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USDA RURAL DEVELOPMENT   - http://www.rurdev.usda.gov/Home.html
North Dakota Rural Development - State Director
PO Box 1737  220 E Rosser Avenue,  Bismarck, ND 58502-1737
Phone: 701-250-4781 or 1-800-582-7584, Ext 1          

Area Offices - USDA Rural Development -
Devils Lake Area Office - 706 8th Ave SE, #5, Devils Lake, ND 58301-0280
Phone: 701-662-8634 -ext 4- Fax: 701-662-1227
Dickinson Area Office - 2493 4th Ave West, Dickinson, ND 58601-2623
Phone: 701-225-9168 Fax: 701-225-1353
Minot Area Office  - 1920 13th St SE, Minot, ND 58701-6700
Phone: 701-852-1754 - ext 4
Park River Local Office - 503 Park Street West, Ste 3, Park River, ND 58270-4103
Phone: 701-284-7118 Fax: 701-284-7238  
Valley City Area Office - 575 10th Street SW #4, Valley City, ND 58072-3906  
Phone: 701-845-5150 -ext 4 - Fax: 701-845-5605
Williston Local Office - 1106 2nd Street West, Williston, ND 58801-5804
Phone: 701-572-4597 Fax: 701-572-0482     
USDA Rural Development Outreach Office – Rolla North Dakota
1106 Main Ave W, #2, Rolla ND 58367
Phone: 701-477-6335 – Fax: 701-477-3322

Local Development Organizations -Job Development Authorities/Community Development Corporations/Regional Councils---Local government provides many avenues for the provision of economic development services in North Dakota. The state has eight regional planning councils that each cover several counties and assist local governments by providing technical assistance and engaging in regional planning activities.   Job development authorities, who usually cover a single county, and local development corporations, entities created by city government, are also available to meet your economic development needs.

These entities use their resources to encourage and assist in the development of employment within their coverage areas. In fulfilling their objectives, these organizations hire professional personnel skilled in seeking and promoting new or expanded opportunities within their cities, counties or regions. They are often involved in investment activities, providing grants or loans in partnership with other organizations to fund various business development activities.

Some Job Development Entities in North Dakota:
Cavalier County Job Development Authority, Langdon ND
Burke County Job Development, Bowbells, ND
Rolla Job Development Authority, Rolla, ND
Towner County Economic Development Corporation, Cando, ND
Devils Lake Economic Development, Devils Lake, ND
Check-List for Going into Business. Washington, DC: U.S. Small Business Administration
Evaluating a Rural Enterprise: Marketing and Business Guide. Preston Sullivan, Lane Greer
Thinking About Going Into Business? Little Rock: Arkansas Small Business Development Center

Business Startup Planning Guides and Toolkits
Business Startup:       
Business Toolbox: Washington, D.C. SCORE Association 
The Facts About. . .Starting a Small Business - U.S. Small Business Administration
Information for Small Businesses. Washington, DC: U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission
Information for the Self Employed. Baltimore, MD: Social Security Administration 
Rural Entrepreneurship and Business Development Resources. Overton: Texas Center for Rural Entrepreneurship
Small Business and Self Employed One-Stop Resources. Washington, DC: Internal Revenue Service. http://www.irs.gov/businesses/small
The Small Business Start-Up Guide, Ed. Robert Sullivan, Great Falls, VA 
Small Business Trends. 
Starting a Business: What New Business Owners Need to Know About Federal Taxes. Washington, DC: Internal Revenue Service
Steps to Starting a Small Business. Clemson, SC: Frank L. Roddey Small Business Development Center of South Carolina, 2002
Templates for Your Business. Washington, DC: SCORE Association

Developing a Business Plan:  Business Plan Basics, Washington, DC: U.S. Small Business Administration

THINGS TO KEEP IN MIND -- When preparing brochures and other promotional materials for your recreation business: 1) Your promotional materials reflect the kind of outfit you are:  Distinct, attractive image vs. no memorable personality  (a) “Think outside the Box"; (b) What makes you unique?; (c) Benefit headline; (d) Dominant graphic element; (e) Quality operation with good detail vs. sloppiness and carelessness and (f) Clear customer benefit vs. no special reason to buy.
2) All your communications should consistently describe who you are (remember the communication focal point) and should have a similar appearance.   Family vs. twins---  Publicity (a) Generating interest by telling your story; (b) Farms (journalist and travel agent);  (c) Press releases; (d) Calendar listings; (e) Consumer/trade shows.

   ** Direct mail can be used to closely target your audience.
   **Travel Agencies: Develop a travel agent kit   a. Folder, b. Color copies of ranch photos (including hosts), c. Five-ten brochures, d. Rate card, e. Discounts to be used as a selling incentive for travel agents, f. Cover letter, g. Business card.  Make your promotional materials travel agent friendly.
   **Other promotional materials:  (a) Newsletter, (b) Promotional or event flyers (Christmas gifts), (c) Feature-length videos
   ** Using new technologies: (a) Internet, World Wide Web; (b) CD-ROM & disk-based media      
   **Take advantage of partnerships and alliances that provide marketing opportunities at a lower cost. (a) Travel Montana, (b) Regions, (c) Chambers of Commerce; (4) Other tourism marketing groups (Old West Trail, Farm and Ranch Associations)

3.  Develop your own database as you receive inquiries that will show where market response comes from and establishes a list of target potential customers.
4. Revise your marketing plan periodically. Review at least once every six months and reflect on the market conditions, competitive price structure and flexibility to meet natural disasters, weather conditions and cancellations.
5. Stay optimistic, but cautious. Build slowly a comfortable business base and rely heavily on testimonials and ask current clients if you can use their statements.  Don't over promise.  
6. Understand how your promotion materials will be distributed before producing them: If it's displayed on a rack, a piece folded to fit a letter size envelope with a vertical layout will get the best results. The same size should work well as an enclosure with confirmation letters. Consider a self-mailer that can contain a letter and rate card. Consult a printer or graphics specialist for economical sizes: slight differences can increase the cost, but may also separate your brochure from others. Consult your post office regarding sizes and weight.
7. Printing considerations: Quantities, colors, embossing, foil, size, paper stock, photos or not, illustrations and budget!        

 BIRDS OF THE BISMARCK-MANDAN AREA – ND Birding www.ndbirdingsociety.com
Birds can be found in an area approximately 100 miles in diameter centered on Bismarck-Mandan in south central North Dakota. The area includes the Cross Ranch, Ft. Lincoln State Parks, Long Lake National Wildlife Refuge, and many natural wetlands in the northeastern and eastern portions of the area. It also includes the upper end of Oahe Reservoir and most of the natural river bottom habitat which remains along the Missouri River in the state. For more
information on areas in North Dakota for viewing birds and other wildlife, please contact the ND Game & Fish Department (701) 328-6300 –  http://gf.nd.gov/ 

Birding Hotline: 701-250-4481 ext. 601
Hotline runs March-September
5 pm-7 am weekdays, all day on weekdays and holidays.   

REFERENCE BOOKS -  Recreational Access to Private Lands: Liability Problems and Solutions
By: John D. Copeland
National Center for Agricultural Law, Research and Information;
147 Waterman Hall; University of Arkansas; Fayetteville, AR 72701
Phone: 501-575-7657 -Cost: $18.50 (includes shipping and handling)

Farming Alternative -- Website: www.nraes.org
A Guide to Evaluating the Feasibility of New Farm Based Enterprises

Natural Resource, Agriculture and Engineering Services; Cooperative Extension
PO Box 4557; Ithaca, NY 14852-4557 ; phone: 607-255-7654
e-mail: nraes@cornell.edu; Cost: $8.00 plus $4.75 (S&H)

Site for Books to purchase relating to Birdwatching - www.birdbooksdirect.com

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