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Cass County Extension

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Size and Growth Rate

TREES

Pyramidal

Evergreen Height Diameter Growth Rate
Spruce (Black Hills & Colorado) 40-50' 12-16' Slow-medium
Pine-young (Scotch & Ponderosa) 20-40' 10-16' Medium
Juniper (Rocky Mt. cultivars) 10-20' 8-12' Slow
Deciduous
Larch 40-55' 15-20' Fast
Columnar
Evergreen
Juniper (Rocky Mt. cultivars) 10-20' 4-8' Slow
Arborvitae (Pyramidal cultivars) 12-25' 4-12' Slow
Deciduous
Tower Poplar 35-50' 6-10' Fast
Columnar European Aspen 30-40' 4-6' Medium-Fast
Shade
Evergreen
Pine -old (Scotch & Ponderosa) 30-50' 15-20' Slow-medium
Deciduous- large to medium
Ash (Green, Manchurian, Black) 30-50' 15-30' Medium
Ohio Buckeye 25-35' 20-25' Slow-medium
Northern Catalpa 25-35' 15-25 Medium
Kentucky Coffee-tree 25-35' 15-25' Slow
Hybrid Elm 30-40' 25-30' Medium
Common Hackberry 35-50' 20-35' Medium
Honey-locust 25-40' 15-25 Fast
American Linden (Basswood) 30-50' 20-35' Medium-fast
Redmond Linden 25-40' 15-20' Medium
Maple (Silver & Norway) 30-40' 25-35 Medium-fast
Bur Oak 30-45' 20-30' Slow
Hybrid Poplars 35-50' 15-25' Fast
White Poplar 25-40' 15-30' Fast
Black Walnut 30-45' 20-30' Medium
Deciduous- medium to small

Height

Diameter

Growth Rate

Quaking Aspen 20-30' 10-15' Fast
Europen White Birch 20-35' 15-20' Medium
Paper Birch 15-35' 15-20' Medium
Canada Red Cherry 15-20' 15-20' Medium
Amur Chokecherry 20-25' 15-20' Medium
Flowering Crabapples 15-25' 15-25' Medium
Amur Cork-tree 20-30' 15-25' Medium
Hawthornes 15-20' 15-25' Slow-medium
Ironwood 20-30' 10-15' Slow
Japanese Tree Lilac 20-25' 15-20' Medium
Littleleaf Linden 25-35' 15-20' Slow-medium
Amur Maple 15-20' 15-20' Medium
Mountain-ash 20-30' 15-20' Medium
Ornamental Pear 15-20' 15-20' Medium
Russian Olive 15-25' 15-20' Medium-fast
Staghorn Sumac 15-20' 15-20' Medium-fast
Laurel Willow 25-30' 15-20' Fast
Weeping
Deciduous
Cutleaf Weeping Birch 25-40' 15-20' Medium
Weeping Willow 25-45' 20-30' Fast

Evergreen Shrubs

Creeping
Creeping Junipers 6-24" up to 8' Medium
Spreaders
Mint Julep Juniper (Chinese 4' up to 8' Medium
Pfitzer Juniper (Chinese) 4' up to 8' Medium
Savin Juniper Cultivars 1-4' up to 8' Medium
Winter Blue Juniper (Rocky Mt.) 2-4' up to 6' Medium
Blueberry Delight Juniper (Common) 1-2' up to 6' Medium
Spreading Yews  e.g. `Taunton' 3-4' 4-6' Medium
Maney Juniper (Chinese) 4-6' up to 8' Medium
Globes
Globe Arborvitae cultivars 2-8' 2-8' Slow-medium
Mugo Pine 1-8' 2-8' Medium
Bird's Nest Spruce 2-4' 2-4' Slow

Deciduous Shrubs

Low (1-3')

Height

Diameter

Growth Rate

Japanese Barberry 3' 4' Slow-medium
Dwarf Bush-honeysuckle 3-4' 3-4' Medium
Globe Peashrub 3-4' 3-4' Slow-medium
Pygmy Peashrub 3-4' 4' Slow-medium
Dwarf Euonymus 3-4' 3-4' Medium
Potentilla cultivars 2-4' 3-4' Medium-fast
Bumulda Spirea cultivars 2-4' 3-4' Medium
Japanese White Spirea 1-2' 1-2' Medium
Gro-low Sumac 2-4' 6-8' Medium-fast
Dwarf Viburnum 2-3' 2-4' Slow
Yucca 3-4' 3-4' Medium
Medium (3-6')
Azalea (Northern Lights series) 4-5' 3-4' Slow-medium
Dwarf Burning Bush 4-5' 4-5' Medium
Compact Cranberry (Amer. & Eur.) 5-7' 5-7' Slow-medium
Alpine Currant 4-6' 6-8' Medium
Miniglobe Honeysuckle 4-5' 4-5' Medium
Anabelle Hydrangea 3-4' 4-5' Medium
Hardy Shrub Roses 3-8' 3-8' Medium
Snowmound Spirea 3-5' 4-5' Medium
Threelobe Spirea 4-6' 4-6' Medium
Weigela 3-5' 4-6' Medium
Large (6-8')
Silver Buffaloberry 6-8' 6-8' Medium
Nanking Cherry 6-9' 6-9' Medium
Black Chokeberry 6-8' 6-8' Medium
Hedge Cotoneaster 6-9' 6-9' Medium
Isanti Dogwood 6-8' 7-10' Medium
Variegated Dogwood 6-7' 6-7' Medium-fast
Yellowtwig Dogwood 7-8' 7-8' Medium-fast
Forsythia (`Meadowlark') 6-9' 6-9' Medium-fast
Dwarf Korean Lilac (Meyer) 5-7' 6-8' Slow
Miss Kim Lilac 6-9' 7-10' Slow-medium
Galahad Mockorange 6-8' 5-6' Medium
Dwarf Ninebark 6-8' 6-8' Medium
Golden Ninebark 6-8' 6-8' Medium
Double Flowering Plum 7-8' 8-10' Medium
Purpleleaf Sandcherry 5-7' 5-6' Medium
Ural False Spirea 5-6' 5-6' Medium
Vanhoutte Spirea 6-8' 6-8' Medium
Dwarf Arctic Willow 6-7' 6-7' Fast
Very Large
Arrowwood Viburnum 6-9' 6-9' Medium
Siberian Peashrub 8-14' 8-12' Medium
Cranberrybush (Amer. & Eur.) 8-10' 8-10' Medium
Pagoda Dogwood 10-14' 12-16' Medium
Redosier Dogwood 8-10' 10-12' Fast
Siberian Dogwood 8-10' 8-10' Fast
Elders 8-10' 8-10' Medium-fast
Winged Euonymus 8-10' 8-10' Medium
Arnold Red Honeysuckle 8-10' 7-9' Medium
Chinese Lilac 6-9' 7-10' Medium
Common Lilacs 10-14' 8-12' Medium
Hyacinth Flowered Hybrid Lilacs 8-12' 8-12' Medium
Preston Hybrid Lilacs 8-10' 8-10' Medium
Compact Amur Maple 8-10' 8-10' Slow
Mockoranges 7-9' 7-8' Medium
Nannyberry 10-12' 8-10' Medium
Smooth Sumac 8-10' 8-10' Fast
Tamarisk 10-12' 8-10' Medium
Wayfaring Tree Viburnum 8-12' 8-12' Medium
Erect
Columnar Buckthorn 8-12' 4-5' Medium

Vines

American Bittersweet 20'
Clematis 8-10'
Dropmore Scarlet Trumpet Honeysuckle 10-15'
Hardy Grapes 15-20'
Boston Ivy 20'
Engelmann Ivy 50'
Virginia Creeper 20'


Todd Weinmann, Extension Horticulturist & Master Gardener Coordinator
Phone: (701) 241-5707
E-mail: todd.weinmann@ndsu.edu

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