Northern Empress Japanese Elm
Northern Empress® Japanese Elm
Ulmus davidiana var. japonica ‘Burgundy Glow’ (Family Ulmaceae)
Description: A very hardy small to medium sized growing elm with a rounded crown, open branching, and attractive summer and fall foliage. Fall foliage changes from green to apricot-orange to burgundy-red before leaf drop. Size and form permit use in smaller homeowner and business landscapes, parks, and boulevard plantings.
Hardiness: USDA hardiness zone 3-6
Mature Size: Height: 28', Spread: 24'
Form (Shape): Rounded open crown
Growth Rate: Medium
Foliage: Deciduous, leaves are smaller in size than American elm. Summer: Medium green. Autumn: Advancing fall color changing from an apricot-orange to burgundy-red before leaf drop.
Flower: Non showy, perfect, appearing before foliage emergence in early spring.
Fruit: Winged samara brown in color when ripe.
Light Preferences: Full sun
Soil Preferences: Well drained soils, pH adaptable and tolerant of higher pH soils. Northern Empress® has shown moderate to good drought tolerance.
Propagation: Grafting, tissue culture or softwood cuttings.
Insects and Diseases: Minimally affected by black leaf spot of elm. Inherent resistance to elm leaf beetles and Dutch Elm Disease (DED).
Ornamental Attributes: Northern Empress® Japanese Elm is a unique, small statured elm selection hardy into UDSA climatic zone 3 with excellent dependable burgundy red fall coloration, unusual among hardy elm cultivars.
Landscape Attributes: Recommended for use as a small to medium sized ornamental tree in urban landscape planting areas. This is especially relevant where available space or overhead power lines are a concern and where hardiness of other elm cultivars may be an issue.
Comments: Northern Empress® Japanese Elm adds a useful elm cultivar to diversify the availability of elm selections returning to the landscape.