NDSU Agriculture and Extension


NDSU Agriculture and Extension

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2014 North Dakota Beef Report


The 2014 beef report provides the most recent research related to beef cattle, beef products and environmental and range sciences from North Dakota. The beef research programs at the NDSU main campus in Fargo and the Research Extension Centers across North Dakota are dedicated to serving the producers and stakeholders in North Dakota by developing knowledge and technology to improve the management, efficiency and production of high-quality cattle and beef using sustainable and safe approaches. Photo by Saml

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2014 Winter Wheat Variety Trial Results

wheat harvest

During the 2013-14 growing season, 560,000 acres of winter wheat were harvested. The state’s winter wheat yield this season was estimated at 44 bushels per acre, which is up from last year’s yield of 43 bushels per acre. Jerry was the most popular variety, occupying 26 percent of the acres planted. Decade, WB Matlock, Overland and SY Wolf followed Jerry in popularity with 18, 7, 6 and 4 percent of the acreage, respectively. Photo by Scott Bauer

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Farm Financial Performance


There was a significant decline in financial performance in 2013 because of sharply lower grain prices and about 8 percent higher crop production costs per acre. Median net farm income dropped 62 percent to $90,629 from the record high profit year of 2012. In 2013, more than 70 percent of the farms were crop farms and the median age of a farm operator was 48.

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Dealing With High-moisture Corn

corn grinding

High-moisture corn offers many advantages for producers who feed beef or dairy cattle. However, successfully using high-moisture corn requires attention to harvest timing, processing, storage conditions and feeding management.

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2014- Another Successful Year of Pest Scouting


During the growing season, North Dakota producers need up-to-date information on pest risks to implement timely and appropriate management strategies.

To provide that information, the integrated pest management (IPM) survey, coordinated by Extension state and area specialists, detect the presence and severity of diseases and insects that are threatening major crops.

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Corn Silage Quality

silage cutting

As a rule of thumb, corn silage quality will be optimum if the grain fill is allowed to occur until the milk line is one-half to two-thirds of the way down the kernel. Animal studies indicate that optimum intake of corn silage also occurs at this maturity. Harvesting at this stage usually results in near optimum moisture content for storage of the corn silage.

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Managing Saline Soils


Saline soils have salt levels high enough that crop yields begin to suffer or cropping is impractical. Several factors contribute to the development of saline soils. A high water table is a prime requirement. Recognizing how and why salts accumulate is the first step in farming profitably on land interspersed with saline soils. Preventing further encroachment of salinity and addressing remediation strategies are other steps.

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Soybean Chlorosis Scores Available

soybean IDC

Soybean iron deficiency chlorosis (IDC) is a major problem in some parts of North Dakota and Minnesota. For the soybean varieties tested by NDSU in 2014, the Roundup Ready and conventional / Liberty Link IDC scores are now available. “Significant differences in IDC scores were observed during the testing,” says Ted Helms, who conducted the research and is the NDSU soybean breeder. “As far as we know, this is the most comprehensive evaluation available to farmers.”

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Tile Drainage Becoming More Popular

Tile Drainage

Installation of subsurface (tile) drainage systems in the upper Great Plains has increased since the late 1990s. A wet climate cycle, along with increased crop prices and land values, are the major reasons this technology is being put to use. As a relatively new practice, many questions are being asked about tile drainage.

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Revised Soil Fertility Recommendations for Corn

corn field1

Fertilizer recommendations for corn were published about 40 years ago and have changed little since then. However, during the past 40 years, yield expectations have at least doubled from about 80 to more than 200 bushels per acre in many fields. Tillage practices and the hybrids planted also have changed. The changes from previous corn fertility recommendations are primarily the result of recent assessments of corn yield responses to nitrogen through field experiments using modern hybrids and conditions.

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