With summer's hottest temperatures upon us, producers need to be proactive in dealing with heat stress in cattle, including:
- Identifying animals that are most susceptible to heat stress.
- Developing an action plan to deal with heat stress.
- Knowing when to intervene. A combination of factors, including temperature and humidity, drives heat stress.
Get help planning with our publication Dealing with Heat Stress in Beef Cattle Operations.
Photo by Carl Dahlen, NDSU
In 2014, North Dakota produced 17.1 percent of the total U.S. wheat production, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Agricultural Statistics Service. North Dakota produced 347 million bushels of wheat, compared with Kansas at 246 million, Montana at 209 million and South Dakota at 131 million.
Four of the most popular wheat varieties in North Dakota are public varieties from North Dakota State University. Popular varieties grown in the state last year included Barlow, Prosper, Faller and Glenn. Of the spring wheat planted in North Dakota last year, more than 40 percent of the acreage was planted to these NDSU varieties.
"The newly released NDSU variety Elgin-ND has high yield, good quality and wide adaptation, so I expect it to be grown on significant acreage in the state in the near future," says Joel Ransom, NDSU Extension Service agronomist. With many top-performing varieties to choose from, NDSU is likely to have a variety that will work for most growers throughout the state, he adds.
Learn about NDSU's latest spring wheat variety trials.
Join us for the 2015 Research Extension Center field dayevents. allow our eight Research Extension Centers to share information with the public and producers on various projects under way at each center. The events are free of charge.
Photo: Langdon REC field day, 2014 (NDSU)
Timing is crucial when harvesting hay since it can affect the quality of forage. Plant stage and maturity, soil quality and damp weather conditions also play a role in hay quality. See Learn how to interpret the forage analysis.Once hay is harvested, get a nutrient analysis report, as visual appraisal alone is not sufficient.
Need help with prevented-planting decisions? NDSU Extension has developed a spreadsheet that uses partial budgeting to compare the economics of prevented planting to growing the same crop for which a prevented-planting payment could be received or some other crop.This analyzer also includes final planting dates for each county in North Dakota.
Cattle grazing can add nutrients to previously cropped or hayed soils, especially with the integration of cover crops in the system. Annual cover crops may be grazed and hayed, providing an extended season of use for cattle as well as potentially improving soil health. Learn more from the 2015 Cover Crop Options publication.
Grass tetany could be a problem for grazing cattle and sheep once temperatures start to warm. Forage grasses left shorter in the fall soon could experience rapid growth, which can lead to protein or potassium overtaking the magnesium in the grass. This could pose a poisonous threat to cows and ewes that are in late gestation or heavy lactation. Learn about grass tetany susceptibility, symptoms and prevention.
The Pest Management app has been around for more than a year now, helping producers manage weeds, insects and diseases. Learn more about the app, available in the App Store and Google Play.
The small grain disease forecasting model is now activated for the 2015 growing season. Just input your location and growth stage and you will get a detailed report on diseases your crop might face. Check out the Small Grains Disease Forecasting Model.
Stay ahead of crop production problems by signing up for the weekly "Crop and Pest Report." Each issue from May to September contains valuable information about insect and disease problems, pest alerts, integrated pest management strategies, pesticide updates, agronomy and fertility issues, horticulture problems, reports from the NDSU Plant Diagnostic Laboratory and a weather outlook. Also, "like" the "Crop and Pest Report" on Facebook. Photo by USDA NRCSS of South Dakota