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2016 Variety Releases Announced

The North Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station released new crop varieties ND Bison soybean, ND Palomino pinto dry bean and ND Dylan winter rye this year. Boost and Surpass hard red spring wheat were released by the South Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station, and Shelly hard red spring wheat was released by the Minnesota Agricultural Experiment Station. ND Bison, ND Dylan, Boost, Surpass and Shelly were distributed for the first time by the North Dakota County Seed Increase Program, while ND Palomino was distributed to the North Dakota Dry Edible Bean Seed Growers Association.

October 18, 2016

ND Bison soybean, ND Palomino pinto dry bean and ND Dylan winter rye were released by the North Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station (NDAES) in 2016. ND Bison and ND Dylan were distributed for the first time by the North Dakota County Seed Increase Program, while ND Palomino was distributed to the North Dakota Dry Edible Bean Seed Growers Association (NDDEBSGA). Boost and Surpass hard red spring wheat (HRSW), released by the South Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station (SDAES), and Shelly HRSW, released by the Minnesota Agricultural Experiment Station (MAES), were also distributed for the first time by the ND County Seed Increase Program.

For information regarding the availability of foundation or registered seed for these or other varieties, contact a county NDSU Extension Service agent, an NDSU Research Extension Center, the ND Foundation Seedstocks Project or refer to the North Dakota Field Inspected Seed Directory from the ND State Seed Department (NDSSD).

North Dakota State University Varieties

ND Bison Soybean

ND Bison is a conventional soybean variety developed by the NDSU soybean breeding program, under the direction of Dr. Ted Helms. It is not resistant to glyphosate and is intended to be a replacement for Sheyenne.

ND Bison’s relative maturity is 0.7. Compared with Sheyenne, ND Bison matures one day earlier and is similar in yield.

ND Bison has improved defensive traits including moderate resistance to soybean cyst nematode (SCN) and resistance to races 3 and 4 of phytophthora root rot. This new variety also has tolerance to iron-deficiency chlorosis (IDC) and has resistance to lodging.

ND Bison has purple flower color, tawny pubescence, brown pods, dull seed coat luster and yellow hila. It has performed very well in the multi-state uniform region test, which includes testing sites in southern Minnesota and Canada.

To help ensure genetic purity, ND Bison soybean will be protected under PVP Title V and must be sold as a class of certified seed. Development of this variety was made possible through funds provided by the North Dakota Soybean Council.

General Characteristics:

  • High yield
  • Medium-late relative maturity
  • Moderate SCN resistance
  • Yellow hilum color
  • Phytophthora root rot resistance (races 3, 4)
  • Maturity Group 07

ND Palomino Pinto Bean

ND Palomino slow darkening pinto bean was developed by the NDSU dry bean breeding program, under the direction of Dr. Juan Osorno, and jointly released by the North Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station and the USDA-ARS. ND Palomino slow darkening pinto bean offers the slow darkening trait and competitive agronomic performance.

ND Palomino has an upright indeterminate (short vine) growth habit (Type IIa), white flowers and matures in approximately 102 days. Agronomic performance and seed color, size and shape are within acceptable commercial ranges of popular pinto bean cultivars grown in North Dakota.

Tested across 22 locations in North Dakota and Minnesota from 2012-2015, ND Palomino’s seed yield was similar to Stampede and Lariat.

ND Palomino is resistant to Bean Common Mosaic Virus (BCMV), but susceptible to rust race 20-3 and anthracnose race 73. Susceptibility to bacterial diseases such as common bacterial blight and halo blight is similar to the commercial checks.

Canning quality for ND Palomino is within acceptable commercial ranges.

NDSU strongly encourages the segregation of slow darkening pinto beans from conventional darkening pinto beans. Care should be taken during harvest and seed handling to prevent mixing.

General Characteristics:

  • Slow darkening
  • 102-day maturity
  • BCMV resistance
  • Competitive agronomic performance
  • Upright plant architecture

ND Dylan Winter Rye

ND Dylan, developed by the NDSU Carrington Research Extension Center agronomy program, under the direction of Steve Zwinger, is a high yielding winter rye variety that has very good winter hardiness. Data gathered over multiple years indicate a yield advantage over current commercial varieties. It is a tall variety with good straw strength.

ND Dylan is a medium-late variety, one day later to heading than Rymin and five days earlier than Dacold. Test weight is equal to Rymin and better than Dacold. Seed weight is average, slightly higher than Dacold.

Tested across 26 sites in North Dakota from 2006-2016, ND Dylan had a higher yield than Dacold, Hancock and Spooner.

Biomass data is limited, although data gathered indicates total dry matter yields of ND Dylan to be greater than Dacold and Rymin. Winter hardiness ratings and early season vigor scores demonstrate ND Dylan’s potential for use as a grain, cover or forage crop.

ND Dylan is named to honor the memory of Dylan Zwinger, a young man who loved the land.

The renewed interest in winter rye as a grain, cover or forage crop illustrates the need for a reliable source of adapted seed. Certified rye seed has not been grown in North Dakota for a number of years. The release of ND Dylan ensures seed of a known pedigree and seed source.

General Characteristics:

  • High yield
  • Good winter hardiness
  • Medium-late maturity
  • Good straw strength

South Dakota State University Varieties

Boost HRSW

Boost is an F4 derived line selected from the population SD3900//FN1705-146/SD3851. SD3851 was released as ‘Brick’ in 2008. Boost is medium in height, has a fairly late heading date, good yield potential, average test weight, above average grain protein concentration and high bread loaf volume. Its level of Fusarium head blight (FHB) resistance is in line with trial averages, though it has a high level of resistance to bacterial leaf streak (BLS) disease.

Surpass HRSW

Surpass is an F4 derived line selected from within the population SD4011/SD3942. Surpass is fairly short in stature, has high yield potential and medium test weight as well as medium protein concentration. Its level of FHB and BLS resistance are above average. The straw strength of Surpass is weaker than optimal, however, lodging scores collected at harvest time show that it is not significantly weaker than many other well-accepted cultivars.

University of Minnesota Variety

Shelly HRSW

Shelly is a high yielding spring wheat variety well suited for much of the spring wheat growing region. In state trials it has yielded equal to Faller and Prosper but with slightly better protein. The heading date of Shelly is similar to Faller. It possesses a good disease resistance package with moderate resistance to scab, leaf rust and BLS, and an excellent rating for resistance to stripe and stem rust. Shelly is slightly shorter than Faller with similar straw strength.  It has good test weight and pre-harvest sprouting resistance. Plant Variety Protection (PVP94) is pending and a research fee applies to this variety.

For More Information

For more information on these and other varieties, visit the “Variety descriptions, yield data, and agronomic descriptions” web page at www.ndfss.com

These varieties will be protected under the Plant Variety Protection Act. Varieties protected with PVP-Title V can only be sold as a certified class of seed. Producers who initially acquire a PVP-Title V protected variety as a certified class of seed do have the right to use saved seed for their own planting purposes. A research fee will also apply to registered and certified seed sales of each of these varieties and will be collected in North Dakota from the labeler by the North Dakota State Seed Department (NDSSD) on behalf of the NDSU Research Foundation, South Dakota and Minnesota. For more information on the research fee schedule on these and other varieties, refer to the North Dakota Field Inspected Seed Directory or contact the NDSSD.

Foundation seed of these varieties will be available for general distribution from the ND Foundation Seedstocks Project. Contact your local NDSU Research Extension Center or the NDSU Agronomy Seed Farm for information on foundation seed availability. 

Author: Joyana Baumann, ND Foundation Seedstocks, 701-231-8542, joyana.baumann@ndsu.edu
Editor: Kamie Beeson, 701-231-7123, kamie.a.beeson@ndsu.edu

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