Test as a Predictor of Sulfur Response (SF1880)

In the past dozen years, sulfur deficiency in the north central region has become common in historically unaffected soils. The reasons include higher crop yield and the associated increased demand for soil sulfur, but also the clean air as a result of regulation. The sulfur soil test has been used for years, but researches now find it has little value.

Limitations of the Sulfate-sulfur Soil Test as a Predictor of Sulfur Response (SF1880) - Read More…

Liquid Level or Depth Marker for Earthen Runoff Ponds (NM1514)

A properly functioning liquid level marker enables the producer to easily determine the storage capacity of pond, make management decisions and record storage conditions of the pond during regular inspections.

Liquid Level or Depth Marker for Earthen Runoff Ponds (NM1514) - Read More…

Livestock Water Quality (AS1764)

Water is an important, but often overlooked, nutrient. Livestock water requirements are affected by many factors, including size, productivity, diet and environmental conditions. Good water quality and cleanliness can increase water intake and improve livestock production.

Livestock Water Quality (AS1764) - Read More…

Livestock Water Requirements - AS1763

Water is an important, but often overlooked, nutrient. Livestock water requirements are affected by many factors including, size, productivity, diet and environmental conditions. Water quality and cleanliness can increase water intake and improve livestock production. Limited access or reduced water consumption can result in dehydration, which can be fatal to livestock.

Livestock Water Requirements - AS1763 - Read More…

Look After Your Eyes - FN710

This is a short guide to age-related macular degeneration, the leading cause of vision loss in the United States for people over age 60.

Look After Your Eyes - FN710 - Read More…

Love Your Heart! - FN1689

The heart is a pump that provides oxygen to each and every cell of the body. Feel your pulse: Each time your heart beats, it is moving blood by expanding and contracting. It is a muscle that is essential to life, which is why treating your heart with care is so important. Keeping your heart strong starts with good choices we make when we are young. Being physically active and eating a healthful diet keeps our heart beating strong.

Love Your Heart! - FN1689 - Read More…

Low-stress Cattle Working Facilities (AS1389)

The livestock industry is working hard to minimize stress to animals during all stages of production. The recent renovation of the livestock-working facility at North Dakota State University’s Carrington Research Extension Center (CREC) may provide ideas to producers developing their own working facilities. The objectives of the renovation were to reduce stress to animals during processing, increase the labor efficiency and safety of herdsmen, and to enhancing research capability. The renovation plan was developed by the CREC livestock research faculty and staff, with the help of Tim Olson, CATL Resources, and manufactured by Ray Barnhardt of RB Mfg. and Sales. The new design was created to work within the existing physical setting, namely building size and orientation, animal entry point and access points for people. This publication is a synopsis of the renovation and functionality of the CREC animal working facility.

Low-stress Cattle Working Facilities (AS1389) - Read More…

Make Your Own Home-canned Condiments (FN1861)

This handout provides a collection of research-tested condiment recipes, including barbecue sauce, ketchup, taco sauce, pickle relish and pepper rings.

Make Your Own Home-canned Condiments (FN1861) - Read More…

Making Fruit Leathers - FN1586

Fruit leathers are nutritious, high-energy snacks for children and adults. Fruit leathers are portable, making them convenient additions to school lunchboxes or backpacks when camping or hiking. Making fruit leather is a good way to use leftover canned fruit and slightly overripe fresh fruit.

Making Fruit Leathers - FN1586 - Read More…

Making Magic Mixes Rolled Oats Master Mix (FN623)

Do you like to save time, money and energy? Preparing mixes for future use when you have a little time can make meal preparation quick and easy. The mix featured in this handout uses common household ingredients such as rolled oats, a good source of fiber

Making Magic Mixes Rolled Oats Master Mix (FN623) - Read More…

Making Magic Mixes: Baking Master Mix - FN1582

Is anything better than fresh baked muffins or warm banana bread? Wouldn’t they taste even better if they were made in a fraction of the time? Consider making this Baking Master Mix so you can make fresh-baked goods in a snap. The mix uses common ingredients such as fl our, baking powder, sugar and salt. This recipe includes white and whole-wheat fl our, so it will help make half of your grain choices whole grains.

Making Magic Mixes: Baking Master Mix - FN1582 - Read More…

Making Magic Mixes: Cornmeal Master Mix - FN624

You will be able to make cornbread or corn muffins quickly and at a lower cost than store-bought mixes. Cornmeal Master Mix uses common household ingredients such as cornmeal, flour and nonfat dry milk. Always use good-quality ingredients and measure carefully when making a mix. To save money, shop for ingredients when they are on sale, and label ingredients with the date of purchase.

Making Magic Mixes: Cornmeal Master Mix - FN624 - Read More…

Making Magic Mixes: Meat Mixes (FN621)

Homemade mixes can save time and money. You can make meat mixes ahead of time and freeze them for future use in spaghetti, casseroles and tacos. Adding ingredients such as onions and celery improves flavor and nutrition. To stretch your budget, shop for ingredients when they are on sale. Label with date of purchase.

Making Magic Mixes: Meat Mixes (FN621) - Read More…

Making Magic Mixes: Meat Mixes - FN621

Homemade mixes can save time and money. You can make meat mixes ahead of time and freeze them for future use in spaghetti, casseroles and tacos. Adding ingredients such as onions and celery improves flavor and nutrition. To stretch your budget, shop for ingredients when they are on sale. Label with date of purchase.

Making Magic Mixes: Meat Mixes - FN621 - Read More…

Making Pickled Products - FN189

Pickling is one of the oldest known methods of food preservation. Pickled foods add a special touch to many snacks and meals.

Making Pickled Products - FN189 - Read More…

Making Sense of Sensory Losses as We Age: Childhood, Adulthood, Elderhood? - FS1378

The aging process brings changes that include sensory losses. Key senses are vision, hearing, touch, taste and smell. As we age, understanding sensory changes and their effects can be helpful.

Making Sense of Sensory Losses as We Age: Childhood, Adulthood, Elderhood? - FS1378 - Read More…

Management of Insecticide-resistant Soybean Aphids (E1878)

This publication summarizes the development of insecticide resistance in soybean aphids in the upper Midwest and how to manage insecticide resistance using an Integrated Pest Management approach.

Management of Insecticide-resistant Soybean Aphids (E1878) - Read More…

Management of Rhizoctonia Root and Crown Rot of Sugarbeet - PP1495

Rhizoctonia root and crown rot is one of the most severe soil-borne diseases of sugarbeet and a major problem for growers in Minnesota and North Dakota. This publication provides colored pictures of the disease symptoms and management practices.

Management of Rhizoctonia Root and Crown Rot of Sugarbeet - PP1495 - Read More…

Managing Common Bird Challenges on Dairy and Livestock Operations - AS1758

This publication is intended to summarize the most common methods that producers can use and is not intended to be your only source of reference. We have mentioned several products for discussion and example, but we do not endorse any one product or method.

Managing Common Bird Challenges on Dairy and Livestock Operations - AS1758 - Read More…

Managing Conflict (FS1563 (Revised))

This publication will help understand and provide methods to address conflict.

Managing Conflict (FS1563 (Revised)) - Read More…

Managing Lenticel Spot on Potato Tubers - A1822

Lenticels in potato tubers are an unsightly blemish. These blemishes may reduce marketability of tubers and be an entry point for pathogens. Learn about how lenticel spot is caused and tips on managing this disorder.

Managing Lenticel Spot on Potato Tubers - A1822 - Read More…

Manure Spreader Calibration For Nutrient Management Planning- NM1418

Livestock manures contain many beneficial and valuable plant nutrients. However, if the manure application equipment is not properly calibrated, these valuable nutrients may be wasted by overapplication or crop yield goals may not be met due to underapplication. This publication explains 2 simple manure spreader calibration techniques.

Manure Spreader Calibration For Nutrient Management Planning- NM1418 - Read More…

Maximizing Pregnancy Rates When Using Artificial Insemination - AS1749

Understanding and managing the factors that contribute to maximizing AI pregnancy rates can improve profitability in beef herds implementing AI. This publication will review how factors related to cows, bulls and those controlled by humans all contribute to the success of your AI breeding program.

Maximizing Pregnancy Rates When Using Artificial Insemination - AS1749 - Read More…

Milk Master Mix and Magic White Sauce - FN622

Making your own mixes can save you money and time. Milk Master Mix combines nonfat dry milk with other common ingredients. You can use Milk Master Mix to make soups, puddings and Magic White Sauce. Use Magic White Sauce in a variety of main dishes and desserts. For example, try the white sauce in macaroni and cheese.

Milk Master Mix and Magic White Sauce - FN622 - Read More…

Mix It Up to Expand Your Gift-giving Dollar With Food Mixes in a Jar (FN1494 Revised)

When the holiday season rolls around, many family budgets become strained. With a long list of family and friends, finding enough money to go around may be challenging. To help reduce the stress of your next holiday season, try making gifts instead of purchasing them.

Mix It Up to Expand Your Gift-giving Dollar With Food Mixes in a Jar (FN1494 Revised) - Read More…

Molds in Your Home - AE1179

Exposure to mold is common both inside and outside the home, but some people are more sensitive to mold than others, especially those with allergies and asthma. Mold exposure may cause cold-like symptoms, watery eyes, sore throat, wheezing and trigger asthma attacks.

Molds in Your Home - AE1179 - Read More…

MyPlate Plans for 15- to 19-year-olds (FN1499 Revised)

This chart was designed to provide an estimate of daily food needs based on the recommendations at www.choosemyplate.gov. On the following chart, find your gender, age and activity level. Mark the row with your plan. Visit www.choosemyplate.gov for more information.

MyPlate Plans for 15- to 19-year-olds (FN1499 Revised) - Read More…

MyPlate Plans for Toddlers to Age 7 (FN1497 Revised)

This chart was designed to provide an estimate of daily food needs based on the recommendations at www.choosemyplate.gov.

MyPlate Plans for Toddlers to Age 7 (FN1497 Revised) - Read More…

ND Canola Variety Trial Results for 2014 and Selection Guide - A1124-14

The North Dakota Canola Variety Trail Results provide producers with data on canola performance throughout the state and gives information about yield and other information needed for accurate selection of canola hybrids for agricultural production in North Dakota.

ND Canola Variety Trial Results for 2014 and Selection Guide - A1124-14 - Read More…

ND Hard Red Spring Wheat Variety Trial Results for 2018 and Selection Guide (A574-18)

This publication provides summary tables for the performance of spring wheat varieties grown in several locations within the state of North Dakota

ND Hard Red Spring Wheat Variety Trial Results for 2018 and Selection Guide (A574-18) - Read More…

ND Small Grain Insects Cereal Leaf Beetle - E1230

This publication summarizes Integrated Pest Management of cereal leaf beetle including identification, life cycle, crop damage, host plants, degree day forecasting, field scouting, economic threshold, biological control and chemical control.

ND Small Grain Insects Cereal Leaf Beetle - E1230 - Read More…

Nitrate Poisoning of Livestock (V839 Revised)

Nitrate poisoning can occur commonly in cattle raised in North Dakota and other areas of the western Great Plains. Poisoning is usually associated with animals ingesting forage or feed witha high nitrate content. Sheep and cattle are more susceptible to poisoning than nonruminant species because microbes in their digestive tract favor the conversion of nitrate to nitrite.

Nitrate Poisoning of Livestock (V839 Revised) - Read More…

Nitrogen Behavior In the Environment (NM1299 )

Manure and commercial fertilizers contain nutrients essential for plant growth. Nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium are the most critical of these nutrients. This publication outlines some basic information about nitrogen and its interaction in the environment.

Nitrogen Behavior In the Environment (NM1299 ) - Read More…

Nitrogen Extenders and Additives for Field Crops (SF1581)

Nitrogen is lost from soil through the activity of soil bacterial transformation of ammonium to nitrate, and from nitrate, the N can be lost leaching or denitrifcation. There are chemistries available that inhibit the transformation of ammonium to nitrate, and there are also compounds that inhibit urease enzyme activity, decreasing the risk of ammonia volatility.

Nitrogen Extenders and Additives for Field Crops (SF1581) - Read More…

No-cost, Low-cost Home Energy-saving Tips - AE1359

Energy prices are on the rise. Heating your house and running your appliances likely are costing more than ever. If you are looking for a few ways to save money at home, but are not ready for major renovations, this checklist may help. It covers easy-to-do, low-cost or no-cost money-saving measures to make your home more energy efficient today.

No-cost, Low-cost Home Energy-saving Tips - AE1359 - Read More…

North Dakota Alternative Crop Variety Trial Results for 2015 and Selection Guide - A1105

This publication contains information on selected varieties of flax, safflower, lentil and chickpea that North Dakota State University tested in 2015.

North Dakota Alternative Crop Variety Trial Results for 2015 and Selection Guide - A1105 - Read More…

North Dakota Alternative Crop Variety Trial Results for 2014 and Selection Guide - A1105-14

This publication contains information on selected varieties of flax, safflower, lentil and chickpea that North Dakota State University tested in 2014.

North Dakota Alternative Crop Variety Trial Results for 2014 and Selection Guide - A1105-14 - Read More…

North Dakota and South Dakota Sunflower Hybrid Trial Results for 2014 and Selection Guide - A652-14

In North Dakota, an estimated 655,000 acres of sunflowers were harvested in 2014. This was about 35 percent more than the acres harvested in 2013.

North Dakota and South Dakota Sunflower Hybrid Trial Results for 2014 and Selection Guide - A652-14 - Read More…

North Dakota and South Dakota Sunflower Hybrid Trial Results for 2017 and Selection Guide (A652)

The North Dakota and South Dakota Sunflower Trial Results provide producers with data of the hybrid performance throughout the state and gives information about yield and other information needed for accurate selection of sunflower hybrids for agricultural production in North Dakota.

North Dakota and South Dakota Sunflower Hybrid Trial Results for 2017 and Selection Guide (A652) - Read More…

North Dakota and South Dakota Sunflower Hybrid Trial Results for 2016 and Selection Guide - A652

The North Dakota and South Dakota Trial Results provide producers with data related to the hybrid performance throughout the state and gives information about yield and other information needed for accurate selection of sunflower hybrids for agricultural production in North Dakota.

North Dakota and South Dakota Sunflower Hybrid Trial Results for 2016 and Selection Guide - A652 - Read More…

North Dakota and South Dakota Sunflower Hybrid Trial Results for 2015 and Selection Guide - A652

The North Dakota and South Dakota Trial Results provide producers with data related to the hybrid performance throughout the state and gives information about yield and other information needed for accurate selection of sunflower hybrids for agricultural production in North Dakota.

North Dakota and South Dakota Sunflower Hybrid Trial Results for 2015 and Selection Guide - A652 - Read More…

North Dakota Barley, Oat and Rye Variety Trial Results for 2017 and Selection Guide (A1049-17)

This publication provide summary tables for the performance of barley, oats and varieties gown in several locations within the state of North Dakota.

North Dakota Barley, Oat and Rye Variety Trial Results for 2017 and Selection Guide (A1049-17) - Read More…

North Dakota Barley, Oat and Rye Variety Trial Results for 2018 and Selection Guide (A1049-18)

This publication provide summary tables for the performance of barley, oats and varieties grown in several locations within the state of North Dakota.

North Dakota Barley, Oat and Rye Variety Trial Results for 2018 and Selection Guide (A1049-18) - Read More…

North Dakota Barley, Oat,Rye and Flax Variety Trial Results for 2014 and Selection Guide - A1049-2014

This publication contains the results from variety trials conducted in several locations in ND focused on barley, oat and rye. Data may be useful to growers in selecting varieties that will be the most productive in their particular farm.

North Dakota Barley, Oat,Rye and Flax Variety Trial Results for 2014 and Selection Guide - A1049-2014 - Read More…

North Dakota CAFO Operators Record Book - NM1306

By using this record book, North Dakota CAFO operators will meet the recordkeeping requirements of the North Dakota guidelines for AFOs and CAFOs that are not included in a nutrient management or mortality plan.

North Dakota CAFO Operators Record Book - NM1306 - Read More…

North Dakota Canola Variety Trial Results for 2018 and Selection Guide (A1124-18 )

The ND Canola Variety Trial Results provide producers with data on canola performance throughout the state and gives information about yield and other information needed for accurate selection of canola hybrids for agricultural production in North Dakota.

North Dakota Canola Variety Trial Results for 2018 and Selection Guide (A1124-18 ) - Read More…

North Dakota Canola Variety Trial Results for 2017 and Selection Guide (A1124)

The ND Canola Variety Trial Results provide producers with data on canola performance throughout the state and gives information about yield and other information needed for accurate selection of canola hybrids for agricultural production in North Dakota.

North Dakota Canola Variety Trial Results for 2017 and Selection Guide (A1124) - Read More…

North Dakota Canola Variety Trial Results for 2016 and Selection Guide - A1124

Canola is a major oil crop in the northern Great Plains, particularly in North Dakota. In 2016, North Dakota accounted for approximately 82 percent of the canola acreage planted in the U.S. This publication summarizes canola variety performance at the various North Dakota State University Research Extension Centers. The relative performance of the hybrids is presented in table form.

North Dakota Canola Variety Trial Results for 2016 and Selection Guide - A1124 - Read More…

North Dakota Clay Mineralogy Impacts Crop Potassium Nutrition and Tillage Systems (SF1881)

Clay mineralogy is important in directing potassium rate to corn and other crops in North Dakota. It also has an impact on tillage systems and their success and proper management.

North Dakota Clay Mineralogy Impacts Crop Potassium Nutrition and Tillage Systems (SF1881) - Read More…

North Dakota Corn Hybrid Trial Results for 2015 - A793

This publication reports the results from the various corn hybrid trials conducted in ND during the 2015 growing season. Summary tables for each experimental location contain the yield and moisture at harvest of the hybrids tested.

North Dakota Corn Hybrid Trial Results for 2015 - A793 - Read More…

North Dakota Corn Hybrid Trial Results for 2016 - A793

This publication reports the results from the various corn hybrid trials conducted in ND during the 2016 growing season. Summary tables for each experimental location contain the yield and moisture at harvest of the hybrids tested.

North Dakota Corn Hybrid Trial Results for 2016 - A793 - Read More…

North Dakota Corn Hybrid Trial Results for 2017 (A793)

This publication provide summary tables for the performance of corn hybrids gown in several locations within the state of North Dakota.

North Dakota Corn Hybrid Trial Results for 2017 (A793) - Read More…

North Dakota Corn Hybrid Trial Results for 2014 - A793-14

This publication reports the results of corn hybrid trials that were conducted by NDSU research and Extension personnel throughout North Dakota. The hybrids tested were entered voluntarily by the companies that market them, and the management of these trials was financed partially by the entry fee those companies paid.

North Dakota Corn Hybrid Trial Results for 2014 - A793-14 - Read More…

North Dakota Corn Variety Trial Results for 2018 and Selection Guide (A793-18)

This publication provide summary tables for the performance of corn hybrids grown in several locations within the state of North Dakota.

North Dakota Corn Variety Trial Results for 2018 and Selection Guide (A793-18) - Read More…

North Dakota Dry Bean Variety Trial Results for 2017 and Selection Guide (A654-17)

North Dakota Dry Bean Variety Trial Results provide producers with data or bean performance throught the state and gives information about yield and other information needed for accurate selection of Dry Bean Varieties for agricultural production in North Dakota.

North Dakota Dry Bean Variety Trial Results for 2017 and Selection Guide (A654-17) - Read More…

North Dakota Dry Bean Variety Trial Results for 2018 and Selection Guide (A654-18)

The North Dakota Dry Bean Variety Trial Results provide producers with data or bean performance throughout the state and gives information about yield and other information needed for accurate selection of Dry Bean Varieties for agricultural production in North Dakota.

North Dakota Dry Bean Variety Trial Results for 2018 and Selection Guide (A654-18) - Read More…

North Dakota Dry Bean Variety Trial Results for 2016 and Selection Guide - A654

The ND Dry Bean Variety Trial Results provide producers with data or bean performance throughout the state gives information about yield and other information needed for accurate selection of Dry Bean Varieties for agricultural production in ND.

North Dakota Dry Bean Variety Trial Results for 2016 and Selection Guide - A654 - Read More…

North Dakota Dry Bean Variety Trial Results for 2015 and Selection Guide - A654

The ND Dry Bean Variety Trial Results provide producers with data or bean performance throughout the state gives information about yield and other information needed for accurate selection of Dry Bean Varieties for agricultural production in ND.

North Dakota Dry Bean Variety Trial Results for 2015 and Selection Guide - A654 - Read More…

North Dakota Dry Pea Performance Testing 2015 - A1469-15

The North Dakota Pea Variety Trial Results provide producers with data on Field Pea performance throughout the state and gives information about yield and other information needed for accurate selection of Dry Pea Varieties for agricultural production in ND.

North Dakota Dry Pea Performance Testing 2015 - A1469-15 - Read More…

North Dakota Dry Pea Performance Testing 2016 - A1469-16

The North Dakota Pea Variety Trial Results provide producers with data on Field Pea performance throughout the state and gives information about yield and other information needed for accurate selection of Dry Pea Varieties for agricultural production in ND.

North Dakota Dry Pea Performance Testing 2016 - A1469-16 - Read More…

North Dakota Dry Pea Variety Trial Result for 2018 and Selection Guide (A1469-18)

The North Dakota Pea Variety Trial Results provide producers with data on Field Pea performance throughout the state and gives information about yield and other information needed for accurate selection of Dry Pea Varieties for agricultural production in North Dakota.

North Dakota Dry Pea Variety Trial Result for 2018 and Selection Guide (A1469-18) - Read More…

North Dakota Dry Pea Variety Trial Results for 2014 and Selection Guide - A1469-14

Dry pea (Pisum sativum L.), native to southwest Asia, was among the first crops brought under cultivation by man. The largest acreages of dry pea in the United States are in North Dakota, Idaho, Oregon and Washington. As a cool-season legume crop, it fits well into small-grain rotations. The green- and yellow-seeded varieties are used for human consumption. Dry peas also are used as protein concentrates for livestock and pigeon feeds. In North Dakota, pea yields generally are similar to or exceed spring wheat yield. Peas also can be used as a forage crop for hay, pasture or silage.

North Dakota Dry Pea Variety Trial Results for 2014 and Selection Guide - A1469-14 - Read More…

North Dakota Dry Pea Variety Trial Results for 2017 and Selection Guide - A1469-17

The ND Pea Variety Trial Results provide producers with data on Field Pea performance throughout the state and gives information about yield and other information needed for accurate selection of Dry Pea Varieties for agricultural production in North Dakota.

North Dakota Dry Pea Variety Trial Results for 2017 and Selection Guide - A1469-17 - Read More…

North Dakota Durum Variety Trial Result for 2018 and Selection Guide (A1067--18)

This publication provide summary tables for the performance of durum varieties grown in several locations within the state of North Dakota

North Dakota Durum Variety Trial Result for 2018 and Selection Guide (A1067--18) - Read More…

North Dakota Durum Wheat Variety Trial Results for 2014 and Selection Guide - A1067-14

This publication provides data on the performance of durum wheat varieties from trials conducted throughout ND. It is intended to be a resource to be used by farmers in selecting varieties that can perform well in their own farms.

North Dakota Durum Wheat Variety Trial Results for 2014 and Selection Guide - A1067-14 - Read More…

North Dakota Durum Wheat Variety Trial Results for 2017 and Selection Guide - A1067

This publication provides summary tables for the performance of durum varieties grown in several locations within the state of North Dakota.

North Dakota Durum Wheat Variety Trial Results for 2017 and Selection Guide - A1067 - Read More…

North Dakota Fertilizer Recommendation Tables and Equations (SF882 Revised)

Most of the nutrient recommendations for North Dakota crops were revised this year. For these crops and for minor crops that do not have a specific nutrient circular, this publication summarizes 27 crops or crop categories.

North Dakota Fertilizer Recommendation Tables and Equations (SF882 Revised) - Read More…

North Dakota Field Crop Insect Management Guide - E1143

This guide summarizes the insecticides/miticides registered in North Dakota for control of insect or mite pests of filed crops. Scouting and economic thresholds are listed for the major pest. Keeping in mind that chemical control is only part of an Integrated Pest Management approach. The most effective control may involve integrating culture, host plant resistance and other strategies.

North Dakota Field Crop Insect Management Guide - E1143 - Read More…

North Dakota Flax Variety Trial Results for 2017 and Selection Guide (A1105-17)

The North Dakota Flax Variety Trial Results provide producers with data on flax performance throughout the state and gives information about yield and other information needed for accurate selection of flax varieties for agricultural production in North Dakota

North Dakota Flax Variety Trial Results for 2017 and Selection Guide (A1105-17) - Read More…

North Dakota Flax Variety Trial Results for 2018 and Selection Guide (A1105-18)

The North Dakota Flax Variety Trial Results provide producers with data on flax performance throughout the state and gives information about yield and other information needed for accurate selection of flax varieties for agricultural production in North Dakota.

North Dakota Flax Variety Trial Results for 2018 and Selection Guide (A1105-18) - Read More…

North Dakota Food and Culture: A Taste of World Cuisine - FN1513

Have you ever tasted lefse, fleischkeukle, tacos, pizza or curry? Most likely you have tasted at least one of these foods even though all of them originated in other countries. During holidays in particular, you may enjoy recipes your grandparents or their grandparents enjoyed. Food goes beyond providing nourishment for the body. Food also helps nurture family traditions and connects us with other cultures. Food can help different groups of people understand and appreciate each other’s differences.

North Dakota Food and Culture: A Taste of World Cuisine - FN1513 - Read More…

North Dakota Fresh Market Potato Cultivar/Selection Trial Results for 2015 - A1783

Potatoes reported were selected from recently released cultivars or from advancing selections, or cultivars that are new to the United States. This includes red-and yellow-skinned cultivars grown near Crystal, ND and contain graded yield results.

North Dakota Fresh Market Potato Cultivar/Selection Trial Results for 2015 - A1783 - Read More…

North Dakota Hard Red Spring Wheat Variety Trial Results for 2017 and Selection Guide (A574-17)

This publication provide summary tables for the performance of spring wheat varities grown in several locations within the state of North Dakota

North Dakota Hard Red Spring Wheat Variety Trial Results for 2017 and Selection Guide (A574-17) - Read More…

North Dakota Hard Red Spring Wheat Variety Trial for 2014 and Selection Guide - A574-2014

this publication provides data on the performance of hard red spring wheat varieties from trials conducted throughout ND. It is intended to be a resource to be used by farmers in selecting varieties that can perform well in their own farms.

North Dakota Hard Red Spring Wheat Variety Trial for 2014 and Selection Guide - A574-2014 - Read More…

North Dakota Hard Winter Wheat Variety Trial Results for 2018 and Selection Guide (A1196-18)

Results of winter wheat trials conducted throughout the state are included in this publication. The result tables provide data that can be used to select winter wheat varieties that performed well in 2018.

North Dakota Hard Winter Wheat Variety Trial Results for 2018 and Selection Guide (A1196-18) - Read More…

North Dakota Hard Winter Wheat Variety Trial Results Variety Trail Results for 2017 and Selection Guide (A1196)

This is the results of winter wheat trials conducted throughout the state. The result tables provide data that can be used to select winter wheat varieties that performed well in 2017.

North Dakota Hard Winter Wheat Variety Trial Results Variety Trail Results for 2017 and Selection Guide (A1196) - Read More…

North Dakota Hard Winter Wheat Variety Trial Results for 2016 and Selection Guide - A1196

During the 2015-16 growing season, 140,000 acres of winter wheat were planted and 130,000 acres were harvested. The state’s winter wheat yield this season was estimated at 54 bushels per acre (bu/a), which is up significantly from last year’s yield of 51 bu/a. Generally, conditions were favorable for winter wheat development and yield. Diseases were not as damaging as in past years in most regions of the state.

North Dakota Hard Winter Wheat Variety Trial Results for 2016 and Selection Guide - A1196 - Read More…

North Dakota Hard Winter Wheat Variety Trial Results for 2015 and Selection Guide - A1196

During the 2014-15 growing season, 250,000 acres of winter wheat were planted and 235,000 acres were harvested. The state’s winter wheat yield this season was estimated at 51 bushels per acre (bu/a), which is up significantly from last year’s yield of 44 bu/a. Generally, conditions were favorable for winter wheat development and yield. Yellow rust developed at damaging levels in some areas of the state . Fusarium head blight (scab) was problematic in a few regions of the state, but generally the crop was of a better quality than last year, when scab was more widespread. This publication will aid producers with variety selection.

North Dakota Hard Winter Wheat Variety Trial Results for 2015 and Selection Guide - A1196 - Read More…

North Dakota Hard Winter Wheat Variety Trial Results for 2014 and Selection Guide - A1196

This publication provides information and performance data on the most recently released hard winter wheat varieties tested in North Dakota. Data from multiple locations in North Dakota are complied and summarized.

North Dakota Hard Winter Wheat Variety Trial Results for 2014 and Selection Guide - A1196 - Read More…

North Dakota Manure Fertilizer Use Recommendations (NM1629 Reviewed March 2018)

Multiple years of manure fertilizer use research in ND have shown that manure can be used as a fertilizer but there are management considerations. If the manure is used on short season crops such as wheat, some supplemental nitrogen fertilizer is needed. If used on a longer season crop such as corn, manure can be a complete substitution for commercial fertilizer.

North Dakota Manure Fertilizer Use Recommendations (NM1629 Reviewed March 2018) - Read More…

North Dakota Soybean Variety Trial Results for 2017 and Selection Guide (A843-17)

The North Dakota Soybean Variety Trial Results provide producers with data on soybean performance throughout the state and gives information about yield and other information needed for accurate selection of soybean varieties for agricultural production in North Dakota.

North Dakota Soybean Variety Trial Results for 2017 and Selection Guide (A843-17) - Read More…

North Dakota Soybean Variety Trial Results for 2018 and Selection Guide (A843-18)

The North Dakota Soybean Variety Trial Results provide producers with data on soybean performance throughout the state and gives information about yield and other information needed for accurate selection of soybean varieties for agricultural production in North Dakota.

North Dakota Soybean Variety Trial Results for 2018 and Selection Guide (A843-18) - Read More…

North Dakota Soybean Variety Trial Results for 2015 and Selection Guide - A843

The ND Soybean Variety Trial Results provide producers with data on soybean performance throughout the state and gives information about yield and other information needed for accurate selection of soybean varieties for agricultural production in ND.

North Dakota Soybean Variety Trial Results for 2015 and Selection Guide - A843 - Read More…

North Dakota Soybean Variety Trial Results for 2016 and Selection Guide - A843

The ND Soybean Variety Trial Results provide producers with data on soybean performance throughout the state and gives information about yield and other information needed for accurate selection of soybean varieties for agricultural production in ND.

North Dakota Soybean Variety Trial Results for 2016 and Selection Guide - A843 - Read More…

North Dakota Sunflower Variety Trial Results for 2018 and Selection Guide (A652-18)

The North Dakota Sunflower Trial Results provide producers with data about Hybrid performance through the state and gives information about yield and other information needed for accurate selection of sunflower hybrids for agricultural production in North Dakota.

North Dakota Sunflower Variety Trial Results for 2018 and Selection Guide (A652-18) - Read More…

North Dakota Swine Health Recommendations: Exhibitors of All Pigs Going to Exhibits or Sales - AS1708

Swine health considerations are an important factor to consider taking pigs to an exhibition or sale. This publication provides information on swine health considerations when attending sales and exhibitions.

North Dakota Swine Health Recommendations: Exhibitors of All Pigs Going to Exhibits or Sales - AS1708 - Read More…

North Dakota Swine Health Recommendations: Organizers of Exhibits or Sales - AS1709

Swine health considerations are an important factor to consider when organizing a sale or exhibition. This publication provides information on swine health considerations when organizing events.

North Dakota Swine Health Recommendations: Organizers of Exhibits or Sales - AS1709 - Read More…

Northern Plains Fresh Market Potato Cultivar/Selection Trial Results for 2016 (A1834)

Potatoes reported were selected from recently released cultivars or from advancing selections, or cultivars that are new to the United States. This includes red-and-yellow-skinned cultivars grown near Big Lake MN and contain graded yield results

Northern Plains Fresh Market Potato Cultivar/Selection Trial Results for 2016 (A1834) - Read More…

Nourish Your Body With Sleep (FN1854)

This provides information about sleep needs, foods that may affect sleep and ways to promote sleep.

Nourish Your Body With Sleep (FN1854) - Read More…

Nourish Your Bones - FN1488

Keeping our bones healthy is a lifelong process. As we get older, our bodies may break down bone faster than we can make new bone. This can cause problems if our bones don’t have enough stored nutrients to keep them strong. Eating nutrient-rich foods and getting weight-bearing physical acti vity help keep our bones in good shape no matter what our age.

Nourish Your Bones - FN1488 - Read More…

Nourish Your Brain with a Healthful Diet - FN1414

Have you ever gone into a room and forgotten what you went to retrieve? Don’t worry. That happens to most people at least sometimes. Have you fueled your brain lately? Just like your car, your brain needs fuel to operate effectively. Consuming a well-balanced diet that includes foods rich in antioxidants and omega-3 fatty acids can be beneficial for the brain and the rest of your body.

Nourish Your Brain with a Healthful Diet - FN1414 - Read More…

Nourish Your Digestive System - FN1606

Our large intestine (colon) is home to 100 trillion “friendly” bacteria. These bacteria help defend us against disease, make certain vitamins such as vitamin K, and help break down extra food residue that remains after digestion in the small intestine. This process is known as fermentation. Our bacteria can become imbalanced due to stress, diarrhea, changes in diet and antibiotics. Consuming fruits, vegetables, whole grains, nuts, probiotics and prebiotics can help our bacteria stay within a healthy balance.

Nourish Your Digestive System - FN1606 - Read More…

Nourish Your Immune System - FN1773

Our immune system functions throughout our body. It is composed of specialized cells that prevent or limit infection in our bodies. Immune cells recognize substances that enter our bodies and attempt to remove them if the substance appears to be harmful to us. Consuming a healthful diet is one of the best strategies for having a healthy immune system. Research has shown some nutrients, including protein, and certain vitamins and minerals, have specific roles in immune health. If we lack any of these nutrients, our ability to fight infection can decrease.

Nourish Your Immune System - FN1773 - Read More…

Nourish Your Joints - FN1489

Most of us experience some joint stiffness during seasonal changes. However, degenerative diseases such as arthritis can inhibit daily activities.

Nourish Your Joints - FN1489 - Read More…

Nourish Your Mind and Body With Accurate Health Information How to Sort Fact From Fiction (FN1697)

We’re all bombarded with information about nutrition and/or health in magazines and newspapers, and on TV and online through social media, blogs and YouTube videos. Also, family and friends might share information with us. With all this information, how do we separate fact from fiction? What are the clues to reliable health information in today’s fast-paced world? This publication will help you sort through the vast amount of nutrition and health-related information that is available.

Nourish Your Mind and Body With Accurate Health Information How to Sort Fact From Fiction (FN1697) - Read More…

Nourish Your Muscles (FN1678)

The maintenance of your muscles plays a major role in healthy aging. By taking care of your muscles, you can impact your quality of life now and in the future. The proteins in our bodies continuously are being broken down and replaced. Protein is essential to life and needs to be consumed at each meal.

Nourish Your Muscles (FN1678) - Read More…

Nourish Your Skin - FN1572

A Healthy Skin Diet is Like the Heart-healthy Diet.

Nourish Your Skin - FN1572 - Read More…

Nourishing Your Mind and Body: Manage Stress for Better Health - FS 1730

People have different definitions of stress. Probably the most common definition is “physical, mental or emotion strain or tension.” Stress is different for all of us. People will perceive the same stressor in a number of ways and, therefore, react to it differently.

Nourishing Your Mind and Body: Manage Stress for Better Health - FS 1730 - Read More…

Now Serving: Beans! - FN1485

If you’re looking for a way to stretch your budget and improve your family’s nutrition, look no further. Consider adding more beans to your menu. They’re convenient, versatile and lend themselves to many tasty dishes. Beans are a rich source of protein, fiber, vitamins and minerals. Replace some of the fat in baked goods such as brownies with mashed black beans. Beans can be added to casseroles or soups to add flavor, texture and more nutrients.

Now Serving: Beans! - FN1485 - Read More…

Now Serving: Breakfast - FN694

Enjoying more family meals adds up to better nutrition, stronger family bonds and children who are less likely to participate in risky behavior. Be flexible with meal schedules and locations of your family meals. If evenings are too hectic, would a regular family breakfast work for you?

Now Serving: Breakfast - FN694 - Read More…

Now Serving: Lean Beef - FN711

Beef is a versatile menu item whether you’re cooking for one, two or a crowd. Beef provides protein, vitamins and minerals. A typical serving size for beef and other meat is 3 ounces, which is about the size of a deck of cards. A 3-ounce serving of lean ground beef has about 180 calories, 10 grams of fat and 15 percent of the daily recommendation for iron.

Now Serving: Lean Beef - FN711 - Read More…

Now Serving: Lean Pork - FN1475

Pork can serve as the basis of a wide variety of tasty meals for you and your family. Today’s pork is very lean and healthful to eat. Pork provides a host of vitamins and minerals. Today’s pork has 16 percent less fat and 27 percent less saturated fat compared with pork in 1991. The U.S. Department of Agriculture has analyzed pork for trans-fatty acids (bad fats), and the results confirm that pork contains no artery-clogging trans fat.

Now Serving: Lean Pork - FN1475 - Read More…

Now Serving: Meals with Help from Kids - FN705

An increasing number of children and teenagers are eating more meals and snacks away from their home and family. They may be choosing unhealthy ready-to-eat food options rather than spending time preparing a healthy snack or meal – and eating with their families. Encouraging children and teenagers to cook can build healthy lifestyle skills, creativity and healthy food choices. You also are helping them form good eating behaviors that will last a lifetime.

Now Serving: Meals with Help from Kids - FN705 - Read More…

Now Serving: Meals with Help from Teens - FN706

More children and teenagers are eating meals and snacks away from their home and family. Encouraging teens to help prepare food and clean up can help busy families manage their time. Teens learn important cooking skills and have fun, too. Cooking promotes creativity and helps teens form good eating behaviors that will last a lifetime.

Now Serving: Meals with Help from Teens - FN706 - Read More…

Now Serving: More Calcium Rich Foods - FN697

Children who eat with their families are more likely to meet their calcium needs and drink less soda pop. That’s good news because children are building strong bones and need calcium and other nutrients as the building blocks. Teens have the highest calcium needs due to their rapid growth. Children who meet their calcium and other nutrient needs are less likely to get the bone- thinning disease osteoporosis when they grow older. Adults should meet their calcium needs to keep their bones strong throughout life. About 10 million Americans have osteoporosis and another 18 million are at risk of getting it due to low bone mass. Even though osteoporosis often is associated with women, about 20 percent of those who suffer from it are male. Osteoporosis is responsible for 1.5 million fractures a year, according to the National Osteoporosis Foundation.

Now Serving: More Calcium Rich Foods - FN697 - Read More…

Now Serving: More Whole Fruits and Vegetables - FN696

Family meals give parents/caregivers a chance to be good nutrition role models for children. Whether you’re sharing a meal at a park, in a car or at the family table, children who eat with their families eat a more nutritious diet. They eat more fruits and vegetables and other nutritious foods. Shared meals give families a chance to reconnect and talk about the events of their day. Children can learn communication skills, manners and their families’ values as they share food. Sharing meals also creates memories that will last a lifetime. Keep mealtime pleasant and allow enough time to eat because children eat better in a relaxed setting.

Now Serving: More Whole Fruits and Vegetables - FN696 - Read More…

Now Serving: More Whole Grains - FN695

Children who eat more often with their families eat a healthier diet, including more grains, fruits, vegetables and other nutritious foods. Grain foods, such as pasta, bread and rice, provide energy, vitamins and minerals. USDA’s MyPlate recommends that we make at least half our grains whole. The recommendations for grain foods are in “ounce equivalents.” Enjoy 3 or more ounce equivalents of whole-grain foods every day.

Now Serving: More Whole Grains - FN695 - Read More…

Now Serving: Nutritious After School Snacks - FN1379

Providing nutritious snacks doesn’t have to be expensive but you may need to do some planning to make them readily available for your child. Getting kids to eat fruits and vegetables can be difficult. Make snack time fun. For example, provide a variety of cut-up fruits and vegetables and let your kids create their own kabobs. You also may want to try serving vegetables with low-fat dip to make them more appealing.

Now Serving: Nutritious After School Snacks - FN1379 - Read More…

Now Serving: Nutritious Snacks for Preschoolers - FN1380

A child’s small tummy usually cannot hold enough at meals to keep him or her satisfied until the next meal. Kids younger than 6 may need to eat two to three snacks a day because they usually can’t meet their daily requirements in just three meals. Think of snacks as minimeals to help fill the gaps in their diets. Children should be getting the majority of their calories from a variety of grains (preferably whole grains), vegetables, fruits, milk products and lean protein sources.

Now Serving: Nutritious Snacks for Preschoolers - FN1380 - Read More…

Now Serving: Recipe Makeovers - FN1447

Learn to prepare your old family favorites in new, healthier ways with these recipe makeovers. Not all recipes need a makeover. If you can answer yes to the following questions, the recipe might be right for a makeover.

Now Serving: Recipe Makeovers - FN1447 - Read More…

Now Serving: Shopping for Family Meals - FN693

Enjoying more family meals takes a little planning, but it’s worth the effort. Children who eat with their families do better in school, are less likely to take part in risky behavior (such as smoking and drinking alcohol) and are less likely to have symptoms of depression. Children who eat more family meals have an overall healthier diet, compared with children who eat fewer family meals. They eat more fruits, vegetables, grains and calcium-rich foods, and they drink fewer soft drinks. Enjoy more family meals by taking some time to plan your menus and your shopping trips. Involve your family in menu planning, shopping, preparation and cleanup. Children can learn valuable life skills, such as cooking and communication skills, when helping in the kitchen. They learn to appreciate a variety of foods as they help plan and shop for meals.

Now Serving: Shopping for Family Meals - FN693 - Read More…

Now Serving: Tasty, Healthful Meals on a Budget Week 1: Meal Planning Tips, Menus and Recipes - FN1383

Planning menus, buying food and fixing meals your family likes can be challenging tasks. Staying within your food budget can add to the challenge. This is the first in a series of publications to help you eat well but spend less at the grocery store. It includes sample menus that you can adapt to meet your family's tastes.

Now Serving: Tasty, Healthful Meals on a Budget Week 1: Meal Planning Tips, Menus and Recipes - FN1383 - Read More…

Now Serving: Tasty, Healthful Meals on a Budget Week 2: Grocery Shopping Tips, Menus and Recipes - FN1384

Menu planning can help you serve your family healthier meals and it can help you save money at the grocery store. After Planning your menus, the next step is developing a grocery list so you have all the necessary foods for each meal. This is the second in a series of publications to help you eat well but spend less at the grocery store. It includes grocery shopping tips, sample menus and recipes that you can adapt to meet your family's tastes.

Now Serving: Tasty, Healthful Meals on a Budget Week 2: Grocery Shopping Tips, Menus and Recipes - FN1384 - Read More…

Now Serving: Tasty, Healthful Meals on a Budget Week 3: Cost-saving Tips, Menus and Recipes - FN1385

You may have established a weekly menu and shopping list, but now you need the food. Going to the grocery store to buy food for your family may be something you do not look forward to doing. Decreasing the amount of time and money you spend there may help change that. This is the third in a series of publications to help you eat well but spend less at the grocery store.

Now Serving: Tasty, Healthful Meals on a Budget Week 3: Cost-saving Tips, Menus and Recipes - FN1385 - Read More…

Now Serving: Tasty, Healthful Meals on a Budget Week 4: Planned-over Food tips, Menus and Recipes - FN1386

Planning menus, shopping for foods and using your leftovers wisely can pay off in many ways. Your family can enjoy healthy meals with lots of variety, and you can stretch your budget. This is the fourth in a series of publications to help you eat well but spend less at the grocery store. It includes sample menus and recipes that you can adapt to meet your family's tastes. It also includes creative ways to make use of your leftovers, which become "planned-overs".

Now Serving: Tasty, Healthful Meals on a Budget Week 4: Planned-over Food tips, Menus and Recipes - FN1386 - Read More…

Now Serving: Tasty, Healthful Meals on a Budget Week 5: Time-saving Tips, Menus and Recipes - FN1387

In today's busy world, cooking a meal completely from scratch may be difficult. However, convenience foods usually cost more and may be higher in calories, fat and sodium. This is the fifth in a series of publications to help you eat well but spend less at the grocery store. It includes time-money-saving tips and sample menus with recipes that you can adapt to meet your family's tastes.

Now Serving: Tasty, Healthful Meals on a Budget Week 5: Time-saving Tips, Menus and Recipes - FN1387 - Read More…

Now Serving: Well-Measured Recipes - FN707

Family meals promote family togetherness. Family meals provide a time to share what is going on in each other’s lives and enjoy a nutritious meal. Families who eat together are more likely to have more balanced meals. Preparing the meal is an important part of mealtime. Have children help in every aspect of the preparation, from choosing the menu to setting the table to making the meal. Including children in the preparation can lead to lifelong knowledge and memories.

Now Serving: Well-Measured Recipes - FN707 - Read More…

Nutrition and Fitness: Eat Smart Play Hard - FN1813

You are many things. You are a muscle mover, blood pumper, thinker, calorie burner and nutrient user. You are all these things and much more! You're a walking, talking, munching, crunching person. You are on the move.

Nutrition and Fitness: Eat Smart Play Hard - FN1813 - Read More…

Oat Production in North Dakota (A891 Revised)

This publication provide guidelines for producing oats in North Dakota. It includes recommendation on variety selection, disease and weed control and fertilizer management.

Oat Production in North Dakota (A891 Revised) - Read More…

Oil and Fuel Spill Prevention, Control and Countermeasure Program - WQ1486

The goal of the Spill Prevention, Control, and Countermeasure (SPCC) program is the prevention of oil spills into navigable waters and adjoining shorelines. Certain farms, based on quantity of stored petroleum, and other facilities must have an SPCC plan to prevent oil spills and for cleanup and mitigation following a spill. If a farm or facility meets the definition of this regulation, it must have a plan.

Oil and Fuel Spill Prevention, Control and Countermeasure Program - WQ1486 - Read More…

Organic Management of Canada Thistle (W1860)

This publication is a description of management options and methods for Canada thistle.

Organic Management of Canada Thistle (W1860) - Read More…

Pea Seed-borne Mosaic Virus (PSbMV) in Field Peas and Lentils - PP1704

Pea seed-borne mosaic virus (PSbMV) is an economically damaging viral pathogen of field peas and lentils that can cause significant losses in seed yield and quality, especially when infections occur before or during bloom. It has been observed on field peas and lentils in North Dakota and on field peas in Montana. PSbMV is distributed worldwide, and it presumably was introduced to North Dakota and Montana on seed imported from other regions.

Pea Seed-borne Mosaic Virus (PSbMV) in Field Peas and Lentils - PP1704 - Read More…

Pesticide Safety: A Guide for Gardeners and Homeowners - H1096

Pesticides include natural and man-made substances such as insecticides, herbicides, fungicides, disinfectants and rodenticides. They are used to help control, destroy and repel destructive pests such as insects, weeds, plant disease organisms, germs and rodents.

Pesticide Safety: A Guide for Gardeners and Homeowners - H1096 - Read More…

Pesticide Use and Pest Management Practices in ND, 2012 - W1711

This is the ninth major account of pesticide usage inNorth Dakota and describes pesticide usage onagricultural land in 2012. The information is derived from a comprehensive survey of North Dakota farm operators.

Pesticide Use and Pest Management Practices in ND, 2012 - W1711 - Read More…

Phosphorus Behavior In the Environment (NM1298)

Manure and commercial fertilizers contain nutrients essential for plant growth.

Phosphorus Behavior In the Environment (NM1298) - Read More…

Pickle Buckets Can Cause Foodborne Illness! FN1381 (Revised)

Using five-gallon pickle buckets and other types of large deep containers for cooling hot foods should be avoided at all costs. While convenient for storage, these containers are much too large to be used for cooling food safely. Food may be stored in these buckets only after it has been properly cooled to refrigeration temperatures.

Pickle Buckets Can Cause Foodborne Illness! FN1381 (Revised) - Read More…

Pinchin' Pennie$ in the Kitchen: Hummus, Roasted Chickpeas and More! - FN1739

Pulse foods include chickpeas (or garbanzo beans), lentils and split peas. These inexpensive foods provide protein, complex carbohydrates, and several vitamins and minerals. Like other plant-based foods, they contain no cholesterol and little fat. They are an excellent source of fiber and folate, along with many other vitamins and minerals.

Pinchin' Pennie$ in the Kitchen: Hummus, Roasted Chickpeas and More! - FN1739 - Read More…

Pinchin' Pennie$ in the Kitchen: 7 Steps to Creating an Omelet (FN1650 Revised)

Use your creativity and the foods in your pantry, refrigerator or freezer to make a delicious omelet following these easy steps.

Pinchin' Pennie$ in the Kitchen: 7 Steps to Creating an Omelet (FN1650 Revised) - Read More…

Pinchin' Pennie$ in the Kitchen: 7 Steps to Creating a Soup (FN1648 Revised)

A steaming bowl of soup is a hearty, healthful meal. You can use food from your pantry, freezer or leftovers from your refrigerator to make a tasty soup in about 30 minutes following these easy steps. Each pot of soup serves about four adults. The nutritional value varies depending on the ingredients you choose.

Pinchin' Pennie$ in the Kitchen: 7 Steps to Creating a Soup (FN1648 Revised) - Read More…

Pinchin' Pennie$ in the Kitchen: 7 Steps to Creating a Stir-fry (FN1649 Revised)

You don’t have to eat at a restaurant to enjoy a delicious stir-fry. Try making your own stir-fry using the foods in your pantry, refrigerator or freezer. You can start with fresh foods or use frozen vegetables.

Pinchin' Pennie$ in the Kitchen: 7 Steps to Creating a Stir-fry (FN1649 Revised) - Read More…

Pinchin' Pennie$ in the Kitchen: 7 Steps to Making Your Own Pizza (FN1890)

Pizza sometimes is viewed as unhealthy or even as “junk food,” but well-chosen toppings make pizza a healthful menu option that can include all of the food groups (grain, vegetables, protein, fruit and dairy or alternative). Pizza can vary greatly in the number of calories per slice, depending on the toppings chosen and type of crust, so check the nutrition information on the ingredients you choose.

Pinchin' Pennie$ in the Kitchen: 7 Steps to Making Your Own Pizza (FN1890) - Read More…

Pinchin' Pennie$ in the Kitchen: 7 Steps to Making a Quesadilla - FN1717

Create a quesadilla with a variety of colors and flavors for your next family dinner. Have your family pick out their favorite quesadilla fillings with this flexible yet delicious recipe. Choose whole-wheat tortillas with lean protein, low-fat cheese and a variety of veggies to make an easy, fun and nutritious meal.

Pinchin' Pennie$ in the Kitchen: 7 Steps to Making a Quesadilla - FN1717 - Read More…

Pinchin' Pennie$ in the Kitchen: 4 Ways to Use Day-old Bread - FN1743

Using day-old bread can help you stretch your food dollars. Some bakeries offer day-old bread at discounted prices. You might buy a few loaves because you found a great deal; unfortunately, you might get tired of it before you use all of it. What can you do with it?

Pinchin' Pennie$ in the Kitchen: 4 Ways to Use Day-old Bread - FN1743 - Read More…

Pinchin' Pennie$ in the Kitchen: 7 Steps to Creating a Casserole - FN1647

"What’s for dinner?” If you sometimes answer the question, “I have no idea!” then check out these creative ideas. This publication includes ways to use ingredients in your cupboard or freezer, or leftovers in your refrigerator. You can make a satisfying and economical meal for your family in seven easy steps.

Pinchin' Pennie$ in the Kitchen: 7 Steps to Creating a Casserole - FN1647 - Read More…

Pinchin' Pennie$ in the Kitchen: 5 Tips for Building a Healthful Lunch - FN1774

A well-balanced, home-packed lunch can set you up for success. Eating lunch provides an opportunity to refuel your brain and body after a morning of hard work. Selecting a variety of food groups creates a balanced meal with a healthy supply of different nutrients your body needs to stay focused and avoid that after-lunch slump.

Pinchin' Pennie$ in the Kitchen: 5 Tips for Building a Healthful Lunch - FN1774 - Read More…

Pinchin' Pennie$ in the Kitchen: Tips and Recipes for Preparing Elk/Venison - FN1733

Game meats, such as elk and venison, add variety to your diet. They often are lower in fat than other meats. Consider these tips as you expand your cooking to include game meats.

Pinchin' Pennie$ in the Kitchen: Tips and Recipes for Preparing Elk/Venison - FN1733 - Read More…

Pinchin' Pennie$ in the Kitchen: 7 Steps to Making a Salad in a Jar (FN1886)

Making an easy, on-the-go meal never has been simpler. Tap into your creative side and make your own salad in a jar recipe. Invite kids to help prepare them. Add the salad dressing of your choice and layers of tasty ingredients, and shake together when ready to eat.

Pinchin' Pennie$ in the Kitchen: 7 Steps to Making a Salad in a Jar (FN1886) - Read More…

Pinchin' Pennie$ in the Kitchen: 4 Everyday Uses for Dry Milk - FN1713

Nonfat dry milk has the same nutrient value as skim milk. Dry milk is versatile and has a long shelf life. It is a good source of protein, vitamins A and D, calcium and essential fats. Be sure to store dry milk in a cool place in an airtight container. Unsealed nonfat dry milk keeps for a few months. Because of its fat content, dry whole milk can be stored for only a few weeks.

Pinchin' Pennie$ in the Kitchen: 4 Everyday Uses for Dry Milk - FN1713 - Read More…

Pinchin' Pennie$ in the Kitchen: 4 Everyday Uses for the Extra Cereal in Your Cupboard - FN1760

If you find yourself with a number of half-empty cereal boxes in your cupboard, you are not alone. Maybe the members of your household didn’t like a certain variety of cereal, or maybe you bought too many boxes when cereal was on sale. Now you need to know what you can do with the rest of the box before the cereal gets stale. Don’t worry; you have plenty of ways to use all of your cereal while saving money and reducing waste.

Pinchin' Pennie$ in the Kitchen: 4 Everyday Uses for the Extra Cereal in Your Cupboard - FN1760 - Read More…

Pinchin' Pennie$ in the Kitchen: 5 Steps to Making Your Own Meal in a Bowl - FN1757

Making your own meal in a bowl is inexpensive and easy. You can make meals from ingredients you probably already have on hand. Think about all the different bowls you can make.You also could set up a buffet with a variety of toppings so people can personalize their meal with layers of flavor.

Pinchin' Pennie$ in the Kitchen: 5 Steps to Making Your Own Meal in a Bowl - FN1757 - Read More…

Pinchin' Pennie$ in the Kitchen: 6 Tips to Save Money With Unit Pricing - FN1752

Unit pricing is a term that describes pricing goods to determine what the cost is per unit of measure, such as pounds, ounces or quarts. Finding the unit price of an item allows consumers to find the “best buy” and determine any advantages to buying in bulk or switching brands.

Pinchin' Pennie$ in the Kitchen: 6 Tips to Save Money With Unit Pricing - FN1752 - Read More…

Pinchin' Pennie$ in the Kitchen: 7 Steps to Creating a Sandwich - FN1756

Sandwiches are easy to make and can serve as a quick meal for you or your family any time of day. Choose whole-grain bread, a variety of vegetables, fruit and lean protein to pack your sandwich full of nutrients. Sandwiches are versatile. You can make your sandwich cold, cook just the meat or grill the whole thing.

Pinchin' Pennie$ in the Kitchen: 7 Steps to Creating a Sandwich - FN1756 - Read More…

Pinchin' Pennie$ in the Kitchen: 7 Steps to Use Canned Fish - FN1716

Canned salmon and tuna contain an abundance of omega-3 fatty acids, which are essential to your health. These polyunsaturated fatty acids may play a role in preventing heart disease. You can make many satisfying and economical meals for your family using canned fish.

Pinchin' Pennie$ in the Kitchen: 7 Steps to Use Canned Fish - FN1716 - Read More…

Pinchin' Pennie$ in the Kitchen: Make Your Own Snack Mixes - FN1753

Homemade snack mixes can be an inexpensive and healthful option for children and adults. Each snack mix recipe in this handout contains kid-friendly ingredients. These grab-and-go snacks can be served after school or you can take them along on family vacations on the road.

Pinchin' Pennie$ in the Kitchen: Make Your Own Snack Mixes - FN1753 - Read More…

Pinchin' Pennie$ in the Kitchen: Pizza, Soup, Granola and More! How to Use Lentils in Your Recipes - FN1740

Pulse foods include chickpeas (or garbanzo beans), lentils and split peas. These inexpensive foods provide protein, complex carbohydrates, and several vitamins and minerals. Like other plant-based foods, they contain no cholesterol and little fat or sodium. They are an excellent source of fiber and folate, along with many other vitamins and minerals.

Pinchin' Pennie$ in the Kitchen: Pizza, Soup, Granola and More! How to Use Lentils in Your Recipes - FN1740 - Read More…

Pinchin' Pennie$ in the Kitchen: Split Pea Soup, Salad, Salsa and More! - FN1741

Pulse foods include chickpeas (or garbanzo beans), lentils and split peas. These inexpensive foods provide protein, complex carbohydrates, and several vitamins and minerals. Like other plant-based foods, they contain no cholesterol and little fat or sodium. They are an excellent source of fiber and folate, along with many other vitamins and minerals.

Pinchin' Pennie$ in the Kitchen: Split Pea Soup, Salad, Salsa and More! - FN1741 - Read More…

Pinchin' Pennie$ in the Kitchen: Tips and Recipes for Preparing Goose - FN1734

Using game birds in your menus adds variety to your diet. Consider these tips as you expand your menu options to include game birds such as goose.

Pinchin' Pennie$ in the Kitchen: Tips and Recipes for Preparing Goose - FN1734 - Read More…

Pinchin' Pennie$ in the Kitchen: What's in Your Home Food Pantry? - FN1706

A pantry stocked with essential nonperishable food items can save time and money. This publication provides a list of some ideas for common pantry items to personalize based on the ingredients that you use when you cook or bake.

Pinchin' Pennie$ in the Kitchen: What's in Your Home Food Pantry? - FN1706 - Read More…

Pinkeye (Infectious Bovine Keratoconjuctivitis) (V1885)

Pinkeye, or infectious bovine keratoconjunctivitis (IBK), is a painful eye disease that is common in cattle throughout the world. The economic impact of IBK in the cattle industry results from a loss in production due to increased medical treatment costs and injury from extra handling, reduced weight gain, decreased milk production and devaluation of sale animals due to eye disfigurement.

Pinkeye (Infectious Bovine Keratoconjuctivitis) (V1885) - Read More…

Planning To Irrigate: A Checklist (AE92 Revised)

Installing an irrigation system on a piece of land requires a great deal of planning and a significant financial investment.

Planning To Irrigate: A Checklist (AE92 Revised) - Read More…

Plant Disease Management: Deoxynivalenol (DON) in Small Grains (PP1302)

The publication provides information for commonly asked questions on DON/VOM found in small grains. Additional information is provided on management of DON/VOM.

Plant Disease Management: Deoxynivalenol (DON) in Small Grains (PP1302) - Read More…

Plant Disease Management: Sugar Beet Powdery Mildew ( PP967 Revised)

Powdery mildew is a sporadic fungal leaf disease of sugar beet in the Red River Valley and southern Minnesota sugar beet-production areas. It first was found in Minnesota and North Dakota in 1975. In recent years, the use of triazole and strobilurin fungicides for Cercospora leaf spot control has limited powdery mildew development. Recent discoveries of the sexual stage of the powdery mildew fungus in several sugar beet producing states could lead to potential biological changes in the fungus, making it more difficult to control.

Plant Disease Management: Sugar Beet Powdery Mildew ( PP967 Revised) - Read More…

Plant Disease Management: Soybean Cyst Nematode - PP1732

Soybean cyst nematode (SCN) is the most damaging soybean disease in the United States. Since its first detection in ND it has spread to a dozen counties. This publication includes information about the SCN symptoms, biology, sampling and management.

Plant Disease Management: Soybean Cyst Nematode - PP1732 - Read More…

Planting Trees and Shrubs - H531

For more pride and enjoyment in a well-landscaped yard, plan carefully before buying and planting nursery stock. This circular will provide information and planting tips for a successful landscaped yard.

Planting Trees and Shrubs - H531 - Read More…

Play Hard! Get Your Physical Activity - FN1437

Physical activity helps build and maintain a strong body. Be active every day! Kids need 60 minutes of physical activity most days of the week. Adults need at least 30 minutes of physical activity to stay healthy.

Play Hard! Get Your Physical Activity - FN1437 - Read More…

Plotting a Course 2019 (EC1090 Revised)

Short-term and Long-term Agricultural Planning Prices for North Dakota 2019.

Plotting a Course 2019 (EC1090 Revised) - Read More…

Plugging Home Drains to Prevent Sewage Backup - AE1476

For homes in areas of the country prone to flooding or heavy rain, taking a few steps to prepare for water levels that could result in sewage backing up into a home makes sense.

Plugging Home Drains to Prevent Sewage Backup - AE1476 - Read More…

Pollination in Vegetable Gardens and Backyard Fruits (H1898)

This publication summarizes the process of pollination in different vegetables and fruits grown by the backyard gardeners of North Dakota. Successful pollination is needed for fruit or berry production. The role of pollinators in growing vegetables and fruits is summarized as well as best management practices to attract and protect pollinators.

Pollination in Vegetable Gardens and Backyard Fruits (H1898) - Read More…

Popular Peonies! - H281

Peonies are among the most adaptable perennials for North Dakota. This publication provides information on proper soil, placement, planting, spacing and cultivation. It also covers propagation, fertilization, when to cut blooms and varieties for this region.

Popular Peonies! - H281 - Read More…

Potato Production Problems (A1817)

This has been designed for a clipboard to help with potato diagnostics program.

Potato Production Problems (A1817) - Read More…

Potato Tuber Viruses: Mop-top Management (A1777 - Revised)

The Potato mop-top virus causes tuber quality problems. Infection on tubers may be expressed as arcs or rings on the tuber surface, deep cracking and distortions to the skin that compromising tuber quality. Care must be taken not to infest fields with PMTV from known powdery scab and PMTV infected fields. Additionally, avoiding PMTV or powdery scab-infected seed tubers and using cultivars that are insensitive to mop-top can help prevent this problem.

Potato Tuber Viruses: Mop-top Management (A1777 - Revised) - Read More…

Powdery Scab of Potatoes (PP1891)

Spongospora subterranea f. sp. subterranea (referred to as S. subterranea), the causal agent of powdery scab and root gall formation in potato, is a soil- and tuber-borne funguslike pathogen. S. subterranea first was reported in the U.S. in 1913. During this same year, the disease was found established in potato-growing states such as Maine, Florida, Minnesota and Oregon. To date, the pathogen can be found causing disease throughout the U.S., as well as several other potato-growing regions around the world.

Powdery Scab of Potatoes (PP1891) - Read More…

Prairie Reconstruction Guidebook for North Dakota (R1840)

This guidebook will focus on prairie reconstruction defined as the planing of a native seed mixture composed of multiple prairie species in an area where the land has been cultivated or anthropogenically disturbed. Reconstructing prairies on form cultivated ares provides opportunities to create sustainable and resilient grassland cover.

Prairie Reconstruction Guidebook for North Dakota (R1840) - Read More…

Preparing Flood-damaged Homes for Winter - AE1594

If you do not plan to rebuild your flood-damaged home until next year, follow the advice in this publication as you prepare for winter.

Preparing Flood-damaged Homes for Winter - AE1594 - Read More…

Preparing for a Successful Calving Season: Nutrition, Management and Health Programs AS1207 (Revised)

This publication provides information on: • Cow nutrition prior to calving • Colostrum management • Calving season vaccinations • Parasite control • General management

Preparing for a Successful Calving Season: Nutrition, Management and Health Programs AS1207 (Revised) - Read More…

Preparing RVs for Winter Living - AE1510

Spending the winter in an RV is not something to dread, especially if the owner takes the steps in this publication to make it more comfortable.

Preparing RVs for Winter Living - AE1510 - Read More…

Processing Forages for Livestock Feed - R1769

This publication will address: • Equipment used for processing • Benefits that may be gained through processing forages • Other considerations for processing forages for livestock diets

Processing Forages for Livestock Feed - R1769 - Read More…

Protecting Groundwater from Pesticide Contamination (AE1197)

The North Dakota State Management Plan for Pesticides and Groundwater outlines the strategy to prevent degradation of groundwater by pesticides while protecting the beneficial uses of pesticides. The plan follows guidelines outlined by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and is approved by the agencies with roles in the plan. EPA requires states to have this plan as well as approved management plans for each pesticide the EPA determines to be a contamination threat to groundwater.

Protecting Groundwater from Pesticide Contamination (AE1197) - Read More…

Pruning Trees and Shrubs - H1036

All woody landscape plants will need pruning during their lifetime. The objectives of pruning are to produce strong, healthy and aesthetically attractive plants that complement our property. You can achieve these objectives by gaining an understanding of why, how and when to prune, as well as a few basic pruning principles.

Pruning Trees and Shrubs - H1036 - Read More…

Pulse Crop Insect Diagnostic Series: Field Pea, Lentil and Chickpea (E1877)

This publication summarizes Integrated Pest Management for insect pests of pulse crops including identification, crop damage, monitoring or scouting tips, economic threshold, cultural control, host plant resistance, biological control and chemical control.

Pulse Crop Insect Diagnostic Series: Field Pea, Lentil and Chickpea (E1877) - Read More…

Pulses: The Perfect Food, Healthy to Eat, Healthy to Grow; Peas-Lentils-Chickpeas (FN1508)

Pulses, which include chickpeas/garbanzo beans, dry peas and lentils, are increasingly being recognized for their role in promoting good health. Researchers have reported that regular consumption of pulses may reduce the risk of heart disease, diabetes and certain types of cancer. Pulses are a versatile, easy-to-prepare ingredient that can be used in entrees, salads, breads and desserts.

Pulses: The Perfect Food, Healthy to Eat, Healthy to Grow; Peas-Lentils-Chickpeas (FN1508) - Read More…

Pythium Damping-off of Soybean - PP1737

Pythium damping off causes stand loss and yield reduction in North Dakota. The disease is particularly damaging in cool and wet soils. The pathogens involved, biology, identification and management are discussed.

Pythium Damping-off of Soybean - PP1737 - Read More…

Quality Forage series: Forage Nutrition for Ruminants

Plants utilized in the feeding of livestock have long been a fundamental link in the food chain. Native grasses supported grazing animals well before man began to domesticate livestock. Forages have always been an extremely important source of nutrients in livestock rations. Additionally, they provide fiber in the ration which enhances proper digestion in forage-consuming animals. Through their conversion into milk and meat products, forages continue to be one of the primary sources of nourishment in the human diet.

Quality Forage series: Forage Nutrition for Ruminants - Read More…

Quality Forage Series: Interpreting Composition and Determining Market Value (AS1251 Revised May 2018)

New knowledge in forage quality and animal feeding, and significant advances in improving the genetic potential of animals used to produce milk, meat and wool, improve efficiency and lower costs. However, to do this, today’s producer must be aware of and utilize the latest information on feed quality and feeding management.

Quality Forage Series: Interpreting Composition and Determining Market Value (AS1251 Revised May 2018) - Read More…

Quality Forage Series: Interpreting Composition and Determining Market Value AS1251 (Revised May 2018)

New knowledge in forage quality and animal feeding, and significant advances in improving the genetic potential of animals used to produce milk, meat and wool, improve efficiency and lower costs. However, to do this, today’s producer must be aware of and utilize the latest information on feed quality and feeding management.

Quality Forage Series: Interpreting Composition and Determining Market Value AS1251 (Revised May 2018) - Read More…

Questions & Answers About Fats in Our Diet (FN1685)

Through the years, certain foods fall in and out of public awareness and favor. This certainly has been true of fats, such as those found in margarine and butter. For example, for a time, margarine was recommended instead of butter for health reasons; more recently, margarine has gotten bad press because it contains trans fat. The sometimes-conflicting messages in the media can create confusion, so this publication discusses the different types of fat and current research-based recommendations for health, and it answers common questions about dietary fats.

Questions & Answers About Fats in Our Diet (FN1685) - Read More…

Questions & Answers About Prediabetes/Diabetes and Your Health - FN1765

Nearly 29.1 million Americans have diabetes, according to estimates from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). In addition, an estimated 86 million U.S. adults have prediabetes. Prediabetes affects 35 percent of adults age 20 and older and half of Americans age 65.

Questions & Answers About Prediabetes/Diabetes and Your Health - FN1765 - Read More…

Questions & Answers About Sodium and Its Impact on Our Health (FN1686)

Excessive sodium in our diet can increase our blood pressure, especially in salt-sensitive individuals. High blood pressure, or hypertension, is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Heart disease and stroke are the first and fourth leading causes of death in the U.S., making cardiovascular disease responsible for one of every three deaths in the country.

Questions & Answers About Sodium and Its Impact on Our Health (FN1686) - Read More…

Questions & Answers About School Lunchroom Strategies to Promote Health - FN1784

Research has shown that certain strategies can be implemented in the cafeteria setting that may help students make more nutritious food choices.

Questions & Answers About School Lunchroom Strategies to Promote Health - FN1784 - Read More…

Questions & Answers About Soy Foods - FN1786

Soy is a plant native to Asia and has been a staple in the Asian diet for more than 5,000 years. Large-scale soybean cultivation did not start in the U.S. until around World War II. Today, the Midwestern U.S. produces about half of the world’s supply of soybeans.

Questions & Answers About Soy Foods - FN1786 - Read More…

Questions and Answers About Storing Food in the Refrigerator - FN1466 -

A food safety study was conducted with 58 international students from 30 different countries at North Dakota State University. Participants indicated the kind of food safety information they would like to get to help them safely handle new and unfamiliar foods they encountered in the U.S. Many of the participants asked for information about food storage, preserving leftovers, proper handling of salads and fresh vegetables, and the safety of processed and frozen foods.

Questions and Answers About Storing Food in the Refrigerator - FN1466 - - Read More…

Questions and Answers About Storing Canned and Packaged Food - FN1468

A food safety study was conducted with 58 international students from 30 different countries at North Dakota State University. Participants indicated the kind of food safety information they would like to get to help them safely handle new and unfamiliar foods they encountered in the U.S. Many of the participants asked for information about food storage, preserving leftovers, proper handling of salads and fresh vegetables, and the safety of processed and frozen foods.

Questions and Answers About Storing Canned and Packaged Food - FN1468 - Read More…

Questions and Answers About Using a Pressure Canner - FN1415

Pressure canning is recommended for low-acid foods. Low acid foods are not acidic enough to prevent the growth of bacteria and should be processed at temperatures of 240 degrees to 250 degrees, which is attainable with pressure canners. Low-acid foods include; red meats, seafood, poultry, milk, all fresh vegetables except for most tomatoes.

Questions and Answers About Using a Pressure Canner - FN1415 - Read More…

Questions and Answers About Using a Boiling Water-bath Canner - FN1425

Water-bath canning is a method of preserving high-acid foods. Fresh foods contain a high percentage of water, which makes them very perishable. High-acid foods can be preserved safely when they reach temperatures provided by a boiling water-bath canner. To kill harmful molds, yeasts and some bacteria, processing using the boiling water-bath method ensures the safety of preserved produce. However, this method does not provide high enough temperatures to destroy botulinum spores in low-acid foods such as vegetables.

Questions and Answers About Using a Boiling Water-bath Canner - FN1425 - Read More…

Questions and Answers About Storing Food in the Freezer - FN1465

A food safety study was conducted with 58 international students from 30 different countries at North Dakota State University. Participants indicated the kind of food safety information they would like to get to help them safely handle new and unfamiliar foods they encountered in the U.S. many of the participants asked for information about food storage, preserving leftovers, proper handling of salads and fresh vegetables, and the safety of processed and frozen foods.

Questions and Answers About Storing Food in the Freezer - FN1465 - Read More…

Questions and Answers About Storing Fresh Fruits and Vegetables - FN1467

A food safety study was conducted with 58 international students from 30 different countries at North Dakota State University. Participants indicated the kind of food safety information they would like to get to help them safely handle new and unfamiliar foods they encountered in the U.S. Many of the participants asked for information about food storage, preserving leftovers, proper handling of salads and fresh vegetables, and the safety of processed and frozen foods.

Questions and Answers About Storing Fresh Fruits and Vegetables - FN1467 - Read More…

Quick Facts for Men: Keep Yourself Tuned Up with Good Nutrition - FN1428

Your body and your vehicle have one very important thing in common: They both need to be maintained. This publication will show you the best way to keep your body running smoothly.

Quick Facts for Men: Keep Yourself Tuned Up with Good Nutrition - FN1428 - Read More…

Quick Facts: Grill Something Different! - FN1420

Who knew an entire meal could be prepared on the grill? Try these recipes the next time you want to ignite your guests' taste buds.

Quick Facts: Grill Something Different! - FN1420 - Read More…

Quick Facts: Your Game Plan: Healthful Snacking for Sports Fans - FN1406

Your favorite team is winning and you just watched the best half-time show you have ever seen. You reach into the bowl of crunch snacks and discover it's empty. How did that happen? Included in this publication are tips to manage snacking, ideas on how to make snacks healthier, along with recipes to enjoy.

Quick Facts: Your Game Plan: Healthful Snacking for Sports Fans - FN1406 - Read More…

Quick Facts:Becoming the Grill Master - FN1412

When done right, grilling can be one of the more healthful ways to prepare food. Preparing meats and poultry on the grill allows excess fat to drip away. Very little fat needs to be added to foods cooked on the grill.

Quick Facts:Becoming the Grill Master - FN1412 - Read More…

Raising Pheasants - R1803

Raising ring-necked pheasants can be a rewarding experience when done correctly and things go as planned. This guide is intended to provide those interested in raising ring-necked pheasant with some general guidelines that when followed, should help improve the chances of being successful. This guide provides detail and guidance on raising pheasants.

Raising Pheasants - R1803 - Read More…

Ranchers Guide to Grassland Management IV - R1707

This guide is intended to serve as a quick reference for ranchers looking for information on grazing management. As such, it does not attempt to cover any single topic in great depth. Instead, it provides general information on a variety of subjects related to range, pasture and hay land management. References for other sources of information are provided should the reader wish to research the topic in greater depth.

Ranchers Guide to Grassland Management IV - R1707 - Read More…

Range and Forage Production Sample Kits (R1838)

This publication is guide to help determine forage production of range, pasture and other grazing resources. Once forage production for a grazing resource has been determined, carrying capacity and stocking rate can be calculated.

Range and Forage Production Sample Kits (R1838) - Read More…

Reclamation of Oil and Gas Industry-impacted Land: A Guide and Checklist - R1766

This publication provides a checklist for landowners and companies to promote trust and cooperation. The checklist provides a list of procedures that should be addressed to reassure the land will be returned, as close as possible, to it agronomic productively level.

Reclamation of Oil and Gas Industry-impacted Land: A Guide and Checklist - R1766 - Read More…

Reducing Spray Drift (AE-1210)

Spray drift is becoming an increasingly important part of every spraying operation. More diversification of crops, more active and non-selective herbicides, and a greater awareness of pesticides in the environment has caused spray drift management to become every applicator’s business.

Reducing Spray Drift (AE-1210) - Read More…

References and Resources for Addressing Youth Issues (YD1889)

Numerous youth issues are highlighted in this single publication. Each topic area includes a list of current references and resources specifically focusing on the particular youth issue. Included are websites, NDSU Extension publications and programs, brochures, lesson guides, fact sheets, videos and more. Each reference and resource is followed by a short description.

References and Resources for Addressing Youth Issues (YD1889) - Read More…

Refreshing Raspberries For Home-grown Goodness (H38 (Revised))

No other summer fruit grown in North Dakota can provide the exquisite flavor, high nutritive value and sheer delight of raspberries. They are high in fiber and vitamin C, and are a great source of antioxidants.

Refreshing Raspberries For Home-grown Goodness (H38 (Revised)) - Read More…

Remove Mold For a Healthy Home - AE1202

Exposure to mold can cause cold-like symptoms, respiratory problems, nasal and sinus congestion, watery eyes, sore throat, coughing and skin irritations, and can easily be breathed deeply into the lungs, it is not safe to live in houses wit high mold. This publication tells the health effects, where to look for mold, mold removal and preventing mold growth.

Remove Mold For a Healthy Home - AE1202 - Read More…

Replacing Your Important Papers - FE1748

When your important papers are lost, stolen, damaged or destroyed, you may be able to replace them. This publication lists the agencies, websites and procedures that can help you replace those important papers.

Replacing Your Important Papers - FE1748 - Read More…

Replanting or Late Planting Crops - A934

Replanting when crop damage and stand reduction occurs early in the growing season can be an economically viable option.

Replanting or Late Planting Crops - A934 - Read More…

Resource Guide for Livestock Manure Management - NM1320

Livestock manure management issues are becoming increasingly important and complex. Ample educational, technical and financial assistance is available to producers. Individuals are encouraged to take a proactive approach when dealing with livestock manure to take advantage of resources and avoid negative regulatory action.

Resource Guide for Livestock Manure Management - NM1320 - Read More…

Responding to Distressed People - FS1805

Sometimes you need help. Sometimes you are help. This flow chart outlines the process of responding to distressed people.

Responding to Distressed People - FS1805 - Read More…

Riparian Complex Ecological Sites of North Dakota: A Pictorial Guide of Riparian Complex Ecological Sites Common in North Dakota (R1791)

This publication is a pictorial guide of the valley, streams and plant communities common in riparian complex ecological sites in North Dakota. This guide is intended to aid in the interpretation of riparian ecological site descriptions and assist in identification of riparian complex ecological sites when developing management plans for riparian ecosystems.

Riparian Complex Ecological Sites of North Dakota: A Pictorial Guide of Riparian Complex Ecological Sites Common in North Dakota (R1791) - Read More…

Rust Diseases of Wheat in North Dakota - PP1361

The revision of PP1361 will update previous information on the three wheat rusts. Growers, consultants and county agents will be able the use this information for disease diagnosis.

Rust Diseases of Wheat in North Dakota - PP1361 - Read More…

Safe and Healthy Eating During Pregnancy - FN657

During pregnancy, women are more vulnerable to food-borne illness because of hormone changes that lower immunity. Fortunately, most cases of food-borne illness can be prevented by following the guidelines provided in this publication.

Safe and Healthy Eating During Pregnancy - FN657 - Read More…

Safe Food for Babies and Children: Warming Bottles Safely (FN716 Revised)

For the first year of a baby's life, breast milk or infant formula should be used to provide the nutrition necessary to promote growth and general health. Pre-mixed infant formula and expressed breast milk do not need to be heated prior to feeding. However, many babies prefer warm bottles because of the similarity to warm milk fed from the breast.

Safe Food for Babies and Children: Warming Bottles Safely (FN716 Revised) - Read More…

Safe Food for Babies and Children: A Guide for Babysitters- Babysitter Edition - FN662

Babysitting is a great way to earn money, help neighbors and gain job experience. It's a big responsibility, too. When parents trust you to babysit, they are placing their children's health and safety in your hands. Infants and young children are especially vulnerable to foodborne illness and even a small error in food preparation could cause severe illness. Read this publication to learn more about what jobs to accept, how to handle emergencies and how to be safe in the kitchen when preparing and serving food.

Safe Food for Babies and Children: A Guide for Babysitters- Babysitter Edition - FN662 - Read More…

Safe Food for Babies and Children: Making Homemade Baby Food for Babies 6 Months and Older (FN1848)

This handout provides general guidance for making pureed foods at home, which can be a money-saving option or a personal preference. Making your own baby food has several advantages. You will expose your baby to more flavors, which could allow for a more adventurous eater. You also can limit sugar and salt to provide good nutrition for your baby.

Safe Food for Babies and Children: Making Homemade Baby Food for Babies 6 Months and Older (FN1848) - Read More…

Safe Food For Babies and Children: Choking Dangers - FN664

Every child is at risk of choking: Older infants and children less than 5 years old easily can choke on food, toys and household objects. A single choking incident may result in death, permanent brain damage due to lack of oxygen and other complications associated with airway blockage. This publication provides tips on choking prevention.

Safe Food For Babies and Children: Choking Dangers - FN664 - Read More…

Safe Food for Babies and Children: Introducing Solid Foods to Your Baby (FN1835)

This handout provides general guidance for adding solid foods to the diet of your growing baby. Be sure to consult with your child’s health-care provider for additional information.

Safe Food for Babies and Children: Introducing Solid Foods to Your Baby (FN1835) - Read More…

Safe Food for Babies and Children: Heating Solid Food Safely - FN715

Whether warming bottles or solid foods, it is ALWAYS important to use safe heating practices to keep your baby happy and healthy. Although you may be an expert at feeding your little one, remember that babysitters and family members may not know how to heat bottles and food correctly. Leaving complete instructions in a handy location, such as on the refrigerator door, may help you and the caregiver feel comfortable and relaxed come feeding time.

Safe Food for Babies and Children: Heating Solid Food Safely - FN715 - Read More…

Safe Food for Babies and Children: A Guide for Babysitters- Parents Edition - FN663

As a parent, you most likely will need a babysitter to look after your children at some time. Infants and young children are especially vulnerable to foodborne illness, and even a small error in food preparation can cause severe illness. Making sure your babysitter is prepared to provide care safely will assure a positive experience for both you and your sitter.

Safe Food for Babies and Children: A Guide for Babysitters- Parents Edition - FN663 - Read More…

Safe Food for Babies: Handling Breast Milk, Formula and Baby Food - FN656

Infants and young children are most at risk for foodborne illness because their immune systems are not fully developed. Follow the tips in this publication to keep breast milk, formula and baby food safe for babies.

Safe Food for Babies: Handling Breast Milk, Formula and Baby Food - FN656 - Read More…

Sampling Feed for Analysis (AS1064 )

This publication is guide to help sample livestock forage and feed for laboratory analysis. Feed analysis is one of the most effective feed and forage management tools to effectively match forage and feed supplies to animal nutrient requirements, design feeding programs, and evaluate forage production. Laboratory analysis is the recommended way to determine nutrient content and value.

Sampling Feed for Analysis (AS1064 ) - Read More…

Sandbagging for Flood Protection - AE626

A sandbag dike must be built properly to prevent or reduce flood damage.

Sandbagging for Flood Protection - AE626 - Read More…

Sauerkraut: From Garden to Table - FN433

Making sauerkraut is often part of introductory classes in microbiology. To avoid a "science experiment gone wrong" at home, follow the recommendations in this publication from garden to table.

Sauerkraut: From Garden to Table - FN433 - Read More…

Selected Management Factors for Economically Increasing Soybean Yield (A1718 )

Soybean yield increased with 14-inch versus 28-inch rows, 200,000 versus 150,000 pls/acre planting rate and special foliar inputs. The narrow rows also had higher net revenue than 28-inch rows. However, the low planting rate and no foliar inputs provided higher net revenue after costs of research factors versus the alternative choice for each factor.

Selected Management Factors for Economically Increasing Soybean Yield (A1718 ) - Read More…

Selecting a Sprinkler Irrigation System (AE91 Revised)

The four basic methods of irrigation are: subsurface irrigation (“subirrigation,” which uses tile drain lines), surface or gravity irrigation, trickle irrigation (also called drip irrigation) and sprinkler irrigation. Of the acres currently irrigated in North Dakota, more than 80 percent use some type of sprinkler

Selecting a Sprinkler Irrigation System (AE91 Revised) - Read More…

Selecting High-quality Seed of Cereal Grains - A500

The publication provides information to growers on important characteristics to consider when selecting a seedlot.

Selecting High-quality Seed of Cereal Grains - A500 - Read More…

Selecting Spray Nozzles to Reduce Particle Drift (AE1246)

This technical bulletin provides characteristics of various nozzles to enable the efficacious application of pesticides and to minimize particle movement to no-target organisms and soil.

Selecting Spray Nozzles to Reduce Particle Drift (AE1246) - Read More…

Seniors and Food Safety: To Market, To Market - FN700

This publication provides you with tips to prevent foodborne illness, beginning with the trip to the supermarket and ending with the proper temperatures the food should be cooked.

Seniors and Food Safety: To Market, To Market - FN700 - Read More…

Seniors and Food Safety: Why are Seniors at Risk for Foodborne Illness? - FN698

James L. Smith, a microbiologist with the U.S. Department of Agriculture, wanted to find the answer to the question of why seniors are more at risk for foodborne illness. He reviewed data from foodborne outbreaks at nursing homes, and compared the immune and digestive systems of seniors and younger individuals, as well as evaluating the overall physical well-being of seniors.

Seniors and Food Safety: Why are Seniors at Risk for Foodborne Illness? - FN698 - Read More…

Seniors and Food Safety: What's a Senior to Eat? - FN699

Smart food choices can help reduce the risk for chronic diseases, such as heart disease, cancer, diabetes, stroke and osteoporosis. These are the leading cause of death and disability among Americans.

Seniors and Food Safety: What's a Senior to Eat? - FN699 - Read More…

Seniors and Food Safety: What's Cooking? - FN701

Prevent foodborne illness with these four simple steps to prepare food safely at home.

Seniors and Food Safety: What's Cooking? - FN701 - Read More…

Seniors and Food Safety: When Someone Else is the Cook - FN702

Let’s face it. Sometimes letting someone else do the cooking is just easier and more enjoyable. And today’s seniors have many eating options. However, all of these options do have food safety implications.

Seniors and Food Safety: When Someone Else is the Cook - FN702 - Read More…

Seniors and Food Safety: When Grandparents Take Care of Grandchildren - FN703

Many of the feeding practices you used with your own children may no longer be advocated for today’s infants and toddlers. Let’s take a look at the food safety implications of feeding a special new person in your life.

Seniors and Food Safety: When Grandparents Take Care of Grandchildren - FN703 - Read More…

Sheep Shearing Facts - AS1744

This fact sheet describes the process and benefits to sheep and man from shearing sheep in a safe and professional manner.

Sheep Shearing Facts - AS1744 - Read More…

Site-specific Farming: Developing Zone Soil Sampling Maps (SF1176-2 Revised)

This circular, although originally published in 2008 is still relevant and useful as is. Although almost half of the ND farmers utilize some site-specific technology, the other half would also benefit from its use.

Site-specific Farming: Developing Zone Soil Sampling Maps (SF1176-2 Revised) - Read More…

Site-specific Farming: Economics and the Environment - SF1176-4

Site-specific farming technologies can result in economic gain for farmers if used correctly, and can also decrease impact from the environment from off-sight movement of fertilizers to groundwater and surface waters.

Site-specific Farming: Economics and the Environment - SF1176-4 - Read More…

Site-specific Farming: What is Site-specific Farming? (SF1176-1 Revised)

This circular, although originally published in 2008 is still relevant and useful as its. Although almost half of ND farmers utilize some site-specific technology, the other half would also benefit from its use.

Site-specific Farming: What is Site-specific Farming? (SF1176-1 Revised) - Read More…

Site-specific Farming: Yield Mapping and Use of Yield Map Data (SF1176-3 Revised)

This circular, although originally published in 2008 is still relevant and useful as is. Although almost half of ND farmers utilize some site-specific technology, the other half would also benefit from its use.

Site-specific Farming: Yield Mapping and Use of Yield Map Data (SF1176-3 Revised) - Read More…

Size up the Supplement - FN1491

Supplements have different serving sizes and intake recommendations. To determine how many milligrams (mg) of a nutrient are in each capsule, divide the milligrams of that nutrient by the number of capsules in each serving size. Remember, you probably are getting some vitamins and minerals from your diet. Be sure to include both supplements and dietary intake when considering if you are getti ng the right amount of a nutrient.

Size up the Supplement - FN1491 - Read More…

Soil Fertility Considerations for Buckwheat in North Dakota SF724 (Revised)

Buckwheat is grown every year in North Dakota and is an important specialty crop grown for grain in conventional and organic farming systems. It's ability to cycle phosphorus from slowly available to more available forms is referred to in this update.

Soil Fertility Considerations for Buckwheat in North Dakota SF724 (Revised) - Read More…

Soil Fertility Recommendations for Corn SF722 (Revised)

These recommendations are updated to include new potassium recommendations based on recent research.

Soil Fertility Recommendations for Corn SF722 (Revised) - Read More…

Soil Fertility Recommendations for Field Pea, Lentil and Chickpea in North Dakota (SF725 Revised)

This publication provides the latest recommendations of fertilization for field pea, lentil and chickpea according to the most recent research data.

Soil Fertility Recommendations for Field Pea, Lentil and Chickpea in North Dakota (SF725 Revised) - Read More…

Soil Sampling as a Basis for Fertilizer Application (SF990 Revised)

This publication was first made available in 1998. Since then, there has been significant research into soil testing methods. This revision will include these updated findings and recommendations.

Soil Sampling as a Basis for Fertilizer Application (SF990 Revised) - Read More…

Soil Testing Unproductive Areas - SF1809

This publication is intended to provide information on how to sample and analyze area that are affected by soil salinity and sodicity. It explains how to take soil samples representing the affected areas, what kind of tests are needed to assess salt and sodium levels and how to interpret the results.

Soil Testing Unproductive Areas - SF1809 - Read More…

Soybean Growth and Management Quick Guide - A1174

Growth, development and yield of soybeans are a result of a variety’s genetic potential interacting with environmental and farming practices. Correct production decisions using plant growth staging and timing are important for successful soybean production. Minimizing environmental stress will optimize seed yield.

Soybean Growth and Management Quick Guide - A1174 - Read More…

Soybean Soil Fertility - SF1164

All of NDSU soil fertility recommendations now have no yield-based formulas. The soybean fertility recommendations were modified to be in line with these new guidelines.

Soybean Soil Fertility - SF1164 - Read More…

Sports Drinks: R They Needed? - FN1400

Sports drinks, such as Gatorade, Powerade and All Sport, contain carbohydrates and electrolytes, such as sodium, potassium and chloride. They are made for physical activity, to help rehydrate and to keep energy levels high. Are sports drinks really necessary? Not always. You can get these same benefits from other sources. A sports drink is not better for you unless you are active for 60 to 90 minutes or are exercising in very hot conditions. Anything less, and water should be the drink of choice.

Sports Drinks: R They Needed? - FN1400 - Read More…

Sports Supplements: Play the Game Right - FN1399

An athlete usually needs to increase his/her energy intake compared with the energy used. Athletes also require more water, protein, vitamins and minerals (especially iron and calcium). Before you stock up on these expensive helpers, remember that just eating more nutritious food usually is cheaper and easier.

Sports Supplements: Play the Game Right - FN1399 - Read More…

Spray Equipment and Calibration - AE73

Many pesticides used to control weeds, insects, and disease in field crops, ornamentals, turf, fruits, vegetables, and rights-of-way are applied with hydraulic sprayers. Tractor- mounted, pull-type, pickup-mounted and self-propelled sprayers are available from numerous manufacturers to do all types of spraying.

Spray Equipment and Calibration - AE73 - Read More…

Stacking Sandbags - DE1523

This circular shows the proper stacking for a sandbag dike.

Stacking Sandbags - DE1523 - Read More…

Starting a Community Orchard in North Dakota (Publication H1558)

This is a valuable resource for organizations interested in starting a community orchard. It provides information on how to plan the orchard, select fruits and organize volunteers. It also provides sources of plants, sample budgets, funding opportunities, sample contracts and bylaws, and sources of technical advise.

Starting a Community Orchard in North Dakota (Publication H1558) - Read More…

Steps to Reduce Flood and Water Damage - DE1567

Many things can be done before the snow melts or before a heavy rainstorm to reduce damage to home and property. This checklist can help you prepare to reduce the severity of water or a flood on your home and family.

Steps to Reduce Flood and Water Damage - DE1567 - Read More…

Steps to Reducing Sodium in Recipes - FN1688

Let’s practice our food sodium knowledge by modifying a chili recipe.

Steps to Reducing Sodium in Recipes - FN1688 - Read More…

Strangles - V541

Strangles, which also is known as horse distemper, is a highly contagious disease. The disease causes swelling of the lymph nodes under the jaw and immediate isolation of affected horses. Medical treatment varies widely and mid cases will usually resolve without any antibiotic treatment.

Strangles - V541 - Read More…

Strategies for Managing Drought in the Northern Plains (R1819)

The purpose of this drought response plant is 1) to describe the drought indicators and response triggers that will be used to determine if drought response actions are needed and 2) to provide land owners and managers a range of management options that will allow for a flexible and rapid response to drought.

Strategies for Managing Drought in the Northern Plains (R1819) - Read More…

Strawberries (H16 Revised)

Strawberries are one of the most prized fruits used in North Dakota homes. The information in this circular will serve as a guide in the production of strawberries for home use.

Strawberries (H16 Revised) - Read More…

Stretching Toward Better Health - FN607

Stretching may be done at any time of the day and can involve a great number of exercises. This publication covers types of stretching and includes instruction on how to stretch different muscle groups.

Stretching Toward Better Health - FN607 - Read More…

Strip Till for Field Crop Production (AE1370 (Revised))

This publication explains strip till purposes, equipment options, research and applications to specific crops.

Strip Till for Field Crop Production (AE1370 (Revised)) - Read More…

Stubby Root Nematode and Sampling in Sugar Beet - A1821

Stubby root nematode (SRN) represents an economically important group of nematodes belonging to the genera Trichodorus and Paratrichodorus. SRN often are found in light (sandy) soils and are more problematic when cool, wet soil conditions exist. For example, yield losses as high as 50 percent can be observed in cool and wet growing seasons.

Stubby Root Nematode and Sampling in Sugar Beet - A1821 - Read More…

Successful Disaster Recovery Using the Community Capitals Framework (DE1864)

The community capitals framework can be a powerful tool to help communities successfully recovery from disasters. After experiencing a disaster, a community can review its pre- and post-disaster capitals or utilize the community capitals framework in the recover process.

Successful Disaster Recovery Using the Community Capitals Framework (DE1864) - Read More…

Successful Reclamation of Lands Disturbed by Oil and Gas Development and Infrastructure Construction - R1728

This publication is designed to describe activities for the successful reclamation of North Dakota lands following disturbances associated with oil and gas production, and infrastructure construction. This includes topsoil/subsoil removal and replacement, well and pad development, pipeline and road construction, residential development and other activities related to the oil boom. This publication only will address reclamation of non-contaminated soils. Contaminated soils may include lands compromised by oil spills (hydrocarbons) and brine spills. We will introduce the critical components of a successful reclamation, provide recommended seed mixtures and seeding rates when reclaiming range and pasture land, and provide options to reduce soil erosion on disturbed rangelands, pastureland and hay lands. Although croplands are not specified directly in this publication, many of the topsoil salvage and replacement approaches, planning, preparation procedures and reclamation methods can be used as a guide to the successful reclamation of croplands.

Successful Reclamation of Lands Disturbed by Oil and Gas Development and Infrastructure Construction - R1728 - Read More…

Sugar Beet Cyst Nematode - PP1788

This publication describes symptoms of plants infested with SBCN and the life cycle of SBCN. Practices to manage the pests are outlined.

Sugar Beet Cyst Nematode - PP1788 - Read More…

Sump Pump Questions - AE1573

For many homeowners the first line of defense against water in the basement is a sump with a pump in it. The sump may be connected to drain tile that drains the footings of the house, under the entire basement, or just the area where the sump is located. Many houses have tiling installed only around a portion of the house. The water that drains into the sump must be removed, and this is accomplished with a sump pump.

Sump Pump Questions - AE1573 - Read More…

Sunflower Meal in Beef Cattle Diets AS1623 (Revised)

Sunflower meal is a biologically and economically useful protein source for all classes of beef cattle. Beef cows can be provided supplemental protein effectively with sunflower meal when degradable protein is required.

Sunflower Meal in Beef Cattle Diets AS1623 (Revised) - Read More…

Sunflower Production - A1331

This publication is a revision of the “Sunflower Production and Marketing Bulletin” published in 1994. The purpose is to update information and provide a production and pest management guide for sunflower growers. This revised publication is directed primarily to the commercial production of sunflower, not to marketing and processing. It will attempt to give specific guidelines and recommendations on production practices, pest identifi cation and pest management, based on current information.

Sunflower Production - A1331 - Read More…

Take Time for Tea: For Health and Well-being - FN1328

Taking time to strengthen relationships over a cup of tea can be good for emotional and physical health. The tea warms your body and adds health-promoting substances to the diet. The time spent in conversation with a friend or family member can strengthen those important social bonds that enhance health and well-being.

Take Time for Tea: For Health and Well-being - FN1328 - Read More…

Talking to Children About Armed Conflict - FS636

Whenever stories about armed conflict, terrorism or the possibility of war appear on television or in the news, considering the possible reactions of children and youth is important. Such topics quickly become a focus and concern for children. Addressing children's reactions is especially important when the issues directly relate to their family life, such as deployment of a parent for military service.

Talking to Children About Armed Conflict - FS636 - Read More…

Talking to Children About Divorce - FS638

Divorce can be a challenging and painful transition that children experience differently than adults. The distress of the parents involved in a divorce can interfere with their ability to respond to their children and their children’s needs. However, parents and caregivers can find the tools they need to help themselves and their children through the difficult transition of divorce.

Talking to Children About Divorce - FS638 - Read More…

Talking to Children About Money - FS1441

Children learn about and use money continuously. How children use money will affect not only their economic stability and security throughout their life. Parents and other adults can help children learn about the develop money management skills by discussing money with them, planning together, and providing children and positive learning experiences.

Talking to Children About Money - FS1441 - Read More…

Talking to Children About Peer Pressure (FS1859)

Children receive pressure from fiends and peers as they make decision. Clothing styles, music choices, and social behaviors are all influenced by feedback from peers. Parents and other adults can assist children in understanding peer pressure, how to respond to such pressures, and discuss such issues with children of different ages.

Talking to Children About Peer Pressure (FS1859) - Read More…

Talking to Children About Suicide - FS637

Suicide is not a comfortable topic. It is sobering, serious and saddening to talk about. But the factors involved in suicide and approaches to diminishing or preventing its occurrence must be openly talked about in responsible ways. Silence cannot prevent the problem of suicide – it only can make it worse. Understanding when, how, why and who should talk about suicide is important.

Talking to Children About Suicide - FS637 - Read More…

Talking to Children About Sexual Abuse - FS1363

Sexual abuse is among the most serious issues that face children and youth today. The specter of child sexual abuse is frightening to parents and caring adults. Sexual abuse steals so much from children, robbing them of trust, innocence and security. Addressing the problem of child sexual abuse directly and responsibly is important to fostering appropriate awareness of this difficult topic.

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Tame Mustard Production - A935

The Tame Mustard Production publication provides producers with data on mustard variety yield performance throughout the state and gives information about other characteristics needed for accurate selection of mustard varieties. It also provides production information for North Dakota growers

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The Armyworm and the Army Cutworm (E830 Revised)

This publication summarizes pest management of Armyworms and Army cutworms in field crops (alfalfa, canola, corn, small grains, sugarbeets) grown in North Dakota. topics covered include: identification, life cycle, crop damage, trapping, field scouting, and economic thresholds in different field crops.

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The Art and Practice of Sausage Making - FN176

Sausage is a convenient food available in a great number of varieties and flavors. Sausages are an excellent source of high quality protein, containing all the essential amino acids in appropriate amounts necessary for growth, maintenance and repair of body tissue. Sausage also provides significant amounts of vitamins and minerals.

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The Art of Grandparenting: Making Memories for Grandchildren (FS1858)

Grandparents play a key role in making memories for grandchildren. Grandparents can connect a grandchild with the past, pass on family memories, and make memories together in the present. This publication highlights how to make memories for grandchildren through stories, pictures, activities, recordings and other efforts.

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The Facts of Square Foot Gardening - H1597

Square foot gardening is a method of intensive gardening. This publications lists the advantages and "how to" tips to this practice that is gaining popularity.

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The North Dakota Grazing Monitoring Stick: A Way to Measure Range and Pasture Utilization - R1780

This document is a guide to the North Dakota Grazing Monitoring Stick. A Grazing Monitoring Stick can be a fast, user-friendly tool for measuring and monitoring utilization of pasture and rangeland. Utilization measures the percent of the plant that has been removed by grazing animals. Monitoring utilization of grass can determine livestock removal date and prevent overgrazing.

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The Pick of the Season: Keeping Fruits and Vegetables Fresh and Safe from Plant to Palate - FN690

Even though fruits, vegetables and juice are nutritious parts of the diet, you need to take some food safety precautions. For example, contaminated melons, sprouts and raspberries have been linked with foodborne illness outbreaks.

The Pick of the Season: Keeping Fruits and Vegetables Fresh and Safe from Plant to Palate - FN690 - Read More…

The Root of Tree Health: Beneficial Fungi - F1782

This back to back informational handout on beneficial fungi, as they pertain to tree health and management.

The Root of Tree Health: Beneficial Fungi - F1782 - Read More…

The Scoop on Snow Shoveling Safety - FN1518

The weather can make shoveling more difficult. Cold air makes working and breathing hard, which adds some extra strain on the body. Shovelers also are at risk for hypothermia, a decrease in body temperature, if they are not dressed correctly for the weather conditions.

The Scoop on Snow Shoveling Safety - FN1518 - Read More…

The Thistles of North Dakota - W1120

Thistles in agriculture have a reputation as a sign of untidiness and neglect, and are often found on good ground not properly cared for. However, this unfortunate characteristic is only true of a few invasive species and is not accurate for the vast majority of native thistles which have many useful traits.

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The Windbreak Cookbook Featuring Fruits of Prairie Forests (F1839)

Beside shade and wind protection, many trees provide edible fruits that can be used on our menus. This publication provides information about trees, as well as, many recipes that show how they can be incorporated into our menus.

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Tile Drainage Pump Stations for Farm Fields - AE1747

Drainage pump stations are an expensive addition to a subsurface drainage project. This publication provides guidance on the design and location of drainage lift stations. This topic an be difficult to teach in typical Extension presentations, this publication provides more details.

Tile Drainage Pump Stations for Farm Fields - AE1747 - Read More…

Tips For Living With Low Vision - FN1668

Do you find certain activities, such as reading, shopping or cooking, difficult because of your vision? Does this cause you to eat most of your meals at restaurants instead of at home? Try the tips in this publication to help you maintain independence in your daily activities.

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Tobacco Rattle Virus in Potato (A1896)

Tobacco rattle virus (TRV) causes the economically important corky ring spot (CRS) disease in potato. Tobacco rattle virus is transmitted in the filed by soil-inhabiting stuffy root nematodes of the genera Trichodorus and Paratrichodorus.

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Top Ten Home Energy Checklist - AE1442

Financially, every appliance that is not running efficiently or window that has air leaks is costing you money. The level of savings that can be realized depends on each individual situation, but savings can be significant.

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Tree Diagnostic Series (F1807)

This series of 23 cards will help Extension agents and Master Gardeners diagnose the most common tree disease and abiotic disorders in North Dakota. The cards contain diagnostic photos, host range, symptoms and signs, and management tips.

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Tree Fruit Culture and Cultivars in North Dakota - H327

Growing your own fruit can be fun. This publication gives instructions on the care and varieties that are successfully grown in North Dakota.

Tree Fruit Culture and Cultivars in North Dakota - H327 - Read More…

Tree Planting in North Dakota - F1785

This publication describes proper methods of tree planting and advantages/disadvantages of different types of nursery stock. Common mistakes and misperceptions are discussed, as well as post-planting care.

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Understanding Air Temperature Inversions Relating to Pesticide Drift (AE1876)

This publication is a basic explanation of the impacts of temperature inversion on pesticide drift. It is intended to be a shorter, more concise version of AE1705-Air Temperature Inversions Causes, Characteristics and Potential Effects on Pesticide Spray Drift.

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Understanding and Working With Youth (YD1470 Revised)

Certain characteristics are common to youth at each age level. While the rate of development of youth may vary, the order of the stages does not. Each of the four stages is distinct, characterized by abilities and attitudes that are different from the stages before and after. Within each developmental stage, there are four areas of development impacting individual learning.

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Understanding Equine-assisted Activities and Therapies- AS1745

Equine assisted activities and therapies (EAAT) is a broad term used to describe various activities and therapies that incorporate a horse and human in partnership. This publication will introduce the concepts and help define common terminology associated with the industry of EAAT.

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Understanding Expected Progeny Differences for Genetic Improvement in Commercial Beef Herds (AS1770)

The beef seedstock business is large, and commercial beef producers have many opportunities to purchase bulls that meet the criteria established in their breeding plans. Breed selection and type vary considerably, and this diversity helps keep a strong genetic base in the beef business. Current bull buyer selection tools include visual traits evaluated by the buyer, as well as performance and genetic information.

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Understanding the Veterinary Feed Directive - V1719

This publication explains the new FDA regulation regarding the use of medicated feeds and specifically related to the Veterinary Feed Directive (VFD).

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Using Flax in Beef and Dairy Cattle Diets - AS1283

This publication provides information regarding the nutritive and feeding value of flax, examines the literature on the implications of using flax in livestock diets and offers recommendations on future research needs.

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Using More Pulse Foods In Your Diet - FN1714

Pulse foods are rich sources of protein, fiber, vitamins such as folate, and minerals such as iron and potassium. They are low in fat and sodium, and are naturally gluten- and cholesterol-free. Researchers have reported that regular consumption of pulses may reduce the risk of heart disease, diabetes and certain types of cancer. The purpose of this publication is to show how to use more pulse foods in your diet and provide tested recipes and two weeks of sample menus at the 1,800- and 2,100-calorie levels.

Using More Pulse Foods In Your Diet - FN1714 - Read More…

Utilizing Corn Residue in Beef Cattle Diets - AS1548

Corn residue is a useful feedstuff for beef cattle. Producers should consider incorporating these fee resources into their grazing and feeding programs to reduce the cost of production.

Utilizing Corn Residue in Beef Cattle Diets - AS1548 - Read More…

Vary Your Veggies: Add Some Vegetables to your Diet - FN1454

Keep washed, ready-to-eat vegetables on hand and easy to find. How many times does someone in your family open the refrigerator door to see what there is to eat and take one of the first foods he or she sees? So let the cleaned vegetables be seen first. Also, set them out when meals and snacks are eaten. On the run? Cut up some veggies and put them in zip-top bags. Stop in the produce department to see if some vegetables are cut up and ready to eat for a snack. If you do not have a cooler or refrigerator nearby, remember to eat cut-up produce within two hours for safety.

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Vary Your Veggies: How to Prepare Vegetables - FN1453

Try something new! To take advantage of all their benefits, eat a variety of colors every day and vary your cooking methods to add variety to your menus. Cooking methods: microwave, steam, sitr-fry, pan, bake, broil.

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Vary Your Veggies: Serve More Vegetables - FN1455

Most adults and children need 2 to 3 cups of vegetables per day, but the amount varies depending on age, gender and amount of physical activity.

Vary Your Veggies: Serve More Vegetables - FN1455 - Read More…

Vary Your Veggies: Why Eat Vegetables - FN1452

Vegetables are versatile, nutritious, colorful and flavorful. Not only are they naturally low in calories, fat and sodium, but they also are good sources of important vitamins, minerals and dietary fiber. Vegetables do not contain cholesterol. Increasing vegetable consumption can replace foods higher in calories and fat. Vegetables are rich sources of vitamins, particularly A and C. The value of a vegetable as a source of a nutrient is affected both by the amount of the nutrient present and by the amount of the vegetable eaten.

Vary Your Veggies: Why Eat Vegetables - FN1452 - Read More…

Walk This Way - FN578

Regular physical activity helps protect against cardiovascular disease and its risk factors: hypertension, obesity and diabetes mellitus. It also can reduce risk of osteoporosis, reduce stress and improve sleep and overall mood. This publication shares tips on walking to get fit and stay healthy. It includes a sample walking program.

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Walking:Select The Right Shoes - FN603

Program walking is a great way to add some physical activity for improved health and well-being. Shoes worn during walking need to feel good on the feet and provide adequate support for both the feet and your skeletal structure. Evaluation of individual walking patterns will assist with selecting the right shoes and help make walking an enjoyable experience.

Walking:Select The Right Shoes - FN603 - Read More…

Wash Your Hands! - FN1444

No matter the language, hand washing is an important step in the fight against germs. Follow these guidelines for proper hand-washing practices.

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Water Needs and Quality Guidelines for Dairy Cattle - AS1369

Water availability and quality are important to animal health and productivity. Water is supplied by drinking, the feed consumed and metabolic water produced by the oxidation of organic nutrients.

Water Needs and Quality Guidelines for Dairy Cattle - AS1369 - Read More…

Water Quality and Nitrogen (AE1216)

Monitoring studies conducted at national and state levels show that nitrogen (N) concentrations in groundwater exceed health standards more often than other common contaminants, such as pesticides.

Water Quality and Nitrogen (AE1216) - Read More…

Water Softening (Ion Exchange) (WQ1031 (Revised)

This publication explains how softeners work, what to ask when purchasing a softener and the health and aesthetic benefits and or detriments.

Water Softening (Ion Exchange) (WQ1031 (Revised) - Read More…

Weed Control in North Dakota Lawns - H1009

This publication discusses types of weeds, good weed management, herbicide use, and a list of effective herbicides for weed control in lawns.

Weed Control in North Dakota Lawns - H1009 - Read More…

What Color is Your Food? - FN595

People need different amounts of fruits and vegetables depending on their age, gender and amount of daily physical actiivity. Taste a rainbow of fruits and vegetables for better health.

What Color is Your Food? - FN595 - Read More…

What is the Value of a Standing Corn Crop for Silage? (EC1343 (Revised))

This worksheet goes through the steps needed to calculate the value of a corn crop to be harvested for silage. The net value per acre assume the buyer incurs harvesting and hauling cost

What is the Value of a Standing Corn Crop for Silage? (EC1343 (Revised)) - Read More…

Wheat Disease Indentification - PP1552

This publication identifies the many diseases affecting heads and grain, diseases affecting leaves and diseases affecting stem and roots of wheat.

Wheat Disease Indentification - PP1552 - Read More…

Who Needs a Healthy Breakfast? Everybody Does! - FN728

Eat Smart! Start your day off with breakfast. This publication makes learning fun with fill in the blank and word find quizzes.

Who Needs a Healthy Breakfast? Everybody Does! - FN728 - Read More…

Whole Grains: Agriculture to Health - FN691

Whole-grains contain all elements of the kernel-bran, germ and endosperm. The bran and germ contain a variety of health-enhancing components-dietary fiber, phytochemicals, vitamins, trace minerals and small amounts of unsaturated fat. This publication provides the recommended daily amounts, the health benefits and recipes of whole grains.

Whole Grains: Agriculture to Health - FN691 - Read More…

Why Add Lemon Juice to Tomatoes and Salsa Before Canning? (FN1396)

You may have heard that adding lemon juice, citric acid or another acid to tomatoes before canning is important, but maybe you are not sure why. It’s all about pH.

Why Add Lemon Juice to Tomatoes and Salsa Before Canning? (FN1396) - Read More…

Wild Side of the Menu No. 2 - Field to Freezer - FN125

Each year, hunting of animals and birds is increasingly popular, but often the game is wasted because of improper handling in the field. Nutritionally, game meats rate as well as domestic animals and may prove to be a healthier source of nutrition. Wild game that is properly treated in the field and correctly cooked to enhance its distinctive flavors holds a special place for many gourmets. The purpose of this publication is to describe how to properly handle your game from harvesting through processing.

Wild Side of the Menu No. 2 - Field to Freezer - FN125 - Read More…

Wild Side of the Menu No. 3 - Preservation of Game Meats and Fish - FN155

Wild game provides wholesome, nourishing food, but it should be handled and preserved carefully to retain quality. Like domestic meat, wild meat is perishable, so care is needed to maintain its safety. The purpose of this publication is to provide recommendations for safely preserving game meats and fish for later enjoyment. Freezing meat and fish is the most accepted way to maintain top quality. Other methods for preserving game meats include curing and smoking, drying, corning, canning and sausage making. Fish also may be pickled or canned.

Wild Side of the Menu No. 3 - Preservation of Game Meats and Fish - FN155 - Read More…

Wild Side of the Menu No. 1 - Care and Cookery - FN124

The most succulent wild game can be destroyed by improper handling in the field or improper cooking at home. The handling of the meat from harvesting to preparing can make a major difference in flavor and safety of the end product. The purpose of this publication is to provide information on proper care and cookery of wild game so you can fully enjoy the fruits of the field.

Wild Side of the Menu No. 1 - Care and Cookery - FN124 - Read More…

Winter Management of Feedlot Cattle - AS1546

Good winter management practices contribute to healthy and productive cattle, reasonable feed costs and humane care of feedlot cattle. This publication describes recommended management practices for feedlot cattle in the winter.

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Winter Management of the Beef Cow Herd - AS1564

Good winter management practices contribute to healthy and productive cattle, reasonable feed costs and humane care. This publication describes recommended management practices for beef cows during the winter.

Winter Management of the Beef Cow Herd - AS1564 - Read More…

Working Effectively With Advisory Councils and Other Leadership Groups (CV1853)

Working with your advisory council and other boards should be one of the most rewarding experiences in your Extension career. At times, it also can be the most challenging. This training manual, Working Effectively With Advisory Councils and Other Leadership Groups, is designed to give you a practical look at ideas and examples that have worked for Extension professionals from numerous states. Today’s political, social and economic conditions call for strong volunteer advisory groups to extend the mission of Extension education. They can expand Extension’s presence in a community and represent our needs to governing bodies and decision makers at all levels. For them to represent us, we first must make empowering, motivating, and training our Extension advisory members a priority in our work.

Working Effectively With Advisory Councils and Other Leadership Groups (CV1853) - Read More…

Working to Avoid Nitrogen Contamination (AE1218)

Activities of human beings have changed the balance of nitrogen (N) on the planet. Burning fossil fuels for energy, intensive use of land to grow food, and disposal of organic wastes have an effect on the N cycle. Studying the influence of our activities on the N cycle helps us understand the consequences of changing the balance of N in the environment.

Working to Avoid Nitrogen Contamination (AE1218) - Read More…

Working With Distressed Clientele - FS1789

As the farm economy plunges, many farmers will struggle to obtain operating loans and maintain cash flow. The financial stress can lead to depression and anxiety. This publication will help professionals deal with struggling clientele.

Working With Distressed Clientele - FS1789 - Read More…

You and the Law in North Dakota: The Rights of Grandparents and Stepgrandparents -FS1729

Throughout North Dakota, nearly 5,000 or approximately one in 33 children are living in households headed by a relative other than a parent. The majority are living with grandparents (3,901 or 2.4 percent of all children in North Dakota). Statewide, the number of children living with grandparents rose 62 percent between 1990 and 2000. Here are some of the most common issues and questions concerning the rights of grandparents. The answers are based in general on North Dakota law.

You and the Law in North Dakota: The Rights of Grandparents and Stepgrandparents -FS1729 - Read More…

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