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2015 Variety Releases

Five new varieties were distributed for the first time through the ND County Seed Increase Program during 2015. They were ND Genesis barley, ND Henson soybean, Joppa durum and Gold ND flax, which were all released from the North Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station. Bolles hard red spring wheat, a new variety released from the Minnesota Agricultural Experiment Station, was also a new release this year and included in the ND County Seed Increase Program.

ND Genesis Barley

ND Genesis was developed by the NDSU barley breeding program, under the direction of Dr. Richard Horsley, and released by the North Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station.

ND Genesis is a high yielding two-rowed barley variety. Based on eight years of the barley breeding program’s yield trials across North Dakota, ND Genesis has about a 5% yield advantage over Pinnacle. The average yield advantage is over 8% in eastern North Dakota and nearly 3% in western North Dakota.

The test weight of ND Genesis is similar to that of Pinnacle. Results from micro-malting tests show that ND Genesis and Pinnacle have similar percent grain protein.

ND Genesis has medium-strong straw strength and medium-late maturity. ND Genesis is slightly taller than Pinnacle, Lacey, and Conlon. Resistance to lodging is superior to that of Conlon.

ND Genesis has large, plump kernels, and good malt extract values. It accumulates less doxynivalenol (DON) and has lower beta-glucan values than Pinnacle. ND Genesis accumulates around 20% less DON than Pinnacle. Kernel plumpness of ND Genesis and Pinnacle is similar. ND Genesis has semi-smooth awns, long rachilla hairs, and white aleurone color.

ND Genesis has good disease resistance. It is moderately-resistant/resistant to the net form of net blotch, moderately-resistant to the spot form of net blotch, and moderately-resistant to spot blotch based on greenhouse seedling evaluations. This variety has better resistance to the net and spot forms of net blotch than Pinnacle, and similar resistance to spot blotch as Pinnacle. Compared to Tradition, ND Genesis has better resistance to the net form and spot form of net blotch.

The improved foliar disease resistance and yield potential of ND Genesis as compared to Pinnacle make it a possible replacement for Pinnacle.

ND Genesis seems adapted to all areas of North Dakota and adjacent parts of Minnesota, Montana, and South Dakota, where barley is grown. Its large kernel and low grain protein traits may be helpful when growing malting barley in environments where moisture stress occurs after heading. Besides the Upper Midwest production area, ND Genesis also has some promise in the spring barley production areas of the eastern USA, where growers producing barley for the craft brewing market have been growing Pinnacle because of its low protein.

General Characteristics:

  • high yield
  • low protein
  • good disease resistance
  • large, plump kernels
  • some drought tolerance
  • accumulates less DON than Pinnacle
  • good malt extract values
  • lower beta-glucan values than Pinnacle

ND Henson Soybean

ND Henson is a new soybean variety released this year that was developed by the NDSU soybean breeding program, under the direction of Dr. Ted Helms. ND Henson is not resistant to glyphosate and is intended to be a replacement for Cavalier.

ND Henson’s maturity is between a group 0 and 00. Compared with Cavalier, ND Henson is two days later in maturity and has a 6 bushel/acre yield advantage.

ND Henson has good defensive traits including tolerance to iron-deficiency chlorosis (IDC), resistance to phytophthora root rot races 3 and 4, and good lodging resistance. ND Henson is not resistant to soybean cyst nematode.

ND Henson performed well in the multi-state Uniform Regional Tests, which includes testing sites at Crookston, Shelly, and Moorhead, MN and locations in Canada.

ND Henson has purple flower color, tawny pubescence, and black hila.

ND Henson was named in honor of the late Dr. Bob Henson, who was an associate agronomist at the NDSU Carrington Research Extension Center.

General Characteristics:

  • conventional
  • 0.0 relative maturity
  • phytophthora root rot resistance (races 3, 4)
  • good lodging resistance
  • IDC tolerance
  • black hila

Joppa Durum

Joppa was developed by the NDSU durum breeding program, under the direction of Dr. Elias Elias, and released by the North Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station in 2013.

Joppa is a very high yielding durum variety with excellent agronomic traits. From 2008-2014 Joppa’s mean yield was the highest across North Dakota at 64.0 bushels/acre, nearly 3 bushels/acre more than the second highest yielding variety.

Pasta quality characteristics of Joppa include very high dough and gluten strength, high gluten index, and outstanding color. Compared with other popular varieties, Joppa was rated highest in pasta color tested by the NDSU Durum Quality Lab of samples grown at multiple North Dakota locations during 2008-2012. This variety also scores high on the mixograph scale.

Joppa has medium straw strength and a good disease resistance package including scab (FHB) resistance similar to other NDSU varieties.

In comparison with Mountrail, the long-standing industry standard variety, Joppa has higher yield and better quality traits. The gluten strength of Joppa is a notable improvement over Mountrail. Joppa also consistently out-yields Mountrail in variety trials across the state.

Joppa was named in honor of Dr. Leonard Joppa, the renowned USDA durum research geneticist. Dr. Joppa made significant contributions to the improvement of durum wheat quality.

General Characteristics:

  • high yield potential
  • excellent agronomic traits
  • moderate FHB and leaf disease resistance
  • excellent gluten strength
  • outstanding color

Gold ND Flax

Gold ND is a new yellow-seeded flax variety that was developed by the NDSU flax breeding program, under the direction of Dr. Jim Hammond, and released last year, but was distributed through the ND County Seed Increase Program this year.

The North Dakota Crop Improvement and Seed Association has a license agreement with the NDSU Research Foundation to produce and distribute Gold ND seed through Dakota Select Seed.

Bolles Hard Red Spring Wheat

Bolles hard red spring wheat was released from the Minnesota Agricultural Experiment Station.

Bolles is a high protein spring wheat, well suited for much of the spring wheat growing region. In addition to its superior protein, it has very good yield potential and high baking quality. Bolles’ yields are comparable to SY‐Soren and higher than WB‐Mayville with 1% better protein.

Bolles has excellent pre‐harvest sprouting resistance and good test weight. Maturity and straw strength are similar to Faller. Bolles possesses a good disease package with excellent leaf rust resistance and a moderate rating for scab and bacterial leaf streak.

The name Bolles for this variety was chosen in recognition of Lemuel Bolles, who built the first flour mill in Minnesota near Afton in 1846.

General Characteristics:

  • very high protein
  • good yield potential
  • medium-late maturity
  • good disease resistance
  • high baking quality

All varieties listed will be protected under the Plant Variety Protection Act. Varieties protected with PVP-Title V can only be sold as a certified class of seed. Producers who initially acquire a PVP-Title V protected variety as a certified class of seed have the right to use saved seed for their own planting purposes. A research fee will also apply to registered and certified seed sales of each of these varieties and will be collected in North Dakota from the labeler by the North Dakota State Seed Department (NDSSD) on behalf of the NDSU Research Foundation and Minnesota. For more information on the research fee schedule on these and other varieties, refer to the 2015 North Dakota Field Inspected Seed Directory or contact the NDSSD.

For more information on these and other varieties, visit the NDSU Foundation Seedstocks website at www.ndfss.com. For further information regarding Foundation or Registered seed availability of these or other varieties, contact a local county Extension Service agent, an NDSU Research Extension Center, NDSU Foundation Seedstocks Program, or refer to the North Dakota Field Inspected Seed Directory.

Author: Joyana Baumann, ND Foundation Seedstocks, 701-231-8542, joyana.baumann@ndsu.edu
Editor: Kamie Beeson, 701-231-7123, kamie.a.beeson@ndsu.edu

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