Plant Sciences


| Share

Northern Empress Japanese Elm

Northern Empress® Japanese Elm

Ulmus davidiana var. japonica ‘Burgundy Glow’ (Family Ulmaceae)

Description: A very hardy small to medium sized growing elm with a rounded crown, open branching, and attractive summer and fall foliage. Fall foliage changes from green to apricot-orange to burgundy-red before leaf drop. Size and form permit use in smaller homeowner and business landscapes, parks, and boulevard plantings.

Hardiness: USDA hardiness zone 3-6

Mature Size: Height: 28', Spread: 24'

Form (Shape): Rounded open crown

Growth Rate: Medium

Foliage: Deciduous, leaves are smaller in size than American elm. Summer: Medium green. Autumn: Advancing fall color changing from an apricot-orange to burgundy-red before leaf drop.

Texture: Medium

Flower: Non showy, perfect, appearing before foliage emergence in early spring.

Fruit: Winged samara brown in color when ripe.

Light Preferences: Full sun

Soil Preferences: Well drained soils, pH adaptable and tolerant of higher pH soils. Northern Empress® has shown moderate to good drought tolerance.

Propagation: Grafting, tissue culture or softwood cuttings.

Insects and Diseases: Minimally affected by black leaf spot of elm. Inherent resistance to elm leaf beetles and Dutch Elm Disease (DED).

Ornamental Attributes: Northern Empress® Japanese Elm is a unique, small statured elm selection hardy into UDSA climatic zone 3 with excellent dependable burgundy red fall coloration, unusual among hardy elm cultivars.

Landscape Attributes: Recommended for use as a small to medium sized ornamental tree in urban landscape planting areas. This is especially relevant where available space or overhead power lines are a concern and where hardiness of other elm cultivars may be an issue.

Comments: Northern Empress® Japanese Elm adds a useful elm cultivar to diversify the availability of elm selections returning to the landscape.

Availability: Pending

Creative Commons License
Feel free to use and share this content, but please do so under the conditions of our Creative Commons license and our Rules for Use. Thanks.