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Projections for 2021 Sugarbeet Crop (04/29/21)

Growers in the USA grow and process sugar from sugar cane and sugarbeet. Sugar cane is produced in Florida, Louisiana, and Texas and sugarbeet is produced in Minnesota, North Dakota, Idaho, Michigan, Montana, Nebraska, Colorado, Wyoming, Oregon, California and Washington.

Growers in the USA grow and process sugar from sugar cane and sugarbeet.  Sugar cane is produced in Florida, Louisiana, and Texas and sugarbeet is produced in Minnesota, North Dakota, Idaho, Michigan, Montana, Nebraska, Colorado, Wyoming, Oregon, California and Washington.  The United States Department of Agriculture estimates that 1.162 million acres of sugarbeet will be planted in the USA in the 2021 growing season.

Minnesota and North Dakota have three sugar cooperatives – American Crystal Sugar Company, Minn-Dak Farmers Cooperative and Southern Minnesota Beet Sugar Cooperative. In addition, growers in western North Dakota produce sugarbeet that are processed in neighboring Sidney, Montana. Growers in Minnesota and North Dakota will plant about 651,000 acres, which represents about 56% of the total US sugarbeet production. The 2021 acreage will be slightly higher than last year to produce sugar to increase our relatively low stock.

Growers are encouraged to continue their efforts at improving efficiency by ensuring that planting is done in properly prepared and weed-free seed beds, by using adequate seeding rate and uniform seed spacing to start with a good plant population to give the crop a solid foundation (Figure 1).  Growers have the option of using several effective fungicidal seed treatments to control Rhizoctonia seedling damping-off should it become warm and wet soon after planting.  Growers with a history of Aphanomyces in their fields are advised to use Tachigaren seed treatment, and to apply and incorporate precipitated calcium carbonate to their fields to manage Aphanomyces damping-off and root rot.  In the northern Red River Valley and other areas where sugarbeet root maggot is an issue, growers have the option of using insecticidal seed treatments where insect population is relatively low and at-plant insecticides where root maggot population is known to be higher.

Growers will typically wait until their insurance coverage comes in to effect, which is typically around April 11 for Minnesota and North Dakota, before they start planting. Growers are encouraged to continue best management practices to have a profitable sugarbeet crop in 2021.

khan.1

 

Mohamed Khan

Extension Sugarbeet Specialist

NDSU & U of MN

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