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Final Planting Dates for Multi-Peril Crop Insurance (05/23/13)

The late start to field work in the northern counties of North Dakota and Minnesota just became a bigger problem with the high rainfall amounts received in the last few days. We are fast approaching the final planting date for many crops in this region.

Final Planting Dates for Multi-Peril Crop Insurance

The late start to field work in the northern counties of North Dakota and Minnesota just became a bigger problem with the high rainfall amounts received in the last few days. We are fast approaching the final planting date for many crops in this region.

 The final planting date for corn is May 25th in all but 4 southeastern counties in North Dakota. The final planting date for wheat, barley and sunflowers is June 5th for counties along and north of Highway 2 in North Dakota. June 10th is the final planting date for soybeans and flax for all counties in North Dakota.

 If fields are too wet to plant on or after the final planting date, producers have the option to take prevented planting on those fields and accept prevented planted insurance coverage. If the decision is to take prevented planting, the producer must notify his/her insurance provider within 72 hours of making that decision. Producers always have the option to continue with planting past the final date but, doing so results in a lower insurance coverage level. For most crops, the insurance guarantee is reduced 1 percent per day that the crop is planted after the final planting date.

 While the reduction in the insurance guarantee is important, more critical is the actual loss of yield potential from late planting. Weather conditions for the rest of the growing season will determine how much yield loss will occur due to late planting. There are estimates from research on various crops that indicates the average yield loss due to planting later than the optimum time frame.

 Another option is to switch from the intended crop to another crop that can still produce profitable yields when planted at a later date. For most of North Dakota and northern Minnesota, this usually means soybeans, sunflowers or flax. Unless rain continues to keep producers out of the field for another couple of weeks, most will find it advantageous to change their cropping plans rather than risk significantly lower yields from planting an early season crop too late.

 

Dwight Aakre

Extension Farm Management Specialist

This site is supported in part by the Crop Protection and Pest Management Program [grant no. 2017-70006-27144/accession 1013592] from the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed are those of the website author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the view of the U.S. Department of Agriculture.

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