NDSU Extension - Burke County

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Spring Fever

County Agent News
Dan Folske
March 9, 2020 

Spring Fever

            The nice weather has brought out spring fever in a lot of people and I’ve had some questions about planting trees and gardens. I think it’s a little early to be planting anything outside but it might be time to start planning and maybe start some plants indoors. I will be hosting the NDSU Extension Spring Fever Garden Forums at the Burke County Courthouse Community Room on Thursday nights March 26, April 2, April 9, and April 16 from 6:30 to 8:30 pm.  Topics will include:

®         Container Gardens                  ®         Landscaping Tips       ®         Houseplants

®         Easy-Care Lawns                    ®         Healthy Soils              ®         Growing Hops

®         Growing Apples                     ®         Grafted Vegetables     ®         Tree Pests

®         Potager Gardens                    ®         Irrigating Lawns         ®         Attracting Bees

 

If coming to Bowbells isn’t feasible, you may attend online through your own computer but you will miss the hands-on activities, free seeds, and comradery at the hosted sites.

To register for a hosted site or to watch on your own computer go to: www.ag.ndsu.edu/springfever/ 

Starting Your Own Transplants

            Starting your own transplants can be a fun way to get a jump start on the gardening season. It can also be a way to get transplants of varieties which you would not be able to find in commercially grown transplants. Heirloom tomato varieties are common as home started transplants. There are many tomato varieties which have distinct colors and/or flavors which may produce well in your garden but are not popular enough to be profitably grown as commercial transplants. One of my favorites is Black Krim, this is a dark red almost purple tomato with a black shoulder. I like the distinct flavor which is mild without being bland like some of the commercial, high producing varieties.

            You don’t need a lot of high dollar equipment for starting your own transplants. I’ve invested in a few multi celled flats and trays for them but you don’t even need those. Some empty milk cartons or a few old cake pans will work. Just make sure you allow for drainage. Overwatering is one of the most common causes of seedling losses. Empty milk cartons with holes punched in the bottoms and set on wood strips in an old baking pan work great.

            I’ve seen special “grow lights”, “on sale” for nearly $200 but a 48 inch two tube fluorescent or LED shop light for as little as $10 works great. If you have a good window you may get by with natural light for a few plants. I actually prefer starting my plants in the basement with lights hanging just an inch or two above the plants. I have not been able to observe any difference in growth among the plants I have started under florescent, plain led tubes or special led grow light tubes in 4 foot light fixtures.

I hang the lights by chains, which are easily adjusted as the plants grow. I can control the light, temperature, humidity, and “wind” better in my basement. I get better root development with less top growth in slightly cooler temperatures than I get next to a south facing window. I use a small fan to provide air movement or “wind” to get stronger plant stems. If I start plants too soon I can lower the room temperature a bit to slow plant growth even more if I need to.

            Selecting the right planting dates for your plants is important. In this area our last frost date is about May 21. Cabbage plants can tolerate some freezing temperatures and like the cool temperatures of early spring and summer. Cabbages can be transplanted 6 to 8 weeks after emerging and can be transplanted outdoor as early as 6 weeks before the last frost. I planted cabbage seed this week. Tomatoes, on the other hand, are very sensitive to cold temperatures and frost. Tomatoes need 6 to 10 weeks from emergence to transplanting and should not be transplanted sooner than one week before your last frost date unless you are using a cold frame or some other method of protecting the young plants. Late March or early April are good times to start tomatoes unless you can protect those transplants when you put them out.

            For more information about Spring Fever Garden Forums or when to start seedlings for transplants give me a call at the Burke County Extension office at 377-2927 or email me at dan.folske@ndsu.edu

PS:      I am still harvesting tomatoes from a plant in a large container , I started last spring. It even has new flowers on it right now!

 

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