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Chickpea Growth Stages (06/28/18)

Chickpea is classified as ‘kabuli’ or ‘desi’ type, based primarily on seed color.

Chickpea Growth Stages


Chickpea is classified as ‘kabuli’ or ‘desi’ type, based primarily on seed color. Kabuli chickpea, sometimes called Garbanzo bean, has a white to cream-colored seed coat. Desi chickpea has a pigmented (tan to black) seed coat and small seeds. Kabuli and desi chickpea types can be identified by flower color: kabuli types have white flowers, indicating the absence of pigmentation, while desi types having purple flowers. The pods are oval-shaped (Photo 1) and contain one or two seeds. Plant height ranges from 10 to 22 inches, with kabuli types often slightly taller than desi types. Growth stages for chickpea are divided between vegetative and reproductive phases (Table 1). However, as the plant is indeterminate, new leaves continue to develop after flowering begins.


Chickpea matures later than dry pea or lentil and prefers a longer, warmer growing season. Desi chickpea typically flowers one day to one week earlier than kabuli types, depending on the variety. Large-seeded kabuli varieties generally mature one to two weeks later than desi types. Average maturity will depend on the variety and climatic conditions, and ranges from 100 to 130 days. If chickpea was seeded in early May, plan to harvest by mid-September.

Under cool, wet late summer conditions, maturity can be delayed substantially due to chickpea’s indeterminate growth habit.

 Hans Kandel

Extension Agronomist Broadleaf Crops

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