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Publications

The materials on this site are organized by topic. Use the menu to browse for materials related to the listed topics. You'll find the most recent materials at the top of each list.

The educational materials listed here have been through a thorough review process and are available in hard copy from the Distribution Center unless marked otherwise. Most are free in PDF format. Some are for sale only. Click here to order NDSU Extension Service curricula and other items for sale through MarketPlace.

Latest NDSU Extension Publications

Whole Grains: Agriculture to Health

Whole Grains: Agriculture to Health - FN691

Whole-grains contain all elements of the kernel-bran, germ and endosperm. The bran and germ contain a variety of health-enhancing components-dietary fiber, phytochemicals, vitamins, trace minerals and small amounts of unsaturated fat. This publication provides the recommended daily amounts, the health benefits and recipes of whole grains.

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Land Application of Solid Manure

Options for Land Application of Solid Manure - NM1613

Based on the type of livestock facility, manure can be handled and stored as a liquid (less than 5 percent dry matter), slurry (5 to 10 percent dry matter) and/or solid (greater than 15 percent dry matter). Figure 1 shows the relative consistency of the various types of manure that common animal species excrete. Depending on manure consistency, manure application equipment and application methods differ significantly.

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Interpreting Forage Analysis

Interpreting Forage Analysis - AS1080

Feed quality analysis, especially forage testing, involves determining nutrient levels. It is one of the most effective feed and forage management tools to eliminate guesswork and effectively match forage and feed supplies to animal nutrient requirements, design supplemental feeding programs and evaluate forage production. Visual appraisal does not reflect forage nutrient content reliably. Laboratory analysis is the recommended way to determine forage nutrient content and value. Once you have the lab report, understanding the terminology is equally important for interpreting forage nutrient analysis reports effectively. Below are definitions for common components of a nutrient analysis report.

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Detecting and Correcting Off-flavors in Milk

Detecting and Correcting Off-flavors in Milk - AS1083

A pleasantly sweet, refreshing milk fl avor is the key to consumer acceptance. Flavor quality starts at the farm. Check the flavor of your milk regularly because milk fl avor can change suddenly if production conditions are altered. For the most effective fl avor evaluation, milk samples should be warmed in the range of 55 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit. Temperatures below 50 F tend to mask potential off-flavors.

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Quality Forage

Quality Forage for Maximum Production and Return - AS1117

Roughage is the term used to define a feed containing a large percentage of fiber. Forage refers to well-made hays and silage harvested from grass or clovers. While these designations certainly aren’t perfect, the role of roughage is clear: to ensure proper rumen function. Forage plays a signifi cant role as a primary source of roughage. However, forages remain the one feedstuff most likely to be of low quality on the farm.

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