ISSUE 2   May  17, 2007

Southwest ND

Rainfall this past week in most areas of southwest North Dakota exceeded a half inch with the majority of the rainfall occurring late Sunday evening and early Monday morning. A few area producers reported having received up to three inches. Hail and high winds caused minor damage and crops at this early stage should recover. In general growing conditions for early seeded crops is very good.

Spring wheat seeded near the end of March is in the 4 to 5 leaf stage while seeding that occurred in the last week of April are in the 2 to 3 leaf stage. Canola has emerged and is about the 2 to 4 leaf stage. Peas are in the 3 to 5 node stage. Rye is in the boot stage and alfalfa is about 12 to 14 inches tall.

Spring wheat, barley, and oat seeding are nearly complete and many producers are reporting near completion of planting corn. Additional cutworms have been found in the far western part of southwest North Dakota but to date not at economically treatable levels. Producers are still encouraged to scout fields early to ensure the crop is progressing without injury. To date 220 degree days have accumulated (base temperature 48 degrees) towards the hatching and emergence of alfalfa weevil at Dickinson. Alfalfa weevil hatch occurs when about 300 degree days have accumulated. Producers can track degree day accumulation on the North Dakota Agricultural Weather Network (NDAWN).

Roger Ashley
Area Extension Specialist/Cropping Systems
Dickinson Research Extension Center


Northeast ND

The area received about 0.4 inches of rainfall Monday. One to two inches of rainfall was generally received the first week of May. Topsoil moisture is good for seedbed prep and crop emergence. All crops are emerging well with an occasional report of emergence problems due to deep seeding or crusting. Small grain and canola seeding is nearing completion in the region. Corn planting should be complete by the end of this week. Earliest planted corn is near the two leaf stage. Many producers have planted significant acres of warm season crops and all growers

will have started sunflower, soybean and drybean planting this week with some growers finishing planting. Winter wheat is starting to joint and is in excellent condition. Earliest plantings of wheat and barley are in the three leaf stage with most having at least emerged by the end of the week. Canola is emerging. Anticipating significant emergence of flea beetle later in the week although, no reports of significant numbers yet. Wild oat is emerging and some growers will be starting post emergence weed control in the next week. Growers should start monitoring emerged row crop fields for cutworm infestations.

Terry Gregoire
Area Extension Specialist
Devils Lake Area Office


South-Central ND

During the past week (May 9-15), most of the region received little or no rain, ranging from 0 to 0.4 inches, based on NDAWN (North Dakota Agricultural Weather Network). Additional rainfall will be soon welcome in areas generally west of Hwy 281. Farmers continue to struggle with wet fields areas in LaMoure, Dickey, Ransom and Sargent counties. Light frost occurred during early morning of May 16, likely resulting in no economic crop injury.

Winter wheat fields are actively growing and are in the late tillering to jointing stages of growth. Seeding of spring wheat, barley and corn acres is essentially complete. Cool-season crop stands generally are excellent. An exception is Griggs County where crusted soil is causing problems with crop emergence. Early-seeded small grain fields are beginning to till and application of POST herbicides is starting. Soybean planting is in progress and a high percentage of acres will be completed by May 19. Planting sunflower and dry bean will a common activity during the week of May 20. Crop disease and insects are not a current concern.

Greg Endres
Area Extension Specialist/Cropping Systems
NDSU Carrington Research Extension Center

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