2005 Annual Report

Grassland Section

Dickinson Research Extension Center
1089 State Avenue
Dickinson, ND 58601

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Bringing Small-Grain Variety Development and Selection onto Organic Farms

Patrick M. Carr1, Paul M. Porter2, Herman J. Kandel3, Steve F. Zwinger4, Woodrow W. Poland1, Bradley T. Brummond5, and Theresa Podoll6

1 North Dakota State University Dickinson Research Extension Center
2 University of Minnesota Department of Agronomy and Plant Genetics
3 University of Minnesota Cooperative Extension Service Red Lake Falls, MN
4 North Dakota State University Carrington Research Extension Center
5 North Dakota State University Cooperative Extension Service Park River, ND
6 Northern Plains Sustainable Agriculture Society Windsor, ND

Research Summary

Wheat and oat cultivars were compared for growth traits on certified organic farms in Minnesota and North Dakota over a two-year period. Growth varied across years and locations, but high-ranking cultivars for grain yield and quality tended to be top-performers consistently at most locations in both years. Grain yield and quality generally were inferior for old cultivars compared with modern cultivars. Scoring tools were developed by organic farmers and cooperating researchers that can be used to identify cultivars adapted to organic environments. A working group has formed that is dedicated to crop cultivar development and selection in organic systems in the north central region.

A full copy of the report is available on the national SARE-funded research database accessible at www.sare.org.


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