Healthwise for Guys

Accessibility


Healthwise for Guys

| Share

Prediabetes

What is prediabetes?

Prediabetes is defined as blood sugar levels that are high but not high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes. Diabetes is a condition when your pancreas makes insulin but the cells do not respond to it. Insulin is needed for glucose (sugar) from your food to enter the cells and give you energy.

Uncontrolled blood sugar can increase your risk for heart disease, stroke, kidney failure, blindness and other medical conditions. Diabetes carries high medical costs and may be associated with loss of work and wages.

How common is prediabetes?

As of 2017, about one out of three adults has prediabetes. More men (36.6 percent) than women (29.3 percent) had it. Nine out of 10 people do not know they have prediabetes.

Are you at risk for prediabetes?

QuestionYesNo
Do you have a sister or brother with diabetes? 1 0
Do you have a parent with diabetes? 1 0
Are you 45 to 64 years old? 5 0
Are you younger than 65 years old and get little to no exercise? 5 0

Find your height in the box. Is your weight the same or more than listed?

HeightWeight pounds
4’10”-5’ 129-138
5’1”-5’3’’ 143-152
5’4”-5’6” 157-167
5’7”-5’9” 172-182
5’10”-6’ 188-199
6’1”-6’4” 204-221
5 0
Are you 65 years of age or older? 9 0

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Add up your score. If your score is 2 to 8, your risk is low. If your score is 9 or higher, your risk is high. Be sure to get screened by a health-care provider.

How can I lower my risk?

You can reduce your risk of developing diabetes by losing weight, eating healthfully and being more active. If you are overweight, losing just 5 to 7 percent of your weight can reduce your risk for developing Type 2 diabetes.

Create a menu plan that includes a variety of colorful fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grains, lean meats, poultry and other proteins, and low-fat or fat-free dairy products. See www.choosemyplate.gov to learn more about your food choices.

Limit foods high in trans fat, saturated fat and sodium. Read nutrition labels to be aware of your choices.

Be mindful of your beverage choices. Drink water when you are thirsty instead of sweetened beverages.

Exercise at least 30 minutes per day five days per week. Begin slowly and work your way to 30 minutes if needed.

Recipes

Fresh Italian Pasta Salad
Fresh Italian Pasta Salad
Baked Pita Chips
Baked Pita Chips

Slow Cooker BBQ Chicken Sliders
Slow Cooker BBQ Chicken Sliders

Find out more

Julie Garden-Robinson, Ph.D., R.D., L.R.D., Food and Nutrition Specialist

Christina Steckler, Dietetic Intern

Creative Commons License
Feel free to use and share this content, but please do so under the conditions of our Creative Commons license and our Rules for Use. Thanks.