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2014 Variety Releases Announced

Four new varieties were released by the North Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station this year. They include ND1406HP soybean, Gold ND flax, Talon dark red kidney bean, and Rosie light red kidney bean. ND1406HP soybean and Prevail hard red spring wheat from South Dakota were distributed for the first time through the North Dakota County Seed Increase Program.

This year four new varieties have been released by the North Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station. They include ND1406HP soybean, Gold ND flax, Talon dark red kidney bean, and Rosie light red kidney bean. ND1406HP soybean and Prevail hard red spring wheat, a new variety released from the South Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station, were distributed for the first time through the North Dakota County Seed Increase Program.

ND1406HP Soybean

ND1406HP is a new soybean variety released this year that was developed by the NDSU soybean breeding program under the direction of Dr. Ted Helms. ND1406HP is a conventional (non-GMO) soybean intended for the high-protein, tofu, or soymilk specialty markets. ND1406HP has better yield and quality for these specialty uses than other NDSU varieties and is best adapted to southeastern North Dakota.

ND1406HP has consistently had high protein content. It also is more resistant to lodging than Prosoy and is rated higher than Prosoy in overall tofu quality. ND1406HP is six days earlier in maturity compared with Prosoy.

ND1406HP has much higher yield than ND1005T and matures only two days later, with 0.6 relative maturity. Compared with the conventional NDSU soybean variety Sheyenne, ND1406HP has 3% higher protein content, matures 3 days earlier, and yields 6 bushels per acre less.

Characteristics of ND1406HP include purple flower color, gray pubescence, yellow hila with dull seed coat luster, and brown pod color. ND1406HP is tolerant to metribuzin herbicide at the recommended rate of application. ND1406HP does not have a phytophthora root rot resistance gene, however it has better quality and shorter maturity than Prosoy.

General Characteristics:

  • conventional
  • high protein
  • 0.6 relative maturity
  • high yield
  • good quality

The North Dakota Crop Improvement and Seed Association has a license agreement with the NDSU Research Foundation to produce and distribute ND1406HP seed through Dakota Select Seed.

Gold ND Flax

Gold ND is a new flax variety released this year that was developed by the NDSU flax breeding program under the direction of Dr. Jim Hammond. It is a yellow-seeded flax that is adapted to the north-central flax-growing region of the United States.

Gold ND has very high yield potential. In trials from 2009-2012, Gold ND had the greatest average yield of all entries evaluated. Gold ND’s yield averaged across all locations and years was 108% of Carter, the highest yielding named yellow-seeded variety, and 118% of the popular yellow-seeded variety Omega.

Gold ND has good oil content and oil drying quality. It is resistant to flax rust and has good tolerance to flax wilt. Gold ND compared with Carter is 2 days later to first flower, 3 cm taller, more tolerant to wilt and nearly the same test weight and oil content. This variety has blue flowers and medium seed size.

General Characteristics:

  • high yield
  • good oil content
  • flax rust resistance
  • flax wilt tolerance

The North Dakota Crop Improvement and Seed Association has a license agreement with the NDSU Research Foundation to produce and distribute Gold ND seed through Dakota Select Seed. Foundation seed will be available in the spring of 2015.

Talon Dark Red Kidney Bean

Talon is a dark red kidney bean developed by the NDSU dry bean breeding program under the direction of Dr. Juan Osorno. It has shown superior seed yield when compared with other commonly grown varieties in the region. Averaged across 17 environments, Talon produced 270 pounds more per acre than Redhawk and 200 pounds more than Montcalm.

Talon has high levels of resistance to the root rot fungal complex commonly present in Minnesota. This new variety is resistant to Bean Common Mosaic Virus (BCMV) and has shown resistance to the new bean rust race 20-4. Greenhouse screening for anthracnose showed that Talon is resistant to race 7, but susceptible to race 73. In comparison with commercial checks, Talon showed intermediate levels of resistance to common bacterial blight and halo blight.

Days to maturity, seed type, and canning quality for Talon are all within acceptable commercial ranges and comparable to the commercial checks.

General Characteristics:

  • high seed yield
  • BCMV resistance
  • anthracnose race 7 resistance

Rosie Light Red Kidney Bean

Rosie is a light red kidney bean developed by the NDSU dry bean breeding program under the direction of Dr. Juan Osorno. It has shown superior seed yield when compared with other commonly grown varieties in the region. Averaged across 16 environments, Rosie produced 890 pounds more per acre than CELRK, 440 pounds more than Foxfire, and 180 pounds more than Pink Panther.

Rosie has high levels of resistance to the root rot fungal complex commonly present in Minnesota. This new variety is resistant to Bean Common Mosaic Virus (BCMV), but is susceptible to the new bean rust race 20-4. Greenhouse screening for anthracnose showed that Rosie is resistant to race 7, but susceptible to race 73. In comparison with commercial checks, Rosie showed intermediate levels of resistance to common bacterial blight and halo blight.

Seed type and canning quality of Rosie are within acceptable commercial ranges and comparable to the commercial checks, however days to maturity is significantly higher than the checks. Rosie is a full-season variety and not recommended for late planting.

General Characteristics:

  • high seed yield
  • BCMV resistance
  • later maturing

Prevail Hard Red Spring Wheat

Prevail is a hard red spring wheat variety released by the South Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station. Prevail was distributed by ND Foundation Seedstocks in 2014 through the North Dakota Crop Improvement and Seed Association county seed increase program. It was tested in the South Dakota Crop Performance Testing trials in 2011-2013, where it performed well.

Prevail is better adapted to southern areas of North Dakota. This variety has high yield potential and high test weight. The height of Prevail is relatively short and its maturity is medium-early. Prevail is moderately resistant to scab and has medium straw strength. It has average protein content and acceptable milling and baking qualities.

General Characteristics:

  • high yield potential
  • adequate protein
  • moderate resistance to head scab
  • medium straw strength
  • medium-early maturity
  • high test weight

These varieties may be protected under the Plant Variety Protection Act.  Varieties protected with PVP-Title V can only be sold as a certified class of seed.  Producers who initially acquire a PVP-Title V protected variety as a certified class of seed have the right to use saved seed for their own planting purposes. A research fee will apply to registered and certified seed sales of each of these varieties and will be collected in North Dakota from the labeler by the North Dakota State Seed Department (NDSSD) on behalf of the NDSU Research Foundation and South Dakota. For more information on the research fee schedule on these and other varieties, refer to the 2014 North Dakota Field Inspected Seed Directory or contact the NDSSD.

For more information on these and other varieties, visit the ND Foundation Seedstocks website at www.ndfss.com. For further information regarding Foundation or Registered seed availability of these or other varieties, contact your local county Extension agent, an NDSU Research and Extension Center, ND Foundation Seedstocks Program, or refer to the North Dakota Field Inspected Seed Directory.

Author: Joyana Baumann, ND Foundation Seedstocks, 701-231-8542, joyana.baumann@ndsu.edu
Editor: Kamie Beeson, 701-231-7123, kamie.a.beeson@ndsu.edu

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