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ISSUE 6  JUNE 10, 1999


South-Central ND

    Rain, hail, and high winds including tornadoes were present in south-central North Dakota
this past week. The ND Ag Weather Network weather stations in this region recorded 0.06
inches of rain at Dazey to 1.61 inches at Bismarck from June 1 to 7. However, much higher
amounts of rain have been unofficially reported in the region including over 8inches in eastern
Foster County. Most counties continue to have excessive soil moisture that will not allow
crop planting this season.

    Winter grain, alfalfa, and pastures generally are in very good condition. Some winter wheat
is being treated with fungicides to control leaf spot disease. Alfalfa harvest has commenced
but frequent rain events are hampering progress. Cool-season crop planting is complete with
the exception of some late acres of flax. The majority of warm-season crops also have been
planted. Planting of sunflower, buckwheat, millet, and annual warm-season forages still continues.
Most spring-seeded small grain are in the tillering stage. Soybean, dry bean, and sunflower are
rapidly emerging. Some growers are reporting emergence problems of beans and sunflower
due to crusted soils.

    Weed control operations continue for wild oat, foxtail, and broadleaf weeds. Reports of
injury from wireworms, cutworms, and grasshoppers currently are low. Growers should be
monitoring sunflower fields for sunflower beetle. Common root rot is being found in wheat.
Low levels of tan spot continue to be present in most spring wheat fields. Leaf rust has been
found in winter and spring wheat in counties including Foster, Griggs, and Sargent. With the
early presence of rust in wheat, susceptible varieties should be regularly monitored.

Greg Endres
Area Extension Specialist/Cropping Systems
Carrington Research and Extension Center
Carrington, ND


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