NDSU Agriculture and Extension


NDSU Agriculture and Extension

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Understanding the Veterinary Feed Directive


The use of medications in feed has been an effective and convenient method to prevent and treat certain disease conditions in groups of livestock. However, the proper use of feed medications has changed and will need to be under the oversight and order of a veterinarian. The order is known as a veterinary feed directive. Photo by Kit Peters.

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Growing Mustard in North Dakota


Mustard is a cash crop that can be planted in rotation with small grains and is available in three types: yellow, brown and oriental. Yellow mustard is the most common type grown in North Dakota. Only small acreages of brown and oriental are being grown. Yellow mustard is used for a table or “hotdog” mustard, while brown and oriental are used for oil and spices. All mustard should be grown under contract, assuring the producer of a guaranteed market. Flickr: Jill Slegrist

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Feeding Ethanol Coproducts


Coproducts from the ethanol industry are useful feed ingredients for beef cattle producers. Corn distillers grains are high in energy and protein and can be fed wet or dry in many different types of rations. Extensive research information is available on specific uses of distillers grains in beef cattle diets. Other coproducts can vary in nutrient content and moisture level, so it is recommended that regular sampling and laboratory analysis takes place to adjusting rations accordingly for optimum product use and nutrition. Photo by David Dodge.

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Grassland Management Guide

cattle on pasture

The Ranchers Guide to Grassland Management provides general information on a variety of subjects, such as recordkeeping, range sites, natives plants and stocking rates, that are related to range, pasture and hay land management. References for other sources of information are provided should the reader wish to research the topic in greater depth.

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Increasing Soybean Yields


Opportunities exist for farmers to increase soybean yield and profitability by improving plant establishment practices. Research at NDSU showed that the combination of 14-inch rows and a 150,000 pls/acre planting rate without foliar inputs provided the highest net revenue after costs of research factors. Also, management strategies that reduce the time required from planting to canopy closure will increase yield potential. The NDSU study indicated that canopy closure with narrow rows occurred more than a month earlier than with wide rows.

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2014 Barley, Oats, Rye and Flax Variety Trial Results


The successful production of barley, oats, rye and flax depends on numerous factors such as selecting the right variety for a particular area.Characteristics to evaluate in selecting a variety are: yield potential in your area, test weight, straw strength, plant height, reaction to problematic diseases and maturity. Selecting high-quality varieties also is important to maintain market recognition.

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2014 Dry Bean Variety Trial Results

dried beans

When selecting a high-yielding and good-quality variety of dry beans, use data that summarize several years and locations. Choose a high-quality variety that, on average, performs the best at multiple locations near your farm during several years.

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Managing Cattle During Winter

cattle in winterBeef cattle increase body heat production as a response to severe cold exposure by increasing their metabolic rate (heart rate, respiration and blood flow). This means that animals eat more during cold weather to meet their maintenance requirements. Also, cattle that suffer hypothermia or frostbite are more prone to other disease conditions and certainly do not perform as well as cattle that are warm, dry and out of the wind. Photo by Cindy Cornett Seigle.

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Preventive Herd Health Program: Checklist for Beef Producers

cow photo

Beef producers are urged to establish a specific preventive herd health program in consultation with a veterinarian. Also, each cow-calf operation is different and, therefore, has unique considerations to achieve herd health. Photo by Dave Wild

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Pythium Damping-off of Soybeans

soybean damping off

Damping-off, the rotting and death of seeds and seedlings, can be a devastating disease and is of great economic importance to soybean production. Damping-off mainly affects soybean plants prior to seed germination and throughout the seedling stage. Any field with damping-off may experience a significant stand reduction.

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