Table 5. Root evaluation at the soft dough stage, Roughrider hard red winter wheat, Ryan Kadrmas Farm, Dickinson, ND, 2002.

1 Subcrown internode rating, 0-4. 0= no infection, 1 = less than 25% internode infected, 2 = 25-50% of internode infected, 3 = 51-75% of internode infected, multiple lesions, and 4 = 75-100% of internode infected, lesions coalesced.

2 Root mass rating, 1 to 4. 1 = few roots and 4 = substantial root system.

3 Root color index, 1 to 4. 1 = white, 4 = dark brown.

4 Gaucho 480FS and Adage 5FS are insecticides.