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Latest NDSU Extension Publications
Standard water softeners found in home supply and hardware stores will remove nearly all the calcium and magnesium from the raw water during the softening process. Softeners also will remove up to 10 parts per million (ppm) of iron and manganese. Water supplies with high levels of iron and manganese (greater than 10 ppm) may need pretreatment to prolong the lifespan of a water softener.
Integrated pest management (IPM) is an integral part of North Dakota’s agriculture. IPM is a program to manage pests that combines a number of strategies to reduce pest risks while protecting the environment, wildlife and people. The goal of IPM in agriculture is to produce safe, abundant and affordable food, feed and fiber. The target pests generally are weeds, insects, and disease-causing organisms such as fungi, bacteria, viruses and nematodes.
Canola is a major oil crop in the northern Great Plains, particularly in North Dakota. In 2012, North Dakota accounted for approximately 83 percent of the canola acreage harvested in the United States. This publication summarizes canola variety performance at the various North Dakota State University Research Extension Centers.
During the 2011-12 growing season, 750,000 acres were planted to winter wheat, with 700,000 acres harvested. This is the largest area of winter wheat ever planted and harvested in North Dakota. The state’s winter wheat yield is estimated at 55 bushels per acre (bu/a), which ties the record yield obtained in 2010. Due to a mild winter, winter survival of the crop was excellent. Furthermore, due to relatively dry conditions, little disease pressure occurred this year. Stripe rust was problematic in a few areas on susceptible varieties.
Successful production of these crops depends on numerous factors, including selecting the right variety for a particular area. Characteristics to evaluate in selecting a variety are: yield potential in your area, test weight, straw strength, plant height, reaction to problematic diseases and maturity. Selecting varieties with good quality also is important to maintain market recognition.