NDSU Extension



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Detecting and Correcting Off-flavors in Milk

milking cow

A pleasantly sweet, refreshing milk flavor is the key to consumer acceptance. Flavor quality starts at the farm. Check the flavor of your milk regularly because milk flavor can change suddenly if production conditions are altered. For the most effective flavor evaluation, milk samples should be warmed in the range of 55 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit. Temperatures below 50 F tend to mask potential off-flavors. Photo by Judy Baxter.

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Insulating to Reduce Heating Costs


In North Dakota, 50 percent of energy used in homes is for heating and air conditioning. Properly insulating your home not only saves money, but also makes the home more comfortable. After you determine if you need more insulation, the next decision to make is if you are going to hire a contractor to perform the installation or do it yourself.

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Tips for Handling and Preparing Wild Game


The most succulent wild game can be destroyed by improper handling in the field or improper cooking at home. The handling of the meat from harvesting to preparing can make a major difference in flavor and safety of the end product. For example, undesirable strong flavors in the meat can be due to inadequate bleeding, delay or carelessness in dressing or failure to cool the carcass promptly. Photo by Ale

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Successful Land Reclamation


The goal for any reclamation project is to restore a site disturbed during construction activities associated with oil and gas production to its predisturbance ecological structure and functions, as well as control erosion and sediment movement until the reclamation process is complete. The ecological structure and function may include plant community integrity, watershed and water quality protection, wildlife habitat, retaining soil quality and productivity and forage for livestock and wildlife.

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Checklist for Beef Producers


Ranchers should establish a specific preventive herd health program in consultation with a veterinarian. A veterinarian can give you realistic expectations and recommendations for disease control and vaccine usage. Each cow-calf operation is different, so there will be unique considerations to achieving herd health.

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Dealing With Horse Distemper


Strangles, also known as distemper, is a highly contagious horse disease. The disease is caused by bacteria that infects the upper respiratory tract. Isolating affected horses immediately is essential for the prevention and control of strangles.

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Understanding the Veterinary Feed Directive

cattle feeding

The use of medications in feed has been an effective and convenient method to prevent and treat certain disease conditions in groups of livestock. The proper use of feed medications has changed and will need to be under the oversight and order of a veterinarian.

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Wrapping Trees for Winter

wrapping tree

On occasion, the winter months bring us snow, low temperatures and high winds. Another problem is sun scald, which is the splitting of the bark due to exposure to higher temperatures immediately followed by freezing temperatures. These are conditions that can seriously damage trees. One solution to the problem is wrapping the trunks for winter.

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Reduce the Risk of Developing Chronic Diseases


As we age, we may not be as active as we used to be. Maybe we have put on a few extra pounds, or we’ve developed health issues such as high blood pressure or diabetes. Nourishing Boomers and Beyond is a program to provide North Dakotans age 50 and older with information and strategies to eat more nutritiously and be more physically active so they can reduce their risk of developing chronic diseases.

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Alternative Grain Storage Methods

Grain in a bag

Grain can be stored in many types of facilities. However, all storage options should keep the grain dry and provide adequate aeration to control grain temperature. Grain must be dry and cool (near the average outdoor temperature) when placed in alternative storage facilities because providing adequate, uniform airflow to dry grain or cool grain coming from a dryer is not feasible.

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