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North Dakota State University
NDSU Extension Service


A-1196 September 2002

2002 North Dakota Hard Red Winter Wheat Variety Selection Guide

Compiled by Dr. Joel Ransom and Dr. Duane R. Berglund, NDSU Extension Agronomists

Hard red winter wheat varieties adapted for production in North Dakota are described in the following tables. Successful winter wheat production depends on numerous factors including selecting the right variety for a particular area. The information included in ths publication is meant to help select that variety or group of varieties. Characteristics to evaluate in selecting a variety are yield potential in your area, test weight, protein content when grown with proper fertility, straw strength and plant height, reaction to important diseases, and maturity.

The recommended seeding dates for winter wheat are September 10 to September 30 south of N.D. highway 200 and September 1 to September 15 in northern regions. Planting after the recommended dates reduces winter survival and grain yields. Planting prior to the recommended date unnecessarily depletes soil moisture reserves, increases risk of disease and may reduce winter survival.

Winter wheat should be seeded at a rate of 1,000,000 viable seeds per acre or about 80 pounds per acre. Higher seeding rates are suggested for late seeding or for poor seedbed conditions. Only the most winterhardy varieties available should be considered when growing winter wheat in North Dakota. Of the current varieties, Roughrider, Agassiz, Seward, Elkhorn, Ransom, Crimson, Harding, and Jerry possess the best combination of winterhardiness and yield. When wheat streak mosaic virus is a concern Crimson or Harding should be grown, of the varieties adapted to North Dakota they have the best tolerance.

Phosphorus aids overwinter survival by stimulating root growth and fall tillering. The secondary root system

that develops with tillering is essential for a healthy deep-rooted plant capable of withstanding stress. If winter wheat is planted on bare soil an application of phosphorus is essential. While important, the contribution of phosphorus to overwinter survival is secondary to varietal hardiness.

When selecting a top yielding variety it is best to use data that summarizes several years and locations. The notion that the single data set nearest your farm will indicate which variety will perform the best for you is incorrect. Choose the variety that on average performs the best at multiple locations near you over several years.

List of Tables

Table 1. 2002 Hard Red Winter Wheat variety descriptions.

Table 2. Yield of winter wheat at four locations in Western North Dakota

Table 3. Yield of winter wheat grown at four locations in Eastern North Dakota.

Table 4. Test weight of winter wheat grown in 2002 at eight locations in North Dakota.

Table 5. Protein of winter wheat grown in 2002 at six locations in North Dakota September 2002

 
Table 1. 2002 Hard Red Winter Wheat variety descriptions.
Variety Agent or Origin Year Quality Leaf
Rust2
Stem
Rust2
Maturity Straw
Strength
Height Winter1
Hardiness
Roughrider

Norstar

Rita

Rose

Agassiz

Seward

Arapahoe

CDC Kestrel

Elkhorn

AC Readymade

Erhardt

McGuire

Morgan

Rampart7

Alliance

Crimson

NeKota

Tandem

Windstar

Ransom

Culver

Harding

Millenium

CDC Raptor

CDC Falcon

Nuplains

Wesley

Jerry

Wahoo

Expedition

ND

Can.

SD

SD

ND

ND

NE

Can.

ND

Can.

MT

MT

WPB

MT

NE

SD

SD/NE

SD

NE

ND

NE

SD

NE/SD

Can.

Can/WPB

NE

NE/SD/WY

ND

NE/WY

SD

1975

1977

1980

1981

1983

1987

1989

1994

1995

1996

1996

1996

1996

1996

1997

1997

1997

1997

1997

1998

1999

1999

1999

2002

2000

2000

2000

2001

2001

2002

Good

Average

Average

Poor

Average

Poor

Poor

Poor

Average

NA

NA6

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

Good

NA

Good

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

Good

NA

Average

S

S

MS

S

S

S

MS

S

MR

S

S

S

NA

S

S

MS

MS

S

MS

R

NA

MS/MR

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

MR

S

MS

R3

S

MR4

MS4

R

R

MR

S

R5

S

R

R

NA

R

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

NA

R

R

R

med.

late

early

early

med.

med.

med.

med.

med.

med.

med.

m. early

med.

med.

early

med.

early

early

early

m. early

m. early

med.

med.

med.

med.

med.

m. early

med.

med.

med.

m. strong

med.

strong

v. strong

med.

m. strong

med.

m. strong

med.

strong

strong

strong

m. strong

strong

strong

m. strong

v. strong

med.

med.

med.

m. strong

m. strong

strong

m. strong

m. strong

m. strong

m. strong

strong

m. strong

strong

med.

tall

med.

short

med.

med.

med.

med.

med.

med.

med.

m. tall

med.

med.

short

med.

v. short

med.

med.

med.

med.

med.

m. short

m. short

short

short

short

med.

med.

med.

good

good

fair

fair

good

good

fair

good

good

good

good

fair

good

poor

good

fair-good

good

fair

fair-good

good

good

good

fair

good

good

fair-poor

fair

good

fair

good

1  Varieties with less than good winterhardiness should be seeded only in tall stubble.
2
R = resistant; MR = moderately resistant; MS = moderately susceptible;
S = susceptible.
3
Slow rusting type of resistance to race 15.
4 Susceptible in artificially induced epidemics
5
Occasionally mixed with some susceptible plants.
6
NA = data not available, or data insufficient to give rating.
7
Saw fly resistant.
 
 
Table 2. Yield of winter wheat at four locations in Western North Dakota.
Williston Dickinson Hettinger Minot Average
Variety 2002 3 Yr. Avg. 20023 3 Yr. Avg. 2002 3 Yr. Avg. 2002 3 Yr. Avg. 2002 3 Yr. Avg.
Agassiz 38.1 31.8 40.8 55.4 27.6 52.0 38.8 61.9 36.3 50.3
Alliance 34.0 28.3 46.9 51.8 34.2 64.0 23.3 43.0 34.6 46.8
Arapahoe 34.7 31.5 46.9 59.9 34.9 66.9 30.5 58.0 36.8 54.1
CDC Falcon 38.9 -- 55.4 -- 40.3 -- 35.6 -- 42.6 --
CDC Kestrel 33.2 29.7 39.4 55.4 30.1 63.3 42.8 61.2 36.4 52.4
CDC Raptor 38.3 -- 41.3 -- 34.0 -- 40.9 -- 38.6 --
Crimson 33.7 28.4 46.8 53.6 33.0 60.3 39.3 63.9 38.2 51.6
Culver 35.6 -- 43.6 -- 33.2 -- 38.6 -- 37.8 --
Elkhart2 -- 43.2 -- 35.3 -- 17.4 -- 31.9 --
Elkhorn 33.4 36.4 37.3 53.7 28.4 53.1 41.6 58.4 35.2 50.4
Erhardt 34.0 34.5 35.9 -- 27.2 60.3 40.7 58.8 34.4 51.2
Expedition -- 50.3 -- -- 38.3 -- --
Harding 35.5 -- 52.5 59.1 34.5 61.1 39.8 -- 40.6 60.1
Jerry 39.4 -- 43.2 55.9 35.7 65.6 42.4 -- 40.2 60.7
Millennium 38.5 -- 49.3 -- 38.2 -- 36.6 -- 40.6 --
Morgan 38.3 -- 40.4 -- 32.4 67.4 43.0 -- 38.5 --
NeKota 37.4 30.4 47.4 52.5 37.6 66.8 30.7 49.7 38.3 49.9
Norstar 31.2 32.7 32.9 52.2 28.6 57.3 46.1 64.6 34.7 51.7
Nuplains1 34.0 -- 48.5 -- 30.5 -- 31.2 -- 36.1 --
Pontiac2 -- -- 37.1 -- 30.5 -- 8.0 -- 25.2 --
Ransom 32.7 32.4 44.6 56.3 32.2 65.8 43.8 64.9 38.3 54.8
Roughrider 32.6 31.3 22.8 46.4 29.7 57.1 45.8 62.8 32.7 49.4
Seward 34.3 30.8 33.7 48.3 31.8 55.5 45.9 57.9 36.4 48.1
Tandem 33.1 29.0 39.2 51.0 32.8 59.1 43.4 61.2 37.1 50.1
Wahoo 38.3 -- 48.0 -- 41.1 -- 48.7 -- 44.0 --
Wesley 30.3 -- 45.2 -- 40.5 -- 29.6 -- 36.4 --
Windstar 38.3 32.1 43.2 53.8 34.7 60.4 41.5 60.6 39.4 51.7
Mean 35.3 -- 42.8 -- 33.8 -- 38.0 -- 37.5 --
1Hard white winter wheat
2Soft red winter wheat

3Wheat streak mosaic virus infested the study; symptoms were most visible for Roughrider but also affected at least some plots of Erhardt,

Jerry, Ransom, Roughrider, and Tandem.


 
Table 3. Yield of winter wheat grown at four locations in Eastern North Dakota.
Carrington Langdon Casselton3 Lisbon Average State Avg.
Variety 2002 3 Yr.
Avg.
2002 3 Yr.
Avg.
2000-2001
2 Yr. Avg.
2002 2002 3 Yr.
Avg.
2002 3 Yr.
Avg.
Agassiz 41.7 52.6 57.5 57.4 55.5 37.7 45.6 55.0 40.3 51.8
Alliance 41.6 52.3 51.4 66.3 67.0 40.1 44.3 59.3 38.7 51.0
Arapahoe 37.7 58.5 72.6 70.9 71.8 37.4 49.2 64.7 42.1 57.6
CDC Falcon 44.4 -- 67.2 -- -- 40.3 50.6 -- 46.0 --
CDC Kestrel 45.2 57.5 65.6 67.0 72.8 42.4 51.0 62.3 42.7 55.7
CDC Raptor 45.7 -- 61.6 -- -- 38.2 48.5 -- 42.9 --
Crimson 36.3 44.2 54.5 60.4 58.8 39.4 43.4 52.3 40.4 51.8
Culver 38.3 -- 56.8 -- -- 37.1 44.1 -- 40.4 --
Elkhart2 28.5 -- 44.4 -- -- 35.6 36.1 -- 34.1 --
Elkhorn 44.3 52.1 66.7 65.1 54.1 36.8 49.3 58.6 41.2 53.1
Erhardt 35.2 46.2 42.6 51.2 -- 34.7 37.5 48.7 35.8 50.2
Expedition 37.5 -- 61.2 -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Harding 44.9 -- 67.3 69.0 67.7 40.2 50.8 -- 44.9 --
Jerry 47.8 60.9 66.6 70.5 -- 32.7 49.0 65.7 44.0 63.2
Millennium 38.8 -- 67.1 -- -- 37.0 47.6 --- 43.6 --
Morgan 41.0 -- 60.9 -- -- 38.0 46.6 -- 42.0 --
NeKota 35.4 50.5 50.4 61.9 68.3 39.3 41.7 56.2 39.7 52.0
Norstar 45.0 53.8 41.1 52.7 43.5 38.2 41.4 53.3 37.6 52.2
Nuplains1 36.5 -- 40.4 55.8 -- 32.1 36.3 -- 36.2 --
Pontiac2 -- -- 48.0 -- -- -- -- -- -- --
Ransom 48.0 58.1 62.5 66.3 71.9 30.1 46.9 62.2 42.0 57.3
Roughrider 39.9 51.9 50.3 57.9 43.5 30.8 40.3 54.9 36.0 51.2
Seward 45.0 55.6 54.5 56.3 43.4 36.0 45.2 56.0 40.2 50.7
Tandem 38.5 51.2 55.7 64.1 73.3 38.9 44.4 57.7 40.2 52.6
Wahoo 39.8 -- 65.7 -- -- 51.3 52.3 -- 47.6 --
Wesley 32.8 -- 56.2 -- -- 38.8 42.6 -- 39.1 --
Windstar 41.9 54.3 63.7 66.4 62.6 38.4 48.0 60.4 43.1 54.6
Mean 40.8 -- 58.2 -- -- 37.6 -- 45.5   40.8  
1Hard white winter wheat.
2 Soft red winter wheat
3
2002 Yield data at Casselton discarded due to water/ice damage.

 
Table 4. Test weight of winter wheat grown in 2002 at eight locations in North Dakota.
Variety Williston Dickinson Hettinger Minot Carrington Langdon Casselton Lisbon Average
---------------------------------------------------------lb/bu-------------------------------------------------------
Agassiz 59.1 48.2 53.7 58.7 62.5 59.5 55.3 55.8 56.6
Alliance 57.1 45.0 56.0 57.6 61.3 55.9 54.5 54.8 55.3
Arapahoe 57.8 47.8 56.7 57.8 62.2 58.9 55.8 54.3 56.4
CDC Falcon 57.0 47.7 53.9 57.0 62.3 58.1 57.3 54.2 55.9
CDC Kestrel 57.0 45.0 51.5 56.8 60.4 57.6 54.7 53.5 54.6
CDC Raptor 57.8 44.2 53.9 57.8 61.5 56.8 55.5 53.5 55.1
Crimson 59.5 27.2 55.6 59.7 62.4 59.8 55.7 57.7 54.7
Culver 58.0 45.5 55.0 57.0 60.6 56.3 54.2 54.5 55.1
Elkhart1 -- 45.2 56.0 56.2 61.7 55.6 53.8 55.5 54.8
Elkhorn 56.3 46.4 54.0 57.3 58.3 58.9 53.2 52.8 54.7
Erhardt 59.7 49.2 55.9 59.0 61.6 57.3 56.0 54.2 56.6
Expedition -- 48.2 -- 57.6 62.3 58.5 37.0 42.0 --
Harding 58.4 49.1 55.2 58.3 61.2 59.0 53.2 55.5 56.2
Jerry 58.1 49.2 55.5 57.7 62.3 58.1 55.7 53.5 56.3
Millennium 59.6 47.8 57.2 58.4 61.6 59.0 55.8 55.7 56.9
Morgan 58.3 44.4 54.0 57.1 61.6 57.4 56.3 53.5 55.3
NeKota 59.1 48.0 57.5 58.5 62.1 59.1 56.8 54.3 56.9
Norstar 59.3 43.1 55.1 59.2 62.3 57.8 58.2 54.7 56.2
Nuplains1 60.1 48.9 55.5 59.1 62.7 56.9 59.0 56.5 57.3
Pontiac2 -- 47.2 55.3 56.4 60.9 58.5 -- -- --
Ransom 56.4 45.1 54.4 56.4 61.1 58.4 55.3 50.5 54.7
Roughrider 59.0 40.2 55.4 59.4 62.3 59.4 57.5 54.5 56.0
Seward 58.9 46.0 54.4 58.6 62.7 58.8 56.0 54.0 56.2
Tandem 59.2 44.4 56.8 59.3 61.8 59.0 57.0 56.0 56.7
Wahoo 57.2 44.3 56.2 57.0 60.7 56.1 55.0 55.0 55.2
Wesley 56.5 44.8 57.6 57.0 60.9 57.9 56.5 54.2 55.7
Windstar 60.1 45.8 58.5 59.5 62.3 60.1 57.8 55.5 57.5
Mean 58.3 45.5 55.5 58.0 61.6 58.1 55.1 54.1 55.9
1Hard white winter wheat
2Soft red winter wheat

 
Table 5. Protein of winter wheat grown in 2002 at six locations in North Dakota
Variety Minot Hettinger Carrington Langdon Casselton Lisbon Average
--------------------------------------------------% Protein---------------------------------------------------
Agassiz 14.3 16.3 11.6 12.5 12.8 15.8 13.9
Alliance 12.3 15.0 11.7 11.6 12.2 13.3 12.7
Arapahoe 13.7 16.0 12.6 12.6 13.5 15.6 14.0
CDC Falcon 13.3 16.6 11.1 12.9 12.9 14.2 13.5
CDC Kestrel 12.7 15.4 10.5 11.5 11.5 14.0 12.6
CDC Raptor 13.2 16.2 11.5 12.2 12.5 14.4 13.3
Crimson 13.6 16.1 12.3 12.2 13.4 14.8 13.7
Culver 12.8 15.2 11.9 12.2 12.8 14.3 13.2
Elkhart2 13.2 16.2 12.7 12.1 13.2 15.1 13.8
Elkhorn 14.5 16.3 11.6 12.6 12.9 15.1 13.8
Erhardt 14.3 16.6 13.1 12.9 14.2 16.0 14.5
Expedition -- -- -- 12.1 -- -- --
Harding 13.2 16.3 12.2 12.9 14.0 15.3 14.0
Jerry 13.4 16.2 11.1 12.8 13.4 15.1 13.7
Millennium 12.6 15.4 12.7 12.3 13.0 14.8 13.5
Morgan 14.1 16.3 11.8 12.1 11.9 14.7 13.5
NeKota 13.2 14.8 12.5 12.3 13.2 14.3 13.4
Norstar 14.4 16.3 10.4 11.5 11.4 14.9 13.2
Nuplains1 13.6 16.3 12.4 12.9 12.9 15.4 13.9
Pontiac2 13.7 15.9 13.8 12.0 -- -- --
Ransom 13.0 16.0 11.7 12.0 12.8 14.6 13.4
Roughrider 14.3 16.5 11.6 12.5 13.2 15.8 14.0
Seward 14.1 15.8 12.0 11.1 11.5 14.8 13.2
Tandem 13.4 15.5 11.8 12.3 12.9 14.8 13.5
Wahoo 13.1 15.8 13.1 12.6 13.2 14.2 13.7
Wesley 13.9 15.6 12.7 13.5 14.2 15.0 14.2
Windstar 13.5 16.0 12.5 12.4 13.5 15.1 13.8
Mean 13.5 15.9 12.0 12.2 13.0 14.9 13.6
1Hard white winter wheat
2
Soft red winter wheat

The following contributed data reported in this circular:
Blaine Schatz and Steve Zwinger - Carrington Pat Carr - Dickinson Eric Eriksmoen - Hettinger
Bryan Hanson - Langdon � Scott Meyer - Fargo Mark Halvorson - Minot Neil Riveland - Williston

For more information on this and other topics, see: www.ag.ndsu.nodak.edu

A-1196, September 2002


NDSU Extension Service, North Dakota State University of Agriculture and Applied Science, and U.S. Department of Agriculture cooperating. Sharon D. Anderson, Director, Fargo, North Dakota. Distributed in furtherance of the Acts of Congress of May 8 and June 30, 1914. We offer our programs and facilities to all persons regardless of race, color, national origin, religion, sex, disability, age, Vietnam era veterans status, or sexual orientation; and are an equal opportunity employer. 
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