Natural Resources

Reclamation

Successful Reclamation of Lands Disturbed by Oil and Gas Development and Infrastructure Construction
This publication is designed to describe activities for the successful reclamation of North Dakota lands following disturbances associated with oil and gas production, and infrastructure construction. This includes topsoil/subsoil removal and replacement, well and pad development, pipeline and road construction, residential development and other activities related to the oil boom.

Reclamation of Oil and Gas Industry-impacted Land A Guide and Checklist
This publication provides a checklist for landowners and companies to promote trust and cooperation. the checklist provides a list of procedures that should be addressed to reassure the land will be returned, as close as possible, to it agronomic productively level.

Environmental Impacts of Brine (Produced Water)
Brine, or produced water, is a byproduct of oil and gas production. It consists of water from the geologic formation, injection water, oil and salts. Brine has a high salt concentration the ions of the salts negatively affect the site's soil and vegetation, impairing its ability to produce crops and forage. the goal of brine spill remediation is to remove or minimize salts in the soil.

Baseline Water Quality in Areas of Oil Development
This publication describes private water supply protection in oil development areas and legal implications and what tests are needed for legal protection.

Riparian Ecosystems

Riparian Complex Ecological Sites of North Dakota: A Pictorial Guide of Riparian Complex Ecological Sites Common in North Dakota
This publication is a pictorial guide of the valley, streams and plant communities common in riparian complex ecological sites in North Dakota. This guide is intended to aid in the interpretation of riparian ecological site descriptions and assist in identification of riparian complex ecological sites when developing management plans for riparian ecosystems.

Water Quality

Environmental Implications of Excess Fertilizer and Manure on Water Quality
When nutrients and other pollutants associated with animal manures and commercial fertilizers are not managed properly, they can affect plant and animal life (including humans) negatively. Some of these impacts include algae blooms causing the depletion of oxygen in surface waters, pathogens and nitrates in drinking water, and the emission of odors and gases into the air.

Nitrogen Behavior in the Environment
Manure and commercial fertilizers contain nutrients essential for plant growth. Nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium are the most critical of these nutrients. This publication outlines some basic information about nitrogen and its interaction in the environment.

Water Quality and Nitrogen
Monitoring studies conducted at national and state levels show that nitrogen (N) concentrations in groundwater exceed health standards more often than other common contaminants.

Working to Avoid Nitrogen Contamination
Activities of human beings have changed the balance of nitrogen (N) on the planet. Burning fossil fuels for energy, intensive use of land to grow food, and disposal of organic wastes have an effect on the N cycle. Studying the influence of our activities on the N cycle helps us understand the consequences of changing the balance of N in the environment.

How to Assess for Nitrogen Problems in Water Resources
Over the years, scientists have come to realize that accurately predicting nitrogen (N) problems in water resources depends on knowledge of the interaction among many factors. It is a complicated process that we have not yet mastered, but we do know that some factors consistently exert significant control over the processes that affect N mobility, availability, and accessibility. Determining the value of these factors and combining those values into a single value assigned to a specific geographic area is the basis for assessment.

Phosphorus Behavior in the Environment
Phosphorus (P) is a naturally occurring element that exists in minerals, soil, living organisms and water. Plant growth and development require phosphorus, like nitrogen, in large amounts. Phosphorus is essential for early root development and hastens plant maturity.

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