Flood Information


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Prepare Your Farm for Flooding

You need a plan in place if your farm or ranch is in a flood-prone area.

 Here are some steps you can take to protect your property and livestock:

  • Open gates so livestock can escape high water, and make sure they have a good source of food and water once they reach higher ground.
  • If floodwaters already are rising, drive stock through water free of obstructions. Grazing animals can swim well, but obstructions such as fences can be a problem.
  • Try to avoid driving livestock through swiftly moving water.
  • Make sure your livestock are vaccinated before being exposed to floodwaters.
  • Have backup plans for milk pickup service.
  • Move machinery, feed, grain, fuel and agricultural chemicals such as pesticides and herbicides to higher ground. An upper level of a two-story barn makes a good temporary storage area.
  • Have extra fuel for tractors and vehicles in a safe place.
  • Leave building doors and windows open to equalize pressure during flooding to help prevent buildings from shifting.
  • Move portable electrical equipment and equipment with motors to higher ground.
  • Turn off electrical power to all buildings that could flood.
  • Contact your utility company if in doubt about how to disconnect the power.
  • Tie down lumber, logs, irrigation pipes, fuel tanks and other loose equipment or material.
  • Use plastic and duct tape to seal your well cap and top of the well casing to keep floodwaters out of the well.
  • Secure loose items such as machinery parts and tools or move them to higher ground.
  • Place riprap on banks of earthen manure storage facilities to prevent flowing water from eroding them.
  • Keep an inventory of livestock, property such as machinery and equipment, and hazardous or potentially hazardous substances. Livestock can be lost, killed or stolen during an emergency, and agricultural chemicals can wash into streams or contaminate food supplies.

 Items agricultural producers also should have on hand are:

  • Sandbags and plastic sheeting
  • Wire and rope to secure objects
  • Lumber and plywood to protect windows
  • Hand tools
  • Fire extinguishers in all buildings and vehicles
  • Gas-powered generator in case of a power failure
For more information, visit www.ag.ndsu.edu/flood

or www.extension.org/Floods.


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