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Latest NDSU Extension Publications
Johne’s (pronounced “yo-knees”) disease is a chronic wasting disease in ruminants caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium avium, subspecies paratuberculosis. This bacterium is closely related to the bacterium that causes tuberculosis in cattle and humans. H.A. Johne, a German veterinarian, fi rst described this disease in 1895; his name is used as the common name for this disease, also known as paratuberculosis.
Cyanide, prussic acid and hydrocyanic acid are all terms describing the same toxic substance. It is one of the most rapidly acting toxins that affect mammals. Cyanide is a lethal ingredient that has been used in rodent and vermin killers.
This publication provides information on: • Cow Nutrition Prior to Calving • Colostrum Management • Calving Season – Vaccinations • Parasite Control • General Management
Sunflower meal is the fourth largest source of protein supplement used for livestock behind soybean, cottonseed and canola meals (Hesley, 1994). Sunflower meal is the residual product when the oil fraction is removed from the black oil seeds by “crushing,” or more specifically, prepress solvent extraction. The supply of sunflower meal in the U.S. varies by year according to acres and yield of sunflowers harvested, with some seasonal variation in output. Most sunflowers are processed from October through March. Oil sunflowers generally are grown in the Great Plains region of the U.S.
The fruit fillings in this publication are excellent and safe products. Each canned quart makes one 8-inch to 9-inch pie. Fillings may be used as toppings on dessert or pastries. Clear Jel is a starch modified to produce excellent sauce consistency even after fillings are canned and baked. Other available household starches break down, causing a runny sauce consistency when used in pie fillings.