Agriculture and University Extension


COVID-19 in Agriculture Overview

The agriculture and food industries have been deemed essential services, and mitigating risk due to illness is important in maintaining operations.

COVID-19 may change the way you farm. While farm work may seem isolated, think about all the times you connect with others either on your farm or at agribusinesses.

Farm owners are business owners, and communicating a plan to your employees -- whether they are full time or part-time occasional help -- is the first step in worker safety. Sending a clear message to employees about your policies and procedures can help individuals in the operation take precautions seriously. A culture that includes worker safety shows that you have thought about how to protect your workers and that they are important to your operation. As the farm manager, take time to familiarize yourself with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and N.D. Department of Health websites on COVID-19.


  • How will you clean and disinfect equipment and work surfaces?
  • What policies and procedures can be modified or created to help reduce risk on your farm related to COVID-19?
  • How will you communicate with employees and co-workers, ag retail professionals, consultants, Extension personnel and others over the course of the season?
  • Are there clear physical distancing measures? Can you separate from others as much as possible?
  • Have you updated your sick leave policy? Is there a plan in place should someone get sick?

Clearly communicate plans with all parties involved as soon as possible. Post policies in multiple areas where everyone can see them, such as the shop door, break room, bathrooms and equipment.

The COVID-19 situation is not normal, and all of this may seem tedious, time consuming or overwhelming. While you cannot completely eliminate the risk of becoming ill from viruses, having and communicating a plan will help minimize risk to you and your employees.

Take care and have patience with yourself and with your employees. Do not be afraid to ask for help if you are feeling overwhelmed or stressed about your situation. For stress management resources, visit

More Resources

Disenfecting a tractor

Cleaning and Disinfecting

The first step to prevent coronavirus spread is to frequently clean and disinfect high-touch surfaces.

Cleaning and Disinfecting - Read More…

COVID-19 Infection Prevention for Agricultural Employers and Employees

This document from the Upper Midwest Agricultural Safety and Health Center (UMASH) contains recommendations for agricultural employers on how to update their Injury and Illness Prevention Program to include preventing the spread of COVID-19 in the workplace. Because COVID-19 is widespread in the community, most workplaces must consider the disease a workplace hazard.

COVID-19 Infection Prevention for Agricultural Employers and Employees - Read More…

guy mask thermometer

Farm Sick Leave Policies and Procedures for COVID-19

Producers need to ask themselves an important question -- what will happen if someone on the farm gets sick?

Farm Sick Leave Policies and Procedures for COVID-19 - Read More…

6 feet distancing

Practice Physical Distancing on the Farm

Farmers and employees interact with each other regularly so need to follow CDC guidelines to minimize risks for themselves and their families.

Practice Physical Distancing on the Farm - Read More…

wearing a mask in a grain bin

Which Mask for Which Task?

The number of agricultural mask and respirator choices can be overwhelming. How do you know which one to use for what purpose? How do you know you are properly wearing the mask or respirator?

Which Mask for Which Task? - Read More…

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